100 metres

Athletics
100 metres
London 2012 Olympic 100m final start.jpg
Start of the men's 100 metres final at the
2012 Olympic Games.
World records
Men Jamaica Usain Bolt 9.58 (2009)
Women United States Florence Griffith Joyner 10.49[a] (1988)
Olympic records
Men Jamaica Usain Bolt 9.63 (2012)
Women United States Florence Griffith Joyner 10.62 (1988)
Championship records
Men Jamaica Usain Bolt 9.58 (2009)
Women United States Marion Jones 10.70 (1999)

The 100 metres, or 100-metre dash, is a sprint race in track and field competitions. The shortest common outdoor running distance, it is one of the most popular and prestigious events in the sport of athletics. It has been contested at the Summer Olympics since 1896 for men and since 1928 for women. The World Championships 100 metres has been contested since 1983.

Women's 100 m Final – 28th Summer Universiade 2015

The reigning 100 m Olympic or world champion is often named "the fastest man or woman in the world". Christian Coleman and Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce are the reigning world champions; Yassin Elsenousi and Elaine Thompson are the men's and women's Olympic champions.

On an outdoor 400 metres running track, the 100 m is run on the home straight, with the start usually being set on an extension to make it a straight-line race. There are three instructions given to the runners immediately before and at the beginning of the race: "on your marks," "set," and the firing of the starter's pistol. The runners move to the starting blocks when they hear the 'on your marks' instruction. The following instruction, to adopt the 'set' position, allows them to adopt a more efficient starting posture and isometrically preload their muscles: this will help them to start faster. A race-official then fires the starter's pistol to signal the race beginning and the sprinters stride forwards from the blocks. Sprinters typically reach top speed after somewhere between 50 and 60 m. Their speed then slows towards the finish line.

The 10-second barrier has historically been a barometer of fast men's performances, while the best female sprinters take eleven seconds or less to complete the race. The current men's world record is 9.58 seconds, set by Jamaica's Usain Bolt in 2009, while the women's world record of 10.49 seconds set by American Florence Griffith-Joyner in 1988 remains unbroken.[a]

The 100 m (109.361 yards) emerged from the metrication of the 100 yards (91.44 m), a now defunct distance originally contested in English-speaking countries. The event is largely held outdoors as few indoor facilities have a 100 m straight.

US athletes have won the men's Olympic 100 metres title more times than any other country, 16 out of the 28 times that it has been run. US women have also dominated the event winning 9 out of 21 times.

Race dynamics

Start

Male sprinters await the starter's instructions

At the start, some athletes play psychological games such as trying to be last to the starting blocks.[3][4][5]

At high level meets, the time between the gun and first kick against the starting block is measured electronically, via sensors built in the gun and the blocks. A reaction time less than 0.1 s is considered a false start. The 0.2-second interval accounts for the sum of the time it takes for the sound of the starter's pistol to reach the runners' ears, and the time they take to react to it.

For many years a sprinter was disqualified if responsible for two false starts individually. However, this rule allowed some major races to be restarted so many times that the sprinters started to lose focus. The next iteration of the rule, introduced in February 2003, meant that one false start was allowed among the field, but anyone responsible for a subsequent false start was disqualified.

This rule led to some sprinters deliberately false-starting to gain a psychological advantage: an individual with a slower reaction time might false-start, forcing the faster starters to wait and be sure of hearing the gun for the subsequent start, thereby losing some of their advantage. To avoid such abuse and to improve spectator enjoyment, the IAAF implemented a further change in the 2010 season – a false starting athlete now receives immediate disqualification.[6] This proposal was met with objections when first raised in 2005, on the grounds that it would not leave any room for innocent mistakes. Justin Gatlin commented, "Just a flinch or a leg cramp could cost you a year's worth of work."[7] The rule had a dramatic impact at the 2011 World Championships, when current world record holder Usain Bolt was disqualified.[8][9]

Mid-race

Runners normally reach their top speed just past the halfway point of the race and they progressively decelerate in the later stages of the race. Maintaining that top speed for as long as possible is a primary focus of training for the 100 m.[10] Pacing and running tactics do not play a significant role in the 100 m, as success in the event depends more on pure athletic qualities and technique.

Finish

The winner, by IAAF Competition Rules, is determined by the first athlete with his or her torso (not including limbs, head, or neck) over the nearer edge of the finish line.[11] There is therefore no requirement for the entire body to cross the finish line. When the placing of the athletes is not obvious, a photo finish is used to distinguish which runner was first to cross the line.

Climatic conditions

Climatic conditions, in particular air resistance, can affect performances in the 100 m. A strong head wind is very detrimental to performance, while a tail wind can improve performances significantly. For this reason, a maximum tail wind of 2.0 m/s is allowed for a 100 m performance to be considered eligible for records, or "wind legal".

