2001 Tour de France

2001 Tour de France
Route of the 2001 Tour de France
Route of the 2001 Tour de France
Race details
Dates 7–29 July
Stages 20 + Prologue
Distance 3,458 km (2,149 mi)
Winning time 86h 17' 28"
Results
  Winner Lance Armstrong none[a]
  Second  Jan Ullrich (GER) (Team Telekom)
  Third  Joseba Beloki (ESP) (ONCE–Eroski)

Points  Erik Zabel (GER) (Team Telekom)
Mountains  Laurent Jalabert (FRA) (CSC–Tiscali)
Youth  Óscar Sevilla (ESP) (Kelme–Costa Blanca)
Combativity  Laurent Jalabert (FRA) (CSC–Tiscali)
  Team Kelme–Costa Blanca
←  2000
2002 →

The 2001 Tour de France was a multiple-stage bicycle race held from 7 to 29 July, and the 88th edition of the Tour de France. It has no overall winner—although American cyclist Lance Armstrong originally won the event, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced in August 2012 that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his seven Tour de France wins from 1999 to 2005. The verdict was subsequently confirmed by the Union Cycliste Internationale.

The race included a 67-kilometre-long (42 mi) team time trial, two individual time trials and five consecutive mountain-top finishing stages, the second of which was the Chamrousse special-category climb time trial. Thus, all the high-mountain stages were grouped consecutively, following the climbing time trial, with one rest day in between. France was ridden 'clockwise', so the Alps were visited before the Pyrenees. The Tour started in France but also visited Belgium in its first week. The ceremonial final stage finished at the Champs-Élysées in Paris, as is tradition. Erik Zabel won his record sixth consecutive points classification victory.

Teams

The organisers felt that the 2000 Tour de France had not included enough French teams and consequently changed the selection procedure.[3] U.S. Postal Service was selected because it included the winner of the previous edition, Lance Armstrong. Team Telekom was selected because it included the winner of the 2000 UCI Road World Cup, Erik Zabel). Mapei–Quick-Step was selected because it won the team classification in the 2000 Giro d'Italia. Kelme–Costa Blanca was selected because it won the team classifications in both the 2000 Tour de France and 2000 Vuelta a España. A further twelve teams qualified based on the UCI ranking in the highest UCI division at the end of 2000, after compensating for transfers.[3] Although initially it was announced that four wildcards would be given, the tour organisation decided to add five teams:[3] In total, 21 teams participated, each with 9 cyclists, giving a total of 189 cyclists.[4]

The teams entering the race were:[4]

Qualified teams

Invited teams

Route and stages

The highest point of elevation in the race was 2,115 m (6,939 ft) at the summit of the Col du Tourmalet mountain pass on stage 14.[5][6]

Stage characteristics and winners [7] [8] [9] [10]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
P 7 July Dunkirk 8.2 km (5.1 mi) Individual time trial  Christophe Moreau (FRA)
1 8 July Saint-Omer to Boulogne-sur-Mer 194.5 km (120.9 mi) Flat stage  Erik Zabel (GER)
2 9 July Calais to Antwerp (Belgium) 220.5 km (137.0 mi) Flat stage  Marc Wauters (BEL)
3 10 July Antwerp (Belgium) to Seraing (Belgium) 198.5 km (123.3 mi) Flat stage  Erik Zabel (GER)
4 11 July Huy (Belgium) to Verdun 215.0 km (133.6 mi) Flat stage  Laurent Jalabert (FRA)
5 12 July Verdun to Bar-le-Duc 67.0 km (41.6 mi) Team time trial  Crédit Agricole
6 13 July Commercy to Strasbourg 211.5 km (131.4 mi) Flat stage  Jaan Kirsipuu (EST)
7 14 July Strasbourg to Colmar 162.5 km (101.0 mi) Medium mountain stage  Laurent Jalabert (FRA)
8 15 July Colmar to Pontarlier 222.5 km (138.3 mi) Flat stage  Erik Dekker (NED)
9 16 July Pontarlier to Aix-les-Bains 185.0 km (115.0 mi) Flat stage  Serguei Ivanov (RUS)
10 17 July Aix-les-Bains to Alpe d'Huez 209.0 km (129.9 mi) High mountain stage  Lance Armstrong (USA)[a]
11 18 July Grenoble to Chamrousse 32.0 km (19.9 mi) Individual time trial  Lance Armstrong (USA)[a]
19 July Perpignan Rest day
12 20 July Perpignan to Plateau de Bonascre 166.5 km (103.5 mi) High mountain stage  Félix Cárdenas (COL)
13 21 July Foix to Saint-Lary-Soulan Pla d'Adet 194.0 km (120.5 mi) High mountain stage  Lance Armstrong (USA)[a]
14 22 July Tarbes to Luz Ardiden 141.5 km (87.9 mi) High mountain stage  Roberto Laiseka (ESP)
23 July Pau Rest day
15 24 July Pau to Lavaur 232.5 km (144.5 mi) Flat stage  Rik Verbrugghe (BEL)
16 25 July Castelsarrasin to Sarran 229.5 km (142.6 mi) Flat stage  Jens Voigt (GER)
17 26 July Brive-la-Gaillarde to Montluçon 194.0 km (120.5 mi) Flat stage  Serge Baguet (BEL)
18 27 July Montluçon to Saint-Amand-Montrond 61.0 km (37.9 mi) Individual time trial  Lance Armstrong (USA)[a]
19 28 July Orléans to Évry 149.5 km (92.9 mi) Flat stage  Erik Zabel (GER)
20 29 July Corbeil-Essonnes to Paris (Champs-Élysées) 160.5 km (99.7 mi) Flat stage  Ján Svorada (CZE)
Total 3,458 km (2,149 mi)[11]

