2022 United States Senate elections

2022 United States Senate elections

← 2020 November 8, 2022 2024 β†’

34 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate
51 seats needed for a majority
  Chuck Schumer official photo (cropped).jpg Mitch McConnell 2016 official photo (cropped).jpg
Leader Chuck Schumer Mitch McConnell
Party Democratic Republican
Leader since January 3, 2017 January 3, 2007
Leader's seat New York Kentucky
Last election 48[a][b] 50
Seats needed Steady Increase 1
Seats up 14 20

 
Party Independent
Current seats 2[b]
Seats up 0

2022 United States Senate election in Alabama2022 United States Senate election in Alaska2022 United States Senate election in Arizona2022 United States Senate election in Arkansas2022 United States Senate election in California2022 United States Senate election in Colorado2022 United States Senate election in Connecticut2022 United States Senate election in Florida2022 United States Senate election in Georgia2022 United States Senate election in Hawaii2022 United States Senate election in Idaho2022 United States Senate election in Illinois2022 United States Senate election in Indiana2022 United States Senate election in Iowa2022 United States Senate election in Kansas2022 United States Senate election in Kentucky2022 United States Senate election in Louisiana2022 United States Senate election in Maryland2022 United States Senate election in Missouri2022 United States Senate election in Nevada2022 United States Senate election in New Hampshire2022 United States Senate election in New York2022 United States Senate election in North Carolina2022 United States Senate election in North Dakota2022 United States Senate election in Ohio2022 United States Senate election in Oklahoma2022 United States Senate election in Oregon2022 United States Senate election in Pennsylvania2022 United States Senate election in South Carolina2022 United States Senate election in South Dakota2022 United States Senate election in Utah2022 United States Senate election in Vermont2022 United States Senate election in Washington2022 United States Senate election in Wisconsin 2022 US Senate map.svg
About this image
Map of the incumbents:
     Democratic incumbent
     Republican incumbent      Republican retiring
     No election

Incumbent Majority Leader

Chuck Schumer
Democratic



The 2022 United States Senate elections will be held on November 8, 2022, with 34 of the 100 seats in the Senate being contested in regular elections, the winners of which will serve six-year terms in the United States Congress from January 3, 2023, to January 3, 2029 (although through special elections, some senators may serve less). Senators are divided into three groups, or classes, whose terms are staggered so that a different class is elected every two years. Class 3 senators were last elected in 2016, and will be up for election again in 2022.

All 34 Class 3 Senate seats are up for election in 2022; Class 3 currently consists of 14 Democrats and 20 Republicans. If a vacancy occurs, the corresponding state might require a special election to take place during the 117th Congress, possibly concurrently with the other 2022 Senate elections.

Partisan composition

Parties Total
Democratic Republican Independent Unknown
Last election (2020) 48 50 2 0 100
Before these elections 48 50 2 0 100
Not up 34 30 2 0 66
Class 1 (2018β†’2024) 21 10 2 0 33
Class 2 (2020β†’2026) 13 20 0 0 33
Up 14 20 0 0 34
Class 3 (2016β†’2022) 14 20 0 0 34
Special: Class 1 & 2 0 0 0 0 0
General election
Incumbent retiring TBD TBD β€” 0 TBD
Incumbent running TBD TBD β€” 0 TBD

Change in composition

Each block represents one of the one hundred seats in the U.S. Senate. "D#" is a Democratic senator, "I#" is an Independent senator, and "R#" is a Republican senator. They are arranged so the parties are separated and a majority is clear by crossing the middle.

Before the elections

Each block indicates an incumbent senator's actions going into the election.

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
D40
Hawaii
Undeclared
D39
Ga.
Undeclared
D38
Conn.
Running
D37
Colo.
Running
D36
Calif.
Running
D35
Ariz.
Running
D34 D33 D32 D31
D41
Ill.
Running
D42
Md.
Running
D43
Nev.
Undeclared
D44
N.H.
Running
D45
N.Y.
Undeclared
D46
Ore.
Running
D47
Vt.
Undeclared
D48
Wash.
Undeclared
I1 I2
Majority (with Independents and Vice President) ↑
R41
Mo.
Running
R42
N.C.
Retiring
R43
N.D.
Undeclared
R44
Ohio
Undeclared
R45
Okla.
Undeclared
R46
Pa.
Retiring
R47
S.C.
Undeclared
R48
S.D.
Undeclared
R49
Utah
Undeclared
R50
Wisc.
Undeclared
R40
La.
Undeclared
R39
Ky.
Undeclared
R38
Kans.
Running
R37
Iowa
Undeclared
R36
Ind.
Running
R35
Idaho
Undeclared
R34
Fla.
Running
R33
Ark.
Running
R32
Alaska
Running
R31
Ala.
Undeclared
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