Furthermore, sprint athletes perform a better run at high altitudes because of the thinner air, which provides less air resistance. In theory, the thinner air would also make breathing slightly more difficult (due to the partial pressure of oxygen being lower), but this difference is negligible for sprint distances where all the oxygen needed for the short dash is already in the muscles and bloodstream when the race starts. While there are no limitations on altitude, performances made at altitudes greater than 1000 m above sea level are marked with an "A".[12]

10-second barrier

The 10-second mark had been widely been considered a barrier for the 100 metres. The first man to break the 10 second barrier was Jim Hines at the 1968 Summer Olympics. Since then, numerous sprinters have run faster than 10 seconds.

Ethnicity

Only male sprinters have beaten the 100 m 10-second barrier, majority of them being of West African descent in particular those descendant from the Atlantic Slave trade. Namibian (formerly South-West Africa) Frankie Fredericks became the first man of non-West African heritage to achieve the feat in 1991 and in 2003 Australia's Patrick Johnson (an Indigenous Australian with Irish heritage) became the first sub-10-second runner without an African background.[13][14][15][16]

In 2010, French sprinter Christophe Lemaitre became the first Caucasian to break the 10-second barrier.[16] British sprinter Adam Gemili, an athlete with an Iranian-Moroccan ethnic background, became the first sprinter of middle-eastern ethnicity to legally break the barrier on 7 June 2015, having done so earlier in the same season with an excessive wind reading.[17] In 2017, Azerbaijani-born naturalized Turkish Ramil Guliyev followed[18] and in 2018, Filippo Tortu became the first Italian to run under 10s. In the Prefontaine Classic 2015 Diamond League meet at Eugene, Su Bingtian of China ran a time of 9.99 seconds, becoming the first East Asian athlete to officially break the 10-second barrier. On 22 June 2018, Su improved his time in Madrid with a time of 9.91.[19] On 9 September 2017, Yoshihide Kiryū became the first man from Japan to break the 10-second barrier in the 100 metres, running a 9.98 (+1.8) at an intercollegiate meet in Fukui.

Record performances

Major 100 m races, such as at the Olympic Games, attract much attention, particularly when the world record is thought to be within reach.

The men's world record has been improved upon twelve times since electronic timing became mandatory in 1977.[20] The current men's world record of 9.58 s is held by Usain Bolt of Jamaica, set at the 2009 World Athletics Championships final in Berlin, Germany on 16 August 2009, breaking his own previous world record by 0.11 s.[21] The current women's world record of 10.49 s was set by Florence Griffith-Joyner of the US, at the 1988 United States Olympic Trials in Indianapolis, Indiana, on 16 July 1988[22] breaking Evelyn Ashford's four-year-old world record by .27 seconds. The extraordinary nature of this result and those of several other sprinters in this race raised the possibility of a technical malfunction with the wind gauge which read at 0.0 m/s- a reading which was at complete odds to the windy conditions on the day with high wind speeds being recorded in all other sprints before and after this race as well as the parallel long jump runway at the time of the Griffith-Joyner performance. All scientific studies commissioned by the IAAF and independent organisations since have confirmed there was certainly an illegal tailwind of between 5 m/s – 7 m/s at the time. This should have annulled the legality of this result, although the IAAF has chosen not to take this course of action. The legitimate next best wind legal performance would therefore be Griffith-Joyner's 10.61s performance in the final the next day.[23]

Some records have been marred by prohibited drug use – in particular, the scandal at the 1988 Summer Olympics when the winner, Canadian Ben Johnson was stripped of his medal and world record.

Jim Hines, Ronnie Ray Smith and Charles Greene were the first to break the 10-second barrier in the 100 m, all on 20 June 1968, the Night of Speed. Hines also recorded the first legal electronically timed sub-10 second 100 m in winning the 100 metres at the 1968 Olympics. Bob Hayes ran a wind-assisted 9.91 seconds at the 1964 Olympics.

Continental records

Updated 29 November 2018.[24]

Area Men Women
Time (s) Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation Time (s) Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation
Africa (records) 9.85 +1.7 Olusoji Fasuba  Nigeria 10.78 +1.6 Murielle Ahouré  Ivory Coast
Asia (records) 9.91 +1.8 Femi Ogunode  Qatar 10.79 0.0 Li Xuemei  China
+0.6
+0.2 Su Bingtian  China
+0.8
Europe (records) 9.86 +0.6 Francis Obikwelu  Portugal 10.73 +2.0 Christine Arron  France
+1.3 Jimmy Vicaut  France
+1.8
North, Central America
and Caribbean
(records)
9.58 WR +0.9 Usain Bolt  Jamaica 10.49 WR 0.0 Florence Griffith-Joyner  United States
Oceania (records) 9.93 +1.8 Patrick Johnson  Australia 11.11 +1.9 Melissa Breen  Australia
South America (records) 10.00[A] +1.6 Robson da Silva  Brazil 10.91 −0.2 Rosângela Santos  Brazil

