1989 (Taylor Swift album)

1989
The cover is a polaroid of Swift with shoulder-length blonde hair wearing red lipstick and a long-sleeved sweater with a picture of birds in the sky. Her face is cut off by the frame above the nose and "T. S." and "1989" are written on the white polaroid frame with black marker.
Studio album by
Released October 27, 2014 (2014-10-27)
Recorded 2013–2014
Studio
  • Conway (Los Angeles)
  • Jungle City (New York City)
  • Lamby's House (Brooklyn)
  • MXM (Stockholm)
  • Pain in the Art (Nashville)
  • Elevator Nobody (Göteborg)
  • The Hideaway[A]
Genre Synth-pop
Length 48:41 (standard ed.)
Label Big Machine
Producer
Taylor Swift chronology
Red
(2012)
1989
(2014)
Reputation
(2017)
Singles from 1989
  1. "Shake It Off"
    Released: August 18, 2014
  2. "Blank Space"
    Released: November 10, 2014
  3. "Style"
    Released: February 9, 2015
  4. "Bad Blood"
    Released: May 17, 2015
  5. "Wildest Dreams"
    Released: August 31, 2015
  6. "Out of the Woods"
    Released: January 19, 2016
  7. "New Romantics"
    Released: February 23, 2016

1989 is the fifth studio album by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift, released on October 27, 2014, through Big Machine Records. Swift's long-standing status as a country artist following the release of her cross-genre fourth studio album Red (2012), noted for straightforward pop hooks and electronic production, was met with media skepticism. Inspired by 1980s synth-pop to create a record that shifted her sound from country-oriented to mainstream pop, Swift enlisted Max Martin as co-executive producer and named the album after her birth year.

Martin and his collaborator Shellback shaped the album's synth-pop sound characterized by heavy synthesizers, programmed drums, and processed backing vocals. Swift wrote the songs primarily inspired by her personal life surrounding past romantic relationships, which had been a trademark of her songwriting. The 1989 songs express lighthearted perspectives towards failed romance, departing from her previous antagonistic attitude. To promote the album, Swift and Big Machine implemented aggressive marketing through product endorsements, television and radio appearances, and social media engagement. They pulled 1989 from free streaming services such as Spotify, prompting an industry discourse on streaming following the decline of the album era.[B]

Following the album's release, Swift embarked on the 1989 World Tour, which was the highest-grossing tour of 2015. 1989 was supported by seven singles, including three US Billboard Hot 100 number ones: "Shake It Off", "Blank Space", and "Bad Blood". Contemporary critics praised Swift's songwriting, which offers emotional engagement that they found uncommon in the mainstream pop scene. The synth-pop production, meanwhile, raised questions regarding Swift's authenticity as a lyricist. The album has featured in several publications' list of the best albums of the 2010s. At the 58th Grammy Awards in 2016, 1989 won Album of the Year and Best Pop Vocal Album, making Swift the first female solo artist to win Album of the Year twice.

Released amidst a decline in record sales, 1989 was a huge commercial success. In the US, it made Swift the first artist to have three albums each sell over one million copies within first week of release, spent 11 weeks atop the Billboard 200, and has received 9× Platinum certifications from the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). It also received multi-platinum certifications in countries including Australia, Canada, and the UK, and has sold over 10 million copies worldwide. The album was covered track-by-track by rock singer Ryan Adams, who released his rendition in September 2015.

Background

Until the release of her fourth studio album Red in October 2012, singer-songwriter Taylor Swift had been known as a country artist.[3][4] Red incorporates various pop and rock styles, transcending the country sound of Swift's previous releases. The collaborations with renowned Swedish pop producers Max Martin and Shellback—including the top-five singles "We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together" and "I Knew You Were Trouble"—introduced straightforward pop hooks and new genres including electronic and dubstep to Swift's repertoire.[5][6] Swift and her label at the time, Big Machine, promoted Red as a country album; songs from Red impacted country radio and Swift made multiple appearances at country music awards shows.[7] The album's associated world tour, running from March 2013 to June 2014, was the highest-grossing country tour upon completion.[8] The diverse musical styles sparked a media debate over Swift's status as a country artist, to which Swift replied in an interview with The Wall Street Journal that "I leave the genre labeling to other people".[9]

Having been known as "America's Sweetheart" thanks to her wholesome and down-to-earth image,[10] Swift saw her reputation blemished from her history of romantic relationships with a series of high-profile celebrities. Her relationship with English singer Harry Styles during promotion of Red was particularly subject to tabloid gossip.[11] She disliked that the media portrayed her as a "serial-dater", feeling that it undermined her professional works, and became more reticent to discuss her personal life in public.[12] Most of Swift's lyrical inspirations during conception of the album came from her journal detailing her personal life, which had been a staple in her songwriting process.[13] A new inspiration this time was her relocation to New York City in March 2014, which gave Swift a sense of freedom to embark on new ideas.[14][13] Swift also took inspirations from the media scrutiny on her image, which prompted her to write satirical songs in addition to her traditional fairytale-like fictions.[15][16]

Recording and production

Swift began songwriting for her fifth studio album in mid-2013, when she was touring in support of Red.[17] For Red's follow-up, she sought to create a "blatant pop" record, departing from the country/pop experimentation as she believed that "if you chase two rabbits, you lose them both".[18] To this end, Swift was much inspired by 1980s synth-pop and titled the album after her birth year.[19] She viewed the 1980s as an experimental period that embraced "endless possibilities" when artists abandoned the generic "drums-guitar-bass-whatever" song structure and experimented with stripped-down synthesizers, drum pads, and overlapped vocals.[13] She took inspirations from the works of artists from the period, such as Peter Gabriel and Annie Lennox, to make a synth-pop record that could convey her thoughts without obscured by heavy instrumentation.[15]

To ensure a smooth transition to pop, Swift recruited Max Martin and Shellback as two major collaborators, partly due to their reputation as the biggest mainstream pop hitmakers at the time.[9] Speaking to the Associated Press in October 2013, Swift described Max Martin and Shellback as "absolute dream collaborators" because they would take her ideas in a different direction, which challenged her as a songwriter.[17] Scott Borchetta, president of Swift's then-label Big Machine, was initially reluctant towards Swift's decision.[20] He failed to persuade Swift to record "three country songs",[20] and ultimately accepted that Big Machine would not promote the new songs to country radio.[21] Martin and Shellback produced seven out of 13 tracks for the album's standard edition.[1] Swift credited Martin as co-executive producer because he also recorded and produced her vocals on tracks he were not credited, which solidified Swift's vision of a coherent record rather than a mere "collection of songs".[20]

Another key figure in the album's production team was Jack Antonoff, with whom Swift had worked on the new wave-influenced song "Sweeter than Fiction" for the soundtrack of One Chance (2013).[22] Antonoff co-wrote and co-produced two tracks on the standard edition.[1] The first of which, "I Wish You Would", stemmed from Antonoff's experimental sampling of snare drum instrumentation on Fine Young Cannibals' 1988 single "She Drives Me Crazy", one of their mutual favorite songs. Antonoff played his sample to Swift on an iPhone and subsequently sent it to her to re-record.[13] For the other, "Out of the Woods", Antonoff sent his finished instrumental track to Swift while she was on a plane,[23] and she sent him back a voice memo containing the lyrics roughly 30 minutes later.[18] The song was Swift's first to write the lyrics on an existing instrumental.[24] Antonoff produced one more track for the album's deluxe edition, "You Are in Love".[19]

Swift contacted Ryan Tedder, whom she had always wanted to work with, through a smartphone voice memo.[25] He co-produced two songs—"Welcome to New York" and "I Know Places".[1] For "I Know Places", Swift scheduled a meeting day with Tedder at the studio after having formed a fully developed idea on her own, and the recording process finalized the following day.[26] Tedder spoke of Swift's work ethic and perfectionism on Time: "Ninety-five times out of 100, if I get a track to where we're happy with it, the artist will say, 'That's amazing.' It's very rare to hear, 'Nope, that's not right.' But the artists I've worked with who are the most successful are the ones who'll tell me to my face, 'No, you're wrong,' two or three times in a row. And she [Swift] did."[27] For "Clean", Swift approached English producer Imogen Heap in London after having written the song's lyrics and melody. Heap helped complete the track by playing instruments on it, and the two finished recording after two takes within one day at Heap's studio.[19] Nathan Chapman, Swift's longtime collaborator, co-produced the track "This Love".[28] The whole album was mastered by Tom Coyne within two days at Sterling Sound Studio in New York City.[19][1] Swift finalized the record upon completing the Asian leg of the Red Tour in mid-2014.[29]

Music and lyrics

Overview

The standard edition of 1989 is composed of 13 tracks, and the deluxe edition includes six extra tracks—three original songs and three voice memos.[30] The album uses heavy synthesizers, programmed drums, pulsating basslines, and processed backing vocals.[31] As Swift aimed to recreate authentic 1980s pop, the album is devoid of the contemporary hip hop and R&B influences that were popular on the mainstream music scene.[32] Although Swift declared to move from country to pop on 1989, a number of reviewers—including The A.V. Club's Marah Eakin[33]—argued that Swift had always been more pop-oriented even on her early country songs.[4] The three voice memos on the deluxe edition contain Swift's discussions on the songwriting process and unfinished demos for three songs—"I Know Places", "I Wish You Would", and "Blank Space".[34] Scholar Myles McNutt described the voice memos as Swift's effort to claim her authority over 1989, defying pop music's "gendered hierarchy" which had seen a dominance of male songwriters and producers.[35]

