14th Army (Wehrmacht)

14th Army
Armee-Oberkommando 14
Insignia of the German 14. Armee (Wehrmacht).svg
Active 1 August 1939 - 13 October 1939
5 November 1943 – 2 May 1945
Country  Nazi Germany
Branch Army
Engagements World War II
Polish campaign
Slovak invasion of Poland
Italian Campaign
Battle of Anzio
Battle of Monte Cassino
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Wilhelm List
Insignia
Addreviation A.O.K. 14

The 14th Army (German: 14. Armee) was a World War II field army of the German Army.

History

Poland

The 14th Army was activated on 1 August 1939 with General Wilhelm List in command and saw service in Poland until the end of the Polish campaign on 13 October 1939.

Italy

The 14th Army was reactivated for the defence of Italy in late 1943 when its headquarters was created using the headquarters personnel of Army Group B which had been abolished when Albert Kesselring was given command of all Axis troops in Italy. 14th Army was initially responsible for the defence of Rome and dealing with any amphibious landings the Allies might make to the rear of the German 10th Army, which was fighting on the defensive lines south of Rome.[1]

The 14th Army faced the Allied amphibious landings at Anzio in January 1944 and after the Allied breakthrough in May 1944 took part in the fighting retreat to the Gothic Line. The German armies in Italy finally surrendered on 2 May 1945 after being defeated during the Allies' Spring offensive.[2]

Commanders

No. Commander Took office Left office Time in office
1
Wilhelm List
List, WilhelmGeneraloberst
Wilhelm List
(1880–1971)
1 August 1939 13 October 1939 73 days
2
Eberhard von Mackensen
Mackensen, EberhardGeneraloberst
Eberhard von Mackensen
(1889–1969)
5 November 1943 4 June 1944 212 days
3
Joachim Lemelsen
Lemelsen, JoachimGeneral der Panzertruppe
Joachim Lemelsen
(1888–1954)
5 June 1944 15 October 1944 132 days
4
Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin
Etterlin, FridolinGeneral der Panzertruppe
Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin
(1891–1963)
15 October 1944 24 October 1944 9 days
5
Heinz Ziegler
Ziegler, HeinzGeneral der Artillerie
Heinz Ziegler
(1894–1972)
24 October 1944 22 November 1944 29 days
6
Traugott Herr
Herr, TraugottGeneral der Panzertruppe
Traugott Herr
(1890–1976)
24 November 1944 16 December 1944 22 days
7
Kurt von Tippelskirch
Tippelskirch, KurtGeneral der Infanterie
Kurt von Tippelskirch
(1891–1957)
16 December 1944 17 February 1945 63 days
(3)
Joachim Lemelsen
Lemelsen, JoachimGeneral der Panzertruppe
Joachim Lemelsen
(1888–1954)
17 February 1945 2 May 1945 74 days

See also

Copyright