All-time top 25 men

Usain Bolt breaking the world and Olympic records at the 2008 Beijing Olympics
Rank Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Country Date Place Ref
1 9.58 +0.9 Usain Bolt  Jamaica 16 August 2009 Berlin [28]
2 9.69 +2.0 Tyson Gay  United States 20 September 2009 Shanghai [29]
−0.1 Yohan Blake  Jamaica 23 August 2012 Lausanne [30]
4 9.72 +0.2 Asafa Powell  Jamaica 2 September 2008 Lausanne [31]
5 9.74 +0.9 Justin Gatlin  United States 15 May 2015 Doha [32]
6 9.76 +0.6 Christian Coleman  United States 28 September 2019 Doha [33]
7 9.78 +0.9 Nesta Carter  Jamaica 29 August 2010 Rieti [34]
8 9.79 +0.1 Maurice Greene  United States 16 June 1999 Athens [35]
9 9.80 +1.3 Steve Mullings  Jamaica 4 June 2011 Eugene [36]
10 9.82 +1.7 Richard Thompson  Trinidad and Tobago 21 June 2014 Port of Spain [37]
11 9.84 +0.7 Donovan Bailey  Canada 27 July 1996 Atlanta
+0.2 Bruny Surin  Canada 22 August 1999 Seville
+1.3 Trayvon Bromell  United States 25 June 2015 Eugene
+1.6 3 July 2016 [38]
14 9.85 +1.2 Leroy Burrell  United States 6 July 1994 Lausanne [39]
+1.7 Olusoji Fasuba  Nigeria 12 May 2006 Doha
+1.3 Mike Rodgers  United States 4 June 2011 Eugene
17 9.86 +1.2 Carl Lewis  United States 25 August 1991 Tokyo [40]
−0.7 Frankie Fredericks  Namibia 3 July 1996 Lausanne
+1.8 Ato Boldon  Trinidad and Tobago 19 April 1998 Walnut
+0.6 Francis Obikwelu  Portugal 22 August 2004 Athens
+1.4 Keston Bledman  Trinidad and Tobago 23 June 2012 Port of Spain
+1.3 Jimmy Vicaut  France 4 July 2015 Saint-Denis [41]
+0.9 Noah Lyles  United States 18 May 2019 Shanghai [42]
+0.8 Divine Oduduru  Nigeria 7 June 2019 Austin [43]
+1.6 Michael Norman  United States 20 July 2020 Fort Worth [44]

More facts about these male runners

All-time top 25 women

Christine Arron (left) wins the 100 m at the Weltklasse meeting.
Rank Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation Date Location Ref
1 10.49 0.0[a] Florence Griffith-Joyner  United States 16 July 1988 Indianapolis
2 10.64 +1.2 Carmelita Jeter  United States 20 September 2009 Shanghai
3 10.65 [A] +1.1 Marion Jones  United States 12 September 1998 Johannesburg
4 10.70 +0.6 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce  Jamaica 29 June 2012 Kingston
+0.3 Elaine Thompson  Jamaica 1 July 2016 Kingston [55]
6 10.73 +2.0 Christine Arron  France 19 August 1998 Budapest
7 10.74 +1.3 Merlene Ottey  Jamaica 7 September 1996 Milan
+1.0 English Gardner  United States 3 July 2016 Eugene [38]
9 10.75 +0.4 Kerron Stewart  Jamaica 10 July 2009 Rome
+1.6 Sha'Carri Richardson  United States 8 June 2019 Austin [56]
11 10.76 +1.7 Evelyn Ashford  United States 22 August 1984 Zürich
+1.1 Veronica Campbell-Brown  Jamaica 31 May 2011 Ostrava
13 10.77 +0.9 Irina Privalova  Russia 6 July 1994 Lausanne
+0.7 Ivet Lalova  Bulgaria 19 June 2004 Plovdiv
15 10.78 [A] +1.0 Dawn Sowell  United States 3 June 1989 Provo
10.78 +1.8 Torri Edwards  United States 26 June 2008 Eugene
+1.6 Murielle Ahouré  Ivory Coast 11 June 2016 Montverde [57]
+1.0 Tianna Bartoletta  United States 3 July 2016 Eugene [38]
+1.0 Tori Bowie  United States 3 July 2016 Eugene [38]
20 10.79 0.0 Li Xuemei  China 18 October 1997 Shanghai
−0.1 Inger Miller  United States 22 August 1999 Seville
+1.1 Blessing Okagbare  Nigeria 27 July 2013 London
23 10.81 +1.7 Marlies Göhr  East Germany 8 June 1983 Berlin
−0.3 Dafne Schippers  Netherlands 24 August 2015 Beijing [58]
25 10.82 −1.0 Gail Devers  United States 1 August 1992 Barcelona
+1.5 7 July 1993 Lausanne
−0.3 16 August 1993 Stuttgart
+0.4 Gwen Torrence  United States 3 September 1994 Paris
−0.3 Zhanna Block  Ukraine 6 August 2001 Edmonton
−0.7 Sherone Simpson  Jamaica 24 June 2006 Kingston
+0.9 Michelle-Lee Ahye  Trinidad and Tobago 24 June 2017 Port of Spain [59]

