1900 United Kingdom general election

1900 United Kingdom general election

← 1895 26 September β€“ 24 October 1900 (1900-09-26 β€“ 1900-10-24) 1906 β†’

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Photo of Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury.jpg Picture of Henry Campbell-Bannerman.jpg Ireland yesterday and today (1909) (14587063449) (cropped).jpg
Leader Marquess of Salisbury Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman John Redmond
Party Conservative & Lib. Unionist Liberal Irish Parliamentary
Leader since April 1881 December 1898 6 February 1900
Leader's seat House of Lords Stirling Burghs Waterford City
Last election 411 seats, 49.3% 177 seats, 45.6% 82 seats, 3.9%[1]
Seats won 402 183 76
Seat change Decrease9 Increase6 Decrease6
Popular vote 1,637,683 1,469,500 57,576
Percentage 50.2% 45.1% 1.8%
Swing Increase0.9% Decrease0.5% Decrease2.1%

United Kingdom general election 1900.svg
Colours denote the winning party

Prime Minister before election

Marquess of Salisbury
Conservative

Prime Minister after
election

Marquess of Salisbury
Conservative

The 1900 United Kingdom general election was held between 26 September and 24 October 1900, following the dissolution of Parliament on 25 September. Also referred to as the Khaki Election (the first of several elections to bear this sobriquet), it was held at a time when it was widely believed that the Second Boer War had effectively been won (though in fact it was to continue for another two years).

The Conservative Party, led by Lord Salisbury with their Liberal Unionist allies, secured a large majority of 134 seats, despite securing only 5.6% more votes than Henry Campbell-Bannerman's Liberals. This was largely owing to the Conservatives winning 163 seats that were uncontested by others. The Labour Representation Committee, later to become the Labour Party, participated in a general election for the first time. However, it had only been in existence for a few months; as a result, Keir Hardie and Richard Bell were the only LRC Members of Parliament elected in 1900.

This was the first occasion when Winston Churchill was elected to the House of Commons. He had stood in the same seat, Oldham, at a by-election held the previous year, but had lost. It was also the final general election of the Victorian era and the nineteenth century.

Results

↓  
402 183 76 9
Conservative & Lib. Unionist Liberal IPP
UK General Election 1900
Candidates Votes
Party Leader Stood Elected Gained Unseated Net % of total % No. Net %
  Conservative & Lib. Unionist Marquess of Salisbury 569 402 32 41 βˆ’9 60.1 50.2 1,637,683 +1.0
  Liberal Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman 402 183 38 32 +6 27.4 45.1 1,469,500 βˆ’0.5
  Irish Parliamentary John Redmond 83 76 2 8 βˆ’6 11.3 1.8 57,576 βˆ’0.8
  Labour Repr. Cmte. Keir Hardie 15 2 2 0 +2 0.3 1.3 41,900 N/A
  Independent Nationalist N/A 18 6 6 0 +6 0.9 0.7 23,706
  Ind. Conservative N/A 7 0 0 0 0 0 0.4 13,713
  Independent Liberal N/A 3 1 1 0 +1 0.1 0.2 6,423 +0.1
  Independent N/A 3 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 4,800 +0.2
  Scottish Workers Robert Allan 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 3,107 N/A
  Ind. Liberal Unionist N/A 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 1,855 N/A
  Independent Labour N/A 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 433 +0.0

Voting summary

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
 
50.22%
Liberal
 
45.07%
Irish Parliamentary
 
1.77%
Labour
 
1.29%
Others
 
1.66%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
 
60.00%
Liberal
 
27.31%
Irish Parliamentary
 
11.34%
Labour
 
0.30%
Others
 
1.04%

See also

Copyright