Although the production of 1989 was a dramatic change from Swift's country repertoire, the distinctive storytelling ability through Swift's songwriting, which had been nurtured by her country background, remained intact.[36][37] The songs are primarily about Swift's recurring themes of the emotions and reflections ensued from past romantic relationships.[31][38][39] However, 1989 showcased a maturity in Swift's perspectives: Rolling Stone observed that the album was Swift's first to not villainize her ex-lovers, but instead express "wistful and nostalgic" viewpoints on broken romance.[18] Pitchfork's Vrinda Jagota summarized 1989 as a "fully-realized fantasy of self-reliance, confidence, and ensuing pleasure", where Swift ceased to dramatize failed relationships and learned to celebrate the moment.[40] The album liner notes, which include a one-sentence message for each of the 13 songs, collectively tell a story of a girl through a tumbled relationship, who ultimately found that "She lost him but she found herself and somehow that was everything."[41] Swift explained her shift in attitude to Rolling Stone: "Different phases of your life have different levels of deep, traumatizing heartbreak. And in this period of my life, my heart was not irreparably broken. So it's not as boy-centric of an album, because my life hasn't been boycentric."[18]

Songs

The opening track, "Welcome to New York", was inspired by Swift's feelings when she first moved into New York City.[13] The song incorporates pulsing synthesizers,[42] and finds Swift embracing her newfound freedom.[28] "Blank Space", set over a minimal hip hop-influenced beat,[33] satirizes the media's perception of Swift as a promiscuous woman who dates male celebrities only for her songwriting material.[28][43] Swift targeted the song at the scrutiny on her image, "Every few years the media finds something that they unanimously feel is annoying about me. Me, my character, the way I live my life, the way I talk, the way I react when I win stuff."[44] The production of "Style", a funk-flavored track,[45] was inspired by "funky electronic music" artists such as Daft Punk.[19] The lyrics detail an unhealthy relationship and contain a reference to the American actor James Dean in the refrain.[46][47]

"Out of the Woods" features a graphic imagery of a car accident surgery requiring "20 stitches in a hospital room".[38][48] Swift said that the track was inspired by a relationship of hers that evoked constant anxiety because of its fragility: "every day was a struggle. Forget making plans for life – we were just trying to make it to next week."[18][49] She picked it as a favorite from 1989 because it "best represents" the album.[50] "All You Had to Do Was Stay" laments a past relationship and originated from Swift's dream of desperately shouting "Stay" to an ex-lover against her will.[51] "Shake It Off", sharing a loosely similar sentiment with "Blank Space", sees Swift expressing disinterest with her detractors and their negative remarks on her image.[52] The track incorporates a subtle saxophone line in its instrumentation.[53]

The bubblegum pop-infused number "I Wish You Would" uses heavy synthesizers, pulsing snare drums, guitars, and layered vocals.[28][54][55] Swift said that "Bad Blood", a track that incorporates heavy, stomping drums,[43] is about betrayal by an unnamed female peer.[18] Various publications speculated the song to be about Katy Perry, with whom Swift was being involved in a heavily publicized feud.[56] "Wildest Dreams" speaks of a dangerous affair with an apparently untrustworthy man and incorporates a sultry, dramatic atmosphere accompanied by string instruments.[19][45][57] On "How You Get the Girl", a bubblegum pop track featuring guitar strums over a heavy disco-styled beat,[54][58] Swift hints at her desire to reunite with her ex-lover.[45] "This Love" is a soft rock-flavored electropop ballad;[42][43] music critic Jon Caramanica opted that the song could be mistaken as "a concession to country" because of the production by Swift's longtime co-producer Nathan Chapman.[28]

Swift said that the standard edition's penultimate track "I Know Places", which expresses her desire to preserve her unstable relationship, serves as a loose sequel to "Out of the Woods".[49] Using metaphors of foxes running away from hunters to convey Swift and her lover's hideaway from scrutiny,[48][59] the song is accompanied by dark, intense drum and bass-influenced beats.[57] On "Clean", an understated soft rock-influenced number,[42] Swift details her struggles to escape from a toxic yet addictive relationship, finding herself "finally clean" after a destructive yet cleansing torrential storm.[59][60] "Wonderland", the first of the three bonus songs on the deluxe edition, uses allusions to the fantasy Alice's Adventures in Wonderland to describe a relationship tumbling down the "rabbit hole".[61] The ballad "You Are in Love" finds Swift talking about an ideal relationship from another woman's perspective.[54][62] The final song's title, "New Romantics", is a namesake of the cultural movement in the late 1970s and early 1980s.[61] Evoking strong 1980s synth-pop sound,[63] the song sees Swift reigniting her hopes and energy after the heartbreaks she had endured.[40]

Release and promotion

Swift and Big Machine implemented aggressive marketing to bolster 1989 sales.[64] Swift extensively used social media to communicate with her fan base; she had previously promoted her country songs online to attract a younger audience.[65] Her social media posts showcased her personal life, making fans feel engaged with her authentic self and thus cemented their support while attracting a new fan base in addition to her already large one.[66] She further promoted the album through product endorsements with Subway, Keds, and Diet Coke.[67] Swift held a live stream via Yahoo! / ABC News on August 18, where she announced the details of 1989 and released the lead single "Shake It Off".[68] The single debuted atop the US Billboard Hot 100.[69] To further connect with her supporters, Swift selected a number of fans based on their engagement on social media and invited them to secret album-listening sessions, called "The 1989 Secret Sessions".[65] The sessions took place at her homes in Los Angeles, New York City, Nashville, Rhode Island, and London throughout September 2014.[70]

Swift performing on The 1989 World Tour. She is seen in bob hair and a sparkling bodysuit while grabbing a golden microphone
Swift on the 1989 World Tour, the highest-grossing tour of 2015

The album's standard and deluxe editions were released digitally on October 27, 2014.[71] In the US and Canada, the deluxe edition was exclusively available through Target Corporation.[25][72] Each CD copy of 1989 includes a packet of 13 Polaroid pictures, portraying Swift during the making of the album.[73] The songs "Out of the Woods" and "Welcome to New York" were released through iTunes Stores as promotional singles on October 14 and 20, respectively.[74] 1989 was further supported by a string of commercially successful singles,[75] including Billboard Hot 100 number ones "Blank Space" and "Bad Blood" featuring rapper Kendrick Lamar, and top-10 hits "Style" and "Wildest Dreams".[76] Other singles were "Out of the Woods", previously a promotional single,[77] and "New Romantics".[78] The deluxe edition bonus tracks, which had been available exclusively through Target, were released onto the iTunes Store in the US in 2015.[79]

On November 3, 2014, Swift removed her entire catalog from Spotify, the biggest on-demand streaming service at the time.[73] She argued that Spotify's ad-supported, free service undermined the premium service which provides higher royalties for songwriters.[80] She had written an op-ed for The Wall Street Journal in July 2014 expressing her concerns over the decline of the album as an economic entity upon the rise of free, on-demand streaming.[81] Big Machine and Swift only kept 1989 on paid subscription-required platforms such as Rhapsody and Beats Music.[64] The move prompted an industry debate on the impact of streaming on declining record sales during the digital era.[66] In June 2015, Swift stated that she would remove 1989 from Apple Music, criticizing the service for not offering royalties to artists during the free three-month trial period.[82] After Apple announced that it would pay artists during the free trial period, she agreed to keep 1989 and featured in a series of commercials for Apple Music.[83][84] She re-added her entire catalog to Spotify in June 2017.[2] In August 2019, Swift announced plans to rerecord her first six studio albums, including 1989, in November 2020. The decision came after talent manager Scooter Braun acquired her masters, which she had been trying to buy for years, following her departure from Big Machine in November 2018.[85]

In addition to online promotion, Swift made multiple appearances on radio and television.[64] She performed at awards shows including the MTV Video Music Awards[86] and the American Music Awards.[87] Her appearances on popular television talk shows included Jimmy Kimmel Live!, The Ellen DeGeneres Show, Late Show with David Letterman, and Good Morning America.[64] She was part of the line-ups for the iHeartRadio Music Festival,[88] CBS Radio's "We Can Survive" benefit concert,[89] the Victoria's Secret Fashion Show,[90] and the Jingle Ball Tour.[91] The album's supporting tour, the 1989 World Tour, ran from May to December 2015. It kicked off in Tokyo, Japan[92] and concluded in Melbourne, Australia.[93] It attracted attention for featuring a range of high-profile special guests, including singers and fashion models whom the media called Swift's "squad".[94][95][96] The 1989 World Tour was the highest-grosing tour of 2015, accumulating over $250 million in box office.[97] In North America alone, the tour grossed $199.4 million, surpassing the 2005 record held by The Rolling Stones ($162 million) to become the highest-grossing North American tour within a year.[98] The record was later broken by Swift's 2018 Reputation Stadium Tour.[99]

Media professor Maryn Wilkinson noted that Swift's 1989 era public image, which she described as "zany",[C] raised questions regarding its authenticity. She wrote that although Swift deliberately showcased her "'natural' state" clumsy dance moves "to conceal commercial and professional autonomy" in music videos and live performances, gradually increasing doubt about her authenticity caused a backlash concerning her "uncomfortable public 'performances' off-screen and stage" that led to Swift taking a prolonged hiatus.[101]