Race overview

Doping

After Armstrong abandoned his fight against the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA), he was stripped of his record seven Tour de France titles.[12][13] The Union Cycliste Internationale endorsed the USADA sanctions and decided not to award victories to any other rider or upgrade other placings in any of the affected events. The 2001 Tour therefore has no official winner.[2]

Classification leadership and minor prizes

Lance Armstrong riding to his now-negated victory at Alpe d'Huez

There were several classifications in the 2001 Tour de France.[14] The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times in each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[15]

Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a green jersey. In this classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification and was identified with a green jersey.[16]

There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorised some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists to reach the top of these climbs, with more points available for the higher-categorised climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification and wore a white jersey with red polka dots.[17]

The fourth individual classification was the young rider classification, which was marked by the white jersey. This was decided in the same way as the general classification, but only riders under 26 years of age were eligible.[18]

For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time.[19]

In addition, there was a combativity award given after each mass-start stage to the cyclist considered most combative, who wore a red number bib the next stage. The decision was made by a jury composed of journalists who gave points. The cyclist with the most points from votes in all stages led the combativity classification.[20] Laurent Jalabert won this classification, and was given overall the super-combativity award.[21]

There were also two special awards each with a prize of F 20,000,[22] the Souvenir Henri Desgrange, given in honour of Tour founder and first race director Henri Desgrange to the first rider to pass the summit of the Col de la Madeleine on stage 10, and the Souvenir Jacques Goddet, given for the first time in honour of the second director Jacques Goddet to the first rider to pass the summit of the Col du Tourmalet on stage 14. Laurent Roux won the Henri Desgrange and Sven Montgomery won the Jacques Goddet.[23][24]

Final standings

Legend
Green jersey Denotes the leader of the points classification[27] Polka dot jersey Denotes the leader of the mountains classification[27]
White jersey Denotes the leader of the young rider classification[27] A white jersey with a red number bib. Denotes the winner of the super-combativity award[27]

General classification

Final general classification (1–10) [28]
Rank Rider Team Time
DSQ  Lance Armstrong (USA)[a] U.S. Postal Service 86h 17' 28"
2  Jan Ullrich (GER) Team Telekom + 6' 44"
3  Joseba Beloki (ESP) ONCE–Eroski + 9' 05"
4  Andrei Kivilev (KAZ) Cofidis + 9' 53"
5  Igor González (ESP) ONCE–Eroski + 13' 28"
6  François Simon (FRA) Bonjour + 17' 22"
7  Óscar Sevilla (ESP) White jersey Kelme–Costa Blanca + 18' 30"
8  Santiago Botero (COL) Kelme–Costa Blanca + 20' 55"
9  Marcos Antonio Serrano (ESP) ONCE–Eroski + 21' 45"
10  Michael Boogerd (NED) Rabobank + 22' 38"

Combativity classification

Final combativity classification (1–10) [21]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Laurent Jalabert (FRA) Polka dot jersey A white jersey with a red number bib. CSC–Tiscali 94
2  Laurent Roux (FRA) Jean Delatour 55
3  Jens Voigt (GER) Crédit Agricole 45
4  Rik Verbrugghe (BEL) Lotto–Adecco 44
5  Paolo Bettini (ITA) Mapei–Quick-Step 36
6  Jacky Durand (FRA) Française des Jeux 36
7  Bradley McGee (AUS) Française des Jeux 32
8  David Etxebarria (ESP) Euskaltel–Euskadi 30
9  Laurent Brochard (FRA) Jean Delatour 28
10  Nicolas Jalabert (FRA) CSC–Tiscali 23

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