1905

1905 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1905
MCMV
Ab urbe condita 2658
Armenian calendar 1354
ԹՎ ՌՅԾԴ
Assyrian calendar 6655
Bahá'í calendar 61–62
Balinese saka calendar 1826–1827
Bengali calendar 1312
Berber calendar 2855
British Regnal year Edw. 7 – 5 Edw. 7
Buddhist calendar 2449
Burmese calendar 1267
Byzantine calendar 7413–7414
Chinese calendar 甲辰(Wood Dragon)
4601 or 4541
    — to —
乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
4602 or 4542
Coptic calendar 1621–1622
Discordian calendar 3071
Ethiopian calendar 1897–1898
Hebrew calendar 5665–5666
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1961–1962
 - Shaka Samvat 1826–1827
 - Kali Yuga 5005–5006
Holocene calendar 11905
Igbo calendar 905–906
Iranian calendar 1283–1284
Islamic calendar 1322–1323
Japanese calendar Meiji 38
(明治38年)
Javanese calendar 1834–1835
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4238
Minguo calendar 7 before ROC
民前7年
Nanakshahi calendar 437
Thai solar calendar 2447–2448
Tibetan calendar 阳木龙年
(male Wood-Dragon)
2031 or 1650 or 878
    — to —
阴木蛇年
(female Wood-Snake)
2032 or 1651 or 879

1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1905th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 905th year of the 2nd millennium, the 5th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1905, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

As the second year of the massive Russo-Japanese War begins, more than 100,000 die in the largest world battles of that era, and the war chaos leads to the 1905 Russian Revolution against Nicholas II of Russia (Shostakovich's 11th Symphony is subtitled The Year 1905 to commemorate this) and the start of Revolution in the Kingdom of Poland. Canada and the U.S. expand west, with the Alberta and Saskatchewan provinces and the founding of Las Vegas. 1905 is also the year in which Albert Einstein, at this time resident in Bern, publishes his four Annus Mirabilis papers in Annalen der Physik (Leipzig) (March 18, May 11, June 30 and September 27), laying the foundations for more than a century's study of theoretical physics.

Events

" Baby New Year", a cartoon by John T. McCutcheon depicting the new year 1905 chasing the old 1904 into the history books
1905: Einstein's "miracle year"

January

January 22 (9 O.S.): The Bloody Sunday massacre of Russian demonstrators at the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg

February

March

March 3: Nicholas II of Russia creates the Duma
March 4: Theodore Roosevelt at about the time he is sworn in for a full term as 26th President of the United States

April

May

May 15: Las Vegas is founded with auction of 110 acres (0.45 km 2)

June

July

August

September

October

October 2: HMS Dreadnought

November

December

Date unknown

Births

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Date unknown

Deaths

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Date unknown

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

References

  1. ^ Blake, Richard. The Book of Postal Dates, 1635–1985. Caterham: Marden. p. 20.
  2. ^ Cordery, Stacey (2007). Alice: Alice Roosevelt Longworth, from White House Princess to Washington Power Broker. Penguin Books. p. 117-135.
  3. ^ "A Brief History". Juilliard School. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  4. ^ "Tweets with replies by melih sabanoglu (@melihsabanoglu)". Twitter.com. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 27, 2018. Retrieved June 27, 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Further reading

  • Gilbert, Martin (1997). A History of the Twentieth Century: Volume 1 1900–1933. pp 105–22.

Other Languages

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