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2001 Tour de France
Route of the 2001 Tour de France
|Stages||20 + Prologue|
|Distance||3,458 km (2,149 mi)|
|Winning time||86h 17' 28"|
The 2001 Tour de France was a multiple-stage bicycle race held from 7 to 29 July, and the 88th edition of the Tour de France. It has no overall winner—although American cyclist Lance Armstrong originally won the event, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced in August 2012 that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his seven Tour de France wins from 1999 to 2005. The verdict was subsequently confirmed by the Union Cycliste Internationale.
The race included a 67-kilometre-long (42 mi) team time trial, two individual time trials and five consecutive mountain-top finishing stages, the second of which was the Chamrousse special-category climb time trial. Thus, all the high-mountain stages were grouped consecutively, following the climbing time trial, with one rest day in between. France was ridden 'clockwise', so the Alps were visited before the Pyrenees. The Tour started in France but also visited Belgium in its first week. The ceremonial final stage finished at the Champs-Élysées in Paris, as is tradition. Erik Zabel won his record sixth consecutive points classification victory.
The organisers felt that the 2000 Tour de France had not included enough French teams and consequently changed the selection procedure. U.S. Postal Service was selected because it included the winner of the previous edition, Lance Armstrong. Team Telekom was selected because it included the winner of the 2000 UCI Road World Cup, Erik Zabel). Mapei–Quick-Step was selected because it won the team classification in the 2000 Giro d'Italia. Kelme–Costa Blanca was selected because it won the team classifications in both the 2000 Tour de France and 2000 Vuelta a España. A further twelve teams qualified based on the UCI ranking in the highest UCI division at the end of 2000, after compensating for transfers. Although initially it was announced that four wildcards would be given, the tour organisation decided to add five teams: In total, 21 teams participated, each with 9 cyclists, giving a total of 189 cyclists.
The teams entering the race were:
Route and stages
|P||7 July||Dunkirk||8.2 km (5.1 mi)||Individual time trial||Christophe Moreau (FRA)|
|1||8 July||Saint-Omer to Boulogne-sur-Mer||194.5 km (120.9 mi)||Flat stage||Erik Zabel (GER)|
|2||9 July||Calais to Antwerp (Belgium)||220.5 km (137.0 mi)||Flat stage||Marc Wauters (BEL)|
|3||10 July||Antwerp (Belgium) to Seraing (Belgium)||198.5 km (123.3 mi)||Flat stage||Erik Zabel (GER)|
|4||11 July||Huy (Belgium) to Verdun||215.0 km (133.6 mi)||Flat stage||Laurent Jalabert (FRA)|
|5||12 July||Verdun to Bar-le-Duc||67.0 km (41.6 mi)||Team time trial||Crédit Agricole|
|6||13 July||Commercy to Strasbourg||211.5 km (131.4 mi)||Flat stage||Jaan Kirsipuu (EST)|
|7||14 July||Strasbourg to Colmar||162.5 km (101.0 mi)||Medium mountain stage||Laurent Jalabert (FRA)|
|8||15 July||Colmar to Pontarlier||222.5 km (138.3 mi)||Flat stage||Erik Dekker (NED)|
|9||16 July||Pontarlier to Aix-les-Bains||185.0 km (115.0 mi)||Flat stage||Serguei Ivanov (RUS)|
|10||17 July||Aix-les-Bains to Alpe d'Huez||209.0 km (129.9 mi)||High mountain stage|
|11||18 July||Grenoble to Chamrousse||32.0 km (19.9 mi)||Individual time trial|
|19 July||Perpignan||Rest day|
|12||20 July||Perpignan to Plateau de Bonascre||166.5 km (103.5 mi)||High mountain stage||Félix Cárdenas (COL)|
|13||21 July||Foix to Saint-Lary-Soulan Pla d'Adet||194.0 km (120.5 mi)||High mountain stage|
|14||22 July||Tarbes to Luz Ardiden||141.5 km (87.9 mi)||High mountain stage||Roberto Laiseka (ESP)|
|23 July||Pau||Rest day|
|15||24 July||Pau to Lavaur||232.5 km (144.5 mi)||Flat stage||Rik Verbrugghe (BEL)|
|16||25 July||Castelsarrasin to Sarran||229.5 km (142.6 mi)||Flat stage||Jens Voigt (GER)|
|17||26 July||Brive-la-Gaillarde to Montluçon||194.0 km (120.5 mi)||Flat stage||Serge Baguet (BEL)|
|18||27 July||Montluçon to Saint-Amand-Montrond||61.0 km (37.9 mi)||Individual time trial|
|19||28 July||Orléans to Évry||149.5 km (92.9 mi)||Flat stage||Erik Zabel (GER)|
|20||29 July||Corbeil-Essonnes to Paris (Champs-Élysées)||160.5 km (99.7 mi)||Flat stage||Ján Svorada (CZE)|
|Total||3,458 km (2,149 mi)|
After Armstrong abandoned his fight against the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA), he was stripped of his record seven Tour de France titles. The Union Cycliste Internationale endorsed the USADA sanctions and decided not to award victories to any other rider or upgrade other placings in any of the affected events. The 2001 Tour therefore has no official winner.