Critical reception

Professional ratings
Aggregate scores
Source Rating
Album of the Year 76/100[102]
AnyDecentMusic? 7.4/10[103]
Metacritic 76/100[104]
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 3.5/5 stars[105]
The A.V. Club B+[33]
Cuepoint (Expert Witness) A−[106]
The Daily Telegraph 4/5 stars[60]
The Guardian 4/5 stars[57]
Los Angeles Times 2/4 stars[45]
NME 7/10[42]
Pitchfork 7.7/10[40]
Rolling Stone 4/5 stars[58]
Spin 7/10[59]

1989 received generally positive reviews from contemporary critics.[9] The majority of reviewers acknowledged Swift's songwriting and her maturity in lyrical perceptions.[107] The A.V. Club's Marah Eakin praised Swift's shift from overtly romantic struggles to more positive themes of accepting and celebrating the moment.[33] Neil McCormick of The Daily Telegraph commended the album's "[sharp] observation and emotional engagement" that contrasted with lyrics found in "commercialised pop".[60] Alexis Petridis from The Guardian lauded Swift's artistic control that resulted in a "perfectly attuned" 1980s-styled synth-pop authenticity.[57] Pitchfork's Vrinda Jagota, in a 2019 retrospective review, found the album freed from the dramatic heartbreak on Swift's previous records, which shows that "everything doesn't always have to be so serious".[40]

The album's 1980s synth-pop production diversified critics. In an enthusiastic review, The New York Times critic Jon Caramanica complimented Swift's avoidance of contemporary hip hop/R&B crossover trends, which distinguished her from other mainstream artists and made 1989 a possibly timeless album.[28] Writing for Rolling Stone, Rob Sheffield characterized the record as "deeply weird, feverishly emotional, wildly enthusiastic".[58] Robert Christgau applauded her departure from country to experiment with new styles, but noticed that this shift was not radical.[106] NME reviewer Matthew Horton considered Swift's transition to pop "a success" had the album excluded the "soft-rock mush" of "This Love" and "Clean".[42] Shane Kimberlin writing for musicOMH deemed Swift's transition to pop on 1989 "not completely successful", but praised her lyrics for incorporating "enough heart and personality", which he found rare in the mainstream pop scene.[108]

Several reviewers lamented that the musical shift erased Swift's authenticity as a lyricist.[109] Slant Magazine's Annie Galvin observed that Swift maintained her clever songwriting that had distinguished her earlier releases, but was disappointed with the new musical style.[55] Entertainment Weekly's Adam Markovitz[110] and Spin's Andrew Unterberger were critical of the heavy synthesizers, which undermined Swift's conventionally vivid lyrics.[59] AllMusic's Stephen Thomas Erlewine described the album as "a sparkling soundtrack to an aspirational lifestyle" that fails to transcend the "transient transparencies of modern pop".[105] Mikael Wood, in his review for the Los Angeles Times, found the album inauthentic for Swift's artistry, but acknowledged her effort to emulate the music of an era she did not experience.[45]

Accolades

1989 won Favorite Pop/Rock Album at the 2015 American Music Awards,[111] Album of the Year (Western) at the 2015 Japan Gold Disc Awards,[112] and Album of the Year at the 2016 iHeartRadio Music Awards.[113] It also earned nominations for Best International Pop/Rock Album at the 2015 Echo Music Prize,[114] International Album of the Year at the 2015 Juno Awards,[115] and Best International Album at the Los Premios 40 Principales 2015.[116] At the 58th Grammy Awards in 2016, the album won Album of the Year and Best Pop Vocal Album.[117] Swift became the first female solo artist to win Album of the Year twice—her first win was for Fearless (2008) in 2010.[118] The album appeared on multiple publications' year-end lists of 2014, including ranking at number one on those by Billboard[119] and Cosmopolitan.[120] It also featured on several lists of the best albums of the 2010s decade, including top-10 entries in The A.V. Club[121] and Slant Magazine.[122] In terms of audience reception, 1989 ranked at number 44 on Pitchfork readers' poll for the 2010s decade.[123]

Critical rankings for 1989
Critic/Organization Time span Rank Published
year
American Songwriter Year-end 4 2014[124]
The A.V. Club Year-end 15 2014[125]
Decade-end 4 2019[121]
Billboard Year-end 1 2014[119]
Decade-end 19 2019[126]
Jon Caramanica
(The New York Times)
Year-end 7 2014[127]
Complex Year-end 8 2014[128]
Consequence of Sound Decade-end 24 2019[75]
Decade-end (Pop music) 6 2019[129]
Cosmopolitan Year-end 1 2014[120]
The Daily Telegraph Year-end 5 2015[130]
Drowned in Sound Year-end 3 2014[131]
The Guardian 21st century 89 2019[132]
The Music Year-end 5 2014[133]
musicOMH Year-end 32 2014[134]
NME Decade-end 31 2019[135]
Paste Decade-end 50 2019[136]
Pazz & Jop
(The Village Voice)
Year-end 7 2014[137]
Pitchfork Year-end 31 2014[138]
PopMatters Year-end 15 2014[139]
Rolling Stone Year-end 10 2014[140]
Decade-end 19 2019[141]
Slant Magazine Decade-end 10 2019[122]
Stereogum Decade-end 69 2019[142]
Time Year-end 4 2014[143]
Ken Tucker
(NPR)
Year-end 3 2014[144]
Uproxx Decade-end 34 2019[145]
Chris Willman
(Variety)
Decade-end 1 2019[146]

Commercial performance

1989 was released amidst a decline of record sales because of the emergence of digital download and streaming platforms.[147] Swift's two last studio albums, Speak Now (2010) and Red (2012), each exceeded one million copies within one week, establishing Swift as one of the best-selling album artists in the digital era.[66] Given the music industry's climate and Swift's decision to eschew her characteristic country roots that had cultivated a sizable fan base, sales performance of 1989 was subject to considerable speculation among industry experts.[64][66] One week prior to the release, Rolling Stone reported that US retailers predicted the album to sell from 600,000 to 750,000 copies within its debut week.[147]

1989 debuted atop the US Billboard 200 with first-week sales of 1.287 million copies, according to data compiled by Nielsen SoundScan for the chart dated November 15, 2014. Swift became the first artist to have three million-selling albums within the first week of release, and 1989 immediately became the only album released in 2014 to sell one million copies.[148] 1989 topped the Billboard 200 for 11 non-consecutive weeks[149] and spent its full first year of release, or 52 weeks, in the top 10 of the Billboard 200.[150] As of September 2020, the album has spent 300 weeks on the chart.[151] 1989 crossed five million in US sales by July 2015, the fastest-selling album since 2004 up to that point.[152] With 6.215 million copies sold as of January 2020, the album was the third highest-selling album of the 2010s decade in the US.[153] The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) has certified the album 9× Platinum, which denotes nine million album-equivalent units.[154]

The album reached number one on record charts of various European and Oceanic countries, including Australia, Belgium, Ireland, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, and Switzerland.[155] In Canada, it was certified 6× Platinum[156] and was the fifth best-selling album of the 2010s, with sales of 542,000 copies.[157] It was the fastest-selling album by a female artist of 2014 in the UK,[158] where it has sold 1.25 million copies and earned 4× Platinum certifications.[159] 1989 became one of the best-selling digital albums in China, crossing one million sales units as of August 2019.[160] According to the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI), 1989 was the second-best selling album of 2014 and the third best-selling album of 2015, and had sold 10.1 million copies worldwide by the end of 2016.[161]

Legacy

A man in red-and-black plaid shirt singing on the microphone while playing the guitar
Rock singer Ryan Adams (pictured) released his track-by-track cover of 1989 in September 2015.

1989 effectively transformed Swift's image from a country singer-songwriter to a worldwide pop phenomenon thanks to its commercial success.[27][109][162] Entertainment Weekly considered it the record representing the year of 2014 on their 2020 list of the "30 essential albums from the last 30 years".[163] The scholar Shaun Cullen described Swift as a figure "at the cutting edge of postmillennial pop" following the release of 1989.[164] The album was the second to spawn five or more US top-10 singles in the 2010s decade, following Katy Perry's Teenage Dream (2010).[165] Together with Fearless (2008), it made Swift the second woman to have two albums each score five US top-10 hits, tying with Janet Jackson.[166] Consequence of Sound's Michael Roffman compared 1989 to Michael Jackson's 1982 album Thriller, as both albums yielded a string of successful hits that became "part of our American life".[75] According to the BBC, 1989 "[forged] a path for artists who no longer wish to be ghettoised into separated musical genres".[167]

Retrospective reviews from GQ's Jay Willis,[168] New York's Sasha Geffen,[169] and NME's Hannah Mylrea lauded the album's avoidance of contemporaneous hip hop and R&B crossover trends, which made 1989 a timeless album representing the best of Swift's talents. Mylrea dubbed it Swift's best release and described it as an influence for such artists as Dua Lipa and Lorde to embrace "pure pop".[170] Geffen also attributed the album's success to Swift's songwriting offering emotional engagement that is uncommon in pop.[169] Contemporary artists who cited 1989 as an influence included American singer-songwriter Conan Gray[171] and British pop band The Vamps, who took inspiration from 1989 while composing their album Wake Up (2015).[172] Jennifer Kaytin Robinson cited 1989 as an inspiration for her 2019 directorial debut Someone Great.[173] American rock singer-songwriter Ryan Adams released his track-by-track cover album of 1989 in September 2015. He frequently listened to the album, which he found to be a "joyful" record, to cope with his broken marriage in late 2014.[174] On his rendition, Adams incorporated stripped-down, acoustic instruments of indie rock and country genres, which contrasts with the original's electronic production.[175][176] Swift was delighted with Adams' cover, saying to him "what you did with my album was like actors changing emphasis".[177]

