1993 Tour de France

1993 Tour de France
Route of the 1993 Tour de France
Route of the 1993 Tour de France
Race details
Dates 3–25 July
Stages 20 + Prologue
Distance 3,714 km (2,308 mi)
Winning time 95h 57' 09"
Winner  Miguel Indurain (ESP) (Banesto)
  Second  Tony Rominger (SUI) (CLAS–Cajastur)
  Third  Zenon Jaskuła (POL) (GB–MG Maglificio)

Points  Djamolidine Abdoujaparov (UZB) (Lampre–Polti)
Mountains  Tony Rominger (SUI) (CLAS–Cajastur)
  Youth  Antonio Martín (ESP) (Amaya Seguros)
  Combativity  Massimo Ghirotto (ITA) (ZG Mobili)
  Team Carrera Jeans–Tassoni
←  1992
1994 →

The 1993 Tour de France was the 80th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 3 to 25 July. It consisted of 20 stages, over a distance of 3,714 km (2,308 mi).

The winner of the previous two years, Miguel Indurain, successfully defended his title. The points classification was won by Djamolidine Abdoujaparov, while the mountains classification was won by Tony Rominger.


The organisers of the Tour, Amaury Sport Organisation (ASO), felt that it was no longer safe to have 198 cyclists in the race, as more and more traffic islands had been made, so the total number of teams was reduced from 22 to 20,[1] composing of 9 cyclists.[2] The first 14 teams were selected in May 1993, based on the FICP ranking.[3] In June 1993, six additional wildcards were given; one of which was given to a combination of two teams, Chazal–Vetta–MBK and Subaru.[4] The Subaru team did not want to be part of a mixed team, so Chazal was allowed to send a full team.[5]

The teams entering the race were:[2]

Qualified teams

Invited teams

Pre-race favourites

The defending champion Miguel Indurain was the big favourite, having won the 1993 Giro d'Italia earlier that year.[6]

Route and stages

The route was unveiled in October 1992. Most team directors expected it to be more difficult than the 1992 Tour de France.[1] The highest point of elevation in the race was 2,802 m (9,193 ft) at the Cime de la Bonette loop road on stage 11.[7][8]

Stage characteristics and winners [9] [10] [11] [12]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
P 3 July Le Puy du Fou 6.8 km (4.2 mi) Individual time trial  Miguel Indurain (ESP)
1 4 July Luçon to Les Sables-d'Olonne 215.0 km (133.6 mi) Plain stage  Mario Cipollini (ITA)
2 5 July Les Sables-d'Olonne to Vannes 227.5 km (141.4 mi) Plain stage  Wilfried Nelissen (BEL)
3 6 July Vannes to Dinard 189.5 km (117.7 mi) Plain stage  Djamolidine Abdoujaparov (UZB)
4 7 July Dinard to Avranches 81.0 km (50.3 mi) Team time trial  GB–MG Maglificio
5 8 July Avranches to Évreux 225.5 km (140.1 mi) Plain stage  Jesper Skibby (DEN)
6 9 July Évreux to Amiens 158.0 km (98.2 mi) Plain stage  Johan Bruyneel (BEL)
7 10 July Péronne to Châlons-sur-Marne 199.0 km (123.7 mi) Plain stage  Bjarne Riis (DEN)
8 11 July Châlons-sur-Marne to Verdun 184.5 km (114.6 mi) Plain stage  Lance Armstrong (USA)
9 12 July Lac de Madine 59.0 km (36.7 mi) Individual time trial  Miguel Indurain (ESP)
13 July Villard-de-Lans Rest day
10 14 July Villard-de-Lans to Serre Chevalier 203.0 km (126.1 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Toni Rominger (SUI)
11 15 July Serre Chevalier to Isola 2000 179.0 km (111.2 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Toni Rominger (SUI)
12 16 July Isola to Marseille 286.5 km (178.0 mi) Plain stage  Fabio Roscioli (ITA)
13 17 July Marseille to Montpellier 181.5 km (112.8 mi) Plain stage  Olaf Ludwig (GER)
14 18 July Montpellier to Perpignan 223.0 km (138.6 mi) Plain stage  Pascal Lino (FRA)
15 19 July Perpignan to Pal 231.5 km (143.8 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Oliverio Rincón (COL)
20 July Andorra Rest day
16 21 July Andorra to Saint-Lary-Soulan Pla d'Adet 230.0 km (142.9 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Zenon Jaskuła (POL)
17 22 July Tarbes to Pau 190.0 km (118.1 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Claudio Chiappucci (ITA)
18 23 July Orthez to Bordeaux 199.5 km (124.0 mi) Plain stage  Djamolidine Abdoujaparov (UZB)
19 24 July Brétigny-sur-Orge to Montlhéry 48.0 km (29.8 mi) Individual time trial  Toni Rominger (SUI)
20 25 July Viry-Châtillon to Paris (Champs-Élysées) 196.5 km (122.1 mi) Plain stage  Djamolidine Abdoujaparov (UZB)
Total 3,714 km (2,308 mi)[13]

