From today's featured article
Jomo Kenyatta (c. 1897 – 1978) was an anti-colonial activist and politician who governed Kenya as its prime minister from 1963 to 1964 and then as its first president from 1964 to his death in 1978. He was the country's first indigenous head of government and played a significant role in the transformation of Kenya from a colony of the British Empire into an independent republic. In 1947, he began lobbying for independence from British colonial rule through the Kenya African Union, attracting widespread indigenous support. In 1952, he was among the Kapenguria Six arrested and charged with masterminding the anti-colonial Mau Mau Uprising. Although protesting his innocence—a view shared by later historians—he was convicted. Upon his release in 1961, he led the Kenya African National Union party until his death. During his presidency, he secured support from both the black majority and white minority with his message of reconciliation. (Full article...)
Did you know ...
- ... that the large hyperradiant lens used in the Mew Island Lighthouse is now on display in the Titanic Quarter of Belfast as The Great Light (pictured) ?
- ... that Kathy Arendsen had a windmill fastball pitch timed at 96 miles per hour (154 km/h)?
- ... that the U.S. Public Health Service was once reorganized eight times in seven years?
- ... that Muljadi Djojomartono once said that Sukarno would have been an Islamic prophet had he been born in 571?
- ... that upon opening at Busch Gardens Tampa Bay in 1976, Python was the first roller coaster in Florida to feature inversions?
- ... that the Hong Kong Logistic Support Regiment RLC was nicknamed the "1000-Day Regiment" as its 1,181 days of service made it possibly the shortest-lived peacetime regiment in the British Army?
- ... that French novelist Claire Etcherelli's 1967 novel Elise, or the Real Life gained a brief cult following and was adapted into a 1970 film?
- ... that eyewitnesses at the Battle of Sedalia reported seeing Confederate soldiers riding barefoot because their boots were full of plundered whiskey?
In the news
- At the Primetime Emmy Awards, Schitt's Creek (lead actor Eugene Levy pictured) wins in seven major categories.
- In golf, Bryson DeChambeau wins the U.S. Open.
- Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States and advocate for women's rights, dies at the age of 87.
- Yoshihide Suga becomes Prime Minister of Japan, replacing Shinzo Abe.
On this day
- 1586 – Eighty Years' War: Spanish forces defeated the Anglo-Dutch army at the Battle of Zutphen.
- 1862 – U.S. president Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring the freedom of all slaves in Confederate territory by January 1, 1863.
- 1922 – After nine days, the great fire of Smyrna was extinguished (aftermath pictured), having caused at least ten thousand deaths.
- 1980 – The Iraqi Air Force launched surprise airstrikes on ten Iranian airfields, starting the Iran–Iraq War.