13th New Zealand Parliament

13th Parliament of New Zealand
12th Parliament 14th Parliament
Legislative body New Zealand Parliament
Term 6 April 1897 – 23 October 1899
Election 1896 New Zealand general election
Government Liberal Government
House of Representatives
13th New Zealand Parliament Seating.png
Members 74
Speaker of the House Maurice O'Rorke
Premier Richard Seddon
Leader of the Opposition William Russell
Legislative Council
Members 47 (at start)
46 (at end)
Speaker of the Council Henry Miller
Monarch HM Victoria
Governor HE Rt. Hon. The Earl of Ranfurly

The 13th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1896 general election in December of that year.

1896 general election

The 1896 general election was held on Wednesday, 4 December in the general electorates and on Thursday, 19 December in the Māori electorates, respectively.[1] In the 1896 electoral redistribution, rapid population growth in the North Island required the transfer of three seats from the South Island to the north. Four electorates that previously existed were re-established (Geraldine, Manawatu, Motueka, and Taranaki), and three electorates were established for the first time (Ohinemuri, Hawera, and Pahiatua).[2] A total of 74 MPs were elected; 34 represented North Island electorates, 36 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates.[3] 337,024 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 76.1%.[1]


The 13th Parliament sat for four sessions (there were two sessions in 1897), and was prorogued on 15 November 1899.[4]

Session Opened Adjourned
first 6 April 1897 10 April 1897
second 23 September 1897 22 December 1897
third 24 June 1898 6 November 1898
fourth 23 June 1899 24 October 1899

Overview of seats

Affiliation Members
At election At dissolution
Liberal 37 36
Liberal–Labour 4 4
Government total 41 40
Conservative 27 28
Independent 4 4
Independent Liberal 2 2
Opposition total 33 34
Total 74 74
Working government majority 8 6


The Liberal Government of New Zealand had taken office on 24 January 1891.[5] The Seddon Ministry under Richard Seddon had taken office in 1893 during the term of the 11th Parliament.[6] The Seddon Ministry remained in power for the whole term of this Parliament and held power until Seddon's death on 10 June 1906.[7]

Initial composition of the 13th Parliament

The table below shows the results of the 1896 general election:


 Liberal    Conservative    Independent Liberal    Liberal–Labour    Independent  

Electorate results for the 1896 New Zealand general election [8] [9] [10] [11]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Ashburton John McLachlan Edward George Wright 242[12] John McLachlan
Ashley Richard Meredith 372[13] Henry Fear Reece[14]
Auckland, City of Thomas Thompson 2,516[15] Arthur Rosser
Charles Button James Job Holland 1,622[15]
William Crowther 1,328[15]
Avon William Tanner 457[16] George McIntyre[16]
Awarua Joseph Ward 783[17] Cuthbert Cowan[18]
Bay of Islands Robert Houston 627[15] John Press[19]
Bay of Plenty William Kelly William Herries 132[15] William Kelly
Bruce James Allen 1,059[17] William Auld
Buller Roderick McKenzie Patrick O'Regan 292[20] James Colvin[21]
Caversham Arthur Morrison 1,178[17] Thomas Sidey
Christchurch, City of Charles Lewis 6,570[22] William Whitehouse Collins
George Smith 5,940[22]
William Whitehouse Collins Tommy Taylor 5,445[22]
Clutha Thomas Mackenzie James Thomson 903[17] John Edie
Dunedin, City of William Hutchison Scobie Mackenzie 2,132[17] David Pinkerton
David Pinkerton John A. Millar 547[17]
William Earnshaw Henry Fish 378[17]
Eden Edwin Mitchelson John Bollard 214[15] Jackson Palmer
Egmont Felix McGuire Walter Symes 270[23] William Monkhouse
Ellesmere William Montgomery Jr. 564[24] Frederick Arthur Anson[14]
Franklin Benjamin Harris William Massey 474[15] Benjamin Harris
Geraldine New electorate Frederick Flatman 211[25] Arthur Rhodes
Grey Arthur Guinness 1,777[26] Robert Francis Bell[26]
Hawera New electorate Felix McGuire 36[27] Benjamin Robbins
Hawke's Bay William Russell 833[28] Alfred Fraser[29]
Invercargill James Whyte Kelly[30] 578[31] John Sinclair
Kaiapoi David Buddo Richard Moore 259[13] David Buddo
Lyttelton New electorate John Joyce 446[32] William Jacques
Manawatu New electorate John Stevens 71[33] Robert Bruce[34]
Manukau Maurice O'Rorke 215[15] Frank Buckland
Masterton Alexander Hogg 263[33] Donald John Cameron[35]
Marsden Robert Thompson[36][nb 1] 402[15] Alfred H Mason[37]
Mataura Robert McNab George Richardson 201[31] Robert McNab
Motueka New electorate Roderick McKenzie 126[38] Richmond Hursthouse
Napier Samuel Carnell Douglas Maclean 747[28] Samuel Carnell
Nelson John Graham 343[39] Jesse Piper
Oamaru Thomas Duncan 771[40] James Dickson Sievwright
Ohinemuri New electorate Alfred Cadman 2,037[15] Edwin Edwards
Otaki James Wilson Henry Augustus Field 408[33] Alfred Newman
Pahiatua New electorate John O'Meara 30[33] Robert Manisty[41]
Palmerston Frederick Pirani[nb 2] 50[33] David Buick[42]
Parnell Frank Lawry 470[15] Samuel Vaile[43]
Patea George Hutchison 605[33] Arthur Remington
Rangitikei John Stevens Frank Lethbridge 271[33] Walter A L Bailey[44][45]
Riccarton George Warren Russell William Rolleston 391[16] George Warren Russell[nb 3]
Selwyn Alfred Saunders Cathcart Wason 182[47] Alfred Saunders
Taieri Walter Carncross 554[17] John Graham[48]
Taranaki New electorate Henry Brown 97[23] Edward Smith
Thames James McGowan 323[49] Edmund Taylor
Timaru William Hall-Jones 640[50] Francis Henry Smith
Tuapeka William Larnach 21[17] Charles Rawlins
Waiapu James Carroll 368[28] Cecil Fitzroy[51]
Waihemo John McKenzie 554[17] John Duncan
Waikato Alfred Cadman Frederic Lang 1,012[15] Edward Walker
Waipawa Charles Hall George Hunter 211[28] Charles Hall
Waikouaiti James Green Edmund Allen 761[17] John J Ramsay
Wairarapa Walter Clarke Buchanan 333[33] J. T. Marryat Hornsby
Wairau Lindsay Buick Charles H. Mills 58[52] Lindsay Buick[nb 4]
Waitaki William Steward 999[55] Duncan Sutherland
Waitemata William Massey Richard Monk 171[15] Heathcote Jackman[56][57][58]
Wakatipu William Fraser 335[31] James George
Wallace James Mackintosh Michael Gilfedder 116[17] Rev. Thomas Neave[59]
Wanganui Archibald Willis Gilbert Carson 84[33] Archibald Willis
Wellington, City of Robert Stout Robert Stout[nb 5] 475[60] Arthur Atkinson
Francis Bell John Hutcheson 580[60]
John Duthie George Fisher 28[60]
Wellington Suburbs Alfred Newman Thomas Wilford 252[33] Thomas William Hislop
Westland Richard Seddon 1,883[61] Joseph Grimmond
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Wi Pere 1,744[62] Tamati Tautuhi
Northern Maori Hone Heke 1,316[63] Eparaima Te Mutu Kapa
Southern Maori Tame Parata 113[64] Thomas Ellison[nb 6]
Western Maori Ropata Te Ao Henare Kaihau 731[65] Ropata Te Ao

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Robert Thompson was regarded as Liberal in the previous Parliament
  2. ^ Frederick Pirani was regarded as Liberal in the previous Parliament
  3. ^ George Warren Russell distanced himself from the Liberal Party and, together with Frederick Pirani, unsuccessfully tried to form the Radical Party[46]
  4. ^ Lindsay Buick distanced himself from the Liberal Party and became an Independent Liberal-Labour candidate[53][54]
  5. ^ Robert Stout was regarded as Liberal in the previous Parliament
  6. ^ The affiliation of Thomas Ellison, who is listed in most contemporary sources under his Māori name Tame Rangiwahia Erihana, is not known

By-elections during 13th Parliament

There were a number of changes during the term of the 13th Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Suburbs of Wellington   1897 23 April Thomas Wilford Election declared void Charles Wilson
Awarua 1897 5 August Joseph Ward Bankruptcy Joseph Ward
City of Dunedin 1897 13 October Henry Fish Death Alexander Sligo  
City of Wellington 1898[66] 9 March Robert Stout Resignation John Duthie
Mataura 1898 26 May George Richardson   Bankruptcy Robert McNab
Tuapeka 1898 2 November William Larnach Death Charles Rawlins
City of Wellington 1899 25 July John Hutcheson Resignation John Hutcheson

Other Languages