1715

1715 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1715
MDCCXV
Ab urbe condita 2468
Armenian calendar 1164
ԹՎ ՌՃԿԴ
Assyrian calendar 6465
Balinese saka calendar 1636–1637
Bengali calendar 1122
Berber calendar 2665
British Regnal year Geo. 1 – 2 Geo. 1
Buddhist calendar 2259
Burmese calendar 1077
Byzantine calendar 7223–7224
Chinese calendar 甲午(Wood Horse)
4411 or 4351
    — to —
乙未年 (Wood Goat)
4412 or 4352
Coptic calendar 1431–1432
Discordian calendar 2881
Ethiopian calendar 1707–1708
Hebrew calendar 5475–5476
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1771–1772
 - Shaka Samvat 1636–1637
 - Kali Yuga 4815–4816
Holocene calendar 11715
Igbo calendar 715–716
Iranian calendar 1093–1094
Islamic calendar 1126–1128
Japanese calendar Shōtoku 5
(正徳5年)
Javanese calendar 1638–1639
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar 4048
Minguo calendar 197 before ROC
民前197年
Nanakshahi calendar 247
Thai solar calendar 2257–2258
Tibetan calendar 阳木马年
(male Wood-Horse)
1841 or 1460 or 688
    — to —
阴木羊年
(female Wood-Goat)
1842 or 1461 or 689

1715 (MDCCXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1715th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 715th year of the 2nd millennium, the 15th year of the 18th century, and the 6th year of the 1710s decade. As of the start of 1715, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Events

Breech-loading firearm that belonged to Philip V of Spain, made by A. Tienza, Madrid circa 1715.


For dates within Great Britain and the British Empire, as well as in the Russian Empire, the "old style" Julian calendar was used in 1715, and can be converted to the "new style" Gregorian calendar (adopted in the British Empire in 1752 and in Russia in 1923) by adding 11 days.

January–March

April–June

  • April 1 – The Battle of Gurdas Nangal begins during the Mughal-Sikh Wars in India, as the Mughal Army begins and eight-month siege of a fortress near Gurdaspur (in what is now the Punjab state), where Sikh General Banda Singh Bahadur and 1,250 of his men have fled. The siege ends on December 7 when the 750 survivors, including Banda Singh, are captured. By June of 1716, most of the Sikh prisoners have been tortured, killed and executed, with Banda Singh dying on June 9.
  • April 15 – In the British colonial Province of South Carolina, the Yamasee Confederation launches an attack on English settlements in disputed territory on Good Friday, launching the two-year long Yamasee War. The day before, agents Thomas Nairne, William Bray and Samuel Warner had participated in peace negotiations with the Yamasee at Pocotaligo. [3] Bray and Warner are killed that day, while Nairne is tortured to death and dies on April 17.
  • April 24 – The Battle of Fehmarn takes place in the Baltic Sea as part of the Great Northern War. Ten warships of Denmark, under the command of Christian Gabel, overwhelm a force of Swedish Navy ships led by Carl Wachtmeister. By the time the battle ends the next day, five Swedish ships and 1,626 crewmen have been captured, and another 353 killed. The Danish navy suffers 65 deaths. Lars Ericson Wolke, Sjöslag och rysshärjningar (Naval Battles and Russian Ravages) (Norstedts, 2011) p. 142.
  • May 3 – A total solar eclipse is seen across southern England, Sweden and Finland (the last total eclipse visible in London for almost 900 years). English astronomer Edmond Halley (who is using the old style Julian calendar date of April 22) records the first observation noted of the phenomenon of "Baily's beads", in which higher elevations on the moon can be observed obscuring portions of the light moments before and after totality.
  • May 28Rioting begins in England on the birthday of King George I as supporters of the Old Pretender, James of the House of Stuart, begin mass protesting against the rule of the House of Hanover, near London in the towns of Smithfield and Highgate, and the Cheapside financial district in London.
  • June 9King Philip, ruler of the Kingdom of Castile and the Kingdom of Aragon unifies the two governments into a single state, centralizing rule of a unified Kingdom of Spain.
  • June 22 – Tsar Peter I of Russia witnesses the attempt of 45 Dutch and English ships to enter the small harbor at Saint Petersburg and decides that additional harbors are necessary for Russia to be able import Western goods.
  • June 29 – Britain's Treason Act 1714 takes effect, providing for forfeiture to the British Crown of property owned by any person convicted of treason in the Kingdom. The Act remains in effect until June 24, 1718.

July–September

October–December

Date unknown

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ "Fires, Great", in The Insurance Cyclopeadia: Being an Historical Treasury of Events and Circumstances Connected with the Origin and Progress of Insurance, Cornelius Walford, ed. (C. and E. Layton, 1876) p48-49
  2. ^ a b Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 294–295. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  3. ^ "Yamassee War", by Michael P. Morris, online South Carolina Encyclopedia (University of South Carolina, 2016)
  4. ^ "Trading Places: Old Dock History". Liverpool Museums. Archived from the original on March 24, 2008. Retrieved March 24, 2008.
  5. ^ "Liverpool: The docks". A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 4. British History Online. 1911. pp. 41–43. Retrieved March 24, 2008.
  6. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Battle of Sheriffmuir (BTL17)". Retrieved June 20, 2020.
  7. ^ Cates, William L. R. (1863). The Pocket Date Book. London: Chapman and Hall.
  8. ^ According to Coffee: A Dark History.

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