Track listing

Notes

  • ^a signifies a vocal producer
  • ^b signifies an additional producer

Personnel

Credits are adapted from liner notes of 1989.[1]

Studio locations
Production
Instruments

Charts

Weekly charts

Chart (2014–2015) Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[155] 1
Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)[180] 5
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Flanders)[181] 1
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Wallonia)[182] 7
Brazilian Albums (ABPD)[183] 3
Canadian Albums (Billboard)[184] 1
Czech Albums (ČNS IFPI)[185] 17
Danish Albums (Hitlisten)[186] 2
Dutch Albums (Album Top 100)[187] 1
Finnish Albums (Suomen virallinen lista)[188] 10
French Albums (SNEP)[189] 9
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[190] 4
Greek Albums (IFPI)[191] 11
Hungarian Albums (MAHASZ)[192] 22
Irish Albums (IRMA)[193] 1
Italian Albums (FIMI)[194] 5
Japanese Album (Oricon)[195] 3
South Korean International Albums (Gaon)[196] 2
Mexican Albums (AMPROFON)[197] 1
New Zealand Albums (RMNZ)[198] 1
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[199] 1
Polish Albums (ZPAV)[200] 17
Portuguese Albums (AFP)[201] 3
Scottish Albums (OCC)[202] 1
South African Albums (RISA)[203] 7
Spanish Albums (PROMUSICAE)[204] 4
Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan)[205] 23
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)[206] 3
Swiss Albums (SNEP Romandy)[207] 1
UK Albums (OCC)[208] 1
US Billboard 200[209] 1

Year-end charts

Certifications and sales

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Argentina (CAPIF)[258] Gold 20,000^
Australia (ARIA)[259] 9× Platinum 630,000double-dagger
Austria (IFPI Austria)[260] 3× Platinum 45,000*
Brazil (Pro-Música Brasil)[261] Platinum 40,000*
Brazil (Pro-Música Brasil)[261]
Digital sales
Gold 20,000*
Canada (Music Canada)[156] 6× Platinum 542,000[D]
Denmark (IFPI Denmark)[262] Platinum 20,000double-dagger
France (SNEP)[263] Platinum 100,000double-dagger
Germany (BVMI)[264] Platinum 200,000double-dagger
Italy (FIMI)[265] Gold 25,000*
Japan (RIAJ)[267] Platinum 268,183[E]
Mexico (AMPROFON)[268] 3× Platinum+Gold 210,000^
Netherlands (NVPI)[269] Gold 20,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[270] 3× Platinum 45,000^
Poland (ZPAV)[271] 2× Platinum 40,000*
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[272] Gold 20,000double-dagger
Sweden (GLF)[273] Gold 20,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[274] Gold 10,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[275] 4× Platinum 1,250,000[F]
United States (RIAA)[154] 9× Platinum 6,215,000[G]

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
double-daggersales+streaming figures based on certification alone

Release history

Release formats for 1989
Region Date Edition(s) Format(s) Label Ref.
Canada October 27, 2014 Standard [276]
United States Big Machine [178]
Canada Deluxe CD [72]
United States
Germany
  • Standard
  • deluxe
  • CD
  • digital download
  • Big Machine
  • Universal
[30]
United Kingdom
[277]
Various Digital download Big Machine [71]
Australia October 28, 2014 Standard CD Universal [278]
Japan October 29, 2014 Deluxe CD+DVD [179]
Canada December 9, 2014 Standard Vinyl [279]
United States Big Machine [280]
Turkey December 10, 2014 CD [281]
United States December 15, 2014 Karaoke (digital download) [282]
Mainland China December 30, 2014 Deluxe CD Universal [283]
Canada March 3, 2015 Karaoke (digital download) Big Machine [284]
United States April 14, 2015 Standard Karaoke (CD+G/DVD) [285]
Canada May 14, 2015 Deluxe Karaoke (CD+G) [286]

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b The location of The Hideaway Studio, where "Clean" was recorded, is not indicated in the liner notes of 1989.[1]
  2. ^ 1989 has since been re-added to Spotify since June 2017.[2]
  3. ^ Wilkinson used "zany" to describe Swift as "a figure who emphasises the pop 'performance' as one of hard work instead, because she exposed its construction as one that does not come 'naturally'."[100]
  4. ^ Canadian sales figures for 1989 as of January 2020[157]
  5. ^ Japanese sales figures for 1989 as of 2015[266]
  6. ^ UK sales figures for 1989 as of August 2019[159]
  7. ^ US sales figures for 1989 as of January 2020[153]

