100 metres

Athletics
100 metres
London 2012 Olympic 100m final start.jpg
Start of the men's 100 metres final at the
2012 Olympic Games.
World records
Men Jamaica Usain Bolt 9.58 (2009)
Women United States Florence Griffith-Joyner 10.49[a] (1988)
Olympic records
Men Jamaica Usain Bolt 9.63 (2012)
Women United States Florence Griffith-Joyner 10.62 (1988)
World Championship records
Men Jamaica Usain Bolt 9.58 (2009)
Women United States Marion Jones 10.70 (1999)

The 100 metres, or 100-metre dash, is a sprint race in track and field competitions. The shortest common outdoor running distance, it is one of the most popular and prestigious events in the sport of athletics. It has been contested at the Summer Olympics since 1896 for men and since 1928 for women. The World Championships 100 metres has been contested since 1983.

Women's 100 m Final – 2015 World Championships, won by Jamaican sprinter Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce.

The reigning 100 m Olympic or world champion is often named "the fastest man or woman in the world". Christian Coleman and Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce are the reigning world champions; Usain Bolt and Elaine Thompson are the men's and women's Olympic champions.

On an outdoor 400 metres running track, the 100 m is run on the home straight, with the start usually being set on an extension to make it a straight-line race. There are three instructions given to the runners immediately before and at the beginning of the race: "on your marks," "set," and the firing of the starter's pistol. The runners move to the starting blocks when they hear the 'on your marks' instruction. The following instruction, to adopt the 'set' position, allows them to adopt a more efficient starting posture and isometrically preload their muscles: this will help them to start faster. A race-official then fires the starter's pistol to signal the race beginning and the sprinters stride forwards from the blocks. Sprinters typically reach top speed after somewhere between 50 and 60 m. Their speed then slows towards the finish line.

The 10-second barrier has historically been a barometer of fast men's performances, while the best female sprinters take eleven seconds or less to complete the race. The current men's world record is 9.58 seconds, set by Jamaica's Usain Bolt in 2009, while the women's world record of 10.49 seconds set by American Florence Griffith-Joyner in 1988 remains unbroken.[a]

The 100 m (109.361 yards) emerged from the metrication of the 100 yards (91.44 m), a now defunct distance originally contested in English-speaking countries. The event is largely held outdoors as few indoor facilities have a 100 m straight.

US athletes have won the men's Olympic 100 metres title more times than any other country, 16 out of the 28 times that it has been run. US women have also dominated the event, winning 9 out of 21 times.

Race dynamics

Start

Male sprinters await the starter's instructions

At the start, some athletes play psychological games such as trying to be last to the starting blocks.[3][4][5]

At high level meets, the time between the gun and first kick against the starting block is measured electronically, via sensors built in the gun and the blocks. A reaction time less than 0.1 s is considered a false start. The 0.2-second interval accounts for the sum of the time it takes for the sound of the starter's pistol to reach the runners' ears, and the time they take to react to it.

For many years a sprinter was disqualified if responsible for two false starts individually. However, this rule allowed some major races to be restarted so many times that the sprinters started to lose focus. The next iteration of the rule, introduced in February 2003, meant that one false start was allowed among the field, but anyone responsible for a subsequent false start was disqualified.

This rule led to some sprinters deliberately false-starting to gain a psychological advantage: an individual with a slower reaction time might false-start, forcing the faster starters to wait and be sure of hearing the gun for the subsequent start, thereby losing some of their advantage. To avoid such abuse and to improve spectator enjoyment, the IAAF implemented a further change in the 2010 season – a false starting athlete now receives immediate disqualification.[6] This proposal was met with objections when first raised in 2005, on the grounds that it would not leave any room for innocent mistakes. Justin Gatlin commented, "Just a flinch or a leg cramp could cost you a year's worth of work."[7] The rule had a dramatic impact at the 2011 World Championships, when current world record holder Usain Bolt was disqualified.[8][9]

Mid-race

Runners normally reach their top speed just past the halfway point of the race and they progressively decelerate in the later stages of the race. Maintaining that top speed for as long as possible is a primary focus of training for the 100 m.[10] Pacing and running tactics do not play a significant role in the 100 m, as success in the event depends more on pure athletic qualities and technique.

Finish

The winner, by IAAF Competition Rules, is determined by the first athlete with his or her torso (not including limbs, head, or neck) over the nearer edge of the finish line.[11] There is therefore no requirement for the entire body to cross the finish line. When the placing of the athletes is not obvious, a photo finish is used to distinguish which runner was first to cross the line.

Climatic conditions

Climatic conditions, in particular air resistance, can affect performances in the 100 m. A strong head wind is very detrimental to performance, while a tail wind can improve performances significantly. For this reason, a maximum tail wind of 2.0 m/s is allowed for a 100 m performance to be considered eligible for records, or "wind legal".

Furthermore, sprint athletes perform a better run at high altitudes because of the thinner air, which provides less air resistance. In theory, the thinner air would also make breathing slightly more difficult (due to the partial pressure of oxygen being lower), but this difference is negligible for sprint distances where all the oxygen needed for the short dash is already in the muscles and bloodstream when the race starts. While there are no limitations on altitude, performances made at altitudes greater than 1000 m above sea level are marked with an "A".[12]

10-second barrier

The 10-second mark had been widely considered a barrier for the 100 metres in men's sprinting. The first man to break the 10 second barrier was Jim Hines at the 1968 Summer Olympics. Since then, numerous sprinters have run faster than 10 seconds.

