2000 (MM) was a century leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2000th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 1000th and last year of the 2nd millennium, the 100th and last year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 2000s decade.
2000 was designated as:
Popular culture holds the year 2000 as the first year of the 21st century and the 3rd millennium due to a tendency of grouping the years according to decimal values, as if year zero were counted. According to the Gregorian Calendar, these distinctions fall to the year 2001, because the 1st century was retroactively said to start with year AD 1. Since the calendar does not have year zero, its first millennium spanned from years 1 to 1000 inclusively and its second millennium from years 1001 to 2000. (See more at Century and Millennium.)
The year 2000 is sometimes abbreviated as "Y2K" (the "Y" stands for "year", and the "K" stands for "kilo" which means "thousand"). The year 2000 was the subject of Y2K concerns, which are fears that computers would not shift from 1999 to 2000 correctly. However, by the end of 1999, many companies had already converted to new, or upgraded, existing software. Some even obtained Y2K certification. As a result of massive effort, relatively few problems occurred.
- January 2 – Massacre of twenty Copts by Muslim villagers in Kosheh, Egypt.
- January 6 – The last natural Pyrenean ibex is found dead, apparently killed by a falling tree.
- January 10 – America Online announces an agreement to purchase Time Warner for $162 billion (the largest-ever corporate merger).
- January 14
- January 18 – The Tagish Lake meteorite impacts the Earth.
- January 30 – Kenya Airways Flight 431 crashes off the coast of Ivory Coast into the Atlantic Ocean, killing 169.
- January 31
- February 4 – German extortionist Klaus-Peter Sabotta is jailed for life for attempted murder and extortion, in connection with the sabotage of German railway lines.
- February 9 – Torrential rains in Africa lead to the worst flooding in Mozambique in 50 years, which lasts until March and kills 800 people.
- February 13 – The final original Peanuts comic strip is published, following the death of its creator, Charles M. Schulz.
- February 21 – UNESCO holds the inaugural celebration of International Mother Language Day.
- February 29 – A rare century leap year date occurs. Usually, century years are common years due to not being exactly divisible by 400. 2000 is the first such year to have a February 29 since the year 1600, making it only the second such occasion since the Lilian rule was introduced in the late 16th century. The next such leap year will occur in 2400.
- March 4 – The PlayStation 2 is released in Japan.[importance?]
- March 8 – Tokyo train disaster: A sideswipe collision of two Tokyo Metro trains kills five people.
- March 10 – The NASDAQ Composite Index reaches an all-time high of 5,048. Two weeks later, the NASDAQ-100, S&P 500, and Wilshire 5000 reach their peaks prior to the Dot-com bubble, ending a bull market run that lasted over 17 years.
- March 12
- March 13 – The United States dollar becomes the official currency of Ecuador, replacing the Ecuadorian sucre.
- April 3 – United States v. Microsoft Corp.: Microsoft is ruled to have violated United States antitrust laws by keeping "an oppressive thumb" on its competitors.
- April 22 – In a predawn raid, federal agents seize 6-year-old Elián González from his relatives' home in Miami and fly him to his Cuban father in Washington, D.C., ending one of the most publicized custody battles in U.S. history.
- April 30 – Canonization of Faustina Kowalska in the presence of 200,000 people and the first Divine Mercy Sunday celebrated worldwide.
- May 1 – A new class of composite material is fabricated, which has a combination of physical properties never before seen in a natural or man-made material.
- May 3 – In San Antonio, Texas, computer pioneer Datapoint files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
- May 4 – The 7.6 Mw Central Sulawesi earthquake affects Banggai, Indonesia, with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VII (Very strong), leaving 46 dead and 264 injured.
- May 5
- May 11 – The billionth living person in India is born.
- May 13
- May 24 – Real Madrid C.F. defeats Valencia CF 3–0 in the UEFA Champions League Final at Stade de France to win their second title between 1998 and 2002, and their eighth overall.
- June 4 – The 7.9 Mw Enggano earthquake shakes southwestern Sumatra with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong), killing 103 people and injuring 2,174–2,585.
- June 5 – 405 The Movie, the first short film widely distributed on the Internet, is released.
- June 10 – July 2 – Belgium and the Netherlands jointly host the UEFA Euro 2000 football tournament, which is won by France.
- June 17 – A centennial earthquake (6.5 on the Richter scale) hits Iceland on its national day.
- June 26 – A preliminary draft of genomes, as part of the Human Genome Project, is finished. It is announced at the White House by President Clinton.