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d e f 1989 (CD liner notes). Taylor Swift. Big Machine Records. 2014. BMRBD0500A.CS1 maint: others (link)
  2. ^ a b "Taylor Swift returns to Spotify on the day Katy Perry's album comes out". BBC News. June 9, 2017. Archived from the original on June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ Caulfield, Keith (October 30, 2012). "Taylor Swift's 'Red' Sells 1.21 Million; Biggest Sales Week for an Album Since 2002". Billboard. Archived from the original on February 1, 2013. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  4. ^ a b McNutt 2020, p. 77.
  5. ^ McNutt 2020, pp. 77–78.
  6. ^ Doyle, Patrick (July 15, 2013). "Taylor Swift: 'Floodgates Open' for Next Album". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on February 25, 2019. Retrieved February 25, 2019.
  7. ^ Vinson, Christina (September 8, 2014). "Taylor Swift on Turning Away from Country Music on '1989'". Taste of Country. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  8. ^ Allen, Bob (July 3, 2014). "Taylor Swift's Red Wraps as All-Time Country Tour". Billboard. Archived from the original on June 1, 2015.
  9. ^ a b c McNutt 2020, p. 78.
  10. ^ Jo Sales, Nancy; Diehl, Jessica. "Taylor Swift's Telltale Heart". Vanity Fair (April 2013). Archived from the original on January 30, 2017.
  11. ^ Chang, Bee-Shyuan (March 15, 2013). "Taylor Swift Gets Some Mud on Her Boots". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 22, 2013.
  12. ^ "On the Road with Best Friends Taylor Swift and Karlie Kloss". Vogue. February 13, 2015. Archived from the original on November 4, 2015. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
  13. ^ a b c d e Eells, Josh (September 16, 2014). "Taylor Swift Reveals Five Things to Expect on '1989'". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on September 16, 2014. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  14. ^ Peterson, Price (March 31, 2014). "Taylor Swift Moves into NYC Apartment Built Over Mysterious River of Pink Slime". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on September 27, 2016. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
  15. ^ a b Block, Melissa (October 31, 2014). "'Anything That Connects': A Conversation With Taylor Swift" (Audio upload and transcript). NPR. Archived from the original on February 6, 2015. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  16. ^ Klosterman, Chuck (October 15, 2015). "Taylor Swift on 'Bad Blood,' Kanye West, and How People Interpret Her Lyrics". GQ. Archived from the original on October 18, 2015. Retrieved October 18, 2015.
  17. ^ a b Talbott, Chris (October 12, 2013). "Taylor Swift talks next album, CMAs and Ed Sheeran". Associated Press. Archived from the original on October 26, 2013.
  18. ^ a b c d e f Eells, Josh (September 8, 2014). "Cover Story: The Reinvention of Taylor Swift". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on August 16, 2018. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  19. ^ a b c d e f Zollo, Paul (February 12, 2015). "The Oral History of Taylor Swift's '1989'". Cuepoint. Archived from the original on April 4, 2016. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  20. ^ a b c Light, Alan (December 5, 2014). "Billboard Woman of the Year Taylor Swift on Writing Her Own Rules, Not Becoming a Cliche and the Hurdle of Going Pop". Billboard. Archived from the original on December 26, 2014. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  21. ^ Lee, Christina (June 11, 2014). "Max Martin Produced 'Most Of' Taylor Swift's Next Album". Idolator. Archived from the original on February 27, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  22. ^ Smith, Grady (October 20, 2013). "Taylor Swift goes 80s bubblegum on new single 'Sweeter than Fiction'". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on February 26, 2015.
  23. ^ Hosken, Patrick (October 12, 2015). "Taylor Swift Breaks Down 'Shake It Off' Partly So We Could All Dance to It at Weddings". MTV News. Archived from the original on November 15, 2015. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  24. ^ Mansfield, Brian (October 14, 2014). "How Taylor Swift created 'Out of the Woods'". USA Today. Archived from the original on December 28, 2017. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  25. ^ a b Perricone, Kathleen (October 20, 2014). "Taylor Swift Gives Details on Recording 'I Know Places' With Ryan Tedder". American Top 40. Archived from the original on January 19, 2015.
  26. ^ McNutt 2020, pp. 81–82.
  27. ^ a b Dickey, Jack (November 13, 2014). "The Power of Taylor Swift". Time. Retrieved August 8, 2020.
  28. ^ a b c d e f Caramanica, Jon (October 26, 2014). "A Farewell to Twang". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 11, 2014. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  29. ^ Garibaldi, Christina (May 30, 2014). "Taylor Swift Finally Reveals Details About Her Next Album". MTV News. Archived from the original on June 2, 2014. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  30. ^ a b 1989 releases in Germany:
    "1989 von Taylor Swift" (in German). iTunes Store (DE). Archived from the original on September 16, 2014.
    "1989 (Deluxe) von Taylor Swift" (in German). iTunes Store (DE). Archived from the original on December 14, 2018. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
    "Taylor Swift: 1989 CD" (in German). jpc. Archived from the original on July 28, 2019. Retrieved October 27, 2014.
    "1989 (Deluxe Edition): Audio CD" (in German). Amazon.de. Archived from the original on October 22, 2014.
  31. ^ a b Aswad, Jem (October 24, 2014). "Album Review: Taylor Swift's Pop Curveball Pays Off With '1989'". Billboard. Archived from the original on November 2, 2014. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  32. ^ Mathieson, Craig (October 31, 2014). "Taylor Swift's new album 1989 defies expectations". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved September 18, 2020.
  33. ^ a b c d Eakin, Marah (October 28, 2014). "With 1989, Taylor Swift finally grows up". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on October 28, 2014. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
  34. ^ McNutt 2020, p. 80.
  35. ^ McNutt 2020, pp. 73–74.
  36. ^ He, Richard (November 9, 2017). "Why Taylor Swift's '1989' Is Her Best Album". Billboard. Retrieved September 18, 2020.
  37. ^ Donella, Leah (September 26, 2018). "Taylor Swift Is The 21st Century's Most Disorienting Pop Star". NPR. Retrieved September 18, 2020.
  38. ^ a b Empire, Kitty (October 26, 2014). "Taylor Swift: 1989 review – a bold, gossipy confection". The Observer. Archived from the original on October 26, 2014. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  39. ^ Leedham, Robert (October 30, 2014). "Album Review: Taylor Swift – 1989". Drowned in Sound. Archived from the original on February 14, 2019. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  40. ^ a b c d Jagoda, Vrinda (August 19, 2019). "Taylor Swift: 1989 Album Review". Pitchfork. Archived from the original on April 9, 2020. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  41. ^ Smith, Grady (October 27, 2014). "Taylor Swift: the hidden meaning in 1989's album notes – and an Aphex Twin mashup". The Guardian. Archived from the original on February 9, 2019. Retrieved February 9, 2019.
  42. ^ a b c d e Horton, Matthew (October 27, 2014). "Taylor Swift – '1989'". NME. Archived from the original on October 27, 2014. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  43. ^ a b c Lansky, Sam (October 23, 2014). "Review: 1989 Marks a Paradigm Swift". Time. Archived from the original on October 23, 2014. Retrieved November 17, 2014.
  44. ^ "Taylor Swift explained to us the story and misconceptions of 'Blank Space'". NME. August 24, 2017. Retrieved September 23, 2019.
  45. ^ a b c d e Wood, Mikael (October 27, 2014). "Taylor Swift smooths out the wrinkles on sleek '1989'". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on November 15, 2014. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  46. ^ Geffen, Sasha (October 27, 2014). "Taylor Swift – 1989 | Album Reviews". Consequence of Sound. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
  47. ^ Petridis, Alexis (April 26, 2019). "Taylor Swift's singles – ranked". The Guardian. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  48. ^ a b Gill, Andy (October 24, 2014). "Taylor Swift, 1989 – album review: Pop star shows 'promising signs of maturity'". The Independent. Archived from the original on October 31, 2014. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  49. ^ a b Iasimone, Ashley (October 11, 2015). "Taylor Swift Shares the Stories Behind 'Out of the Woods' & 'I Know Places'". Billboard. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015.
  50. ^ Inocencio, Marc. "Taylor Swift Unveils New Song 'Out of the Woods' off '1989' Album: Listen". iHeartRadio. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  51. ^ Kreps, Daniel (October 19, 2015). "See Ryan Adams, Taylor Swift Discuss '1989,' Songwriting". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on February 7, 2019. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  52. ^ Feeney, Nolan (August 18, 2014). "Watch Taylor Swift Show Off Her Dance Moves in New 'Shake It Off' Video". Time. Archived from the original on January 30, 2019. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  53. ^ Lipshutz, Jason (August 18, 2014). "Taylor Swift's 'Shake It Off' Single Review: The Country Superstar Goes Full Pop". Billboard. Retrieved September 23, 2019.
  54. ^ a b c Baesley, Corey (October 30, 2014). "Taylor Swift: 1989". PopMatters. Archived from the original on March 1, 2019. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  55. ^ a b Galvin, Annie (October 27, 2014). "Review: Taylor Swift, 1989". Slant Magazine. Archived from the original on March 5, 2019. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
  56. ^ Strecker, Erin (September 9, 2014). "Did Katy Perry Confirm Taylor Swift's 'Bad Blood' Song Is About Her?". Billboard. Archived from the original on May 20, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
    Drell, Cady (December 31, 2014). "12 Biggest Feuds of 2014: Taylor Swift vs. Katy Perry". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on May 24, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
    Yahr, Emily (October 27, 2014). "Taylor Swift's 'Bad Blood': How we can tell she's singing about Katy Perry". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 9, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  57. ^ a b c d Petridis, Alexis (October 24, 2014). "Taylor Swift: 1989 review – leagues ahead of the teen-pop competition". The Guardian. Archived from the original on November 1, 2014. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  58. ^ a b c Sheffield, Rob (October 24, 2014). "1989". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on June 21, 2018. Retrieved August 23, 2017.
  59. ^ a b c d Unterberger, Andrew (October 28, 2014). "Taylor Swift Gets Clean, Hits Reset on New Album '1989'". Spin. Archived from the original on November 19, 2018. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  60. ^ a b c McCormick, Neil (October 26, 2014). "Taylor Swift, 1989, review: 'full of American fizz'". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on November 17, 2018. Retrieved October 18, 2015.
  61. ^ a b Wickman, Forrest (October 24, 2014). "Taylor Swift's 1989: A Track-by-Track Breakdown". Slate. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
  62. ^ Greenwald, David (October 27, 2014). "Taylor Swift's '1989' loses more than country". The Oregonian. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