Ethnicity

Only male sprinters have beaten the 100 m 10-second barrier, majority of them being of West African descent in particular those descendant from the Atlantic Slave trade. Namibian (formerly South-West Africa) Frankie Fredericks became the first man of non-West African heritage to achieve the feat in 1991 and in 2003 Australia's Patrick Johnson (an Indigenous Australian with Irish heritage) became the first sub-10-second runner without an African background.[13][14][15][16]

In 2010, French sprinter Christophe Lemaitre became the first Caucasian to break the 10-second barrier.[16] In 2017, Azerbaijani-born naturalized Turkish Ramil Guliyev followed[17] and in 2018, Filippo Tortu became the first Italian to run under 10s. In the Prefontaine Classic 2015 Diamond League meet at Eugene, Su Bingtian of China ran a time of 9.99 seconds, becoming the first East Asian athlete to officially break the 10-second barrier. On 22 June 2018, Su improved his time in Madrid with a time of 9.91.[18] On 9 September 2017, Yoshihide Kiryū became the first man from Japan to break the 10-second barrier in the 100 metres, running a 9.98 (+1.8) at an intercollegiate meet in Fukui. British sprinter Adam Gemili, an athlete with an Iranian-Moroccan ethnic background, became the first sprinter of Middle-Eastern and North African ancestry to legally break the barrier on 7 June 2015, having done so earlier in the same season with an excessive wind reading.[19]

Record performances

Major 100 m races, such as at the Olympic Games, attract much attention, particularly when the world record is thought to be within reach.

The men's world record has been improved upon twelve times since electronic timing became mandatory in 1977.[20] The current men's world record of 9.58 s is held by Usain Bolt of Jamaica, set at the 2009 World Athletics Championships final in Berlin, Germany on 16 August 2009, breaking his own previous world record by 0.11 s.[21] The current women's world record of 10.49 s was set by Florence Griffith-Joyner of the US, at the 1988 United States Olympic Trials in Indianapolis, Indiana, on 16 July 1988[22] breaking Evelyn Ashford's four-year-old world record by .27 seconds. The extraordinary nature of this result and those of several other sprinters in this race raised the possibility of a technical malfunction with the wind gauge which read at 0.0 m/s- a reading which was at complete odds to the windy conditions on the day with high wind speeds being recorded in all other sprints before and after this race as well as the parallel long jump runway at the time of the Griffith-Joyner performance. All scientific studies commissioned by the IAAF and independent organisations since have confirmed there was certainly an illegal tailwind of between 5 m/s – 7 m/s at the time. This should have annulled the legality of this result, although the IAAF has chosen not to take this course of action. The legitimate next best wind legal performance would therefore be Griffith-Joyner's 10.61s performance in the final the next day.[23]

Some records have been marred by prohibited drug use – in particular, the scandal at the 1988 Summer Olympics when the winner, Canadian Ben Johnson was stripped of his medal and world record.

Jim Hines, Ronnie Ray Smith and Charles Greene were the first to break the 10-second barrier in the 100 m, all on 20 June 1968, the Night of Speed. Hines also recorded the first legal electronically timed sub-10 second 100 m in winning the 100 metres at the 1968 Olympics. Bob Hayes ran a wind-assisted 9.91 seconds at the 1964 Olympics.

Continental records

Updated 7 March 2021[24]

Area Men Women
Time (s) Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation Time (s) Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation
Africa (records) 9.84 +1.2 Akani Simbine  South Africa 10.78 +1.6 Murielle Ahouré  Ivory Coast
Asia (records) 9.91 +1.8 Femi Ogunode  Qatar 10.79 0.0 Li Xuemei  China
+0.6
+0.2 Su Bingtian  China
+0.8
Europe (records) 9.86 +0.6 Francis Obikwelu  Portugal 10.73 +2.0 Christine Arron  France
+1.3 Jimmy Vicaut  France
+1.8
North, Central America
and Caribbean
(records)
9.58 WR +0.9 Usain Bolt  Jamaica 10.49 WR 0.0 Florence Griffith-Joyner  United States
Oceania (records) 9.93 +1.8 Patrick Johnson  Australia 11.11 +1.9 Melissa Breen  Australia
South America (records) 10.00[A] +1.6 Robson da Silva  Brazil 10.91 −0.2 Rosângela Santos  Brazil

All-time top 25 men

Usain Bolt breaking the world and Olympic records at the 2008 Beijing Olympics

As of June 2021[25][26]

