661 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 661
Ab urbe condita 1414
Armenian calendar 110
Assyrian calendar 5411
Balinese saka calendar 582–583
Bengali calendar 68
Berber calendar 1611
Buddhist calendar 1205
Burmese calendar 23
Byzantine calendar 6169–6170
Chinese calendar 庚申(Metal Monkey)
3357 or 3297
    — to —
辛酉年 (Metal Rooster)
3358 or 3298
Coptic calendar 377–378
Discordian calendar 1827
Ethiopian calendar 653–654
Hebrew calendar 4421–4422
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 717–718
 - Shaka Samvat 582–583
 - Kali Yuga 3761–3762
Holocene calendar 10661
Iranian calendar 39–40
Islamic calendar 40–41
Japanese calendar N/A
Javanese calendar 552–553
Julian calendar 661
Korean calendar 2994
Minguo calendar 1251 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −807
Seleucid era 972/973 AG
Thai solar calendar 1203–1204
Tibetan calendar 阳金猴年
(male Iron-Monkey)
787 or 406 or −366
    — to —
(female Iron-Rooster)
788 or 407 or −365
Expansion of the caliphate under the Umayyads:
  Expansion under Muhammad, 622–632
  Expansion during the Rashidun Caliphate, 632–661
  Expansion during the Umayyad Caliphate, 661–750

Year 661 (DCLXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 661 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place

  • Approximate date – The imperial fleet of Japan invades Kyūshū by the order of Empress Kōgyoku. On its way, princess Nukata composes a famous poem at Nikitatsu in Iyo Province.
  • c. May – Empress Kōgyoku builds the palace of Asakura in Kyūshū, from trees cut down from the shrines. Two months later she dies. People say it is because the gods are angry with her for destroying the shrines.
  • July 24Emperor Tenji ascends to the throne of Japan after his mother Empress Kōgyoku's death. He sends an expeditionary force under Abe no Hirafu to Korea, to help the allied kingdom of Baekje.
  • King Munmu becomes the 30th ruler of the Korean kingdom of Silla.[2]

By topic

  • Maximus the Confessor, Christian monk, is recalled from exile in Thrace. He is tried, and sentenced to mutilation. His tongue and his right hand are cut off to prevent his further opposition to the Monothelites.
  • Approximate date – In Gaul all Roman bishops are replaced with Frankish bishops. They become increasingly common, as Frankish leaders control the episcopate.




  1. ^ Roberts, J. M. (1994). History of the World. Penguin.
  2. ^ "List of Rulers of Korea". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved April 21, 2019.
  3. ^ a b Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.

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