1700 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1700
Ab urbe condita 2453
Armenian calendar 1149
Assyrian calendar 6450
Balinese saka calendar 1621–1622
Bengali calendar 1107
Berber calendar 2650
English Regnal year 12 Will. 3 – 13 Will. 3
Buddhist calendar 2244
Burmese calendar 1062
Byzantine calendar 7208–7209
Chinese calendar 己卯(Earth Rabbit)
4396 or 4336
    — to —
庚辰年 (Metal Dragon)
4397 or 4337
Coptic calendar 1416–1417
Discordian calendar 2866
Ethiopian calendar 1692–1693
Hebrew calendar 5460–5461
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1756–1757
 - Shaka Samvat 1621–1622
 - Kali Yuga 4800–4801
Holocene calendar 11700
Igbo calendar 700–701
Iranian calendar 1078–1079
Islamic calendar 1111–1112
Japanese calendar Genroku 13
Javanese calendar 1623–1624
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 10 or 11 days
Korean calendar 4033
Minguo calendar 212 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar 232
Thai solar calendar 2242–2243
Tibetan calendar 阴土兔年
(female Earth-Rabbit)
1826 or 1445 or 673
    — to —
(male Iron-Dragon)
1827 or 1446 or 674

1700 (MDCC) was an exceptional common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1700th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 700th year of the 2nd millennium, the 100th and last year of the 17th century, and the 1st year of the 1700s decade. As of the start of 1700, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

As of March 1 (O.S. February 19), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 11 days until February 28 (O.S. February 17), 1800.

In Sweden, the year started in the Julian calendar and remained so until February 28. Then, by skipping the leap day, the Swedish calendar was introduced, letting February 28 be followed by March 1, giving the entire year the same pattern as a common year starting on Monday. This calendar, being ten days behind the Gregorian and one day ahead of the Julian, lasts until 1712.

Europe at the beginning of the 18th century




Date unknown

  • Mission San Xavier del Bac is founded in New Spain near Tucson, as a Spanish Roman Catholic mission. The mission's location had first been scouted by the Spanish in 1692 according to most historians.
  • An inventory made for the Medici family of Florence is the first documentary evidence for a piano, invented by their instrument keeper Bartolomeo Cristofori.
  • An English translation of the novel Don Quixote, "translated from the original by many hands and published by Peter Motteux", begins publication in London. While popular among readers, it will eventually come to be known as one of the worst translations of the novel, totally betraying the spirit of Miguel de Cervantes's masterpiece.
  • The value of sales of English manufactured products to the Atlantic economy is £3.9 million.

Approximate date








  1. ^ Colville, Ian (February 8, 2011). "The Lesser Great Fire of 1700 in Edinburgh". On this day in Scotland. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
  2. ^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
  3. ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 289. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  4. ^ Hochman, Stanley. McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of World Drama. 4. p. 542.
  5. ^ "The House Laws of the German Habsburgs". Retrieved November 21, 2011.
  6. ^ "US History Timeline: 1700 - 1800". faculty.washington.edu.
  7. ^ O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F. (August 2004). "Berlin Academy of Science". MacTutor History of Mathematics. Retrieved November 21, 2011.

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