Ath.# Perf.# Time Wind m/s Athlete Nationality Date Place Ref
1 1 9.58 +0.9 Usain Bolt Jamaica 16 AUG 2009 Berlin [27]
2 9.63 +1.5 Bolt #2 05 AUG 2012 London
3 9.69 0.0 Bolt #3 16 AUG 2008 Beijing
2 3 +2.0 Tyson Gay United States 20 SEP 2009 Shanghai [28]
2 3 −0.1 Yohan Blake Jamaica 23 AUG 2012 Lausanne [29]
6 9.71 +0.9 Gay #2 16 AUG 2009 Berlin
7 9.72 +1.7 Bolt #4 31 MAY 2008 New York City
4 7 9.72 +0.2 Asafa Powell Jamaica 02 SEP 2008 Lausanne [30]
9 9.74 +1.7 Powell #2 09 SEP 2007 Rieti
5 9 9.74 +0.9 Justin Gatlin United States 15 MAY 2015 Doha [31]
11 9.75 +1.1 Blake #2 29 JUN 2012 Kingston
11 +1.5 Blake #3 05 AUG 2012 London
11 +0.9 Gatlin #2 04 JUN 2015 Rome
11 +1.4 Gatlin #3 09 JUL 2015 Lausanne
15 9.76 +1.8 Bolt #5 03 MAY 2008 Kingston
15 +1.3 Bolt #6 16 SEP 2011 Brussels
15 −0.1 Bolt #7 31 MAY 2012 Rome
15 +1.4 Blake #4 30 AUG 2012 Zurich
6 15 +0.6 Christian Coleman United States 28 SEP 2019 Doha [32]
20 9.77 +1.6 Powell #3 14 JUN 2005 Athens
20 +1.5 Powell #4 11 JUN 2006 Gateshead
20 +1.0 Powell #5 18 AUG 2006 Zürich
20 +1.0 Gay #3 28 JUN 2008 Eugene
20 −1.3 Bolt #8 05 SEP 2008 Brussels
20 +0.9 Powell #6 07 SEP 2008 Rieti
20 +0.4 Gay #4 10 JUL 2009 Rome
20 −0.3 Bolt #9 11 AUG 2013 Moscow
20 +0.6 Gatlin #4 05 SEP 2014 Brussels
20 +0.9 Gatlin #5 23 AUG 2015 Beijing
7 20 +1.5 Trayvon Bromell United States 05 JUN 2021 Miramar [33]
8 9.78 +0.9 Nesta Carter Jamaica 29 AUG 2010 Rieti [34]
9 9.79 +0.1 Maurice Greene United States 16 JUN 1999 Athens [35]
10 9.80 +1.3 Steve Mullings Jamaica 04 JUN 2011 Eugene [36]
11 9.82 +1.7 Richard Thompson Trinidad and Tobago 21 JUN 2014 Port of Spain [37]
12 9.84 +0.7 Donovan Bailey Canada 27 JUL 1996 Atlanta
12 +0.2 Bruny Surin Canada 22 AUG 1999 Seville
12 +1.2 Akani Simbine South Africa 06 JUL 2021 Székesfehérvár [38]
15 9.85 +1.2 Leroy Burrell United States 06 JUL 1994 Lausanne [39]
15 +1.7 Olusoji Fasuba Nigeria 12 MAY 2006 Doha
15 +1.3 Mike Rodgers United States 04 JUN 2011 Eugene
15 +1.5 Marvin Bracy United States 05 JUN 2021 Miramar [33]
15 +0.8 Ronnie Baker United States 20 JUN 2021 Eugene [40]
20 9.86 +1.2 Carl Lewis United States 25 AUG 1991 Tokyo [41]
20 −0.4 Frankie Fredericks Namibia 03 JUL 1996 Lausanne
20 +1.8 Ato Boldon Trinidad and Tobago 19 APR 1998 Walnut
20 +0.6 Francis Obikwelu Portugal 22 AUG 2004 Athens
20 +1.4 Keston Bledman Trinidad and Tobago 23 JUN 2012 Port of Spain
20 +1.3 Jimmy Vicaut France 04 JUL 2015 Paris [42]
20 +0.9 Noah Lyles United States 18 MAY 2019 Shanghai [43]
20 +0.8 Divine Oduduru Nigeria 07 JUN 2019 Austin [44]
20 +1.6 Michael Norman United States 20 JUL 2020 Fort Worth [45]
20 +0.8 Fred Kerley United States 20 JUN 2021 Eugene [46]

More facts about these male runners

Below is a list of the fasted recorded 100 metres (with a running start) and rescinded times:

  • Usain Bolt also holds the time for the fastest 100 metres with a running start at 8.70 (41.38 km/h). This was achieved in a 150 metres race during the BUPA Great City Games in Manchester on 17 May 2009, completed in 14.35 (also a world record).[47]
  • Justin Gatlin ran 9.77 in Doha on 12 May 2006, which was at the time ratified as a world record. However, the record was rescinded in 2007 after he failed a doping test in April 2006.
  • Tim Montgomery ran 9.78 in Paris on 14 September 2002, which was at the time ratified as a world record.[48] However, the record was rescinded in December 2005 following his indictment in the BALCO scandal on drug use and drug trafficking charges.[49] The time had stood as the world record until Asafa Powell first ran 9.77.[50]
  • Ben Johnson ran 9.79 in Seoul on 24 September 1988, but he was disqualified after he tested positive for stanozolol after the race. He subsequently admitted to drug use between 1981 and 1988, and his time of 9.83 at Rome on 30 August 1987 was rescinded.
  • Steve Mullings is serving a lifetime ban for doping.[51]

Assisted marks[edit]

Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second is not counted for record purposes. Below is a list of the fastest wind-assisted times (equal or superior to 9.80). Only times that are superior to legal bests are shown:

All-time top 25 women

Christine Arron (left) wins the 100 m at the Weltklasse meeting.

As of June 2021[56][57]

