From today's featured article
Hurricane Patricia set records for the highest maximum sustained winds ever recorded in a tropical cyclone and the second-lowest barometric pressure (after Typhoon Tip of 1979). Originating near the Gulf of Tehuantepec off the Pacific coast of southern Mexico, the system was classified as a tropical depression on October 20, 2015. The next day it became a tropical storm, the twenty-fourth named storm of the 2015 Pacific hurricane season. The following day it grew from a tropical storm to a Category 5 hurricane in just 24 hours. The National Hurricane Center ultimately estimated that Patricia attained winds of 215 mph (345 km/h) and a minimum pressure of 872 mbar (hPa; 25.75 inHg). The storm made landfall on October 23 near Cuixmala, Jalisco, in a significantly weakened state, but it was still the strongest recorded hurricane to strike Mexico's Pacific coast, with winds estimated at 150 mph (240 km/h). (Full article...)
Did you know...
- ... that Franz Halder (pictured), a former chief of staff of Nazi Germany's army, was the only German to be decorated by both Adolf Hitler and an American president?
- ... that at 2.5 miles (4.0 km), New York City's South Beach Boardwalk was cited as the fourth longest boardwalk in the world in 2010?
- ... that medical researcher Shuping Wang may have saved tens of thousands of lives by defying authorities and exposing an HIV/AIDS scandal in China?
- ... that two years after going on the air, WBCE radio switched from country to gospel music because too many stations in western Kentucky had country formats?
- ... that Lee Eun-soo was South Korea's seventh female general officer and the first in the legal branch?
- ... that at the 2019 China Championship, Judd Trump's fifteen-match and six-month winning streak was broken when he was defeated by Joe Perry?
- ... that Gujarati writer Rambha Gandhi wrote and participated in more than 400 radio plays?
- ... that the 1977 fantasy novel The Faggots & Their Friends Between Revolutions was originally planned as a children's book?
In the news
- The trial of Catalonia independence leaders concludes with nine prison sentences, sparking protests across the region.
- The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences is awarded to Abhijit Banerjee (pictured), Esther Duflo, and Michael Kremer for their work in poverty reduction.
- Ten days of protests in Ecuador end after President Lenín Moreno agrees to restore fuel subsidies.
- Kenyan Brigid Kosgei breaks the women's marathon world record at the Chicago Marathon.
On this day
- 1740 – Under the terms of the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713, Maria Theresa assumed the throne of the Habsburg Monarchy in Austria.
- 1939 – Pope Pius XII (pictured) published his first encyclical, Summi Pontificatus, critiquing ideologies such as racism, cultural superiority and totalitarianism.
- 1951 – African-American college football player Johnny Bright was the victim of an on-field assault that eventually provoked changes in NCAA football rules and mandated the use of more protective helmets with face guards.
- 2011 – Libyan Civil War: Deposed leader Muammar Gaddafi was captured by rebel forces during the Battle of Sirte and killed less than an hour later.