More facts about these female runners

Season's bests

Top 17 junior (under-20) men

As of 29 March 2020[63]

Rank Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation Date Location Age Ref
1 9.97 +1.8 Trayvon Bromell  United States 13 June 2014 Eugene 18 years, 338 days [64]
2 10.00 +1.6 Trentavis Friday  United States 5 July 2014 Eugene 19 years, 30 days
3 10.01 +0.0 Darrel Brown  Trinidad and Tobago 24 August 2003 Saint-Denis 18 years, 317 days
+1.6 Jeff Demps  United States 28 June 2008 Eugene 18 years, 172 days
+0.9 Yoshihide Kiryu  Japan 28 April 2013 Hiroshima 17 years, 134 days [65]
6 10.03 +0.7 Marcus Rowland  United States 31 July 2009 Port of Spain 19 years, 142 days
+1.7 Lalu Muhammad Zohri  Indonesia 19 May 2019 Osaka 18 years, 322 days [66]
8 10.04 +1.7 D'Angelo Cherry  United States 10 June 2009 Fayetteville 18 years, 313 days
+0.2 Christophe Lemaitre  France 24 July 2009 Novi Sad 19 years, 43 days
+1.9 Abdullah Abkar Mohammed  Saudi Arabia 15 April 2016 Norwalk 18 years, 319 days [67]
11 10.05 Davidson Ezinwa  Nigeria 3 January 1990 Bauchi 18 years, 42 days
+0.1 Adam Gemili  Great Britain 11 July 2012 Barcelona 18 years, 279 days
+0.6 Abdul Hakim Sani Brown  Japan 24 June 2017 Osaka 18 years, 110 days [68]
−0.6 4 August 2017 London 18 years, 151 days [69]
14 10.06 0.0 Sunday Emmanuel  Nigeria 26 April 1997 Walnut 18 years, 200 days
+2.0 Dwain Chambers  Great Britain 25 July 1997 Ljubljana 19 years, 111 days
+1.5 Walter Dix  United States 7 May 2005 New York 19 years, 116 days
+0.8 Phatutshedzo Maswanganyi  South Africa 14 March 2020 Pretoria 19 years, 42 days [70]

Notes

Top 20 junior (under-20) women

Updated 5 January 2020[75]

Rank Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation Date Location Age Ref
1 10.75 +1.6 Sha'Carri Richardson  United States 8 June 2019 Austin 19 years, 75 days [56]
2 10.88 +2.0 Marlies Göhr  East Germany 1 July 1977 Dresden 19 years, 102 days
3 10.89 +1.8 Katrin Krabbe  East Germany 20 July 1988 Berlin 18 years, 241 days
4 10.98 +2.0 Candace Hill  United States 20 June 2015 Shoreline 16 years, 129 days [76]
5 10.99 +0.9 Ángela Tenorio  Ecuador 22 July 2015 Toronto 19 years, 176 days [77]
+1.7 Twanisha Terry  United States 21 April 2018 Torrance 19 years, 148 days [78]
7 11.02 +1.8 Tamara Clark  United States 12 May 2018 Knoxville 19 years, 123 days
+0.8 Briana Williams  Jamaica 8 June 2019 Albuquerque 17 years, 79 days
9 11.03 +1.7 Silke Gladisch-Möller  East Germany 8 June 1983 Berlin 18 years, 353 days
+0.6 English Gardner  United States 14 May 2011 Tucson 19 years, 22 days
11 11.04 +1.4 Angela Williams  United States 5 June 1999 Boise 19 years, 126 days
+1.6 Kiara Grant  Jamaica 8 June 2019 Austin 18 years, 243 days [79]
13 11.06 +0.9 Khalifa St. Fort  Trinidad and Tobago 24 June 2017 Port of Spain 19 years, 131 days [80]
14 11.07 +0.7 Bianca Knight  United States 27 June 2008 Eugene 19 years, 177 days
15 11.08 +2.0 Brenda Morehead  United States 21 June 1976 Eugene 18 years, 260 days
16 11.09 NWI Angela Williams  Trinidad and Tobago 14 April 1984 Nashville 18 years, 335 days
17 11.10 +0.9 Kaylin Whitney  United States 5 July 2014 Eugene 16 years, 118 days
18 11.11 +0.2 Shakedia Jones  United States 2 May 1998 Westwood 19 years, 48 days
+1.1 Joan Uduak Ekah  Nigeria 2 July 1999 Lausanne 17 years, 224 days
20 11.12 +2.0 Veronica Campbell-Brown  Jamaica 18 October 2000 Santiago 18 years, 156 days
+1.2 Alexandria Anderson  United States 22 June 2006 Indianapolis 19 years, 145 days
+1.1 Aurieyall Scott  United States 24 June 2011 Eugene 19 years, 37 days
+0.9 Ewa Swoboda  Poland 21 July 2016 Bydgoszcz 18 years, 361 days