Ath.# Perf.# Time wind m/s Athlete Nationality Date Place Ref
1 1 10.49 0.0 Florence Griffith-Joyner United States 16 JUL 1988 Indianapolis
2 10.61 +1.2 Griffith-Joyner #2 17 JUL 1988 Indianapolis
3 10.62 +1.0 Griffith-Joyner #3 24 SEP 1988 Seoul
2 4 10.63 +1.3 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce Jamaica 05 JUN 2021 Kingston [58]
3 5 10.64 +1.2 Carmelita Jeter United States 20 SEP 2009 Shanghai
4 6 10.65 +1.1 Marion Jones United States 12 SEP 1998 Johannesburg
7 10.67 −0.1 Jeter #2 13 SEP 2009 Thessaloniki
8 10.70 +1.6 Griffith-Joyner #4 17 JUL 1988 Indianapolis
8 −0.1 Jones #2 22 AUG 1999 Seville
8 +2.0 Jeter #3 04 JUN 2011 Eugene
8 +0.6 Fraser-Pryce #2 29 JUN 2012 Kingston
5 8 +0.3 Elaine Thompson Jamaica 01 JUL 2016 Kingston [59]
13 10.71 +0.1 Jones #3 12 MAY 1998 Chengdu
13 +2.0 Jones #4 19 JUN 1998 New Orleans
13 −0.3 Fraser-Pryce #2 12 AUG 2013 Moscow
13 +0.5 Thompson #2 13 AUG 2016 Rio de Janeiro
13 +0.8 Thompson #3 23 JUN 2017 Kingston
13 +0.1 Fraser-Pryce #3 29 SEP 2019 Doha
13 +1.0 Fraser-Pryce #4 25 JUN 2021 Kingston
13 +0.6 Thompson-Herah #4 06 JUL 2021 Székesfehérvár [60]
21 10.72 +2.0 Jones #5 20 JUN 1998 New Orleans
21 0.0 Jones #6 08 AUG 1998 Monaco
21 0.0 Jones #7 25 AUG 1998 Lausanne
21 −0.3 Fraser-Pryce #5 06 SEP 2013 Brussels
21 +0.6 Thompson #5 09 SEP 2016 Brussels
6 21 +1.6 Sha'Carri Richardson United States 10 APR 2021 Miramar [61]
7 10.73 +2.0 Christine Arron France 19 AUG 1998 Budapest
8 10.74 +1.3 Merlene Ottey Jamaica 07 SEP 1996 Milan
8 +1.0 English Gardner United States 03 JUL 2016 Eugene [62]
10 10.75 +0.4 Kerron Stewart Jamaica 10 JUL 2009 Rome
11 10.76 +1.7 Evelyn Ashford United States 22 AUG 1984 Zürich
11 +1.1 Veronica Campbell-Brown Jamaica 31 MAY 2011 Ostrava
13 10.77 +0.9 Irina Privalova Russia 06 JUL 1994 Lausanne
13 +0.7 Ivet Lalova Bulgaria 19 JUN 2004 Plovdiv
13 +0.9 Shericka Jackson Jamaica 25 JUN 2021 Kingston [63]
16 10.78 +1.0 Dawn Sowell United States 03 JUN 1989 Provo
16 +1.8 Torri Edwards United States 28 JUN 2008 Eugene
16 +1.6 Murielle Ahouré Ivory Coast 11 JUN 2016 Montverde [64]
16 +1.0 Tianna Bartoletta United States 03 JUL 2016 Eugene
16 +1.0 Tori Bowie United States 03 JUL 2016 Eugene
21 10.79 0.0 Li Xuemei China 18 OCT 1997 Shanghai
21 −0.1 Inger Miller United States 22 AUG 1999 Seville
21 +1.1 Blessing Okagbare Nigeria 27 JUL 2013 London
24 10.81 +1.7 Marlies Göhr East Germany 08 JUN 1983 Berlin
24 −0.3 Dafne Schippers Netherlands 24 AUG 2015 Beijing [65]

More facts about these female runners

  • Florence Griffith-Joyner's world record has been the subject of a controversy due to strong suspicion of a defective anemometer measuring a tailwind lower than actually present;[66] since 1997 the International Athletics Annual of the Association of Track and Field Statisticians has listed this performance as "probably strongly wind assisted, but recognised as a world record".[67] It can be reasonable to assume a wind reading of about +4.7 m/s for Griffith-Joyner's quarter-final. Her legal 10.61 the following day and 10.62 at the 1988 Olympics would still make her the world record holder.[68]

Assisted marks[edit]

Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second is not counted for record purposes. Below is a list of the fastest wind-assisted times (equal or superior to 10.81). Only times that are superior to legal bests are shown.

Season's bests

Top 20 junior (under-20) men

Updated 29 March 2020[69]

Rank Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation Date Place Age Ref
1 9.97 +1.8 Trayvon Bromell  United States 13 June 2014 Eugene 18 years, 338 days [70]
2 10.00 +1.6 Trentavis Friday  United States 5 July 2014 Eugene 19 years, 30 days
3 10.01 +0.0 Darrel Brown  Trinidad and Tobago 24 August 2003 Saint-Denis 18 years, 317 days
+1.6 Jeff Demps  United States 28 June 2008 Eugene 18 years, 172 days
+0.9 Yoshihide Kiryu  Japan 28 April 2013 Hiroshima 17 years, 134 days [71]
6 10.03 +0.7 Marcus Rowland  United States 31 July 2009 Port of Spain 19 years, 142 days
+1.7 Lalu Muhammad Zohri  Indonesia 19 May 2019 Osaka 18 years, 322 days [72]
8 10.04 +1.7 D'Angelo Cherry  United States 10 June 2009 Fayetteville 18 years, 313 days
+0.2 Christophe Lemaitre  France 24 July 2009 Novi Sad 19 years, 43 days
+1.9 Abdullah Abkar Mohammed  Saudi Arabia 15 April 2016 Norwalk 18 years, 319 days [73]
11 10.05 NWI Davidson Ezinwa  Nigeria 3 January 1990 Bauchi 18 years, 42 days
+0.1 Adam Gemili  Great Britain 11 July 2012 Barcelona 18 years, 279 days
+0.6 Abdul Hakim Sani Brown  Japan 24 June 2017 Osaka 18 years, 110 days [74]
−0.6 4 August 2017 London 18 years, 151 days [75]
14 10.06 0.0 Sunday Emmanuel  Nigeria 26 April 1997 Walnut 18 years, 200 days
+2.0 Dwain Chambers  Great Britain 25 July 1997 Ljubljana 19 years, 111 days
+1.5 Walter Dix  United States 7 May 2005 New York 19 years, 116 days
+0.8 Shaun Maswanganyi  South Africa 14 March 2020 Pretoria 19 years, 42 days [76]
18 10.07 +2.0 Stanley Floyd  United States 24 May 1980 Austin 18 years, 336 days
+1.1 DaBryan Blanton  United States 30 May 2003 Lincoln 18 years, 331 days
+0.2 Tamunosiki Atorudibo  Nigeria 8 July 2004 Abuja 19 years, 109 days
+0.3 Jimmy Vicaut  France 22 July 2011 Tallinn 19 years, 145 days

