1214

1214 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1214
MCCXIV
Ab urbe condita 1967
Armenian calendar 663
ԹՎ ՈԿԳ
Assyrian calendar 5964
Balinese saka calendar 1135–1136
Bengali calendar 621
Berber calendar 2164
English Regnal year 15 Joh. 1 – 16 Joh. 1
Buddhist calendar 1758
Burmese calendar 576
Byzantine calendar 6722–6723
Chinese calendar 癸酉(Water Rooster)
3910 or 3850
    — to —
甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
3911 or 3851
Coptic calendar 930–931
Discordian calendar 2380
Ethiopian calendar 1206–1207
Hebrew calendar 4974–4975
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1270–1271
 - Shaka Samvat 1135–1136
 - Kali Yuga 4314–4315
Holocene calendar 11214
Igbo calendar 214–215
Iranian calendar 592–593
Islamic calendar 610–611
Japanese calendar Kenpō 2
(建保2年)
Javanese calendar 1122–1123
Julian calendar 1214
MCCXIV
Korean calendar 3547
Minguo calendar 698 before ROC
民前698年
Nanakshahi calendar −254
Thai solar calendar 1756–1757
Tibetan calendar 阴水鸡年
(female Water-Rooster)
1340 or 959 or 187
    — to —
阳木狗年
(male Wood-Dog)
1341 or 960 or 188
King Philip II (Augustus) (right) accept the surrender at the Battle of Bouvines

Year 1214 (MCCXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar, the 1214th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 214th year of the 2nd millennium, the 14th year of the 13th century, and the 5th year of the 1210s decade.

Events

By place

  • Spring – Emperor Xuan Zong of the Jurchen-led Chinese Jin Dynasty surrenders to the Mongols under Genghis khan – who have besieged the capital of Zhongdu (modern-day Beijing) for a year. He is forced to pay tribute (including some 3,000 horses, 10,000 'bolts' of silk and his daughter), along with subjugation to the Mongol Khan. Xuan Zong abandons northern China and moves his court to Kaifeng.[5]
  • After securing all Jin lands north of the Yellow River, Genghis Khan receives a message that Xuan Zong has moved his capital to Kaifeng. He returns to Zhongdu and precedes the city with the help of thousands of Chinese engineers. The Mongols starve the city out (the inhabitants are forced to eat the dead). The garrison with short of supply for ammunition of the cannons holds out for the winter.[6]
  • In his campaigns in Liaodong, the Mongol general Muqali (or Mukhali) forms a newly Khitan-Chinese army and a special corps of some 12,000 Chinese auxiliary troops.

By topic

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ Treadgold, Warren (1997). A History of the Byzantine State and Society, p. 718. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-804-72630-2.
  2. ^ a b c d Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 77–79. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  3. ^ Oman, Charles (2012). A History of the Art of War: The Middle Ages from the Fourth to the Fourteenth Century, p. 539. ISBN 978-1-62358-003-2.
  4. ^ Linehan, Peter (1999). "Chapter 21: Castile, Portugal and Navarre". In David Abulafia (ed.). The New Cambridge Medieval History c.1198-c.1300. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 668–671. ISBN 0-521-36289-X.
  5. ^ Man, John (2011). Genghis Khan: Life, Death and Resurrection, pp. 169–170. ISBN 978-0-553-81498-9.
  6. ^ Man, John (2011). Genghis Khan: Life, Death and Resurrection, p. 171. ISBN 978-0-553-81498-9.
  7. ^ Consoli, Joseph P. (2013). The Novellino or One Hundred Ancient Tales: An Edition and Translation based on the 1525 Gualteruzzi editio princeps. Routledge. p. 158. ISBN 978-1-136-51105-9.

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