323 BC

323 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 323 BC
Ab urbe condita 431
Ancient Egypt era XXXIII dynasty, 1
- Pharaoh Ptolemy I Soter, 1
Ancient Greek era 114th Olympiad, year 2
Assyrian calendar 4428
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −915
Berber calendar 628
Buddhist calendar 222
Burmese calendar −960
Byzantine calendar 5186–5187
Chinese calendar 丁酉(Fire Rooster)
2374 or 2314
    — to —
戊戌年 (Earth Dog)
2375 or 2315
Coptic calendar −606 – −605
Discordian calendar 844
Ethiopian calendar −330 – −329
Hebrew calendar 3438–3439
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −266 – −265
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2778–2779
Holocene calendar 9678
Iranian calendar 944 BP – 943 BP
Islamic calendar 973 BH – 972 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 2011
Minguo calendar 2234 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1790
Thai solar calendar 220–221
Tibetan calendar 阴火鸡年
(female Fire-Rooster)
−196 or −577 or −1349
    — to —
(male Earth-Dog)
−195 or −576 or −1348
Map of the Eastern Hemisphere in 323 BC.

Year 323 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Longus and Cerretanus (or, less frequently, year 431 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 323 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place

  • Some of the Greek cities, including Athens, revolt against the Macedonian regent, Antipater, following the news of Alexander's death. Athens' actions are incited by the speeches of the Athenian general Leosthenes and the Athenian orator Hypereides. Joined by cities in central and south Greece, the Athenians defeat Antipater in battle. They force him to take refuge in Lamia, where he is besieged for several months by the Greek allies.
  • The Greek philosopher and scientist, Aristotle, faces a strong anti-Macedonian reaction in Athens following the death of Alexander the Great. Aristotle is accused of impiety by the Athenians. However, he escapes to Chalcis in Euboea.
  • Theophrastus, who has been studying in Athens under Aristotle, becomes the head of the Lyceum, the academy in Athens founded by Aristotle, when Aristotle is forced to leave Athens.
  • Following Alexander the Great's death, the Athenians recall Demosthenes from exile and provide the money to pay his fine.