Notes

  • Trayvon Bromell's junior world record is also the age-18 world record. He also recorded the fastest wind-assisted (+4.2 m/s) time for a junior or age-18 athlete of 9.77 seconds on 18 May 2014 (age 18 years, 312 days).[77]
  • Yoshihide Kiryu's time of 10.01 seconds matched the junior world record set by Darrel Brown and Jeff Demps, but was not ratified because of the type of wind gauge used.[78]
  • British sprinter Mark Lewis-Francis recorded a time of 9.97 seconds on 4 August 2001 (age 18 years, 334 days), but the wind gauge malfunctioned.[79]
  • Nigerian sprinter Davidson Ezinwa recorded a time of 10.05 seconds on 4 January 1990 (age 18 years, 43 days), but with no wind gauge.[80]

Below is a list of all other legal times equal or superior to 10.06:

Top 20 junior (under-20) women

Updated 2 June 2020[81]

Rank Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation Date Place Age Ref
1 10.75 +1.6 Sha'Carri Richardson  United States 8 June 2019 Austin 19 years, 75 days [82]
2 10.88 +2.0 Marlies Göhr  East Germany 1 July 1977 Dresden 19 years, 102 days
3 10.89 +1.8 Katrin Krabbe  East Germany 20 July 1988 Berlin 18 years, 241 days
4 10.97 +1.2 Briana Williams  Jamaica 5 June 2021 Miramar 19 years, 76 days [83]
5 10.98 +2.0 Candace Hill  United States 20 June 2015 Shoreline 16 years, 129 days [84]
6 10.99 +0.9 Ángela Tenorio  Ecuador 22 July 2015 Toronto 19 years, 176 days [85]
+1.7 Twanisha Terry  United States 21 April 2018 Torrance 19 years, 148 days [86]
8 11.02 +1.8 Tamara Clark  United States 12 May 2018 Knoxville 19 years, 123 days
9 11.03 +1.7 Silke Gladisch-Möller  East Germany 8 June 1983 Berlin 18 years, 353 days
+0.6 English Gardner  United States 14 May 2011 Tucson 19 years, 22 days
11 11.04 +1.4 Angela Williams  United States 5 June 1999 Boise 19 years, 126 days
+1.6 Kiara Grant  Jamaica 8 June 2019 Austin 18 years, 243 days [87]
13 11.06 +0.9 Khalifa St. Fort  Trinidad and Tobago 24 June 2017 Port of Spain 19 years, 131 days [88]
14 11.07 +0.7 Bianca Knight  United States 27 June 2008 Eugene 19 years, 177 days
15 11.08 +2.0 Brenda Morehead  United States 21 June 1976 Eugene 18 years, 260 days
16 11.09 NWI Angela Williams  Trinidad and Tobago 14 April 1984 Nashville 18 years, 335 days
+1.6 Ackera Nugent  Jamaica 27 May 2021 Austin 19 years, 28 days
18 11.10 +0.9 Kaylin Whitney  United States 5 July 2014 Eugene 16 years, 118 days
19 11.11 +0.2 Shakedia Jones  United States 2 May 1998 Westwood 19 years, 48 days
+1.1 Joan Uduak Ekah  Nigeria 2 July 1999 Lausanne 17 years, 224 days

Notes

  • Briana Williams ran 10.94 s at the Jamaican Championships on 21 June 2019, which would have made her the fourth fastest junior female of all-time.[89] However, she tested positive for the banned diuretic hydrochlorothiazide during the competition. She was determined to be not at fault and received no period of ineligibility to compete, but her results from the Jamaican Championships were nullified.[90][91][92]

Below is a list of all other legal times equal or superior to 11.11:

Top 20 Youth (under-18) boys

Updated 5 January 2020[93]

Rank Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Country Date Place Age Ref
1 10.15 +2.0 Anthony Schwartz  United States 31 March 2017 Gainesville 16 years, 207 days [94]
2 10.16 -0.3 Erriyon Knighton  United States 23 May 2021 Boston, Massachusetts 17 years, 114 days [95]
3 10.19 +0.5 Yoshihide Kiryu  Japan 3 November 2012 Fukuroi 16 years, 324 days
4 10.20 +1.4 Darryl Haraway  United States 15 June 2014 Greensboro 17 years, 87 days
+1.5 Tlotliso Leotlela  South Africa 7 September 2015 Apia 17 years, 118 days [96]
+2.0 Sachin Dennis  Jamaica 23 March 2018 Kingston 15 years, 233 days [97]
6 10.22 +1.0 Abdul Hakim Sani Brown  Japan 14 May 2016 Shanghai 17 years, 69 days
8 10.23 +0.8 Tamunosiki Atorudibo  Nigeria 23 March 2002 Enugu 17 years, 2 days [citation needed]
+1.2 Rynell Parson  United States 21 June 2007 Indianapolis 16 years, 345 days
10 10.24 +0.0 Darrel Brown  Trinidad and Tobago 14 April 2001 Bridgetown 16 years, 185 days
11 10.25 +1.5 J-Mee Samuels  United States 11 July 2004 Knoxville 17 years, 52 days
+1.6 Jeff Demps  United States 1 August 2007 Knoxville 17 years, 205 days
+0.9 Jhevaughn Matherson  Jamaica 5 March 2016 Kingston 17 years, 7 days [98][failed verification]
14 10.26 +1.2 Deworski Odom  United States 21 July 1994 Lisbon 17 years, 101 days
−0.1 Sunday Emmanuel  Nigeria 18 March 1995 Bauchi 16 years, 161 days
16 10.27 +0.2 Henry Thomas  United States 19 May 1984 Norwalk 16 years, 314 days [citation needed]
+1.6 Curtis Johnson  United States 30 June 1990 Fresno 16 years, 188 days
+1.0 Ivory Williams  United States 8 June 2002 Sacramento 17 years, 37 days
−0.2 Jazeel Murphy  Jamaica 23 April 2011 Montego Bay 17 years, 55 days
+1.9 Raheem Chambers  Jamaica 20 April 2014 Fort-de-France 16 years, 196 days [citation needed]

Top 15 Youth (under-18) girls

Updated 5 January 2020[99]

