1071

1071 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1071
MLXXI
Ab urbe condita 1824
Armenian calendar 520
ԹՎ ՇԻ
Assyrian calendar 5821
Balinese saka calendar 992–993
Bengali calendar 478
Berber calendar 2021
English Regnal year Will. 1 – 6 Will. 1
Buddhist calendar 1615
Burmese calendar 433
Byzantine calendar 6579–6580
Chinese calendar 庚戌(Metal Dog)
3767 or 3707
    — to —
辛亥年 (Metal Pig)
3768 or 3708
Coptic calendar 787–788
Discordian calendar 2237
Ethiopian calendar 1063–1064
Hebrew calendar 4831–4832
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1127–1128
 - Shaka Samvat 992–993
 - Kali Yuga 4171–4172
Holocene calendar 11071
Igbo calendar 71–72
Iranian calendar 449–450
Islamic calendar 463–464
Japanese calendar Enkyū 3
(延久3年)
Javanese calendar 975–976
Julian calendar 1071
MLXXI
Korean calendar 3404
Minguo calendar 841 before ROC
民前841年
Nanakshahi calendar −397
Seleucid era 1382/1383 AG
Thai solar calendar 1613–1614
Tibetan calendar 阳金狗年
(male Iron-Dog)
1197 or 816 or 44
    — to —
阴金猪年
(female Iron-Pig)
1198 or 817 or 45
Emperor Romanos IV is brought before Alp Arslan after the Battle of Manzikert.

Year 1071 (MLXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events

By place

  • August 26Battle of Manzikert: The Byzantine army (35,000 man) under Emperor Romanos IV meets the Seljuk Turk forces of Sultan Alp Arslan near the town of Manzikert. Although the armies are initially evenly matched, as the Byzantines advance the Seljuk Turks withdraw before them, launching hit-and-run attacks on the Byzantine flanks. While attempt to withdraw the Byzantine army falls apart, either through treachery of confusion – the battle ends in a decisive defeat for the Byzantine Empire. Romanos is captured (later released by Alp Arslan within a week) and much of the elite Varangian Guard is destroyed.
  • October 24 – Romanos IV is deposed by Caesar John Doukas and his political advisor Michael Psellos (after his return in Constantinople). Michael VII (Doukas) is crowned co-emperor – and his mother Eudokia is forced to retire to a monastery.
  • The English rebels under Hereward (the Wake) and Morcar, Saxon former earl of Northumbria, are forced to retreat to their stronghold on the Isle of Ely. They make a desperate stand against the Norman forces led by King William I (the Conqueror), but are defeated.
  • Edwin, earl of Mercia, rebels against William I, but is betrayed and killed. His castle and lands at Dudley (located in the West Midlands) are given to William's Norman subjects.

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ Kleinhenz, Christopher (2010). Medieval Italy: an encyclopedia. New York: Routledge. p. 95. ISBN 0-415-93930-5.

Other Languages

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