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15th New Zealand Parliament
|15th Parliament of New Zealand|
|Legislative body||New Zealand Parliament|
|Term||29 June 1903 – 30 October 1905|
|Election||1902 New Zealand general election|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Arthur Guinness|
|Leader of the Opposition||William Massey|
|Members||46 (at start)
41 (at end)
|Speaker of the Council||Charles Bowen
––Richard Reeves acting 23 March - 30 June 1905
––Alfred Cadman until 23 March 1905 †
––John Rigg acting 5 January - 7 July 1904
––William Walker until 5 January 1904†
––Henry Miller until 9 July 1903
|Monarch||HM Edward VII|
|Governor||HE Rt. Hon. THe Lord Plunket
––HE Rt. Hon. The Earl of Ranfurly until 20 June 1904
1902 electoral redistribution
The Representation Act 1900 had increased the membership of the House of Representatives from general electorates 70 to 76, and this was implemented through the 1902 electoral redistribution. In 1902, changes to the country quota affected the three-member electorates in the four main centres. The tolerance between electorates was increased to ±1,250 so that the Representation Commissions (since 1896, there had been separate commissions for the North and South Islands) could take greater account of communities of interest. These changes proved very disruptive to existing boundaries. Six electorates were established for the first time: Courtenay, Newtown, Grey Lynn , Hurunui, Oroua, and Kaipara. Two electorates that previously existed were re-established: Mount Ida and Hutt.
This boundary redistribution resulted in the abolition of three electorates:
- Ashley, held by Richard Meredith
- Suburbs of Wellington, held by Thomas Wilford
- Waihemo, held by Thomas Mackenzie
1902 general election
The 1902 general election was held on Tuesday, 25 November in the general electorates and on Monday, 22 December in the Māori electorates, respectively. A total of 80 MPs were elected; 38 represented North Island electorates, 38 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates. 415,789 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 76.7%.
The 15th Parliament sat for three sessions, and was prorogued on 15 November 1905.
|first||29 June 1903||24 November 1903|
|second||28 June 1904||8 November 1904|
|third||27 June 1905||31 October 1905|
The Liberal Government of New Zealand had taken office on 24 January 1891. The Seddon Ministry under Richard Seddon had taken office in 1893 during the term of the 11th Parliament. The Seddon Ministry remained in power for the whole term of this Parliament and held power until Seddon's death on 10 June 1906.
Initial composition of the 15th Parliament
The following are the results of the 1902 general election:
Changes during 15th Parliament
There were a number of changes during the term of the 15th Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Pahiatua||1904||28 July||John O'Meara||Death||Bill Hawkins|
|City of Wellington||1905||6 April||George Fisher||Death||Francis Fisher|
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