Rank Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation Date Place Age Ref
1 10.98 +2.0 Candace Hill  United States 20 June 2015 Shoreline 16 years, 129 days [84]
2 11.02 +0.8 Briana Williams  Jamaica 8 June 2019 Albuquerque 17 years, 79 days
3 11.10 +0.9 Kaylin Whitney  United States 5 July 2014 Eugene 16 years, 118 days [100]
4 11.13 +2.0 Chandra Cheeseborough  United States 21 June 1976 Eugene 17 years, 163 days
+1.6 Tamari Davis  United States 9 June 2018 Montverde 15 years, 159 days
6 11.14 +1.7 Marion Jones  United States 6 June 1992 Norwalk 16 years, 238 days
−0.5 Angela Williams  United States 21 June 1997 Edwardsville 17 years, 142 days
8 11.16 +1.2 Gabrielle Mayo  United States 22 June 2006 Indianapolis 17 years, 147 days
+0.9 Kevona Davis  Jamaica 23 March 2018 Kingston 16 years, 93 days
10 11.17 [A] +0.6 Wendy Vereen  United States 3 July 1983 Colorado Springs 17 years, 70 days
11 11.19 0.0 Khalifa St. Fort  Trinidad and Tobago 16 July 2015 Cali 17 years, 153 days
12 11.20 [A] +1.2 Raelene Boyle  Australia 15 October 1968 Mexico City 17 years, 144 days
13 11.24 −1.0 Ewa Swoboda  Poland 4 June 2015 Sankt Pölten 17 years, 313 days
14 11.24 +1.2 Jeneba Tarmoh  United States 22 June 2006 Indianapolis 16 years, 268 days
+0.8 Jodie Williams  Great Britain 31 May 2010 Bedford 16 years, 245 days

Notes

  • Briana Williams ran 10.94 s at the Jamaican Championships on 21 June 2019, which would have been a world under-18 best time.[89] However, she tested positive for the banned diuretic hydrochlorothiazide during the competition. She was determined to be not at fault and received no period of ineligibility to compete, but her results from the Jamaican Championships were nullified.[90][91][92]

Below is a list of all other legal times equal or superior to 11.24:

  • Briana Williams also ran 11.10 (2019), 11.11 (2019), 11.13 (2018), 11.21 (2018)
  • Tamari Davis also ran 11.15 (2020).
  • Kevona Davis also ran 11.24 (2017).

100 metres per age category

The best performances by 5- to 19-year-old athletes

As of August 2020

Para world records men

Jason Smyth (in lane five) breaking the men's T13 world record at the 2012 Paralympic Games in London.

Updated June 2021[101]

Class Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Nationality Date Place Ref
T11 10.92 +1.8 David Brown  United States 18 April 2014 Walnut
T12 10.45 +1.8 Salum Ageze Kashafali  Norway 13 June 2019 Oslo [102]
T13 10.46 +0.6 Jason Smyth  Ireland 1 September 2012 London
T32 23.25 0.0 Martin McDonagh  Ireland 13 August 1999 Nottingham
T33 16.46 +1.3 Ahmad Almutairi  Kuwait 12 May 2015 Doha
+1.0 3 June 2017 Nottwil
T34 14.46 +0.6 Walid Ktila  Tunisia 1 June 2019 Arbon
T35 11.77 +0.4 Ihor Tsvietov  Ukraine 15 November 2019 Dubai
11.77 +0.5 Dmitrii Safronov  Russia 2 June 2021 Bydgoszcz [103]
11.77 +0.5 Artem Kalashian  Russia 2 June 2021 Bydgoszcz [104]
T36 11.72 +0.7 James Turner  Australia 10 November 2019 Dubai
T37 11.42 +0.2 Charl du Toit  South Africa 10 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [105]
T38 10.74 −0.3 Hu Jianwen  China 13 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [106]
T42 12.42 0.0 Anton Prokhorov  Russia 15 November 2019 Dubai
T43 vacant
T44 11.00 +1.1 Mpumelelo Mhlongo  South Africa 11 November 2019 Dubai
T45 10.94 +0.2 Yohansson Nascimento  Brazil 6 September 2012 London
T46/47 10.42 +0.3 Petrucio Ferreira dos Santos  Brazil 12 November 2019 Dubai
T51 19.71 +0.4 Peter Genyn  Belgium 4 September 2020 Brussels
T52 16.41 +0.2 Raymond Martin  United States 30 May 2019 Arbon
T53 14.10 +0.7 Brent Lakatos  Canada 27 May 2017 Arbon
T54 13.63 +1.0 Leo-Pekka Tähti  Finland 1 September 2012 London
T61 12.73 +0.9 Ali Lacin  Germany 3 July 2020 Berlin
T62 10.54 +1.6 Johannes Floors  Germany 10 November 2019 Dubai
T63 11.95 +1.9 Vinicius Goncalves Rodrigues  Brazil 25 April 2019 São Paulo
T64 10.61 +1.4 Richard Browne  United States 29 October 2015 Doha

Para world records women

Updated June 2021[107]