- June 28 – Elián González returns to Cuba with his father, Juan Miguel González, ending a protracted custody battle.
- June 30 – At the Roskilde Festival near Copenhagen, Denmark, nine die and 26 are injured on a set while the rock group Pearl Jam performs.
- July 1 – The Øresund Bridge between Denmark and Sweden is officially opened for traffic.
- July 2 – France defeats Italy 2–1 after extra time in the final of the European Championship, becoming the first team to win the World Cup and European Championship consecutively.
- July 7 – The draft assembly of Human Genome Project announced at the White House by President Bill Clinton, Francis Collins, and Craig Venter.
- July 10 – In southern Nigeria, a leaking petroleum pipeline explodes, killing about 250 villagers who were scavenging gasoline.
- July 14 – A powerful solar flare, later named the Bastille Day event, causes a geomagnetic storm on Earth.
- July 25 – Air France Flight 4590, a Concorde aircraft, crashes into a hotel in Gonesse just after takeoff from Paris, killing all 109 aboard and 4 in the hotel.
- August 3 – Rioting erupts on the Paulsgrove estate in Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, after more than 100 people besiege the home of a block of flats allegedly housing a convicted paedophile. This is the latest vigilante violence against suspected sex offenders since the beginning of the "naming and shaming" anti-paedophile campaign by the tabloid newspaper News of the World.
- August 7 – DeviantART is launched.
- August 8 – The Confederate submarine H. L. Hunley is raised to the surface after 136 years on the ocean floor.
- August 12 – The Russian submarine Kursk sinks in the Barents Sea during one of the largest Russian naval exercises since the 1991 dissolution of the Soviet Union, resulting in the deaths of all 118 men on board.
- August 14
- August 23 – John Anthony Kaiser, a Roman Catholic priest, is murdered in Morendat, Kenya.
- August 24 – The Nintendo GameCube is revealed.
- September 6 – The last wholly Swedish-owned arms manufacturer, Bofors, is sold to American arms manufacturer United Defense.
- September 6–8 – World leaders attend the Millennium Summit at U.N. Headquarters.
- September 7–14 – Fuel protests take place in the United Kingdom, with refineries blockaded, and supply to the country's network of petrol stations halted.
- September 10 – Operation Barras: A British military operation to free five soldiers from the Royal Irish Regiment that were held captive for over two weeks during the Sierra Leone Civil War, all of which were rescued.
- September 13 – Steve Jobs introduces the public beta of Mac OS X for US$29.95.
- September 15 – October 1 – The 2000 Summer Olympics, held in Sydney, Australia, is the last Olympic Games of the 20th century.
- September 16 – Ukrainian journalist Georgiy Gongadze is last seen alive; this day is taken as the commemoration date of his death.
- September 26 – The Greek ferry Express Samina sinks off the coast of the island of Paros; 80 out of a total of over 500 passengers perish in one of Greece's worst sea disasters.
- September 29 – The HM Prison Maze in Northern Ireland is closed.
- October 5 – Mass demonstrations in Belgrade lead to resignation of Yugoslavia's president Slobodan Milošević.
- October 6 – The last Mini is produced in Longbridge.
- October 11 – 250 million US gallons (950,000 m3) of coal sludge spill in Martin County, Kentucky (considered a greater environmental disaster than the Exxon Valdez oil spill).
- October 12 – In Aden, Yemen, USS Cole is badly damaged by two Al-Qaeda suicide bombers, who place a small boat laden with explosives alongside the United States Navy destroyer, killing 17 crew members and wounding at least 39.
- October 22 – The Mainichi Shimbun newspaper exposes Japanese archeologist Shinichi Fujimura as a fraud; Japanese archaeologists had based their treatises on his findings.
- October 26
- Pakistani authorities announce that their police have found an apparently ancient mummy of a Persian Princess in the province of Balochistan. Iran, Pakistan and the Taliban all claim the mummy until Pakistan announces it is a modern-day fake on April 17, 2001.
- The New York Yankees defeat the New York Mets 4-2 in the fifth game of the World Series to win the first "Subway Series" since 1956 by 4 games to 1. The series win was the Yankees third in a row and 26th overall.[importance?]
- October 30 – This is the final date during which there is no human presence in space; on October 31, Soyuz TM-31 launches, carrying the first resident crew to the International Space Station. The ISS has been continuously crewed since.
