1989

1989 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1989
MCMLXXXIX
Ab urbe condita 2742
Armenian calendar 1438
ԹՎ ՌՆԼԸ
Assyrian calendar 6739
Bahá'í calendar 145–146
Balinese saka calendar 1910–1911
Bengali calendar 1396
Berber calendar 2939
British Regnal year 37 Eliz. 2 – 38 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2533
Burmese calendar 1351
Byzantine calendar 7497–7498
Chinese calendar 戊辰(Earth Dragon)
4685 or 4625
    — to —
己巳年 (Earth Snake)
4686 or 4626
Coptic calendar 1705–1706
Discordian calendar 3155
Ethiopian calendar 1981–1982
Hebrew calendar 5749–5750
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2045–2046
 - Shaka Samvat 1910–1911
 - Kali Yuga 5089–5090
Holocene calendar 11989
Igbo calendar 989–990
Iranian calendar 1367–1368
Islamic calendar 1409–1410
Japanese calendar Shōwa 64 / Heisei 1
(平成元年)
Javanese calendar 1921–1922
Juche calendar 78
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4322
Minguo calendar ROC 78
民國78年
Nanakshahi calendar 521
Thai solar calendar 2532
Tibetan calendar 阳土龙年
(male Earth-Dragon)
2115 or 1734 or 962
    — to —
阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
2116 or 1735 or 963
Unix time 599616000 – 631151999

1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1989th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 989th year of the 2nd millennium, the 89th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1980s decade.

1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union. These are collectively known as the Revolutions of 1989.

It was the year of the first Brazilian presidential elections in 30 years, since the end of the military government in 1985 which ruled the country for more than 20 years, and marked the redemocratization process's final point.

F. W. de Klerk was elected as State President of South Africa, and his regime gradually dismantled the apartheid system over the next five years, culminating with the 1994 election that brought jailed African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela to power.

The first commercial Internet service providers surfaced in this year,[1][2] as well as the first written proposal for the World Wide Web and New Zealand, Japan and Australia's first Internet connections. The first babies born after preimplantation genetic diagnosis were conceived in late 1989, starting the era of designer babies.[3]

1989 marked the beginning of the Heisei period in Japan, which lasted until 2019. It is also the latest year, when written in Roman numerals, to have an L.

Events

January

January 20: George H. W. Bush, 41st President of the United States

February

March

Mass demonstration at the Hungarian state television headquarters

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

Germans standing on top of the Berlin Wall
A peaceful demonstration in Prague during the Velvet Revolution

December

Flames engulf a building following the United States invasion of Panama

Date unknown

Births

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Deaths

January

Emperor Hirohito

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

References

  1. ^ "Company History". Sublime IP. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  2. ^ "Wired 7.08: Harmonic Convergence". Archive.wired.com. January 4, 2009. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  3. ^ "Genetic Defect Screened Out; Healthy Twins Born". LA Times.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Crystal, David, ed. (1990). The Cambridge Encyclopedia. Cambridge University Press. p. RR69.
  5. ^ Wilkens, Herbert; Maennig, Wolfgang (1997). Transition in Eastern Europe: Current Issues and Perspectives. Duncker & Humblot. p. 71. ISBN 978-3-428-49107-0.
  6. ^ "The birth of the World Wide Web | CERN timelines". Timeline.web.cern.ch. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  7. ^ "Judge Rejects Keating Suit – Sees 'Looting' of Lincoln – NYTimes.com". August 24, 1990.
  8. ^ Gene Therapy (Report). Retrieved April 8, 2017.
  9. ^ "The Deseret News – Google News Archive Search".
  10. ^ "First McDonald's in Moscow, Russia ~". Bleskon.com. Archived from the original on August 9, 2013. Retrieved August 8, 2013.
  11. ^ "Gay Peru News & Reports 2011". Archive.globalgayz.com. Retrieved August 8, 2013.
  12. ^ "HDTV – High Definition Television". Birds-eye.net. June 3, 1989. Retrieved August 8, 2013.
  13. ^ Tribune, Ray Moseley and Joseph A. Reaves, Chicago. "MOURNERS RIP SHROUD, KHOMEINI`S BODY FALLS". chicagotribune.com.
  14. ^ "adventure.lotteworld.com". Retrieved August 19, 2019.
  15. ^ Belsie, Laurent (June 29, 2009). "Madoff's sentence: big, but not 141,078 years". The Christian Science Monitor.
  16. ^ a b c Archontology.org: A Guide for Study of Historical Offices: South Africa: Heads of State: 1961-1994 (Accessed on April 14, 2017)
  17. ^ "Doe v. Michigan (E.D. Mich. 1989)". Bc.edu. Archived from the original on April 21, 2013. Retrieved August 8, 2013.
  18. ^ a b "Soviets Line Up For Makeup – Estee Lauder Shop Draws Moscow Crowds". Philly.com. Articles.philly.com. November 17, 1989. Retrieved August 8, 2013.
  19. ^ "The Danish Registered Partnership Act". June 7, 1989. Archived from the original on September 30, 2014. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  20. ^ Rule, Sheila (October 2, 1989). "Rights for Gay Couples in Denmark". The New York Times. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
  21. ^ "The Flag Burning Page". Retrieved November 30, 2016.
  22. ^ "The Barry Shein Home Page". Std.com. Retrieved August 8, 2013.
  23. ^ "The Warsaw Voice". Warsawvoice.pl. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  24. ^ Hayes, Thomas C. (February 28, 1990). "Wal-Mart Net Jumps By 31.8%". The New York Times. Retrieved August 8, 2013.
  25. ^ Pareles, Jon (December 10, 1989). "Outlaw Rock: More Skirmishes on the Censorship Front POP VIEW; More Skirmishes on The Censorship Front". The New York Times.
  26. ^ "Pedro Vargas", Last.fm (in Spanish), retrieved August 24, 2019

Further reading

  • Ash, Timothy Garton. The Magic Lantern: The Revolution of '89 Witnessed in Warsaw, Budapest, Berlin, and Prague (1999) excerpt
  • Kenney, Padraic, ed. 1989: Democratic Revolutions at the Cold War's End: A Brief History with Documents (2009)
  • Sebestyen, Victor. Revolution 1989: The Fall of the Soviet Empire (2010) excerpt

External links

Other Languages

Copyright