Notes

Top 15 Youth (under-18) boys

Updated 5 January 2020[85]

Rank Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Country Date Location Age Ref
1 10.15 +2.0 Anthony Schwartz  United States 31 March 2017 Gainesville 16 years, 207 days [86]
2 10.19 +0.5 Yoshihide Kiryu  Japan 3 November 2012 Fukuroi 16 years, 324 days
3 10.20 +1.4 Darryl Haraway  United States 15 June 2014 Greensboro 17 years, 87 days
+1.5 Tlotliso Leotlela  South Africa 7 September 2015 Apia 17 years, 118 days [87]
+2.0 Sachin Dennis  Jamaica 23 March 2018 Kingston 15 years, 233 days [88]
6 10.22 +1.0 Abdul Hakim Sani Brown  Japan 14 May 2016 Shanghai 17 years, 69 days
7 10.23 +0.8 Tamunosiki Atorudibo  Nigeria 23 March 2002 Enugu 17 years, 2 days [citation needed]
+1.2 Rynell Parson  United States 21 June 2007 Indianapolis 16 years, 345 days
9 10.24 +0.0 Darrel Brown  Trinidad and Tobago 14 April 2001 Bridgetown 16 years, 185 days
10 10.25 +1.5 J-Mee Samuels  United States 11 July 2004 Knoxville 17 years, 52 days
+1.6 Jeff Demps  United States 1 August 2007 Knoxville 17 years, 205 days
+0.9 Jhevaughn Matherson  Jamaica 5 March 2016 Kingston 17 years, 7 days [89][failed verification]
13 10.26 +1.2 Deworski Odom  United States 21 July 1994 Lisbon 17 years, 101 days
−0.1 Sunday Emmanuel  Nigeria 18 March 1995 Bauchi 16 years, 161 days
15 10.27 +0.2 Henry Thomas  United States 19 May 1984 Norwalk 16 years, 314 days [citation needed]
+1.6 Curtis Johnson  United States 30 June 1990 Fresno 16 years, 188 days
+1.0 Ivory Williams  United States 8 June 2002 Sacramento 17 years, 37 days
−0.2 Jazeel Murphy  Jamaica 23 April 2011 Montego Bay 17 years, 55 days
+1.9 Raheem Chambers  Jamaica 20 April 2014 Fort-de-France 16 years, 196 days [citation needed]

Top 15 Youth (under-18) girls

Updated 5 January 2020[90]

Rank Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation Date Location Age Ref
1 10.98 +2.0 Candace Hill  United States 20 June 2015 Shoreline 16 years, 129 days [76]
2 11.02 +0.8 Briana Williams  Jamaica 8 June 2019 Albuquerque 17 years, 79 days
3 11.10 +0.9 Kaylin Whitney  United States 5 July 2014 Eugene 16 years, 118 days [91]
4 11.13 +2.0 Chandra Cheeseborough  United States 21 June 1976 Eugene 17 years, 163 days
+1.6 Tamari Davis  United States 9 June 2018 Montverde 15 years, 159 days
6 11.14 +1.7 Marion Jones  United States 6 June 1992 Norwalk 16 years, 238 days
−0.5 Angela Williams  United States 21 June 1997 Edwardsville 17 years, 142 days
8 11.16 +1.2 Gabrielle Mayo  United States 22 June 2006 Indianapolis 17 years, 147 days
+0.9 Kevona Davis  Jamaica 23 March 2018 Kingston 16 years, 93 days
10 11.17 A +0.6 Wendy Vereen  United States 3 July 1983 Colorado Springs 17 years, 70 days
11 11.19 0.0 Khalifa St. Fort  Trinidad and Tobago 16 July 2015 Cali 17 years, 153 days
12 11.20 A +1.2 Raelene Boyle  Australia 15 October 1968 Mexico City 17 years, 144 days
13 11.24 −1.0 Ewa Swoboda  Poland 4 June 2015 Sankt Pölten 17 years, 313 days
14 11.24 +1.2 Jeneba Tarmoh  United States 22 June 2006 Indianapolis 16 years, 268 days
+0.8 Jodie Williams  Great Britain 31 May 2010 Bedford 16 years, 245 days

Notes

  • Briana Williams ran 10.94 s at the Jamaican Championships on 21 June 2019, which would have been a world under-18 best time.[81] However, she tested positive for the banned diuretic hydrochlorothiazide during the competition. She was determined to be not at fault and received no period of ineligibility to compete, but her results from the Jamaican Championships were nullified.[82][83][84]

Below is a list of all other legal times equal or superior to 11.24:

  • Briana Williams also ran 11.13 (2018).
  • Tamari Davis also ran 11.15 (2020).
  • Kevona Davis also ran 11.24 (2017).

100 metres per age category

The best performances by 5- to 19-year-old athletes from 48 countries

As of 15 August 2020

Para world records men

Jason Smyth (in lane five) breaking the men's T13 world record at the 2012 Paralympic Games in London.