Classification Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Nationality Date Place Ref
T11 11.85 +1.5 Jerusa Geber Santos  Brazil 27 July 2019 São Paulo
T12 11.40 +0.2 Omara Durand  Cuba 9 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [108]
T13 11.79 +0.5 Leilia Adzhametova  Ukraine 11 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [109]
T32 37.67 0.0 Lindsay Wright  United Kingdom 25 July 1997 Nottingham
T33 19.89 +0.3 Shelby Watson  United Kingdom 26 May 2016 Nottwil
T34 16.77 +1.4 Hannah Cockroft  United Kingdom 10 November 2019 Dubai
T35 13.43 +0.9 Isis Holt  Australia 19 July 2017 London
T36 13.68 +1.5 Shi Yiting  China 20 July 2017 London
T37 13.10 +1.3 Mandy Francois-Elie  France 24 May 2019 Nottwil
T38 12.38 +1.0 Sophie Hahn  Great Britain 12 November 2019 Loughborough
T42 14.61 −0.2 Karisma Evi Tiarani  Indonesia 13 November 2019 Dubai
T43 12.80 +1.0 Marlou van Rhijn  Netherlands 29 October 2015 Doha [110]
T44 12.72 +0.5 Irmgard Bensusan  Germany 24 May 2019 Nottwil [111]
12.72 +1.8 Irmgard Bensusan  Germany 21 June 2019 Leverkusen
T45 14.00 0.0 Giselle Cole  Canada 2 June 1980 Arnhem
T46/47 11.95 −0.2 Yunidis Castillo  Cuba 4 September 2012 London
T51 24.69 −0.8 Cassie Mitchell  United States 2 July 2016 Charlotte
T52 18.67 +1.7 Michelle Stilwell  Canada 14 July 2012 Windsor
T53 16.19 +1.0 Huang Lisha  China 8 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [112]
T54 15.35 +1.9 Tatyana McFadden  United States 5 June 2016 Indianapolis
T61 14.95 +1.5 Vanessa Louw  Australia 20 January 2020 Canberra
T62 12.78 +1.0 Fleur Jong  Netherlands 21 August 2020 Leverkusen
T63 14.59 +0.2 Ambra Sabatini  Italy 12 February 2021 Dubai
T64 12.64 +1.6 Fleur Jong  Netherlands 3 June 2021 Bydgoszcz [113]

Olympic medalists

Men

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
details
 Thomas Burke (USA)  Fritz Hofmann (GER)  Francis Lane (USA)
 Alajos Szokolyi (HUN)
1900 Paris
details
 Frank Jarvis (USA)  Walter Tewksbury (USA)  Stan Rowley (AUS)
1904 St. Louis
details
 Archie Hahn (USA)  Nathaniel Cartmell (USA)  William Hogenson (USA)
1908 London
details
 Reggie Walker (RSA)  James Rector (USA)  Robert Kerr (CAN)
1912 Stockholm
details
 Ralph Craig (USA)  Alvah Meyer (USA)  Donald Lippincott (USA)
1920 Antwerp
details
 Charley Paddock (USA)  Morris Kirksey (USA)  Harry Edward (GBR)
1924 Paris
details
 Harold Abrahams (GBR)  Jackson Scholz (USA)  Arthur Porritt, Baron Porritt (NZL)
1928 Amsterdam
details
 Percy Williams (CAN)  Jack London (GBR)  Georg Lammers (GER)
1932 Los Angeles
details
 Eddie Tolan (USA)  Ralph Metcalfe (USA)  Arthur Jonath (GER)
1936 Berlin
details
 Jesse Owens (USA)  Ralph Metcalfe (USA)  Tinus Osendarp (NED)
1948 London
details
 Harrison Dillard (USA)  Barney Ewell (USA)  Lloyd La Beach (PAN)
1952 Helsinki
details
 Lindy Remigino (USA)  Herb McKenley (JAM)  McDonald Bailey (GBR)
1956 Melbourne
details
 Bobby Morrow (USA)  Thane Baker (USA)  Hector Hogan (AUS)
1960 Rome
details
 Armin Hary (EUA)  Dave Sime (USA)  Peter Radford (GBR)
1964 Tokyo
details
 Bob Hayes (USA)  Enrique Figuerola (CUB)  Harry Jerome (CAN)
1968 Mexico City
details
 Jim Hines (USA)  Lennox Miller (JAM)  Charles Greene (USA)
1972 Munich
details
 Valeriy Borzov (URS)  Robert Taylor (USA)  Lennox Miller (JAM)
1976 Montreal
details
 Hasely Crawford (TRI)  Don Quarrie (JAM)  Valeriy Borzov (URS)
1980 Moscow
details
 Allan Wells (GBR)  Silvio Leonard (CUB)  Petar Petrov (BUL)
1984 Los Angeles
details
 Carl Lewis (USA)  Sam Graddy (USA)  Ben Johnson (CAN)
1988 Seoul[114][115]
details
 Carl Lewis (USA)  Linford Christie (GBR)  Calvin Smith (USA)
1992 Barcelona
details
 Linford Christie (GBR)  Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  Dennis Mitchell (USA)
1996 Atlanta
details
 Donovan Bailey (CAN)  Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  Ato Boldon (TRI)
2000 Sydney
details
 Maurice Greene (USA)  Ato Boldon (TRI)  Obadele Thompson (BAR)
2004 Athens
details
 Justin Gatlin (USA)  Francis Obikwelu (POR)  Maurice Greene (USA)
2008 Beijing
details
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Richard Thompson (TRI)  Walter Dix (USA)
2012 London
details
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Yohan Blake (JAM)  Justin Gatlin (USA)
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Andre De Grasse (CAN)

