1991

1991 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1991
MCMXCI
Ab urbe condita 2744
Armenian calendar 1440
ԹՎ ՌՆԽ
Assyrian calendar 6741
Bahá'í calendar 147–148
Balinese saka calendar 1912–1913
Bengali calendar 1398
Berber calendar 2941
British Regnal year 39 Eliz. 2 – 40 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2535
Burmese calendar 1353
Byzantine calendar 7499–7500
Chinese calendar 庚午(Metal Horse)
4687 or 4627
    — to —
辛未年 (Metal Goat)
4688 or 4628
Coptic calendar 1707–1708
Discordian calendar 3157
Ethiopian calendar 1983–1984
Hebrew calendar 5751–5752
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2047–2048
 - Shaka Samvat 1912–1913
 - Kali Yuga 5091–5092
Holocene calendar 11991
Igbo calendar 991–992
Iranian calendar 1369–1370
Islamic calendar 1411–1412
Japanese calendar Heisei 3
(平成3年)
Javanese calendar 1923–1924
Juche calendar 80
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4324
Minguo calendar ROC 80
民國80年
Nanakshahi calendar 523
Thai solar calendar 2534
Tibetan calendar 阳金马年
(male Iron-Horse)
2117 or 1736 or 964
    — to —
阴金羊年
(female Iron-Goat)
2118 or 1737 or 965
Unix time 662688000 – 694223999

1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1991st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 991st year of the 2nd millennium, the 91st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1990s decade.

It was the final year of the Cold War that had begun in 1947. During the year, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics fell, leaving fifteen sovereign republics and the CIS in its place. In July 1991, India abandoned its policies of socialism and autarky and began extensive neoliberal changes to its economy. This increased GDP, but also increased economic inequality over the next two decades.[1] A U.N.-authorized coalition force from 34 nations fought against Iraq, which had invaded and annexed Kuwait in the previous year, 1990. The conflict would be called the Gulf War and would mark the beginning of a since-constant American military presence in the Middle East. The clash between Serbia and the other Yugoslav republics would lead into the beginning of the Yugoslav Wars, which ran through the rest of the decade.

The Japanese asset price bubble burst this year, leading to the Lost Years and a permanently stagnated (though still prosperous) Japanese economy.

Events

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

The Warsaw radio mast after its collapse on August 8.
August 19: The coup attempt in Moscow.
Restored flag of Russia.

September

Map of the three Baltic states, in their flag colours.

October

November

December

December 8: The signing of the agreement effectively ending the Soviet regime's existence and the founding of the Commonwealth of Independent States.

Births

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Deaths

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

References

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  2. ^ Greenhouse, Steven (January 1, 1991). "Czechs Begin Shift to a Free Market". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 18, 2020.
  3. ^ Frank Wilkins. "The Death of Rebecca Schaeffer". Reel Reviews.
  4. ^ Reuters (January 3, 1991). "U.S. Copter Reported Shot Down by Salvadoran Rebels, Killing 3". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 18, 2020.
  5. ^ Baker, Bruce (December 2006). "Cape Verde: The Most Democratic Nation in Africa?". The Journal of Modern African Studies. 44 (4): 495. doi:10.1017/S0022278X06002060.
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  11. ^ Kifner, John (January 23, 1991). "WAR IN THE GULF: TEL AVIV; 3 DIE 96 ARE HURT IN ISRAELI SUBURB". The New York Times.
  12. ^ Atkinson, Rick; Balz, Dan (January 23, 1991). "Scud Hits Tel Aviv, Leaving 3 Dead, 96 Hurt". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
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  21. ^ Albania: Elections held in 1991 Inter-Parliamentary Union
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  27. ^ Wald, Matthew (June 6, 1991). "Severe Sun Storm Threatens Utilities". New York Times: 16. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
  28. ^ "Large Solar Flares Since 1976". Space Weather Services. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
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  35. ^ "NATO Update - Summary 1991". www.nato.int. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  36. ^ "Drya Klishina profile". World Athletics. Retrieved August 20, 2020.
  37. ^ "Steve Birnbaum Stats, News, Bio". ESPN.
  38. ^ "Aleksandar Katai | MLSsoccer.com".
  39. ^ Editors of Chase's (September 24, 2019). Chase's Calendar of Events 2020: The Ultimate Go-to Guide for Special Days, Weeks and Months. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 135. ISBN 978-1-64143-316-7.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  40. ^ "Joueur - Antoine Griezmann". French Football Federation (in French). Retrieved August 19, 2020.
  41. ^ "Barça : Gai Assulin, le nouveau Messi s'est perdu en chemin". January 23, 2019.
  42. ^ "Zazie Beetz". Empire Online. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
  43. ^ "Fashion Model Directory". Fashion Model Directory. Archived from the original on January 11, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
  44. ^ "Sports". Washington Post.
  45. ^ "Gabriella Cilmi". Oxford Reference. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
  46. ^ "Shailene Diann Woodley, Born 11/15/1991". California Birth Index. Retrieved August 10, 2015.
  47. ^ "Chloe Dufour-Lapointe". International Ski Federation. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
  48. ^ "Camila Giorgi". Women's Tennis Association. Retrieved June 20, 2020.
  49. ^ Oliviu Felecan; Daiana Felecan (October 2, 2014). Unconventional Anthroponyms: Formation Patterns and Discursive Function. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 285. ISBN 978-1-4438-6862-4.
  50. ^ "Rufino Arellanes Tamayo" (in Spanish). El Colegio Nacional. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  51. ^ [1]

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