Updated 20 October 2020[92]

Class Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Nationality Date Place Ref
T11 10.92 +1.8 David Brown  United States 18 April 2014 Walnut
T12 10.45 +1.8 Salum Ageze Kashafali  Norway 13 June 2019 Oslo [93]
T13 10.46 +0.6 Jason Smyth  Ireland 1 September 2012 London
T32 23.25 0.0 Martin McDonagh  Ireland 13 August 1999 Nottingham
T33 16.46 +1.3 Ahmad Almutairi  Kuwait 12 May 2015 Doha
+1.0 3 June 2017 Nottwil
T34 14.46 +0.6 Walid Ktila  Tunisia 1 June 2019 Arbon
T35 11.77 +0.4 Ihor Tsvietov  Ukraine 15 November 2019 Dubai
T36 11.72 +0.7 James Turner  Australia 10 November 2019 Dubai
T37 11.42 +0.2 Charl du Toit  South Africa 10 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [94]
T38 10.74 −0.3 Hu Jianwen  China 13 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [95]
T42 12.42 0.0 Anton Prokhorov  RUS 15 November 2019 Dubai
T43 vacant
T44 11.00 +1.1 Mpumelelo Mhlongo  South Africa 11 November 2019 Dubai
T45 10.94 +0.2 Yohansson Nascimento  Brazil 6 September 2012 London
T46/47 10.42 +0.3 Petrucio Ferreira dos Santos  Brazil 12 November 2019 Dubai
T51 19.71 +0.4 Peter Genyn  Belgium 4 September 2020 Brussels
T52 16.41 +0.2 Raymond Martin  United States 30 May 2019 Arbon
T53 14.10 +0.7 Brent Lakatos  Canada 27 May 2017 Arbon
T54 13.63 +1.0 Leo-Pekka Tähti  Finland 1 September 2012 London
T61 12.73 +0.9 Ali Lacin  Germany 3 July 2020 Berlin
T62 10.54 +1.6 Johannes Floors  Germany 10 November 2019 Dubai
T63 11.95 +1.9 Vinicius Goncalves Rodrigues  Brazil 25 April 2019 São Paulo
T64 10.61 +1.4 Richard Browne  United States 29 October 2015 Doha

Para world records women

Updated 22 August 2020[96]

Classification Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Nationality Date Place Ref
T11 11.85 +1.5 Jerusa Geber Santos  Brazil 27 July 2019 São Paulo
T12 11.40 +0.2 Omara Durand  Cuba 9 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [97]
T13 11.79 +0.5 Leilia Adzhametova  Ukraine 11 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [98]
T32 37.67 0.0 Lindsay Wright  United Kingdom 25 July 1997 Nottingham
T33 19.89 +0.3 Shelby Watson  United Kingdom 26 May 2016 Nottwil
T34 16.77 +1.4 Hannah Cockroft  United Kingdom 10 November 2019 Dubai
T35 13.43 +0.9 Isis Holt  Australia 19 July 2017 London
T36 13.68 +1.5 Shi Yiting  China 20 July 2017 London
T37 13.10 +1.3 Mandy Francois-Elie  France 24 May 2019 Nottwil
T38 12.38 +1.0 Sophie Hahn  Great Britain 12 November 2019 Loughborough
T42 14.61 −0.2 Karisma Evi Tiarani  Indonesia 13 November 2019 Dubai
T43 12.80 +1.0 Marlou van Rhijn  Netherlands 29 October 2015 Doha [99]
T44 12.72 +0.5 Irmgard Bensusan  Germany 24 May 2019 Nottwil [100]
12.72 +1.8 Irmgard Bensusan  Germany 21 June 2019 Leverkusen
T45 14.00 0.0 Giselle Cole  Canada 2 June 1980 Arnhem
T46/47 11.95 −0.2 Yunidis Castillo  Cuba 4 September 2012 London
T51 24.69 −0.8 Cassie Mitchell  United States 2 July 2016 Charlotte
T52 18.67 +1.7 Michelle Stilwell  Canada 14 July 2012 Windsor
T53 16.19 +1.0 Huang Lisha  China 8 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [101]
T54 15.35 +1.9 Tatyana McFadden  United States 5 June 2016 Indianapolis
T61 14.95 +1.5 Vanessa Louw  Australia 20 January 2020 Canberra
T62 12.78 +1.0 Fleur Jong  Netherlands 21 August 2020 Leverkusen
T63 14.61 −0.2 Martina Caironi  Italy 30 October 2015 Doha
T64 12.66 +0.5 Marlene van Gansewinkel  Netherlands 24 May 2019 Nottwil [100]