Race overview

The group containing Miguel Indurain, wearing the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification, on the Col du Galibier in stage ten
Miguel Indurain in the penultimate stage's individual time trial

The 1993 Tour started in the same way as the 1992 Tour: Indurain won, with Alex Zülle in second place.[6] The next stages were flat, and all finished in mass sprints. After the second stage, sprinter Wilfried Nelissen had collected enough time bonuses to become leader in the general classification.[6]

The team time trial in stage four was the first stage with significant effects on the general classification. Banesto (Indurain's team) came in seventh, losing more than one minute, but the biggest loser was Tony Rominger, whose Clas team lost more than three minutes.[6]

The contenders for the overall victory saved their energy in the next few stages, and cyclists who would not be a threat in the mountains were allowed to break away, with only the sprinters' teams trying to get them back. The sixth stage was run with an average speed of almost 49.5 kilometres per hour (30.8 mph), at that moment the fastest mass-start stage in the Tour.[6]

In the ninth stage, an individual time trial, the general classification changed. Indurain was a lot faster than the other cyclists, winning the stage with a margin of more than two minutes, and became the new leader in the general classification.[6]

The next stages were in the Alps. Tony Rominger attacked, trying to win back time. Although he was able to win the stage, Indurain had followed him closely, so Rominger did not win back any time. Other pre-race favourites lost considerable time this stage and were no longer in contention, such as Claudio Chiappucci, who lost more than eight minutes.[6]

In the eleventh stage, Rominger tried it again. But again, Indurain stayed with him. Rominger won the stage again, but the margin to Indurain stayed the same. Rominger did jump to the fourth place in the general classification, because Erik Breukink lost almost ten minutes.[6]

The next three stages were relatively flat, and the top of the general classification stayed the same. In the fifteenth stage, Pyrenean climbs were included. The stage was won by Oliverio Rincón, the only survivor of an early breakaway. Behind him, Rominger again tried to get away from Indurain, but was unable to do so.[6]

In the sixteenth stage, again in the Pyreneés, Rominger was finally able to get away from Indurain, but the margin was only three seconds. The seventeenth stage was the last stage with serious climbs, so the last realistic opportunity to win back time on Indurain, but this did not happen, so it seemed certain that Indurain would become the winner.[6]

The rest of the podium was determined in the individual time trial in stage 19. It was won by Rominger, with Indurain in second place. Rominger thus climbed to the second place in the general classification.