- October 31 – Singapore Airlines Flight 006 collides with construction equipment in the Chiang Kai Shek International Airport, resulting in 83 deaths.
- November 2 – The first resident crew enters the International Space Station.
- November 3 – Widespread flooding occurs throughout England and Wales after days of heavy rain.
- November 7 – In London, a criminal gang raids the Millennium Dome to steal the Millennium Star diamond, but police surveillance catches them in the act.
- November 11 – Kaprun disaster, Austria: A funicular fire in an Alpine tunnel kills 155 skiers and snowboarders.
- November 17 – A catastrophic landslide in Log pod Mangartom, Slovenia, kills 7, and causes millions of SIT of damage. It is one of the worst catastrophes in Slovenia in the past 100 years.
- December 7 – Kadisoka temple is discovered in Sleman, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
- December 15 – The third and final reactor at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant is shut down and the station is shut down completely.
- December 25 – The Luoyang Christmas fire at a shopping center in China kills 309 people.
- January 1 – Ekaterina Alexandrovskaya, Russian-Australian pair skater
- January 7 – Marcus Scribner, American actor
- January 8 – Noah Cyrus, American actress and singer
- January 11
- January 19 – Choi Da-bin, South Korean figure skater
- January 27 – Morgan Gibbs-White, English footballer
- February 1 – Paris Smith, American actress and singer
- February 5 – Jordan Nagai, American actor
- February 10 – Yara Shahidi, American actress
- February 20 – Josh Sargent, American footballer
- February 21
- February 28 – Moise Kean, Italian footballer
- March 1 – Ava Allan, American actress
- March 2
- March 5 – Jack Aitchison, Scottish footballer
- March 6 – Jacob Bertrand, American actor
- March 10 – Norah Flatley, American artistic gymnast
- March 15 – Kristian Kostov, Russian/Bulgarian singer-songwriter
- March 21 – Jace Norman, American actor
- March 25
- March 27 – Sophie Nélisse, Canadian actress
- March 30 – Regan Mizrahi, American child actor
- March 31 – Anu Anand, Indian actress
- April 1 – Barbora Seemanová, Czech swimmer
- April 6 – Shaheen Afridi, Pakistani cricketer
- April 7 – Ivan Ivanov, Bulgarian singer and songwriter
- April 9 – Jackie Evancho, American soprano
- April 11
- April 13 – Rasmus Dahlin, Swedish ice hockey player
- April 28 – Ellie Carpenter, Australian footballer
- May 7 – Maxwell Perry Cotton, American actor
- May 15 – Jacob Bragg, Australian runner
- May 18
- May 23 – Evan Bird, Canadian actor
- May 24 – Anja Crevar, Serbian swimmer
- May 28 – Taylor Ruck, Canadian swimmer
- May 30 – Jared S. Gilmore, American actor
- June 1 – Willow Shields, American actress and dancer
- June 2 – Lilimar Hernandez, Venezuelan actress
- June 5 – Eliias, Swedish singer
- June 9 – Laurie Hernandez, American artistic gymnast
- June 13 – Penny Oleksiak, Canadian swimmer
- June 16 – Bianca Andreescu, Canadian tennis player
- June 23
- June 29 – Kia Pegg, English actress
- July 1 – Lalu Muhammad Zohri, Indonesian sprinter
- July 4 – Rikako Ikee, Japanese swimmer
- July 6 – Jesperi Kotkaniemi, Finnish ice hockey player
- July 12 – Vinícius Júnior, Brazilian footballer
- July 16 – Jonathan Morgan Heit, American actor
- July 18 – Angelina Melnikova, Russian artistic gymnast
- July 24 – Marko Čalasan, Macedonian computer systems prodigy
- July 25 – Ellie Soutter, British snowboarder (d. 2018)
- July 28
- August 2 – Sandeep Lamichhane, Nepalese cricketer
- August 3 – Landry Bender, American actress
- August 8 – Félix Auger-Aliassime, Canadian tennis player
- August 11 – James Cartmell, British actor
- August 17 – Lil Pump, American rapper and songwriter
- August 20 – Fátima Ptacek, American actress
- August 21 – Kate Valdez, Filipino model and actress
- August 24 – Griffin Gluck, American actor
- August 25 – Vincenzo Cantiello, Italian singer
- August 26 – Noah Ryan Scott, Canadian actor
- August 27 – Tatsuomi Hamada, Japanese actor and model