  63. ^ Sheffield, Rob (September 21, 2017). "All 129 of Taylor Swift Songs Ranked: New Romantics". Rolling Stone. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
  64. ^ a b c d e Christman, Ed; Caulfield, Keith; Gruger, William (November 7, 2014). "The Roadmap to Taylor Swift's Record-Breaking Week in 6 (Not So Easy) Steps". Billboard. Archived from the original on November 10, 2014. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  65. ^ a b Lewis, Randy (October 28, 2014). "How does Taylor Swift connect with fans? 'Secret sessions' and media blitzes". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 7, 2019. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
  66. ^ a b c d Sisario, Ben (November 5, 2014). "Sales of Taylor Swift's '1989' Intensify Streaming Debate". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 11, 2014. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  67. ^ Hampp, Andrew (September 26, 2014). "Exclusive: Taylor Swift Teams With Subway, Diet Coke For #MeetTaylor Promotion". Billboard. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014.
  68. ^ Payne, Chris (August 18, 2014). "Taylor Swift Reveals New Album Title, Release Date & 'Shake It Off' Video". Billboard. Archived from the original on August 21, 2014. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  69. ^ Trust, Gary (August 27, 2014). "Taylor Swift's 'Shake It Off' Debuts At No. 1 On Hot 100". Billboard. Archived from the original on September 21, 2014. Retrieved June 5, 2016.
  70. ^ Stutz, Colin (October 16, 2014). "Watch Taylor Swift's '1989' Secret Sessions Behind The Scenes Video". Billboard. Archived from the original on April 10, 2019. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
  71. ^ a b 1989 digital releases worldwide:
    "1989 by Taylor Swift". iTunes Store (global). Retrieved February 8, 2019.
    "1989 (Deluxe) by Taylor Swift". iTunes Store (global). Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  72. ^ a b c d "Taylor Swift – 1989 (Deluxe Edition) – Target Exclusive". Target Corporation. Archived from the original on October 29, 2014. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  73. ^ a b Leonard, Devin (November 12, 2014). "Taylor Swift and Big Machine Are The Music Industry". Bloomberg Businessweek. Archived from the original on February 2, 2015. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  74. ^ Lipshutz, Jason (October 13, 2014). "Taylor Swift Previews 'Out Of The Woods,' New Track Out Tuesday: Listen". Billboard. Archived from the original on October 15, 2014. Retrieved October 13, 2014. ;
    "Taylor Swift Reveals First Song on '1989': 'Welcome to New York'". ABC News Radio. October 20, 2014. Archived from the original on July 28, 2019. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
  75. ^ a b c "Top 100 Albums of the 2010s". Consequence of Sound. November 4, 2019. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  76. ^ "Taylor Swift chart history". Billboard. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  77. ^ Strecker, Erin (December 22, 2015). "Taylor Swift's Video for 'Out of the Woods' Will Premiere on 'New Year's Rockin' Eve'". Billboard. Archived from the original on December 23, 2015. Retrieved December 23, 2015.
  78. ^ Iasimone, Ashley (February 20, 2015). "Taylor Swift's 'New Romantics' Set as Next '1989' Single". Billboard. Archived from the original on February 26, 2016.
  79. ^ Lipshutz, Jason (February 17, 2015). "Taylor Swift Releasing '1989' Bonus Songs to iTunes". Billboard. Archived from the original on May 16, 2015. Retrieved February 27, 2019. ;
    "Wonderland – Single". iTunes Store (US). Archived from the original on June 3, 2015. ;
    "You Are In Love – Single". iTunes Store (US). Archived from the original on June 3, 2015.
  80. ^ Knopper, Steve (November 8, 2014). "Taylor Swift Pulled Music From Spotify for 'Superfan Who Wants to Invest,' Says Rep". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 21, 2015.
  81. ^ Richmond, Ben (November 4, 2014). "Taylor Swift Versus Spotify: How the Music Industry Is Still Fighting Streaming". Vice. Retrieved September 18, 2020.
  82. ^ Peters, Mitchell (June 21, 2015). "Taylor Swift Pens Open Letter Explaining Why '1989' Won't Be on Apple Music". Billboard. Archived from the original on June 22, 2015.
  83. ^ Rosen, Christopher (June 25, 2015). "Taylor Swift is putting 1989 on Apple Music". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on June 26, 2015.
  84. ^ Wilkinson 2017, p. 443.
  85. ^ "Taylor Swift wants to re-record her old hits". BBC News. August 22, 2019. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  86. ^ Comer, M. Tye (August 24, 2014). "Taylor Swift Dazzles During 'Shake It Off' Performance at MTV VMAs". Billboard. Archived from the original on March 16, 2017. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  87. ^ Payne, Chris (November 23, 2014). "Taylor Swift Wins Dick Clark Award at AMAs, Hits Back at Spotify". Billboard. Archived from the original on July 4, 2015.
  88. ^ "iHeartRadio festival kicks off in Las Vegas". The Arizona Republic. September 20, 2014. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  89. ^ Edwards, Gavin (October 25, 2014). "Taylor Swift, Ariana Grande and Gwen Stefani Cover the Hollywood Bowl in Glitter". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on February 28, 2019. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
  90. ^ Harvey, Lydia (December 3, 2014). "Taylor Swift prances around in lingerie during Victoria's Secret Fashion Show". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on February 6, 2019.
  91. ^ Stutz, Colin (December 6, 2014). "Taylor Swift Beats Laryngitis, Sam Smith, Ariana Grande Shine at KIIS FM Jingle Ball". Billboard. Archived from the original on December 8, 2014.
  92. ^ "Taylor Swift takes Tokyo by storm, kicking off 1989 World Tour". Los Angeles Times. May 5, 2015. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  93. ^ Derschowitz, Jessica (December 12, 2015). "Taylor Swift says goodbye to 1989 world tour in Australia". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  94. ^ Vincent, Alice (August 27, 2015). "Everybody Taylor Swift invited on stage during the 1989 Tour, and what they did". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  95. ^ "Taylor Swift's Tour Squad". British Vogue. December 2, 2015. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  96. ^ Slaughter, Shelby (December 13, 2018). "What Happened to Taylor Swift's Girl Squad?". InStyle. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  97. ^ Waddell, Ray (December 11, 2015). "Live Music's $20 Billion Year: The Grateful Dead's Fare Thee Well Reunion, Taylor Swift, One Direction Top Boxscore's Year-End". Billboard. Archived from the original on December 14, 2015.
  98. ^ "Taylor Swift Did Something In 2015 That No Female Musician Has Ever Done Before". International Business Times. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
  99. ^ Frankenberg, Eric (November 30, 2018). "Taylor Swift's Reputation Stadium Tour Breaks Record for Highest-Grossing U.S. Tour". Billboard. Archived from the original on December 24, 2018.
  100. ^ Wilkinson 2017, p. 441.
  101. ^ Wilkinson 2017, p. 444.
  102. ^ "Taylor Swift – 1989". Album of the Year. Retrieved May 25, 2020.
  103. ^ "1989 by Taylor Swift reviews". AnyDecentMusic?. Archived from the original on June 30, 2017. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
  104. ^ "Reviews for 1989 by Taylor Swift". Metacritic. Archived from the original on August 17, 2016. Retrieved December 23, 2014.
  105. ^ a b Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "1989 – Taylor Swift". AllMusic. Archived from the original on October 31, 2014. Retrieved December 19, 2019.
  106. ^ a b Christgau, Robert (February 6, 2015). "Robert Christgau: Expert Witness". Cuepoint. Archived from the original on February 7, 2015. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
  107. ^ Walker, John (October 23, 2014). "Taylor Swift's 1989: What Are the Critics Saying?". MTV News. Retrieved August 12, 2020.
    Weber, Lindsey (October 28, 2014). "What Is Everyone Saying About Taylor Swift's 1989?". New York. Retrieved August 12, 2020.
  108. ^ Kimberlin, Shane (November 3, 2014). "Taylor Swift – 1989 | Album Review". musicOMH. Archived from the original on November 5, 2014. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
  109. ^ a b McNutt 2020, p. 79.
  110. ^ Markovitz, Adam (November 11, 2014). "1989". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
  111. ^ "AMAs Winners List 2015". Billboard. November 22, 2015. Archived from the original on November 24, 2015.
  112. ^ 第29回 日本ゴールドディスク大賞 [The 29th Japan Gold Disc Awards] (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
  113. ^ "iHeartRadio Music Awards 2016: See the Full Winners List". Billboard. April 3, 2016. Archived from the original on April 8, 2016. Retrieved April 4, 2016.
  114. ^ "Die Helene-Fischer-Festspiele haben begonnen" (in German). March 27, 2015. Archived from the original on December 26, 2016.
  115. ^ Bliss, Karen (January 27, 2015). "Magic!, Kiesza and Leonard Cohen Lead Juno Awards Nominations". Billboard. Archived from the original on January 30, 2015. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
  116. ^ "Premios 40 Principales 2015" (in Spanish). Los 40 Principales. Archived from the original on October 13, 2015. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
  117. ^ "Grammy awards winners: the full list". The Guardian. February 15, 2016. Archived from the original on February 21, 2016.
  118. ^ Lynch, Joe (February 19, 2016). "Taylor Swift Joins Elite Club to Win Grammy Album of the Year More Than Once: See the Rest". Billboard. Archived from the original on March 1, 2016.
  119. ^ a b "The 10 Best Albums of 2014". Billboard. December 11, 2014. Archived from the original on December 24, 2014.
  120. ^ a b Thompson, Eliza (December 2, 2014). "The 20 Best Albums of 2014". Cosmopolitan. Archived from the original on March 14, 2015.
  121. ^ a b "The 50 best albums of the 2010s". The A.V. Club. November 20, 2019. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
  122. ^ a b "The 100 Best Albums of the 2010s (page 1)". Slant Magazine. Retrieved December 24, 2019.
  123. ^ "2010s Readers' Poll Results". Pitchfork. Archived from the original on April 4, 2020.
  124. ^ "American Songwriter's Top 50 Albums of 2014: Presented by D'Addario". American Songwriter. November 24, 2014. Archived from the original on March 10, 2015.
  125. ^ "The 20 best albums of 2014". The A.V. Club. December 8, 2014. Archived from the original on March 2, 2015.
  126. ^ "The 100 Greatest Albums of the 2010s: Staff Picks". Billboard. November 19, 2019. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
  127. ^ Caramanica, Jon (December 11, 2014). "Jon Caramanica's Top 10 Albums of 2014". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 19, 2015.
  128. ^ "The 50 Best Albums of 2014". Complex. December 18, 2014. Archived from the original on December 22, 2014.
  129. ^ Naftule, Ashley (November 8, 2019). "The Top 25 Pop Albums of the 2010s". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  130. ^ "Best 50 albums of 2014". The Daily Telegraph. April 2, 2015. Archived from the original on April 9, 2018.
  131. ^ Adams, Sean (December 16, 2014). "Drowned In Sound's Favourite Albums of 2014". Drowned in Sound. Archived from the original on March 15, 2015.
  132. ^ Beaumont-Thomas, Ben; Snapes, Laura; Curtin, April (September 13, 2019). "The 100 best albums of the 21st century". The Guardian. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  133. ^ "The Best Albums Of 2014: The Music's Writers' Poll". The Music. December 16, 2014. Archived from the original on December 18, 2014.