After the elections

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10
D20 D19 D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11
D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28 D29 D30
Ark.
TBD
Ariz.
TBD
Alaska
TBD
Ala.
TBD
I2 I1 D34 D33 D32 D31
Calif.
TBD
Colo.
TBD
Conn.
TBD
Fla.
TBD
Ga.
TBD
Hawaii
TBD
Idaho
TBD
Ill.
TBD
Ind.
TBD
Iowa
TBD
Majority TBD β†’
Kans.
TBD
N.D.
TBD
N.C.
TBD
N.Y.
TBD
N.H.
TBD
Nev.
TBD
Mo.
TBD
Md.
TBD
La.
TBD
Ky.
TBD
Ohio
TBD
Okla.
TBD
Ore.
TBD
Pa.
TBD
S.C.
TBD
S.D.
TBD
Utah
TBD
Vt.
TBD
Wash.
TBD
Wisc.
TBD
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10
Key:
D# Democratic
R# Republican
I# Independent, caucusing with Democrats

Predictions

Several sites and individuals published predictions of competitive seats. These predictions looked at factors such as the strength of the incumbent (if the incumbent was running for reelection) and the other candidates, and the state's partisan lean (reflected in part by the state's Cook Partisan Voting Index rating). The predictions assigned ratings to each seat, indicating the predicted advantage that a party had in winning that seat. Most election predictors used:

  • "tossup": no advantage
  • "tilt" (used by some predictors): advantage that is not quite as strong as "lean"
  • "lean": slight advantage
  • "likely": significant, but surmountable, advantage
  • "safe" or "solid": near-certain chance of victory
Constituency Incumbent 2022 election ratings
State PVI[1] Senator Last
election[c]
Cook
January 14,
2021
[2]
270
January 17,
2021
[3]
Alabama R+14 Richard Shelby 64.0% R Safe R Safe R
Alaska R+9 Lisa Murkowski 44.4% R Safe R Safe R
Arizona R+5 Mark Kelly 51.2% D
(2020 special)[d]
Lean D Lean D
Arkansas R+15 John Boozman 59.8% R Safe R Safe R
California D+12 Alex Padilla Appointed
(2021)[e]
Safe D Safe D
Colorado D+1 Michael Bennet 50.0% D Safe D Likely D
Connecticut D+6 Richard Blumenthal 63.2% D Safe D Safe D
Florida R+2 Marco Rubio 52.0% R Likely R Likely R
Georgia R+5 Raphael Warnock 51.0% D
(2020 special)[f]
Lean D Tossup
Hawaii D+18 Brian Schatz 73.6% D Safe D Safe D
Idaho R+19 Mike Crapo 66.1% R Safe R Safe R
Illinois D+7 Tammy Duckworth 54.9% R Safe D Safe D
Indiana R+9 Todd Young 52.1% R Safe R Safe R
Iowa R+3 Chuck Grassley 60.1% R Safe R Safe R
Kansas R+13 Jerry Moran 62.2% R Safe R Safe R
Kentucky R+15 Rand Paul 57.3% R Safe R Safe R
Louisiana R+11 John Kennedy 60.7% R Safe R Safe R
Maryland D+12 Chris Van Hollen 60.9% D Safe D Safe D
Missouri R+9 Roy Blunt 49.2% R Safe R Safe R
Nevada D+1 Catherine Cortez Masto 47.1% D Likely D Lean D
New Hampshire D+1 Maggie Hassan 48.0% D Likely D Lean D
New York D+11 Chuck Schumer 70.6% D Safe D Safe D
North Carolina R+3 Richard Burr
(retiring)
51.1% R Tossup Tossup
North Dakota R+16 John Hoeven 78.5% R Safe R Safe R
Ohio R+3 Rob Portman 58.0% R Safe R Likely R
Oklahoma R+20 James Lankford 67.7% R Safe R Safe R
Oregon D+5 Ron Wyden 56.6% D Safe D Safe D
Pennsylvania EVEN Pat Toomey
(retiring)
48.8% R Tossup Tossup
South Carolina R+8 Tim Scott 60.6% R Safe R Safe R
South Dakota R+14 John Thune 71.8% R Safe R Safe R
Utah R+20 Mike Lee 68.2% R Safe R Safe R
Vermont D+15 Patrick Leahy 60.0% D Safe D Safe D
Washington D+7 Patty Murray 59.0% D Safe D Safe D
Wisconsin EVEN Ron Johnson 50.2% R Lean R Lean R
Overall[g] D - 50
R - 48
2 tossups
D - 49
R - 48
3 tossups

