1737 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1737
Ab urbe condita 2490
Armenian calendar 1186
Assyrian calendar 6487
Balinese saka calendar 1658–1659
Bengali calendar 1144
Berber calendar 2687
British Regnal year 10 Geo. 2 – 11 Geo. 2
Buddhist calendar 2281
Burmese calendar 1099
Byzantine calendar 7245–7246
Chinese calendar 丙辰(Fire Dragon)
4433 or 4373
    — to —
丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
4434 or 4374
Coptic calendar 1453–1454
Discordian calendar 2903
Ethiopian calendar 1729–1730
Hebrew calendar 5497–5498
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1793–1794
 - Shaka Samvat 1658–1659
 - Kali Yuga 4837–4838
Holocene calendar 11737
Igbo calendar 737–738
Iranian calendar 1115–1116
Islamic calendar 1149–1150
Japanese calendar Genbun 2
Javanese calendar 1661–1662
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar 4070
Minguo calendar 175 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar 269
Thai solar calendar 2279–2280
Tibetan calendar 阳火龙年
(male Fire-Dragon)
1863 or 1482 or 710
    — to —
(female Fire-Snake)
1864 or 1483 or 711

1737 (MDCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1737th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 737th year of the 2nd millennium, the 37th year of the 18th century, and the 8th year of the 1730s decade. As of the start of 1737, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.




  • April 5 –French Jesuit priest Jean-François Régis is canonized as Saint Regis by the Roman Catholic Church under the reign of Pope Clement XII.
  • April 22
    • In Afghanistan, Persian shah Nader Shah begins the 11-month Siege of Kandahar against the Pashtun Emir of Afghanistan, Hussain Hotak. [6] The surviving Afghanis surrender on March 24. p613
    • Lots are first advertised for sale in the new town of Richmond, Virginia, by the placement of a notice by William Byrd in the Virginia Gazette. According to the paper, "... on the North Side of James River, near the Uppermost Landing, and a little below the Falls, is lately laid off by Major Mayo, a Town, called Richmond, with Streets 65 Feet wide, in a pleasant and healthy Situation, and well supply'd with Springs of good Water. It lies near the Publick Warehouse at Shoccoe's, and in the midst of great Quantities of Grain, and all kind of Provisions. The Lots will be granted in Fee Simple, on Condition only of building a House in Three Years Time, of 24 by 16 Feet, fronting within 5 Feet of the Street. The Lots to be rated according to the Convenience of their Situation, and to be sold after this April General Court, by me, William Byrd." [7]
  • May 28 – The planet Venus passes in front of Mercury. The event is witnessed during the evening hours, by the amateur astronomer John Bevis, at the Royal Greenwich Observatory. As of 2006, it is still the only such planet/planet occultation that has been directly observed.
  • June 21 – In Britain, the Theatrical Licensing Act requires plays to be submitted to the Lord Chamberlain for censorship.
  • June 30Russo-Turkish War, 1735-1739: Russian forces under Field Marshal Munnich storm the Ottoman fortress of Ochakov, and take prisoner 4,000 Turks.



Date unknown




  1. ^ W. N. Hargreaves-Mawdsley, Eighteenth-Century Spain 1700–1788: A Political, Diplomatic and Institutional History (Palgrave Macmillan UK, 1979)
  2. ^ Arthur Hassall, The Balance of Power, 1715-1789 By (Macmillan, 1907) p. 119
  3. ^ Historical Calendar (Philippine National Historical Commission, 1970), p11
  4. ^ "Today in Philippine History", The Kahimyang Project
  5. ^ a b David Marley, Wars of the Americas: A Chronology of Armed Conflict in the New World, 1492 to the Present (ABC-CLIO, 1998) p250
  6. ^ "Mir Naseer khan Noori, A great Baloch ruler (his victories and policies towards Balochistan), by Shazia Jaffar and Khalid Raza, in Journal of Education and Humanities Research (2018) p.279
  7. ^ "Advertisement for the Founding of Richmond (1737)", online Encyclopedia of Virginia
  8. ^ "Mahmud Khan I", in The Sultans of the Ottoman Empire, by Dr. Raşit Gundogdu (Rumuz Publishing, 2020) p163
  9. ^ Lee Davis, ed., Facts on File Science Library: Natural Disasters (Facts On File, Inc., 2004) p241
  10. ^ Lars G. Warme, ed., A History of Swedish Literature (University of Nebraska Press, 1996) p.114
  11. ^ Tsunami: Where they Happen and Why Archived November 21, 2008, at the Wayback Machine- Fathom
  • The Annual Catalogue – List of History, Divinity, Law, Poetry, Plays, Novels, Painting, Architecture, and all other Sciences books published in London in 1737

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