  134. ^ Hubbard, Michael (December 6, 2014). "musicOMH's Top 100 Albums Of 2014". musicOMH. Archived from the original on March 30, 2015.
  135. ^ "NME's Greatest Albums of The Decade: The 2010s". NME. November 30, 2019. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
  136. ^ "The 100 Best Albums of the 2010s". Paste. October 9, 2019. Retrieved October 23, 2019.
  137. ^ "The Village Voice's 42nd Pazz & Jop Music Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Archived from the original on January 24, 2015.
  138. ^ "The 50 Best Albums of 2014". Pitchfork. December 17, 2014. Archived from the original on January 15, 2016. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
  139. ^ "The Best Albums of 2014". PopMatters. December 22, 2014. Archived from the original on April 24, 2015.
  140. ^ "50 Best Albums of 2014". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on February 28, 2015.
  141. ^ "The 100 Best Albums of the 2010s". Rolling Stone. December 3, 2019. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  142. ^ "The 100 Best Albums Of The 2010s". Stereogum. November 4, 2019. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  143. ^ "Top 10 Best Albums of 2014". Time. December 2, 2014. Archived from the original on January 23, 2016. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
  144. ^ Tucker, Ken (December 16, 2014). "Ken Tucker's Top 9 Albums Of 2014, Plus A Book". NPR. Archived from the original on March 10, 2015.
  145. ^ "All The Best Albums Of The 2010s, Ranked". Uproxx. October 7, 2019. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
  146. ^ Willman, Chris (December 20, 2019). "The Best Albums of the Decade". Variety. Retrieved December 21, 2019.
  147. ^ a b Knopper, Steve (October 21, 2014). "Can Taylor Swift's '1989' Save Ailing Music Industry?". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 1, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  148. ^ Caulfield, Keith (November 4, 2014). "Official: Taylor Swift's '1989' Debuts With 1.287 Million Sold In First Week". Billboard. Archived from the original on December 7, 2014. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  149. ^ Caulfield, Keith (February 11, 2015). "Taylor Swift's '1989' Spends 11th Week at No. 1 on Billboard 200 Chart". Billboard. Archived from the original on July 26, 2018. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
  150. ^ McIntyre, Hugh (October 27, 2015). "Taylor Swift's '1989' Becomes Fifth Album To Spend Full First Year In Billboard's Top 10". Forbes. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
  151. ^ Caulfield, Keith (September 15, 2020). "Taylor Swift's '1989' Now One of Only Four Albums by Women to Spend 300 Weeks on Billboard 200 Chart". Billboard. Retrieved September 15, 2020.
  152. ^ Caulfield, Keith (July 8, 2015). "Taylor Swift's '1989' Hits 5 Million in U.S. Sales, Making It the Fastest-Selling Album In Over 10 Years". Billboard. Archived from the original on August 17, 2015. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
  153. ^ a b "2019 Nielsen Year-End Report" (PDF). Billboard. Retrieved January 13, 2020.
  154. ^ a b "American album certifications – Taylor Swift – 1989". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH. 
  155. ^ a b "Australiancharts.com – Taylor Swift – 1989". Hung Medien. Retrieved November 1, 2014.
  156. ^ a b "Canadian album certifications – Taylor Swift – 1989". Music Canada. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  157. ^ a b "Nielsen 2019 Year End Report Canada" (PDF). Billboard. p. 41. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
  158. ^ Moss, Liv (November 2, 2014). "Taylor Swift scores fastest selling female album of the year so far". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on November 2, 2014.
  159. ^ a b Copsey, Rob (August 22, 2019). "Taylor Swift's Official Top 20 biggest singles in the UK revealed". Official Charts Company. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  160. ^ Oakes, Tara (August 30, 2019). Jones, Gareth (ed.). "Taylor Swift's 'Lover' album breaks new record in China". Reuters. Archived from the original on August 30, 2019. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
  161. ^ Data compiled by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry for each year:
    2014: "IFPI Digital Music Report 2015" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 10, 2016.
    2015: "IFPI Global Music Report 2016" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 30, 2016.
    2016: "Anuario Sgae de Las Artes Escenias, Musicales y Audiovisuales 2017" (PDF) (in Spanish). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 24, 2017.
  162. ^ Hertweck, Nate (January 18, 2018). "Taylor Swift, '1989': For The Record". The Recording Academy. Retrieved August 8, 2020.
  163. ^ Greenblatt, Leah; Rodman, Sarah; Suskind, Alex (August 28, 2020). "The 30 essential albums from the last 30 years". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved September 9, 2020.
  164. ^ Cullen 2016, p. 37.
  165. ^ Anderson, Trevor (October 30, 2015). "From Michael Jackson's 'Thriller' to Taylor Swift's '1989': Albums with Five Top 10 Hot 100 Hits". Billboard. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
  166. ^ Anderson, Trevor (August 18, 2020). "Juice WRLD's 'Legends Never Die' & The 27 Other Albums With Five or More Top 10 Hot 100 Hits". Billboard. Retrieved August 27, 2020.
  167. ^ Smith, Neil (June 22, 2015). "Five ways Taylor Swift is changing the world". BBC News. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
  168. ^ Willis, Jay (October 25, 2019). "Taylor Swift's 1989 Perfected the Pop Crossover Album". GQ. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  169. ^ a b Geffen, Sasha (November 10, 2017). "Revisiting Taylor Swift's '1989' Album". New York. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
  170. ^ Mylrea, Hannah (July 24, 2020). "Taylor Swift: every single album ranked and rated". NME. Retrieved August 27, 2020.
  171. ^ Welby, Augustus (April 14, 2020). "Conan Gray: 'I always write about things that make me feel uncomfortable'". Tone Deaf. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
  172. ^ Akingbade, Tobi (March 2, 2019). "The Vamps reveal they really want to work with Taylor Swift again: 'She revolutionised music'". Metro. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
  173. ^ Hughes, Hilary (August 25, 2019). "Taylor Swift Calls Rom-Com Inspiration Behind 'Lover' Song the 'Most Meta Thing That's Ever Happened to Me'". Billboard. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
  174. ^ O'Donnell, Kevin (September 21, 2015). "Ryan Adams 1989 interview: Indie icon opens up about covering Taylor Swift's smash album". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on May 6, 2019. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  175. ^ Zaleski, Annie (September 21, 2015). "Ryan Adams transforms Taylor Swift's 1989 into a melancholy masterpiece". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on February 12, 2018. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  176. ^ Winograd, Jeremy (October 21, 2015). "Review: Ryan Adams, 1989". Slant Magazine. Archived from the original on May 6, 2019. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  177. ^ Hendicott, James (October 19, 2015). "Taylor Swift tells Ryan Adams 'what you did with my album was like actors changing emphasis' – watch". NME. Archived from the original on May 6, 2019. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  178. ^ a b 1989 releases in the United States:
    "iTunes – Music – 1989 by Taylor Swift". iTunes Store (US). Archived from the original on October 27, 2014.
    "1989: Music". Amazon.com. Archived from the original on August 22, 2014.
  179. ^ a b "1989 (Deluxe) by Taylor Swift". Japan: HMV. Archived from the original on February 9, 2019. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  180. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Taylor Swift – 1989" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  181. ^ "Ultratop.be – Taylor Swift – 1989" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
  182. ^ "Ultratop.be – Taylor Swift – 1989" (in French). Hung Medien. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
  183. ^ "Brazil Albums: December 13, 2014". Billboard. Archived from the original on November 24, 2015.
  184. ^ "Taylor Swift Chart History – Canadian Albums". Billboard. Archived from the original on December 7, 2017. Retrieved November 6, 2014.
  185. ^ "Czech Albums – Top 100". ČNS IFPI. Note: On the chart page, select 201444 on the field besides the word "Zobrazit", and then click over the word to retrieve the correct chart data. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  186. ^ "Danishcharts.dk – Taylor Swift – 1989". Hung Medien. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
  187. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Taylor Swift – 1989" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
  188. ^ "Taylor Swift: 1989" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
  189. ^ "Lescharts.com – Taylor Swift – 1989". Hung Medien. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  190. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Taylor Swift – 1989" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  191. ^ "Official IFPI Charts Top-75 Albums Sales Chart" (in Greek). IFPI Greece. Archived from the original on November 10, 2014. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  192. ^ "Top 40 album DVD és válogatáslemez-lista – 2014. 44. hét" (in Hungarian). MAHASZ. Retrieved November 6, 2014.
  193. ^ "Irish-charts.com – Discography Taylor Swift". Hung Medien. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
  194. ^ "Italiancharts.com – Taylor Swift – 1989". Hung Medien. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
  195. ^ "Oricon Albums Ranking" (in Japanese). Oricon. Archived from the original on November 11, 2014.
  196. ^ "South Korea Gaon International Album Chart". On the page, select "2014.10.26~2014.11.01", then "국외", to obtain the corresponding chart. Gaon Chart Retrieved November 6, 2014.
  197. ^ a b "Los Más Vendidos 2015 – Mejor posición" (in Spanish). Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas (AMPROFON). Archived from the original on January 21, 2016.
  198. ^ "Charts.nz – Taylor Swift – 1989". Hung Medien. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
  199. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Taylor Swift – 1989". Hung Medien. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
  200. ^ "Oficjalna lista sprzedaży :: OLiS - Official Retail Sales Chart". OLiS. Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  201. ^ "Portuguesecharts.com – Taylor Swift – 1989". Hung Medien. Retrieved November 9, 2014.
  202. ^ "Official Scottish Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on March 21, 2018.
  203. ^ "South African Top 20 Albums Chart". RSG (Recording Industry of South Africa). Archived from the original on November 27, 2014.
  204. ^ "Spanishcharts.com – Taylor Swift – 1989". Hung Medien. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  205. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Taylor Swift – 1989". Hung Medien. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
  206. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Taylor Swift – 1989". Hung Medien. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  207. ^ "Les charts de la Suisse romande" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved September 20, 2019.