Classification leadership and minor prizes

There were several classifications in the 1993 Tour de France.[14] The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[15]

Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a green jersey. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.[16]

There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorised some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorised climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and wore a white jersey with red polka dots.[17]

The fourth individual classification was the young rider classification, which was not marked by a jersey. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders under 26 years were eligible.[18]

For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time.[19]

In addition, there was a combativity award given after each mass-start stage to the cyclist considered most combative. The decision was made by a jury composed of journalists who gave points. The cyclist with the most points from votes in all stages led the combativity classification.[20] Massimo Ghirotto won this classification, and was given overall the super-combativity award.[10] The Souvenir Henri Desgrange was given in honour of Tour founder Henri Desgrange to the first rider to pass the summit of the Col du Galibier on stage 10. This prize was won by Tony Rominger.[21][22] The fair-play award was given to Gianni Bugno.[9]

Classification leadership by stage [23] [24]
Stage Winner General classification
A yellow jersey.
Points classification
A green jersey
Mountains classification
A white jersey with red polka dots.
Young rider classification[a] Team classification Combativity
Award Classification
P Miguel Indurain Miguel Indurain Miguel Indurain François Simon Alex Zülle ONCE no award
1 Mario Cipollini Mario Cipollini Massimo Ghirotto Massimo Ghirotto
2 Wilfried Nelissen Wilfried Nelissen Wilfried Nelissen Wilfried Nelissen Ján Svorada Ján Svorada
3 Djamolidine Abdoujaparov Laurent Desbiens Laurent Desbiens Laurent Desbiens
4 GB–MG Maglificio Mario Cipollini no award
5 Jesper Skibby Wilfried Nelissen Davide Cassani Bjarne Riis
6 Johan Bruyneel Mario Cipollini Jacky Durand
7 Bjarne Riis Johan Museeuw Mario Cipollini Bjarne Riis Motorola Bjarne Riis Bjarne Riis
8 Lance Armstrong Davide Cassani Pascal Lance
9 Miguel Indurain Miguel Indurain Alex Zülle ONCE no award
10 Tony Rominger Tony Rominger
11 Tony Rominger Djamolidine Abdoujaparov Tony Rominger Oliverio Rincón Ariostea Davide Cassani
12 Fabio Roscioli Carrera Jeans–Tassoni Fabio Roscioli
13 Olaf Ludwig Jacky Durand
14 Pascal Lino Giancarlo Perini
15 Oliverio Rincón Richard Virenque
16 Zenon Jaskuła Antonio Martín Claudio Chiappucci
17 Claudio Chiappucci Claudio Chiappucci
18 Djamolidine Abdoujaparov Michel Vermote Massimo Ghirotto
19 Tony Rominger no award
20 Djamolidine Abdoujaparov Rolf Sørensen
Final Miguel Indurain Djamolidine Abdoujaparov Tony Rominger Antonio Martín Carrera Jeans–Tassoni Massimo Ghirotto

Final standings

A yellow jersey. Denotes the winner of the general classification A green jersey. Denotes the winner of the points classification
A white jersey with red polka dots. Denotes the winner of the mountains classification

General classification

Final general classification (1–10) [25]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Miguel Indurain (ESP) A yellow jersey. Banesto 95h 57' 09"
2  Toni Rominger (SUI) A white jersey with red polka dots. CLAS–Cajastur + 4' 59"
3  Zenon Jaskuła (POL) GB–MG Maglificio + 5' 48"
4  Alvaro Mejia (COL) Motorola + 7' 29"
5  Bjarne Riis (DEN) Ariostea + 16' 26"
6  Claudio Chiappucci (ITA) Carrera Jeans–Tassoni + 17' 18"
7  Johan Bruyneel (BEL) ONCE + 18' 04"
8  Andrew Hampsten (USA) Motorola + 20' 14"
9  Pedro Delgado (ESP) Banesto + 23' 57"
10  Vladimir Poulnikov (RUS) Carrera Jeans–Tassoni + 25' 29"

Combativity classification

Final combativity classification (1–3) [9]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Massimo Ghirotto (ITA) ZG Mobili 34
2  Bjarne Riis (DEN) Ariostea 25
3  Jacky Durand (FRA) Castorama 23