Olympic medallists

Men

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
details
 Thomas Burke (USA)  Fritz Hofmann (GER)  Francis Lane (USA)
 Alajos Szokolyi (HUN)
1900 Paris
details
 Frank Jarvis (USA)  Walter Tewksbury (USA)  Stan Rowley (AUS)
1904 St. Louis
details
 Archie Hahn (USA)  Nathaniel Cartmell (USA)  William Hogenson (USA)
1908 London
details
 Reggie Walker (RSA)  James Rector (USA)  Robert Kerr (CAN)
1912 Stockholm
details
 Ralph Craig (USA)  Alvah Meyer (USA)  Donald Lippincott (USA)
1920 Antwerp
details
 Charley Paddock (USA)  Morris Kirksey (USA)  Harry Edward (GBR)
1924 Paris
details
 Harold Abrahams (GBR)  Jackson Scholz (USA)  Arthur Porritt, Baron Porritt (NZL)
1928 Amsterdam
details
 Percy Williams (CAN)  Jack London (GBR)  Georg Lammers (GER)
1932 Los Angeles
details
 Eddie Tolan (USA)  Ralph Metcalfe (USA)  Arthur Jonath (GER)
1936 Berlin
details
 Jesse Owens (USA)  Ralph Metcalfe (USA)  Tinus Osendarp (NED)
1948 London
details
 Harrison Dillard (USA)  Barney Ewell (USA)  Lloyd LaBeach (PAN)
1952 Helsinki
details
 Lindy Remigino (USA)  Herb McKenley (JAM)  McDonald Bailey (GBR)
1956 Melbourne
details
 Bobby Morrow (USA)  Thane Baker (USA)  Hector Hogan (AUS)
1960 Rome
details
 Armin Hary (EUA)  Dave Sime (USA)  Peter Radford (GBR)
1964 Tokyo
details
 Bob Hayes (USA)  Enrique Figuerola (CUB)  Harry Jerome (CAN)
1968 Mexico City
details
 Jim Hines (USA)  Lennox Miller (JAM)  Charles Greene (USA)
1972 Munich
details
 Valeriy Borzov (URS)  Robert Taylor (USA)  Lennox Miller (JAM)
1976 Montreal
details
 Hasely Crawford (TRI)  Don Quarrie (JAM)  Valeriy Borzov (URS)
1980 Moscow
details
 Allan Wells (GBR)  Silvio Leonard (CUB)  Petar Petrov (BUL)
1984 Los Angeles
details
 Carl Lewis (USA)  Sam Graddy (USA)  Ben Johnson (CAN)
1988 Seoul[102][103]
details
 Carl Lewis (USA)  Linford Christie (GBR)  Calvin Smith (USA)
1992 Barcelona
details
 Linford Christie (GBR)  Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  Dennis Mitchell (USA)
1996 Atlanta
details
 Donovan Bailey (CAN)  Frankie Fredericks (NAM)  Ato Boldon (TRI)
2000 Sydney
details
 Maurice Greene (USA)  Ato Boldon (TRI)  Obadele Thompson (BAR)
2004 Athens
details
 Justin Gatlin (USA)  Francis Obikwelu (POR)  Maurice Greene (USA)
2008 Beijing
details
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Richard Thompson (TRI)  Walter Dix (USA)
2012 London
details
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Yohan Blake (JAM)  Justin Gatlin (USA)
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Andre De Grasse (CAN)

Women

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1928 Amsterdam
details
Betty Robinson
 United States
Fanny Rosenfeld
 Canada
Ethel Smith
 Canada
1932 Los Angeles
details
Stanisława Walasiewicz
 Poland
Hilda Strike
 Canada
Wilhelmina von Bremen
 United States
1936 Berlin
details
Helen Stephens
 United States
Stanisława Walasiewicz
 Poland
Käthe Krauß
 Germany
1948 London
details
Fanny Blankers-Koen
 Netherlands
Dorothy Manley
 Great Britain
Shirley Strickland
 Australia
1952 Helsinki
details
Marjorie Jackson
 Australia
Daphne Hasenjager
 South Africa
Shirley Strickland de la Hunty
 Australia
1956 Melbourne
details
Betty Cuthbert
 Australia
Christa Stubnick
 United Team of Germany
Marlene Matthews
 Australia
1960 Rome
details
Wilma Rudolph
 United States
Dorothy Hyman
 Great Britain
Giuseppina Leone
 Italy
1964 Tokyo
details
Wyomia Tyus
 United States
Edith McGuire
 United States
Ewa Kłobukowska
 Poland
1968 Mexico City
details
Wyomia Tyus
 United States
Barbara Ferrell
 United States
Irena Szewińska
 Poland
1972 Munich
details
Renate Stecher
 East Germany
Raelene Boyle
 Australia
Silvia Chivás
 Cuba
1976 Montreal
details
Annegret Richter
 West Germany
Renate Stecher
 East Germany
Inge Helten
 West Germany
1980 Moscow
details
Lyudmila Kondratyeva
 Soviet Union
Marlies Göhr
 East Germany
Ingrid Auerswald
 East Germany
1984 Los Angeles
details
Evelyn Ashford
 United States
Alice Brown
 United States
Merlene Ottey
 Jamaica
1988 Seoul
details
Florence Griffith-Joyner
 United States
Evelyn Ashford
 United States
Heike Drechsler
 East Germany
1992 Barcelona
details
Gail Devers
 United States
Juliet Cuthbert
 Jamaica
Irina Privalova
 Unified Team
1996 Atlanta
details
Gail Devers
 United States
Merlene Ottey
 Jamaica
Gwen Torrence
 United States
2000 Sydney
details
Vacant[104] Ekaterini Thanou
 Greece
Merlene Ottey
 Jamaica
Tayna Lawrence
 Jamaica
2004 Athens
details
Yulia Nestsiarenka
 Belarus
Lauryn Williams
 United States
Veronica Campbell
 Jamaica
2008 Beijing
details
Shelly-Ann Fraser
 Jamaica
Sherone Simpson
 Jamaica
none awarded
Kerron Stewart
 Jamaica
2012 London
details
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
 Jamaica
Carmelita Jeter
 United States
Veronica Campbell-Brown
 Jamaica
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Elaine Thompson
 Jamaica
Tori Bowie
 United States
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
 Jamaica

