1098

1098 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1098
MXCVIII
Ab urbe condita 1851
Armenian calendar 547
ԹՎ ՇԽԷ
Assyrian calendar 5848
Balinese saka calendar 1019–1020
Bengali calendar 505
Berber calendar 2048
English Regnal year 11 Will. 2 – 12 Will. 2
Buddhist calendar 1642
Burmese calendar 460
Byzantine calendar 6606–6607
Chinese calendar 丁丑(Fire Ox)
3794 or 3734
    — to —
戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
3795 or 3735
Coptic calendar 814–815
Discordian calendar 2264
Ethiopian calendar 1090–1091
Hebrew calendar 4858–4859
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1154–1155
 - Shaka Samvat 1019–1020
 - Kali Yuga 4198–4199
Holocene calendar 11098
Igbo calendar 98–99
Iranian calendar 476–477
Islamic calendar 491–492
Japanese calendar Jōtoku 2
(承徳2年)
Javanese calendar 1002–1003
Julian calendar 1098
MXCVIII
Korean calendar 3431
Minguo calendar 814 before ROC
民前814年
Nanakshahi calendar −370
Seleucid era 1409/1410 AG
Thai solar calendar 1640–1641
Tibetan calendar 阴火牛年
(female Fire-Ox)
1224 or 843 or 71
    — to —
阳土虎年
(male Earth-Tiger)
1225 or 844 or 72

Year 1098 (MXCVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events

By place

  • February 9Battle of the Lake of Antioch: The Crusaders under Bohemond I defeat a Seljuk relief force (some 12,000 men) led by Sultan Fakhr al-Mulk Radwan of Aleppo. Bohemond gathers 700 knights, and marches in the night to ambush the Seljuk Turks at the Lake of Antioch (modern Turkey). After several successful cavalry charges the Crusaders rout the Seljuk army, forcing Radwan to retreat back to Aleppo.[1]
  • March 10Baldwin of Boulogne enters Edessa, and is welcomed as liberator by the Armenian clergy. The local population massacres the Seljuk garrison and officials – or force them to flee. Baldwin is acknowledge as their ruler (or doux). He assumes the title of count and establishes the first crusader state. Baldwin marries Arda of Armenia, daughter of Lord Thoros of Marash, and consolidates his conquered territory.[2]
  • June 3Siege of Antioch: The Crusaders under Bohemond I capture Antioch after a 8-month siege. He established secret contact with Firouz, an Armenian guard who controlled the "Tower of the Two Sisters". He opened the gates and Bohemond entered the city. Thousands of Christians are massacred along with Muslims. Bohemond is named Prince of Antioch (under protest) and creates the Principality of Antioch.[3]
  • June 5Battle of Antioch: Emir Kerbogha, ruler (atabeg) of Mosul, arrives at Antioch with an Seljuk army (35,000 men) to relieve the city. He lays siege to the Crusaders who has just captured the city themselves (although they do not have full control of it). A Byzantine relief force led by Emperor Alexios I Komnenos turns back after Count Stephen of Blois convinces them that the situation in Antioch is hopeless.[4]
  • June 28 – Following the Holy Lance discovery by Peter Bartholomew in Antioch, the Crusaders under Bohemond I (leaving only 200 men) sorties from the city and defeats the Seljuk army. Kerbogha is forced to withdraw to Mosul, the garrison in the citadel surrenders to Bohemond personally (who raises his banner above the city) and the Crusaders occupy Antioch. The Crusade is delayed for the rest of the year.[5]
  • July 14 – Donation of Altavilla: Bohemond I grants commercial privileges and the right to use warehouses (fondaco) to the Republic of Genoa. This marks the beginning of Italian merchant settlements in the Levant.[6]
  • August 1Adhemar of Le Puy (or Aimar), French bishop and nominal leader of the First Crusade, dies during an epidemic (probably typhus). With this, Rome's direct control over the Crusade effectively ends.
  • August – Fatimid forces under Caliph Al-Musta'li recapture Jerusalem and occupy Palestine. The Crusaders threaten the borders of the Fatimid Caliphate which already has lost the Emirate of Sicily (see 1091).
  • December 12Siege of Ma'arra: The Crusaders capture the city of Ma'arra after a month's siege and massacre part of the population. Short of supplies, the army is accused of widespread cannibalism.

By topic

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ Abels, Richard Philip; Bernard S. Bachrach (2001). The Normans and their adversaries at war. Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer. p. 92. ISBN 0-85115-847-1.
  2. ^ Tyerman, Christopher (2006). God's War: A New History of the Crusades, p. 134. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-02387-1.
  3. ^ Rickard, J. "Antioch, crusader siege of, 21 October 1097-3 June 1098". Retrieved January 4, 2012.
  4. ^ Andrew Roberts (2011). Great Commanders of the Medieval World (454–1582), p. 121. ISBN 978-0-85738-589-5.
  5. ^ Rickard, J. "Battle of the Orontes, 28 June 1098 (First Crusade)". Retrieved January 4, 2012.
  6. ^ Benvenuti, Gino (1985). Le Repubbliche Marinare. Amalfi, Pisa, Genova e Venezia. Rome: Newton & Compton Editori. p. 34. ISBN 88-8289-529-7.
  7. ^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 56–58. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  8. ^ Siecienski, Anthony Edward (2010). The Filioque: History of a Doctrinal Controversy. Oxford University Press. pp. 117–118. ISBN 9780195372045.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

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