Classification leadership and minor prizes
There were several classifications in the 2001 Tour de France. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times in each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.
Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a green jersey. In this classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification and was identified with a green jersey.
There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorised some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists to reach the top of these climbs, with more points available for the higher-categorised climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification and wore a white jersey with red polka dots.
The fourth individual classification was the young rider classification, which was marked by the white jersey. This was decided in the same way as the general classification, but only riders under 26 years of age were eligible.
In addition, there was a combativity award given after each mass-start stage to the cyclist considered most combative, who wore a red number bib the next stage. The decision was made by a jury composed of journalists who gave points. The cyclist with the most points from votes in all stages led the combativity classification. Laurent Jalabert won this classification, and was given overall the super-combativity award.
There were also two special awards each with a prize of F 20,000, the Souvenir Henri Desgrange, given in honour of Tour founder and first race director Henri Desgrange to the first rider to pass the summit of the Col de la Madeleine on stage 10, and the Souvenir Jacques Goddet, given for the first time in honour of the second director Jacques Goddet to the first rider to pass the summit of the Col du Tourmalet on stage 14. Laurent Roux won the Henri Desgrange and Sven Montgomery won the Jacques Goddet.
- In stage 1, Igor González de Galdeano wore the green jersey.
- In stages 8 and 9, Erik Zabel wore the green jersey.
|Denotes the leader of the points classification||Denotes the leader of the mountains classification|
|Denotes the leader of the young rider classification||Denotes the winner of the super-combativity award|
|2||Jan Ullrich (GER)||Team Telekom||+ 6' 44"|
|3||Joseba Beloki (ESP)||ONCE–Eroski||+ 9' 05"|
|4||Andrei Kivilev (KAZ)||Cofidis||+ 9' 53"|
|5||Igor González (ESP)||ONCE–Eroski||+ 13' 28"|
|6||François Simon (FRA)||Bonjour||+ 17' 22"|
|7||Óscar Sevilla (ESP)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||+ 18' 30"|
|8||Santiago Botero (COL)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||+ 20' 55"|
|9||Marcos Antonio Serrano (ESP)||ONCE–Eroski||+ 21' 45"|
|10||Michael Boogerd (NED)||Rabobank||+ 22' 38"|
|1||Laurent Jalabert (FRA)||CSC–Tiscali||94|
|2||Laurent Roux (FRA)||Jean Delatour||55|
|3||Jens Voigt (GER)||Crédit Agricole||45|
|4||Rik Verbrugghe (BEL)||Lotto–Adecco||44|
|5||Paolo Bettini (ITA)||Mapei–Quick-Step||36|
|6||Jacky Durand (FRA)||Française des Jeux||36|
|7||Bradley McGee (AUS)||Française des Jeux||32|
|8||David Etxebarria (ESP)||Euskaltel–Euskadi||30|
|9||Laurent Brochard (FRA)||Jean Delatour||28|
|10||Nicolas Jalabert (FRA)||CSC–Tiscali||23|
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