Women

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1928 Amsterdam
details
Betty Robinson
 United States
Fanny Rosenfeld
 Canada
Ethel Smith
 Canada
1932 Los Angeles
details
Stanisława Walasiewicz
 Poland
Hilda Strike
 Canada
Wilhelmina von Bremen
 United States
1936 Berlin
details
Helen Stephens
 United States
Stanisława Walasiewicz
 Poland
Käthe Krauß
 Germany
1948 London
details
Fanny Blankers-Koen
 Netherlands
Dorothy Manley
 Great Britain
Shirley Strickland
 Australia
1952 Helsinki
details
Marjorie Jackson
 Australia
Daphne Hasenjager
 South Africa
Shirley Strickland de la Hunty
 Australia
1956 Melbourne
details
Betty Cuthbert
 Australia
Christa Stubnick
 United Team of Germany
Marlene Matthews
 Australia
1960 Rome
details
Wilma Rudolph
 United States
Dorothy Hyman
 Great Britain
Giuseppina Leone
 Italy
1964 Tokyo
details
Wyomia Tyus
 United States
Edith McGuire
 United States
Ewa Kłobukowska
 Poland
1968 Mexico City
details
Wyomia Tyus
 United States
Barbara Ferrell
 United States
Irena Szewińska
 Poland
1972 Munich
details
Renate Stecher
 East Germany
Raelene Boyle
 Australia
Silvia Chivás
 Cuba
1976 Montreal
details
Annegret Richter
 West Germany
Renate Stecher
 East Germany
Inge Helten
 West Germany
1980 Moscow
details
Lyudmila Kondratyeva
 Soviet Union
Marlies Göhr
 East Germany
Ingrid Auerswald
 East Germany
1984 Los Angeles
details
Evelyn Ashford
 United States
Alice Brown
 United States
Merlene Ottey
 Jamaica
1988 Seoul
details
Florence Griffith-Joyner
 United States
Evelyn Ashford
 United States
Heike Drechsler
 East Germany
1992 Barcelona
details
Gail Devers
 United States
Juliet Cuthbert
 Jamaica
Irina Privalova
 Unified Team
1996 Atlanta
details
Gail Devers
 United States
Merlene Ottey
 Jamaica
Gwen Torrence
 United States
2000 Sydney
details
Vacant[116] Ekaterini Thanou
 Greece
Merlene Ottey
 Jamaica
Tayna Lawrence
 Jamaica
2004 Athens
details
Yulia Nestsiarenka
 Belarus
Lauryn Williams
 United States
Veronica Campbell
 Jamaica
2008 Beijing
details
Shelly-Ann Fraser
 Jamaica
Sherone Simpson
 Jamaica
none awarded
Kerron Stewart
 Jamaica
2012 London
details
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
 Jamaica
Carmelita Jeter
 United States
Veronica Campbell-Brown
 Jamaica
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Elaine Thompson
 Jamaica
Tori Bowie
 United States
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
 Jamaica
2020 Tokyo
details

World Championship medalists

Men

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki (details)  Carl Lewis (USA)  Calvin Smith (USA)  Emmit King (USA)
1987 Rome (details)  Carl Lewis (USA)  Raymond Stewart (JAM)  Linford Christie (GBR)
1991 Tokyo (details)  Carl Lewis (USA)  Leroy Burrell (USA)  Dennis Mitchell (USA)
1993 Stuttgart (details)  Linford Christie (GBR)  Andre Cason (USA)  Dennis Mitchell (USA)
1995 Gothenburg (details)  Donovan Bailey (CAN)  Bruny Surin (CAN)  Ato Boldon (TRI)
1997 Athens (details)  Maurice Greene (USA)  Donovan Bailey (CAN)  Tim Montgomery (USA)
1999 Seville (details)  Maurice Greene (USA)  Bruny Surin (CAN)  Dwain Chambers (GBR)
2001 Edmonton (details)  Maurice Greene (USA)  Bernard Williams (USA)  Ato Boldon (TRI)
2003 Saint-Denis (details)  Kim Collins (SKN)  Darrel Brown (TRI)  Darren Campbell (GBR)
2005 Helsinki (details)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Michael Frater (JAM)  Kim Collins (SKN)
2007 Osaka (details)  Tyson Gay (USA)  Derrick Atkins (BAH)  Asafa Powell (JAM)
2009 Berlin (details)  Usain Bolt (JAM)  Tyson Gay (USA)  Asafa Powell (JAM)
2011 Daegu (details)  Yohan Blake (JAM)  Walter Dix (USA)  Kim Collins (SKN)
2013 Moscow (details)  Usain Bolt (JAM)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Nesta Carter (JAM)
2015 Beijing (details)  Usain Bolt (JAM)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Trayvon Bromell (USA)
 Andre De Grasse (CAN)
2017 London (details)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Christian Coleman (USA)  Usain Bolt (JAM)
2019 Doha (details)  Christian Coleman (USA)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Andre De Grasse (CAN)

Women

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
 Marlies Oelsner-Göhr (GDR)  Marita Koch (GDR)  Diane Williams (USA)
1987 Rome
details
 Silke Gladisch-Möller (GDR)  Heike Daute-Drechsler (GDR)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1991 Tokyo
details
 Katrin Krabbe (GER)  Gwen Torrence (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1993 Stuttgart
details
 Gail Devers (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Gwen Torrence (USA)
1995 Gothenburg
details
 Gwen Torrence (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Irina Privalova (RUS)
1997 Athens
details
 Marion Jones (USA)  Zhanna Pintusevich (UKR)  Savatheda Fynes (BAH)
1999 Seville
details
 Marion Jones (USA)  Inger Miller (USA)  Ekaterini Thanou (GRE)
2001 Edmonton
details
 Zhanna Pintusevich-Block (UKR)  Ekaterini Thanou (GRE)  Chandra Sturrup (BAH)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
 Torri Edwards (USA)  Chandra Sturrup (BAH)  Ekaterini Thanou (GRE)
2005 Helsinki
details
 Lauryn Williams (USA)  Veronica Campbell (JAM)  Christine Arron (FRA)
2007 Osaka
details
 Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)  Lauryn Williams (USA)  Carmelita Jeter (USA)
2009 Berlin
details
 Shelly-Ann Fraser (JAM)  Kerron Stewart (JAM)  Carmelita Jeter (USA)
2011 Daegu
details
 Carmelita Jeter (USA)  Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)  Kelly-Ann Baptiste (TRI)
2013 Moscow
details
 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)  Murielle Ahouré (CIV)  Carmelita Jeter (USA)
2015 Beijing
details
 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)  Dafne Schippers (NED)  Tori Bowie (USA)
2017 London
details
 Tori Bowie (USA)  Marie-Josée Ta Lou (CIV)  Dafne Schippers (NED)
2019 Doha
details
 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)  Dina Asher-Smith (GBR)  Marie-Josée Ta Lou (CIV)

See also

Copyright