Potentially competitive races

Potentially competitive Republican-held seats up for election in 2022 include Florida, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin. However, the GOP is expected to have a significant edge in Florida and Ohio due to rightward shifts in those states combined with strong incumbent senators. Iowa could also become competitive if incumbent United States Senator Chuck Grassley decides to retire (he would be 89 if he decided to run). Potentially competitive Democratic-held seats up for election in 2022 include Arizona, Colorado, Georgia, Nevada, and New Hampshire.[4][5] Although, the Democrats have an advantage in Colorado & New Hampshire (assuming their popular incumbent governor doesn't run) similar to the Republican advantages in Florida and Ohio; 2020 Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden overperformed on the 2016 Democratic margin by respectively 8,6% in Colorado & 6,98% in New Hampshire.

Race summary

State
(linked to
summaries below)
Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama Richard Shelby Republican 1986
1992
1998
2004
2010
2016
Incumbent's intent unknown.
Announcement expected in January 2021.[6]
  • TBD
Alaska Lisa Murkowski Republican 2002 (Appointed)
2004
2010
2016
Incumbent running.
  • TBD
Arizona Mark Kelly Democratic 2020 (Special) Incumbent running.
  • TBD
Arkansas John Boozman Republican 2010
2016
Incumbent running.
California Alex Padilla Democratic 2021 (Appointed) Incumbent running.
Colorado Michael Bennet Democratic 2009 (Appointed)
2010
2016
Incumbent running.
Connecticut Richard Blumenthal Democratic 2010
2016
Incumbent running.
Florida Marco Rubio Republican 2010
2016
Incumbent running.
Georgia Raphael Warnock Democratic 2020 (Special) Incumbent's intent unknown.
  • TBD
Hawaii Brian Schatz Democratic 2012 (Appointed)
2014 (Special)
2016
Incumbent running.
  • TBD
Idaho Mike Crapo Republican 1998
2004
2010
2016
Incumbent's intent unknown.
  • TBD
Illinois Tammy Duckworth Democratic 2016 Incumbent running.
  • TBD
Indiana Todd Young Republican 2016 Incumbent running.
  • TBD
Iowa Chuck Grassley Republican 1980
1986
1992
1998
2004
2010
2016
Incumbent's intent unknown.
  • TBD
Kansas Jerry Moran Republican 2010
2016
Incumbent running
Kentucky Rand Paul Republican 2010
2016
Incumbent's intent unknown.[16]
  • TBD
Louisiana John Kennedy Republican 2016 Incumbent's intent unknown.
  • TBD
Maryland Chris Van Hollen Democratic 2016 Incumbent running.
  • Michelle Laurence Smith (Democratic)[17]
Missouri Roy Blunt Republican 2010
2016
Incumbent running.
Nevada Catherine Cortez Masto Democratic 2016 Incumbent running.
  • TBD
New Hampshire Maggie Hassan Democratic 2016 Incumbent running.
New York Chuck Schumer Democratic 1998
2004
2010
2016
Incumbent's intent unknown.
  • Khaled Salem (Democratic)[21]
North Carolina Richard Burr Republican 2004
2010
2016
Incumbent retiring.[22]
North Dakota John Hoeven Republican 2010
2016
Incumbent's intent unknown.
  • TBD
Ohio Rob Portman Republican 2010
2016
Incumbent's intent unknown.
  • Mark Pukita (Republican)[24]
Oklahoma James Lankford Republican 2014 (Special)
2016
Incumbent's intent unknown.
  • TBD
Oregon Ron Wyden Democratic 1996 (Special)
1998
2004
2010
2016
Incumbent running.
Pennsylvania Pat Toomey Republican 2010
2016
Incumbent retiring.[27]
  • Brandaun Dean (Democratic)[28]
South Carolina Tim Scott Republican 2013 (Appointed)
2014 (Special)
2016
Incumbent's intent unknown.[29]
South Dakota John Thune Republican 2004
2010
2016
Incumbent running.
  • TBD
Utah Mike Lee Republican 2010
2016
Incumbent's intent unknown.
  • TBD
Vermont Patrick Leahy Democratic 1974
1980
1986
1992
1998
2004
2010
2016
Incumbent's intent unknown.
  • TBD
Washington Patty Murray Democratic 1992
1998
2004
2010
2016
Incumbent's intent unknown.
  • TBD
Wisconsin Ron Johnson Republican 2010
2016
Incumbent's intent unknown.[30]

