1827

1827 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1827
MDCCCXXVII
Ab urbe condita 2580
Armenian calendar 1276
ԹՎ ՌՄՀԶ
Assyrian calendar 6577
Balinese saka calendar 1748–1749
Bengali calendar 1234
Berber calendar 2777
British Regnal year Geo. 4 – 8 Geo. 4
Buddhist calendar 2371
Burmese calendar 1189
Byzantine calendar 7335–7336
Chinese calendar 丙戌(Fire Dog)
4523 or 4463
    — to —
丁亥年 (Fire Pig)
4524 or 4464
Coptic calendar 1543–1544
Discordian calendar 2993
Ethiopian calendar 1819–1820
Hebrew calendar 5587–5588
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1883–1884
 - Shaka Samvat 1748–1749
 - Kali Yuga 4927–4928
Holocene calendar 11827
Igbo calendar 827–828
Iranian calendar 1205–1206
Islamic calendar 1242–1243
Japanese calendar Bunsei 10
(文政10年)
Javanese calendar 1754–1755
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar 4160
Minguo calendar 85 before ROC
民前85年
Nanakshahi calendar 359
Thai solar calendar 2369–2370
Tibetan calendar 阳火狗年
(male Fire-Dog)
1953 or 1572 or 800
    — to —
阴火猪年
(female Fire-Pig)
1954 or 1573 or 801
February 20: Battle of Ituzaingó

1827 (MDCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1827th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 827th year of the 2nd millennium, the 27th year of the 19th century, and the 8th year of the 1820s decade. As of the start of 1827, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Events

January–March

  • January 5 – The first regatta in Australia is held, taking place on Tasmania (called at the time Van Diemen's Land), on the River Derwent at Hobart.[1]
  • January 15 – Furman University, founded in 1826, begins its first classes with 10 students, as the Furman Academy and Theological Institution, located at Edgefield, South Carolina.[2] By the end of 2016, it will have 2,800 students at its main campus in Greenville, South Carolina.
  • January 27 – Author Johann Wolfgang von Goethe first elaborates on his vision of Weltliteratur (world literature), in a letter to Johann Peter Eckermann, declaring his belief that "poetry is the universal possession of mankind", and that "the epoch of world literature is at hand, and each must work to hasten its coming." [3]
  • January 30 – The first public theatre in Norway, the Christiania Offentlige Theater, is inaugurated in Oslo.
  • February 20 – Battle of Ituzaingo (Passo do Rosário): A Brazilian Imperial Army force is tactically defeated by Argentine–Uruguayan troops.
  • February 28 – The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad is incorporated, becoming the first railroad in United States offering commercial transportation of both people and freight.
  • March 7
  • March 11 – The new state constitution for the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas is ratified, including a phasing-out of slavery in its Article 13, which declares that "From and after the promulgation of the constitution in the capital of each district, no one shall be born a slave in the state, and after six months the introduction of slaves under any pretext shall not be permitted." [4] The prohibition of importing slaves from the United States was lifted when Texas declared independence in 1836, and the Republic of Texas Constitution provided specifically that Africans and "the descendants of Africans" will not be considered "citizens of the republic".
  • March 16 – Freedom's Journal, the first African-American owned and published newspaper in the United States, is founded in New York City by John Russwurm.
  • March 26 – German composer Ludwig van Beethoven dies in Vienna, after a prolonged illness. Thousands of citizens line the streets for the funeral procession 3 days later.

April–June

July–September

October–December

October 20: Naval Battle of Navarino by Ambroise Louis Garneray
  • November – The term "socialist" is coined by Robert Owen in his London periodical, The Co-operative Magazine and Monthly Herald.[10][11][12]
  • November 24 – Voting is completed in elections for France's 430 member Chamber of Deputies. The Ultraroyalistes, supporters of King Charles X, lose their 233-seat majority and finish with 180 seats, the same number as the opposition Doctrinaires.[13]
  • December 20 – Mexico passes its first "expulsion law", providing for citizens of Spain to be expelled within the next six months, and to remain barred from re-entry until the Kingdom of Spain recognizes Mexico's 1810 declaration of independence. Ultimately, because of all the exemptions within the expulsion act, only 1,779 of the 6,610 Spaniards were required to leave.[14]

Date unknown

Births

January–June

July–December

Date unknown

Deaths

January–June

July–December

References

  1. ^ Stephen Gard, Port Jackson Pullers: Australia's Early Sculling Champions (BlueDawe Books, 2014) p32
  2. ^ "Furman University" in The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture, (Volume 17: Education), Clarence L. Mohr, ed. (UNC Press Books, 2011) p221
  3. ^ Theo D'haen, The Routledge Concise History of World Literature (Routledge, 2013) p5
  4. ^ Randolph B. Campbell, et al., The Laws of Slavery in Texas: Historical Documents and Essays (University of Texas Press, 2010) p14
  5. ^ "Steamship Curaçao". Archived from the original on December 24, 2010. Retrieved February 2, 2011.
  6. ^ Allin, Michael (1999). Zarafa: A Giraffe's True Story, from Deep in Africa to the Heart of Paris. Delta Books. ISBN 0-385-33411-7.
  7. ^ "A Photo-engraving of 1826", in The Process Photogram and Illustrator (January, 1905), p82
  8. ^ John Frost, History of Ancient and Modern Greece (Lincoln and Edmands, 1831) p355
  9. ^ Afaf Lutfi al-Sayyid Marsot, Egypt in the Reign of Muhammad Ali (Cambridge University Press, 1984) p208
  10. ^ John Harrison, Robert Owen and the Owenites in Britain and America: The Quest for the New Moral World (Routledge, 2009) p35
  11. ^ James H. Billington, Fire in the Minds of Men: Origins of the Revolutionary Faith (Transaction Publishers, 1999) p245
  12. ^ "Socialism", in Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society, by Raymond Williams (Oxford University Press, 2014) p224
  13. ^ Gilles Jacoud, Political Economy and Industrialism: Banks in Saint-Simonian Economic Thought (Routledge, 2010)
  14. ^ Timothy E. Anna, Forging Mexico, 1821-1835 (University of Nebraska Press, 2001) p203

Other Languages

Copyright