2015 in the European Union
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Events in the year 2015 in the European Union.
2015 was designated as:
- European Year for Development
- President of the European Council – Donald Tusk
- Commission President – Jean-Claude Juncker
- Council Presidency – Latvia (Jan – Jun 2015), Luxembourg (July – Dec 2015)
- Parliament President – Martin Schulz
- High Representative – Federica Mogherini
- 1 January
- Lithuania officially adopts the euro as its currency, replacing the litas, and becomes the 19th Eurozone country.
- Latvia takes over the six-month rotating presidency of the council of the EU.
- The European Commission launches the European Year of Development, focused on raising awareness of development across Europe.
- Mons, and Plzeň are the European Capitals of Culture 2015.
- 7 January – A terrorist attack on the satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo in Paris leads to demonstrations, all over Europe in support of freedom of expression, as well as new initiatives at European level to fight terrorism.
- 13 February – EU leaders meet at an informal European Council in Brussels to discuss three challenges facing Europe: restoring peace in Ukraine, fighting terrorism and improving the European Monetary Union, particularly in the light of the change of government in Greece, whose new Prime Minister, Alexis Tsipras, asks for a review of its situation.
- 25 February – The European Commission sets out its strategy to achieve a resilient Energy Union with forward-looking climate change policy.
- 18 March – The European Commission presents a package of tax transparency measures as part of its agenda to tackle corporate tax avoidance and harmful competition in the EU.
- 19 March – Meeting in the European Council, EU leaders agree to create an Energy Union. They underline their commitment to providing affordable, secure and sustainable energy within the EU.
- 23 April – At a special meeting of the European Council in Brussels, EU leaders agree on four priority areas for action in response to the 1,800 lives lost in the Mediterranean where migrants attempt the perilous journey to Europe in boats. These include measures to fight traffickers, a new return programme for irregular migrants, more protection for refugees from conflict areas, and tripled resources for the EU's search and rescue operations in the Central Mediterranean.
- 6 May – The European Commission unveils detailed plans to create a Digital Single Market, laying the groundwork for Europe's digital future.
- 7 May – The Conservative party wins a majority in the United Kingdom general election. The party confirms that an "in-out" referendum on membership of the European Union will be held before the end of 2017.
- 13 May – As part of the "European Semester", the Commission adopts recommendations for each of the 28 EU countries, offering guidance on 2015-2016 national budgets and economic policies.
- 21–22 May – At a summit in Riga, EU leaders meet with the representatives of the six countries of the Eastern Partnership (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine). They set out an agenda for the future, including the need to establish strengthened and more transparent institutions, free from corruption.
- 7–8 June – Germany hosts the 41st G7 summit in Schloss Elmau, Bavaria. Discussions focus on global economy and climate change as well as on key foreign security and development issues.
- 22 June – Five EU Presidents reveal ambitious plans on how to deepen the Economic and Monetary Union between 2015 and 2025. The report is prepared by European Commission President (Jean-Claude Juncker), together with the President of the Euro summit (Donald Tusk), the president of the Eurogroup (Jeroen Dijsselbloem), the President of the European Central Bank (Mario Draghi), and the President of the European Parliament (Martin Schulz).
- 30 June – The European Parliament and the Council reach an agreement to end all mobile phone roaming fees within the EU by 2017.
- 19 August – EU finance ministers formally approve the first tranche of a new €86 billion bailout for Greece after parliaments in member states back the move.
European Capitals of Culture
- Petroff, Alanna (1 January 2015). "Eurozone's newest member: Lithuania". CNN.
- "Charlie Hebdo attack: What we know so far", BBC News, 8 January 2015.
- Conal Urquhart. "Paris Police Say 12 Dead After Shooting at Charlie Hebdo". Time.
Witnesses said that the gunmen had called out the names of individual from the magazine. French media report that Charb, the Charlie Hebdo cartoonist who was on al-Qaeda's most wanted list in 2013, was seriously injured.
- David Goldman; Jose Pagliery (9 January 2015). "#JeSuisCharlie becomes one of most popular hashtags in Twitter's history". CNNMoney. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
- "Paris Terror Suspects Killed in Twin French Police Raids". Bloomberg. 9 January 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
- "European Leader Seek Tighter Cooperation on Energy". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 Feb 2015.
- "EU to triple funding for 'Operation Triton' to tackle Mediterranean migrant crisis". IBT. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- "Live UK election results". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Election 2015 results". BBC. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- Wintour, Patrick (7 June 2015). "G7 summit: Greek bailout, Ukraine and climate top agenda for Bavaria meeting". The Guardian.
- "Fife Presidents' Report sets out plan for strengthening Europe's Economic and Monetary Union as of 1 July 2015". European Commission. 22 July 2015.
- Christie, Rebecca (19 August 2015). "Euro Area Agrees on 86 Billion-Euro Bailout Deal for Greece". Bloomberg.
- "Financial assistance to Greece". European Commission. 19 August 2015.
- Mons 2015
- Plzeň 2015