Alabama

Six-term Republican Richard Shelby was easily re-elected in 2016. He is expected to announce his candidacy in January 2021.[32]

Alaska

Three-term Republican Lisa Murkowski was re-elected in 2016. Former governor and vice presidential nominee Sarah Palin is considering a primary challenge to Murkowski.[33] Alaska adopted a top-four jungle primary system in 2020, with the ultimate winner being decided via ranked-choice voting.

Arizona

Incumbent Democrat Mark Kelly was elected in a 2020 special election.

Six-term senator and 2008 Republican presidential nominee John McCain was re-elected to this seat in 2016. However, he died on August 25, 2018, and former U.S. Senator Jon Kyl was appointed to replace him. Kyl resigned at the end of 2018 and was succeeded by outgoing U.S. Representative Martha McSally, who lost the 2020 special election to complete the term.

Arkansas

Two-term Republican John Boozman was re-elected in 2016. Boozman has not publicly announced plans to run for a third term, but has filed a formal Statement of Candidacy with the Federal Election Commission.[34] Dan Whitfield, who attempted to run as an independent for Arkansas's other U.S. Senate seat in 2020 but failed to meet the ballot access requirements,[35] is running as a Democrat.[36]

California

One-term Democrat Kamala Harris was elected in 2016. As she is the Vice President-elect of the United States, she will need to resign her Senate seat before assuming the vice presidency on January 20, 2021. On December 22, 2020, Governor Gavin Newsom announced his intention to appoint outgoing California Secretary of State Alex Padilla to fill Harris's remaining term. Padilla announced his intention to run for a full term in 2022.[37]

Colorado

Democrat Michael Bennet was first elected in 2010. In his most recent election in 2016, he was re-elected with 49.97% over Republican Darryl Glenn.[38]

Connecticut

Democrat Richard Blumenthal was first elected to this seat in 2010 with 55.2% over Republican Linda McMahon. He was then re-elected in 2016 with 63.2% over Republican Dan Carter.[39] Republican Robert F. Hyde is running.[40][41]

Florida

Two-term Republican Marco Rubio was re-elected in 2016. He announced on November 9, 2020, via Facebook, that he would be running for re-election.[14]

Possible Democratic candidates include U.S. Representative Val Demings,[42][43][44] State Representative Anna Eskamani,[43][45] Florida Commissioner of Agriculture Nikki Fried,[46] former U.S. Representative Gwen Graham,[46] U.S. Representative Stephanie Murphy,[43] and State Senator Jason Pizzo.[43]

Former U.S. Representative David Jolly, who was previously a Republican but is now independent, is considering running.[47]

Georgia

Democratic Senator-elect Raphael Warnock won the 2020–2021 special election against incumbent Republican Kelly Loeffler, serving the unexpired term of Johnny Isakson, who resigned at the end of 2019. Loeffer was appointed by Governor Brian Kemp following Isakson's resignation. Warnock's term will expire in 2023.

Prior to Isakson's retirement and the Democratic Party's victory in the subsequent special election to replace him, former Atlanta Mayor Kasim Reed was seen as a potential candidate to challenge him in 2022.[48]

Hawaii

One-term Democrat Brian Schatz was appointed to the Senate in 2012 following the death of incumbent Daniel Inouye. He won a special election to finish Inouye's term in 2014 and won his first full term in 2016.

Idaho

Four-term Republican Mike Crapo was re-elected in 2016.

Illinois

One-term Democrat Tammy Duckworth was elected in 2016.