- August 29 – Julia Grosso, Canadian soccer player
- September 1 – Jacob Ewaniuk, Canadian teen actor
- September 5 – Ceren Akkaya, Turkish footballer
- September 28
- October 6 – Isobelle Molloy, British actress
- October 10 – Aedin Mincks, American actor
- October 11 – Hayden Byerly, American actor
- October 16 – David Rawle, Irish actor
- October 25
- October 26 – Ellery Sprayberry, American actress
- October 31 – Willow Smith, American actress and singer
- November 2 – Alphonso Davies, Canadian football player
- November 8
- November 10 – Mackenzie Foy, American model and actress
- November 20 – Connie Talbot, British singer
- November 21 – Megan Roberts, Canadian artistic gymnast
- November 22 – Auliʻi Cravalho, American actress
- January 2
- January 4
- January 7
- January 8 – Fritz Thiedemann, German equestrian and show jumper (b. 1918)
- January 10 – Sam Jaffe, American film producer (b. 1901)
- January 11
- January 12 – Bobby Phills, American professional basketball player (b. 1969)
- January 13 – Antti Hyvärinen, Finnish Olympic ski jumper (b. 1932)
- January 15 – Željko Ražnatović, Serbian mobster and paramilitary leader (b. 1952)
- January 18 – Frances Drake, American actress (b. 1912)
- January 19
- January 20 – Izabella Yurieva, Russian singer (b. 1899)
- January 21 – Saeb Salam, Lebanese politician, 20th Prime Minister of Lebanon (b. 1905)
- January 24 – Rex Nelon, American Southern gospel singer (b. 1932)
- January 26 – Don Budge, American tennis player (b. 1915)
- February 5
- February 7
- February 8
- February 9
- February 10 – Jim Varney, American actor (b. 1949)
- February 11
- February 12
- February 13 – Anders Aalborg, Canadian politician (b. 1914)
- February 19
- February 23
- March 2 – Sandra Schmirler, Canadian Olympic curler (b. 1963)
- March 3 – Toni Ortelli, Italian composer and alpinist (b. 1904)
- March 5
- March 6
- March 7
- March 9 – Jean Coulthard, Canadian composer and music educator (b. 1908)
- March 11
- March 20 – Gene Eugene, Canadian actor and singer (b. 1961)
- March 27 – Ian Dury, British rock musician (b. 1942)
- March 28 – Anthony Powell, British author (b. 1905)
- March 30 – Rudolf Kirchschläger, Austrian diplomat and 8th President of Austria (b. 1915)
- April 2 – Tommaso Buscetta, Italian mafioso informant (b. 1928)
- April 3 – Terence McKenna, American writer, philosopher, writer and entheogen advocate (b. 1946)
- April 4 – Derek Allhusen, British equestrian (b. 1914)
- April 5 – Lee Petty, American race-car driver (b. 1914)
- April 6 – Habib Bourguiba, 1st President of Tunisia (b. 1903)
- April 8
- April 10
- April 11 – Diana Darvey, British actress, singer and dancer (b. 1945)
- April 13 – Albert Turner, American civil rights activist (b. 1936)
- April 14 – Phil Katz, American computer programmer (b. 1962)
- April 15 – Edward Gorey, American writer and illustrator (b. 1925)
- April 25 – David Merrick, American stage producer (b. 1911)
- April 29 – Phạm Văn Đồng, 2nd Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) (b. 1906)
- April 30 – Poul Hartling, Danish diplomat and politician, 21st Prime Minister of Denmark (b. 1914)
- May 1
- May 2 – Sundar Popo, Indo-Trinidadian chutney musician (b. 1943)
- May 3 – Júlia Báthory, Hungarian glass designer (b. 1901)
- May 7 – Douglas Fairbanks Jr., American actor (b. 1909)
- May 8 – Hubert Maga, 1st President of Dahomey (b. 1916)
- May 10
- May 11 – René Muñoz, Cuban actor and screenwriter (b. 1938)
- May 12 – Adam Petty, American NASCAR driver (b. 1980)
- May 13
- May 14 – Keizō Obuchi, Japanese politician, 54th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1937)
- May 19 – Petter Hugsted, Norwegian Olympic ski jumper (b. 1921)
- May 20
- May 21
- May 25 – Francis Lederer, French film and stage actor (b. 1899)
- May 27
- May 30 – Doris Hare, British actress (b. 1905)
- May 31
- June 3 – Merton Miller, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1923)
- June 10
- June 12 – Logan Ramsey, American actor (b. 1921)