  208. ^ "1989 Chart History". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on February 28, 2019. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
  209. ^ "Taylor Swift Chart History – Billboard 200". Billboard. Archived from the original on October 10, 2017. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  210. ^ "End of Year Charts – ARIA Top 100 Albums 2014". Australian Recording Industry Association. Archived from the original on January 7, 2015. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
  211. ^ "ultratop.be – Jaaroverzichten 2014" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Archived from the original on August 12, 2018. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
  212. ^ "Rapports Annuels 2014" (in French). Hung Medien. Archived from the original on December 22, 2018. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
  213. ^ "2014 Year End Charts – Top Canadian Albums". Billboard. Archived from the original on December 12, 2014. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
  214. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Album 2014". dutchcharts.nl. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
  215. ^ "Le Top de l'année : Top Albums Fusionnés" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Archived from the original on February 14, 2015.
  216. ^ "Top 100 Album-Jahrescharts" (in German). GfK Entertainment charts. Archived from the original on November 13, 2018. Retrieved August 10, 2015.
  217. ^ "IRMA Best of Albums 2014". Irish Recorded Music Association. Archived from the original on February 3, 2019. Retrieved February 25, 2016.
  218. ^ "2014 Year-End Music and DVD Ranking Chart" (in Japanese). Oricon. Archived from the original on July 12, 2018.
  219. ^ "Los Más Vendidos 2014" (in Spanish). Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 13, 2015.
  220. ^ "Top Selling Albums of 2014". Recorded Music NZ. Archived from the original on December 20, 2014.
  221. ^ "Schweizer Jahreshitparade 2014". hitparade.ch. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
  222. ^ Moss, Liv (January 1, 2015). "The Official Top 40 Biggest Selling Artist Albums of 2014". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015.
  223. ^ "Top 200 Albums Chart Year End 2014". Billboard. Archived from the original on September 18, 2018. Retrieved January 7, 2015.
  224. ^ "ARIA Top 100 Albums 2015". Australian Recording Industry Association. Archived from the original on November 16, 2018. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
  225. ^ "Ö3 Austria Top 40 – Album Charts 2015" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Archived from the original on January 4, 2016.
  226. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 2015". Ultratop. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
  227. ^ "Rapports Annuels 2015". Ultratop. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
  228. ^ "Top Canadian Albums: Year End 2015". Billboard. Archived from the original on September 18, 2018.
  229. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Album 2015" (in Dutch). Dutch Charts. Archived from the original on August 18, 2018.
  230. ^ "Top Albums annuel (physique + téléchargement + streaming)" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Archived from the original on August 12, 2018.
  231. ^ "Top 100 Album-Jahrescharts" (in German). GfK Entertainment charts. Archived from the original on December 30, 2018.
  232. ^ "IRMA Best of Albums 2015". Irish Recorded Music Association. Archived from the original on November 19, 2018.
  233. ^ "2015 Year-End Music and DVD Ranking Chart" (in Japanese). Oricon. Archived from the original on July 12, 2018.
  234. ^ "Top Selling Albums of 2015". Recorded Music NZ. Archived from the original on March 19, 2016.
  235. ^ "Top 100 Albumes 2015" (PDF) (in Spanish). Productores de Música de España. Archived from the original on March 11, 2016. Retrieved May 5, 2019.
  236. ^ "Schweizer Jahreshitparade 2015" (in German). Schweizer Hitparade. Archived from the original on November 16, 2018.
  237. ^ Copsey, Rob (January 5, 2016). "The Official Top 40 Biggest Artist Albums of 2015 revealed". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on January 5, 2019.
  238. ^ "Top Billboard 200 Albums: Year End 2015". Billboard. Archived from the original on September 18, 2018.
  239. ^ "ARIA Top 100 Albums 2016". Australian Recording Industry Association. Archived from the original on January 6, 2017.
  240. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 2016 Albums" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Archived from the original on November 21, 2018.
  241. ^ "2016 Year End Charts – Top Canadian Albums". Billboard. Archived from the original on July 25, 2018.
  242. ^ "Top Selling Albums of 2016". Recorded Music NZ. Archived from the original on December 29, 2016.
  243. ^ "End of Year Albums Chart Top 100 – 2016". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on March 1, 2017.
  244. ^ "Top Billboard 200 Albums: Year End 2016". Billboard. Archived from the original on December 11, 2016.
  245. ^ "ARIA End of Year Albums 2017". Australian Recording Industry Association. Archived from the original on January 6, 2018. Retrieved January 5, 2018.
  246. ^ "Top Billboard 200 Albums – Year-End 2017". Billboard. Archived from the original on December 24, 2017. Retrieved December 12, 2017.
  247. ^ "ARIA End of Year Albums 2018". Australian Recording Industry Association. Archived from the original on January 2, 2019. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  248. ^ "Billboard 200 Albums – Year-End 2018". Billboard. Archived from the original on December 4, 2018. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
  249. ^ "ARIA End of Year Albums Chart 2019". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved January 10, 2020.
  250. ^ "Billboard 200 Albums – Year-End 2019". Billboard. Retrieved December 7, 2019.
  251. ^ "ARIA End of Decade Albums Chart". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  252. ^ Copsey, Rob (December 11, 2019). "The UK's Official Top 100 biggest albums of the decade". Official Charts Company. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
  253. ^ "Decade-End Charts: Billboard 200". Billboard. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
  254. ^ "ARIA Charts – Best of all time chart – Top 1000 Albums". Retrieved July 13, 2020.
  255. ^ "Best of All Time - Albums". Retrieved July 13, 2020.
  256. ^ "Greatest of All Time Billboard 200 Albums : Page 1". Billboard.
  257. ^ "Greatest of All Time Billboard 200 Albums By Women". Billboard. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
  258. ^ "Argentinian album certifications – Taylor Swift – 1989". Argentine Chamber of Phonograms and Videograms Producers. Retrieved June 27, 2020.
  259. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2019 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. Archived from the original on August 10, 2020. Retrieved August 20, 2019.
  260. ^ "Austrian album certifications – Taylor Swift – 1989" (in German). IFPI Austria. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  261. ^ a b "Brazilian album certifications – Taylor Swift – 1989" (in Portuguese). Associação Brasileira dos Produtores de Discos. Retrieved November 16, 2015.
  262. ^ "Certificeringer" (in Danish). IFPI Danmark. Archived from the original on March 27, 2019. Retrieved March 27, 2019.
  263. ^ "French album certifications – Taylor Swift – 1989" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. September 13, 2019. Retrieved September 14, 2019.
  264. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Taylor Swift; '1989')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  265. ^ "Italian album certifications – Taylor Swift – 1989" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved November 20, 2017. Select "2017" in the "Anno" drop-down menu. Select "1989" in the "Filtra" field. Select "Album e Compilation" under "Sezione".
  266. ^ Accumulative sales figures for 1989 in Japan:
    "2014 Year-End Oricon" (in Japanese). Oricon. Archived from the original on July 12, 2018. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
    "2015 Year-End Oricon" (in Japanese). Oricon. Archived from the original on July 12, 2018.
  267. ^ "Japanese album certifications – Taylor Swift – 1989" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved September 18, 2018. Select 2015年03月 on the drop-down menu
  268. ^ "Certificaciones" (in Spanish). Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. Type Taylor Swift in the box under the ARTISTA column heading and 1989 in the box under TÍTULO
  269. ^ "Dutch album certifications – Taylor Swift – 1989" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Vereniging van Producenten en Importeurs van beeld- en geluidsdragers. Retrieved July 31, 2018. Enter 1989 in the "Artiest of titel" box.
  270. ^ "New Zealand album certifications – Taylor Swift – 1989". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  271. ^ "Polish album certifications – Taylor Swift – 1989" (in Polish). Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry. December 15, 2015. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
  272. ^ "Spanish album certifications" (in Spanish). Productores de Música de España. Select Albums under "Chart", enter 2015 in the field "Year". Select 41 in the field "Semana". Click on "Search Charts".
  273. ^ "Veckolista Album, vecka 46, 2017 | Sverigetopplistan" (in Swedish). IFPI Sweden. Retrieved June 13, 2020. Scroll to position 50 to view certification.
  274. ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Taylor Swift; '1989')". IFPI Switzerland. Hung Medien. Retrieved September 5, 2014.
  275. ^ "British album certifications – Taylor Swift – 1989". British Phonographic Industry. Select albums in the Format field. Select Platinum in the Certification field. Type 1989 in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
  276. ^ 1989 releases in Canada:
    "1989". Amazon.ca. Archived from the original on October 29, 2014.
    "iTunes – Music – 1989 by Taylor Swift". iTunes Store (CA). Archived from the original on December 22, 2014.
  277. ^ 1989 releases in the UK:
    "1989 by Taylor Swift". iTunes Store (GB). Archived from the original on April 2, 2019. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
    "1989 (Deluxe) by Taylor Swift". iTunes Store (GB). Archived from the original on April 2, 2019. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
    "1989 by Taylor Swift". Amazon.co.uk. Archived from the original on October 26, 2014.
    "1989 (Deluxe Edition)". Amazon.co.uk. Archived from the original on October 30, 2014.
  278. ^ "1989 by Taylor Swift". Sanity. Archived from the original on April 11, 2016.
  279. ^ "1989 (Vinyl): Taylor Swift: Amazon.ca: Music". Amazon.ca. Archived from the original on April 9, 2016.
  280. ^ "Taylor Swift: 1989 (Vinyl): Music". Amazon.com. Archived from the original on March 21, 2017.
  281. ^ "1989 [Licensee]" (in Turkish). D&R. Archived from the original on December 29, 2017.
  282. ^ "Taylor Swift Karaoke: 1989 by Taylor Swift". iTunes Store (US). Archived from the original on December 20, 2014.
  283. ^ "1989 by Taylor Swift (CD)" (in Chinese). Amazon.cn. Archived from the original on December 24, 2014.
  284. ^ "Taylor Swift Karaoke: 1989 (Deluxe Edition)". iTunes Store (CA). Archived from the original on August 24, 2015.
  285. ^ "Taylor Swift: Taylor Swift Karaoke: 1989 [CD+G/DVD Combo]: Music". Amazon.com. Archived from the original on July 24, 2015.
  286. ^ "1989 Karaoke (Limited Deluxe): Taylor Swift: Music". Amazon.ca. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015.

Bibliography

External links

Copyright