Indiana

One-term Republican Todd Young was elected in 2016.

Iowa

Seven-term Republican Chuck Grassley was re-elected in 2016. When asked by the Iowa Capital Dispatch in February 2020 if he would be running for re-election and said:

You'll have to ask me a year and a half from now. Now if you'd asked me that six years ago, I'd have said I'm running for re-election. But now that I'm 86, I better make sure I can see myself to be 95 years old… Now the one thing I want to make sure of is, that I don't become a Senator Byrd, where, the last two years on office, I have to have a nurse with me. Or when [Strom] Thurmond left office at 100 years and three months, but the last couple of years, he needed a lot of help.

He also said that he would decide whether to run again "eight months to a year before the 2022 election".[49]

Potential Democratic candidates include U.S. Representative Cindy Axne, former U.S Representative Abby Finkenauer, retired Admiral Michael T. Franken and former aide to U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy, attorney Kimberly Graham, 2020 U.S. Senate nominee Theresa Greenfield, businessman and teacher Eddie Mauro, Iowa State Auditor Rob Sand and veteran Cal Woods.[50]

Kansas

Two-term Republican Jerry Moran was re-elected in 2016. He has announced that he will be seeking re-election.[15]

Kentucky

Two-term Republican Rand Paul was re-elected in 2016.

Louisiana

One-term Republican John Kennedy was elected in 2016.

Maryland

One-term Democrat Chris Van Hollen was elected in 2016.

Missouri

Two-term Republican Roy Blunt was re-elected in 2016. He is seeking re-election.[18]

Former Governor of Missouri Eric Greitens may run in the Republican primary.[51]

Nevada

One-term Democrat Catherine Cortez Masto was elected in 2016.

New Hampshire

One-term Democrat Maggie Hassan was elected in 2016. She is running for reelection.[20]

Retired U.S. Army general Don Bolduc has declared his candidacy as a Republican, having previously run in the 2020 Republican primary in New Hampshire.[52][53]

Former Senator Kelly Ayotte[54] and Governor Chris Sununu[55] have also been speculated to be potential Republican candidates.

New York

Four-term Democrat Chuck Schumer was re-elected in 2016. Sam Seder, the host of The Majority Report with Sam Seder, has expressed interest in challenging Schumer for the Democratic nomination. Human rights activist Khaled Salem is challenging Schumer in the primary.[21]

Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Democratic Congresswoman for New York's 14th congressional district, who successfully defeated long time incumbent Democrat Joe Crowley in an upset 2018 primary campaign, has been floated as a possible primary challenger to Schumer.[56]

North Carolina

Three-term Republican Richard Burr was re-elected in 2016. Burr has pledged to retire in 2022.[57]

Former U.S. Representative Mark Walker is running in the Republican primary.[58] Potential Republican candidates include U.S. Representative Ted Budd,[59] former Lieutenant Governor Dan Forest,[60] former U.S. Representative George Holding,[61] former Governor Pat McCrory,[62] North Carolina House Speaker Tim Moore,[60] and Lara Trump, daughter-in-law of President Donald Trump.[60][63]

Former state senator and 2020 U.S. Senate candidate Erica D. Smith is running in the Democratic primary.[64] Potential Democratic candidates include Governor Roy Cooper,[65] North Carolina Supreme Court Associate Justice Anita Earls,[66] state senator Jeff Jackson,[66] state representative Grier Martin,[67] U.S. Representative Deborah K. Ross,[67] and Attorney General Josh Stein.[67]

North Dakota

Two-term Republican John Hoeven was re-elected in 2016.

Ohio

Two-term Republican Rob Portman was re-elected in 2016. Portman has begun fundraising, but has not declared his candidacy.[68] IT executive Mark Pukita is running in the Republican primary with the intention of unseating Portman.[24]

Potential Democratic candidates include Cincinnati Mayor John Cranley,[69] Columbus City Attorney Zach Klein,[70] U.S. Representative and 2020 presidential candidate Tim Ryan,[71][69] Franklin County Treasurer Cheryl Brooks Sullivan, Ohio House Minority Leader Emilia Sykes,[72] and Dayton Mayor Nan Whaley.[69]

Oklahoma

One-term Republican senator James Lankford won the 2014 special election to serve the remainder of former senator Tom Coburn's term, and Lankford won election to his first full term in 2016.