- June 14 – Robert Trent Jones, English-born golf course designer (b. 1906)
- June 16 – Empress Kōjun of Japan (b. 1903)
- June 17 – Ismail Mahomed, South African and Namibian Chief Justice (b. 1931)
- June 18 – Nancy Marchand, American actress (b. 1928)
- June 19 – Noboru Takeshita, Japanese politician, 46th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1924)
- June 21 – Alan Hovhaness, American composer (b. 1911)
- June 24 – David Tomlinson, English actor (b. 1917)
- June 27 – Pierre Pflimlin, French politician, 97th Prime Minister of France (b. 1907)
- June 29 – Vittorio Gassman, Italian actor (b. 1922)
- July 1 – Walter Matthau, American actor (b. 1920)
- July 2 – Joey Dunlop, Northern Irish motorcyclist (b. 1952)
- July 6 – Lazar Koliševski, 2nd President of Yugoslavia (b. 1914)
- July 7
- July 8 – FM-2030, Transhumanist philosopher (b. 1930)
- July 10
- July 11 – Robert Runcie, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1921)
- July 12 – Charles Merritt, Canadian Army officer (b. 1908)
- July 15 – Kalle Svensson, Swedish footballer (b. 1925)
- July 21 – Yosef Qafih, Israeli rabbi (b. 1917)
- July 27 – Virginia Admiral, American painter and poet (b. 1915)
- July 28 – Abraham Pais, American physicist (b. 1918)
- July 29 – René Favaloro, Argentinian cardiologist (b. 1923)
- August 3 – Isolina Ferre, Puerto Rican Roman Catholic nun (b. 1914)
- August 5
- August 6
- August 8 – K. Kailasanatha Kurukkal, Sri Lankan researcher, writer and professor (b. 1921)
- August 9 – John Harsanyi, Hungarian-born economist (b. 1920)
- August 12
- August 13 – Nazia Hassan, Pakistani singer (b. 1964)
- August 19 – Bineshwar Brahma, Bodo activist and leader (b. 1946)
- August 20 – Bunny Austin, English tennis player (b. 1906)
- August 21 – Daniel Lisulo, Zambian politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Zambia (b. 1930)
- August 22 – Abulfaz Elchibey, Azerbaijani political figure, 2nd President of Azerbaijan (b. 1938)
- August 24 – Andy Hug, Swiss Seidokaikan karateka and kickboxer (b. 1964)
- August 25
- August 30 – David Haskell, American actor (b. 1948)
- September 2
- September 5 – Abdul Haris Nasution, Indonesian general (b. 1918)
- September 14 – Beah Richards, American actress (b. 1920)
- September 16 – Georgiy Gongadze, Ukrainian journalist (b. 1969)
- September 17
- September 19
- September 22 – Saburō Sakai, Japanese fighter ace (b. 1916)
- September 25 – R. S. Thomas, Welsh poet (b. 1913)
- September 26 – Richard Mulligan, American actor (b. 1932)
- September 27 – Sammy Luftspring, Canadian boxer (b. 1916)
- September 28
- October 1 – Rosie Douglas, 5th Prime Minister of Dominica (b. 1941)
- October 3 – Benjamin Orr, American singer-songwriter (b. 1947)
- October 4 – Michael Smith, English-born chemist (b. 1932)
- October 6 – Richard Farnsworth, American actor (b. 1920)
- October 7 – Walter Krupinski, German fighter ace and general (b. 1920)
- October 8 – Sheila Holland, English writer (b. 1937)
- October 9 – Patrick Anthony Porteous, British recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1918)
- October 10 – Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Sri Lankan politician, 2-time Prime Minister of Ceylon and 2-time Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (b. 1916)
- October 11 – Donald Dewar, First Minister of Scotland (b. 1937)
- October 13 – Jean Peters, American actress (b. 1926)
- October 14 – Tony Roper, American NASCAR driver (b. 1964)
- October 15 – Konrad Emil Bloch, German-born biochemist (b. 1912)
- October 16
- October 18 – Julie London, American singer and actress (b. 1926)
- October 19 – Charles Perkins, Australian aboriginal activist and soccer player (b. 1936)
- October 21 – Reginald Kray, British criminal (b. 1933)
- October 22
- October 23
- October 27 – Walter Berry, Austrian bass-baritone (b. 1929)
- October 28 – Andújar Cedeño, Dominican baseball player (b. 1969)
- October 30 – Steve Allen, American comedian and author (b. 1921)
- October 31 – Ring Lardner, Jr., American screenwriter (b. 1915)
