1149

1149 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1149
MCXLIX
Ab urbe condita 1902
Armenian calendar 598
ԹՎ ՇՂԸ
Assyrian calendar 5899
Balinese saka calendar 1070–1071
Bengali calendar 556
Berber calendar 2099
English Regnal year 14 Ste. 1 – 15 Ste. 1
Buddhist calendar 1693
Burmese calendar 511
Byzantine calendar 6657–6658
Chinese calendar 戊辰(Earth Dragon)
3845 or 3785
    — to —
己巳年 (Earth Snake)
3846 or 3786
Coptic calendar 865–866
Discordian calendar 2315
Ethiopian calendar 1141–1142
Hebrew calendar 4909–4910
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1205–1206
 - Shaka Samvat 1070–1071
 - Kali Yuga 4249–4250
Holocene calendar 11149
Igbo calendar 149–150
Iranian calendar 527–528
Islamic calendar 543–544
Japanese calendar Kyūan 5
(久安5年)
Javanese calendar 1055–1056
Julian calendar 1149
MCXLIX
Korean calendar 3482
Minguo calendar 763 before ROC
民前763年
Nanakshahi calendar −319
Seleucid era 1460/1461 AG
Thai solar calendar 1691–1692
Tibetan calendar 阳土龙年
(male Earth-Dragon)
1275 or 894 or 122
    — to —
阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
1276 or 895 or 123
The Battle of Inab (or Ard al-Hatim)

Year 1149 (MCXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events

By place

  • Spring – Nur al-Din, Seljuk ruler (atabeg) of Aleppo, invades the Principality of Antioch and defeats the Crusaders under Raymond of Poitiers at Baghras. He moves southward to besiege the fortress of Inab, one of the few strongholds of the Crusaders east of the Orontes River. Raymond with a small army (supported by the Assassin allies under Ali ibn Wafa) hurries to its rescue. Nur al-Din, misinformed of the strength of the Crusader forces, retreats. In fact the Zangid forces (some 6,000 men) outnumbers the Crusaders by over four to one. Against Ali's advice Raymond decides to reinfroce the garrison of Inab.[2]
  • April – King Louis VII and Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine sail homeward in separate Sicilian ships. While the fleet rounds the Peloponnese (southern Greece) it is attacked by ships of the Byzantine navy. Louis gives orders to raise the French flag and is allowed to sail on. But the ships containing many of his followers and his possessions are captured and taken as a war-prize to Constantinople.[3]
  • June 29Battle of Inab: The Zangid army under Nur al-Din defeat the combined army of Raymond of Poitiers and the Assassins of Ali ibn Wafa at Inab. After the battle, Nur al-Din invades Antiochene territory and captures the fortresses of Artah and Harim. He then turns west to appear before the walls of Antioch itself and raids as far as St. Symeon.[4]
  • July – King Baldwin III receives an urgent request for help from Antioch to break the incomplete Zangid blockade of the city. Meanwhile, the Crusaders fail to retake Harim.[5] Nur al-Din strengthens his siege of Antioch, but it is too large to surround. A truce is agreed under which Harim and farther east territory remains under Seljuk dominance.
  • July 15 – The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem is consecrated, after reconstruction.

By topic

  • Genoa grants the benefits of a part of the city's fiscal revenues to a consortium of creditors called compera, the first example of the consolidation of public debt in medieval Europe.[7]
  • April 8 – Pope Eugene III takes refuge in the castle of Tusculum where he meets Louis VII and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He attempts to reunite the couple by insisting to restore the love between them.[8]

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ Norwich, John (1995). Byzantium: The Decline and Fall, pp. 98 and 103. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. ISBN 0-679-41650-1.
  2. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 266. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  3. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 232. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  4. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, p. 266. ISBN 978-0-241-29876-3.
  5. ^ David Nicolle (2009). The Second Crusade 1148: Disaster outside Damascus, p. 83. ISBN 978-1-84603-354-4.
  6. ^ McGrank, Lawrence (1981). "Norman crusaders and the Catalan reconquest: Robert Burdet and te principality of Tarragona 1129-55". Journal of Medieval History. 7 (1): 67–82. doi:10.1016/0304-4181(81)90036-1.
  7. ^ Munro, John H. (2003). "The Medieval Origins of the Financial Revolution". The International History Review. 25 (3): 506–562. doi:10.1080/07075332.2003.9641005.
  8. ^ Norwich, John (2012). The Popes: A History. London: Vintage. ISBN 978-0-099-56587-1.

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