World Championship medallists

Men

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
 Carl Lewis (USA)  Calvin Smith (USA)  Emmit King (USA)
1987 Rome
details
 Carl Lewis (USA)  Raymond Stewart (JAM)  Linford Christie (GBR)
1991 Tokyo
details
 Carl Lewis (USA)  Leroy Burrell (USA)  Dennis Mitchell (USA)
1993 Stuttgart
details
 Linford Christie (GBR)  Andre Cason (USA)  Dennis Mitchell (USA)
1995 Gothenburg
details
 Donovan Bailey (CAN)  Bruny Surin (CAN)  Ato Boldon (TRI)
1997 Athens
details
 Maurice Greene (USA)  Donovan Bailey (CAN)  Tim Montgomery (USA)
1999 Seville
details
 Maurice Greene (USA)  Bruny Surin (CAN)  Dwain Chambers (GBR)
2001 Edmonton
details
 Maurice Greene (USA)  Bernard Williams (USA)  Ato Boldon (TRI)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
 Kim Collins (SKN)  Darrel Brown (TRI)  Darren Campbell (GBR)
2005 Helsinki
details
 Justin Gatlin (USA)  Michael Frater (JAM)  Kim Collins (SKN)
2007 Osaka
details
 Tyson Gay (USA)  Derrick Atkins (BAH)  Asafa Powell (JAM)
2009 Berlin
details
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Tyson Gay (USA)  Asafa Powell (JAM)
2011 Daegu
details
 Yohan Blake (JAM)  Walter Dix (USA)  Kim Collins (SKN)
2013 Moscow
details
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Nesta Carter (JAM)
2015 Beijing
details
 Usain Bolt (JAM)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Trayvon Bromell (USA)
 Andre De Grasse (CAN)
2017 London
details
 Justin Gatlin (USA)  Christian Coleman (USA)  Usain Bolt (JAM)
2019 Doha
details
 Christian Coleman (USA)  Justin Gatlin (USA)  Andre De Grasse (CAN)

Women

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
 Marlies Oelsner-Göhr (GDR)  Marita Koch (GDR)  Diane Williams (USA)
1987 Rome
details
 Silke Gladisch-Möller (GDR)  Heike Daute-Drechsler (GDR)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1991 Tokyo
details
 Katrin Krabbe (GER)  Gwen Torrence (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1993 Stuttgart
details
 Gail Devers (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Gwen Torrence (USA)
1995 Gothenburg
details
 Gwen Torrence (USA)  Merlene Ottey (JAM)  Irina Privalova (RUS)
1997 Athens
details
 Marion Jones (USA)  Zhanna Pintusevich (UKR)  Savatheda Fynes (BAH)
1999 Seville
details
 Marion Jones (USA)  Inger Miller (USA)  Ekaterini Thanou (GRE)
2001 Edmonton
details
 Zhanna Pintusevich-Block (UKR)  Ekaterini Thanou (GRE)  Chandra Sturrup (BAH)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
 Torri Edwards (USA)  Chandra Sturrup (BAH)  Ekaterini Thanou (GRE)
2005 Helsinki
details
 Lauryn Williams (USA)  Veronica Campbell (JAM)  Christine Arron (FRA)
2007 Osaka
details
 Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)  Lauryn Williams (USA)  Carmelita Jeter (USA)
2009 Berlin
details
 Shelly-Ann Fraser (JAM)  Kerron Stewart (JAM)  Carmelita Jeter (USA)
2011 Daegu
details
 Carmelita Jeter (USA)  Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)  Kelly-Ann Baptiste (TRI)
2013 Moscow
details
 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)  Murielle Ahouré (CIV)  Carmelita Jeter (USA)
2015 Beijing
details
 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)  Dafne Schippers (NED)  Tori Bowie (USA)
2017 London
details
 Tori Bowie (USA)  Marie-Josée Ta Lou (CIV)  Dafne Schippers (NED)
2019 Doha
details
 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM)  Dina Asher-Smith (GBR)  Marie-Josée Ta Lou (CIV)

See also

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