- November 5
- November 6 – L. Sprague de Camp, American writer (b. 1907)
- November 7
- November 8 – Józef Pińkowski, Polish politician, 50th Prime Minister of Poland (b. 1929)
- November 10
- November 11 – Hugh Paddick, British actor (b. 1915)
- November 16
- November 17 – Louis Néel, French physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
- November 19 – George Cosmas Adyebo, 6th Prime Minister of Uganda (b. 1947)
- November 22
- November 28 – Liane Haid, Austrian actress (b. 1895)
- December 2 – Gail Fisher, American actress (b. 1935)
- December 3 – Gwendolyn Brooks, American writer (b. 1917)
- December 6 – Werner Klemperer, American actor (b. 1920)
- December 8 – Ionatana Ionatana, 5th Prime Minister of Tuvalu (b. 1938)
- December 10
- December 11 – Johannes Virolainen, Finnish politician, 30th Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1914)
- December 17 – Blaise Rabetafika, Malagasy diplomat (b. 1932)
- December 18 – Kirsty MacColl, English singer (b. 1959)
- December 19
- December 23
- December 26 – Jason Robards, American actor (b. 1922)
- December 30 – Julius J. Epstein, American screenwriter (b. 1909)
- December 31 – Rabbi Binyamin Ze'ev Kahane, Israeli settler leader (b. 1966)
- Chemistry – Alan J. Heeger, Alan MacDiarmid, and Hideki Shirakawa
- Economics – James Heckman and Daniel McFadden
- Literature – Gao Xingjian
- Peace – Kim Dae-jung
- Physics – Zhores Alferov, Herbert Kroemer, and Jack Kilby
- Physiology or Medicine – Arvid Carlsson, Paul Greengard, and Eric Kandel
- "CULTURE OF PEACE WEBSITE". Archived from the original on September 25, 2000.
- "Isaac Newton Maths posters in the London Underground".
- "Y2K, After the Hype". CalendarHome.com. Archived from the original on August 31, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
- TINA KELLEYPublished: December 27, 1999 (1999-12-27). "'Y2K' Stands for the Year 2000. Now That Wasn't Really Difficult, Was It? - New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
- "DOW JONES". U.S. Securities and Exchanges Commission. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
- Fifth Anniversary: Nasdaq's record all-time closing high 5,048.62. Retrieved 19 November 2007.
- "Spaceflight Now - Breaking News - Sea Launch malfunction blamed on software glitch".
- Smith, D. R.; Padilla, WJ; Vier, DC; Nemat-Nasser, SC; Schultz, S (2000). "Composite Medium with Simultaneously Negative Permeability and Permittivity" (PDF). Physical Review Letters. 84 (18): 4184–7. Bibcode:2000PhRvL..84.4184S. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.84.4184. PMID 10990641. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 18, 2010.
- McDonald, Kim (2000-03-21). "UCSD Physicists Develop a New Class of Composite Material with 'Reverse' Physical Properties Never Before Seen". UCSD Science and Engineering. Retrieved 2010-12-17.
- "Planetary Alignment of 5 May 2000". Nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
- "Lakeland Ledger - Google News Archive Search".
- "Ludington Daily News - Google News Archive Search".
- "PRESIDENT CLINTON ANNOUNCES THE COMPLETION OF THE FIRST SURVEY OF THE ENTIRE HUMAN GENOME". The White House. 2000-06-25. Retrieved 2013-06-26.
- "Apple Releases Mac OS X Public Beta". Apple.com. Apple Inc. September 13, 2000. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
- World Population Prospects Archived December 16, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 19 November 2007.
- Aymar aru
- Bahasa Banjar
- Basa Banyumasan
- Беларуская (тарашкевіца)
- Bikol Central
- Emiliàn e rumagnòl
- Fiji Hindi
- বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী
- Bahasa Indonesia
- Basa Jawa
- Kreyòl ayisyen
- Кырык мары
- La .lojban.
- Bahasa Melayu
- Baso Minangkabau
- Dorerin Naoero
- नेपाल भाषा
- Norsk nynorsk
- Олык марий
- Tok Pisin
- Reo tahiti
- Runa Simi
- Саха тыла
- Sesotho sa Leboa
- Simple English
- Српски / srpski
- Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски
- Basa Sunda
- Tiếng Việt