Oregon

Four-term Democrat Ron Wyden was re-elected in 2016. He is seeking re-election.[26]

Pennsylvania

Two-term Republican Pat Toomey was re-elected in 2016. On October 5, 2020, Toomey announced that he will retire at the end of his term.[73]

Potential Democratic candidates include Montgomery County Commissioner Valerie Arkoosh,[73] U.S. Representative Brendan Boyle,[73] Lieutenant Governor John Fetterman,[74] U.S. Representative Chrissy Houlahan,[73] State Representative Malcolm Kenyatta,[73] U.S. Representative Conor Lamb,[75] Toomey's 2010 opponent Joe Sestak,[76] and State Treasurer Joe Torsella.[73]

On January 8, 2021, Lieutenant Governor John Fetterman filed an exploratory committee with the FEC.[77] He also tweeted a link to his campaign to solicit donations for a potential run.[78]

Potential Republican candidates include State Senator Camera Bartolotta,[73] 2018 Senate candidate Jeff Bartos,[73] former U.S. Representative Ryan Costello,[73] 2018 gubernatorial candidate Paul Mango,[73] U.S. Attorney William McSwain,[73] Chester County Commissioner Michelle H. Kichline, state Representative Martina White, and current U.S. Representatives Dan Meuser,[73] Guy Reschenthaler,[73] Lloyd Smucker,[73] and Glenn Thompson.[73]

South Carolina

One-term Republican Tim Scott was appointed in 2013, and won election to his first full term in 2016.

South Dakota

Three-term Republican John Thune was re-elected in 2016.

Utah

Two-term Republican Mike Lee was re-elected in 2016.

Vermont

The most senior senator, eight-term Democrat Patrick Leahy was re-elected in 2016.

Potential Republican candidates include Governor Phil Scott.[79]

Should Leahy retire, potential Democratic candidates include President pro tempore of the Vermont Senate Becca Balint,[80][81] Vermont Attorney General T. J. Donovan,[82] Lieutenant Governor Molly Gray,[80] Vermont House Speaker Jill Krowinski,[80] and former Lieutenant Governor David Zuckerman,[83] a registered Progressive.

Washington

Five-term Democrat Patty Murray was re-elected in 2016.

Wisconsin

Two-term Republican Ron Johnson was re-elected in 2016. Johnson had pledged to retire in 2022,[84] but in 2019, he said he did not know if he would in fact seek a third term or not and would not rule anything out.[30]

Kenosha County Sheriff David Beth (R) has expressed an interest in running for the Senate.[85] Former Governor Scott Walker has said that he will not run.[86]

On October 23, 2020, Tom Nelson, current County Executive of Outagamie filed a statement of candidacy as a Democrat.[31]

Other possible races

On June 26, 2020, the United States House of Representatives voted 232–180 to grant statehood to the District of Columbia,[87] but the bill, H.R. 51, failed in the Senate when the 116th Congress ended. On January 3, 2021, the District's delegate, Eleanor Holmes Norton, reintroduced the bill at the start of the 117th Congress with a record 202 co-sponsors.[88] As the Democratic Party retained its control of the House and narrowly regained that of the Senate after the 2020 elections, it is possible that the 117th Congress (2021-2023) will grant statehood to the District of Columbia. This would add two seats to the Senate, both of which would probably be filled in special elections during the 2022 election cycle. The addition of these two seats, extremely likely to be won by Democrats,[89] would have a significant effect on the nationwide partisan battle for control of the Senate.

In addition, a referendum on Puerto Rico's status was held on November 3, 2020. A majority (52.52%) of voters chose statehood.[90] It is also plausible that the 117th Congress will grant statehood to Puerto Rico. The 2020 platforms of both the Democratic[91] and Republican parties[92] (identical to the 2016 Republican Party platform as the party's National Committee readopted it by a resolution on August 22, 2020) express support for Puerto Rico's right to determine the future of its status. Both seats would likely be filled also in special elections during the 2022 election cycle. Unlike the District of Columbia, the partisan lean of Puerto Rico is somewhat unclear. While Latino Americans of Puerto Rican descent tend to vote for Democrats, many argue that Puerto Rico's heavily Catholic population[93] will result in Puerto Rico agreeing with the Republican Party on many social issues like abortion, religion in schools, and same-sex marriage.[94]

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