Abdul Malek Ukil

Abdul Malek Ukil
আব্দুল মালেক উকিল
Leader of the Awami League
In office
16 February 1978 – 16 February 1981
Preceded by Syeda Zohra Tajuddin (Convenor)
Succeeded by Sheikh Hasina
Personal details
Born (1914-10-01)1 October 1914
Rajapur, Noakhali Sadar, Noakhali District
Died 17 October 1987(1987-10-17) (aged 73)
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Citizenship British India (till 1947)
Pakistan (till 1971)
Political party Awami League
Spouse(s) Sabura Khatun
Relatives Two sons and five daughters
Alma mater University of Dhaka

Abdul Malek Ukil (Bengali: আব্দুল মালেক উকিল; 1 October 1924 – 17 October 1987) was the former President of Bangladesh Awami League, Speaker of Parliament, Home Minister, Health Minister, a member of Parliament for many years and a lawyer of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh. He was one of the drafters of the Constitution of Bangladesh and also one of the founding members of East Bengal Muslim Students League.

Early life

Abdul Malek Ukil was born in Rajapur village of Noakhali Sadar Upazila in Noakhali District.[1] His educational life began at Noakhali Ahmadia High Madrasa, from where he passed his Madrasa Examination with general scholarship and a Letter in Mathematics. In the year 1947 he passed his IA Examination from the Magura College in Jessore District. Two years later, in 1949, he graduated in BA from the University of Dhaka (Dhaka University). The following year, he received his MA degree and completed LL. B from the same institution.[1] He started his professional career as an Advocate at Noakhali District Bar in 1952. Subsequently, in 1962 he became a member of the Dhaka High Court Bar.


Malek Ukil was a founding member of East Bengal Muslim Student League. From 1964 to 1972 he was the president of Noakhali district Awami League and a member of the central executive committee of Awami League. In 1966 he presided over a conference of the opposition parties in Pakistan which was held in Lahore. He was elected three times to the East Pakistan Provincial Assembly in 1956, 1962 and 1965 respectively. He was the leader of both the Awami League parliamentary party and the combined opposition party in the Provincial Assembly of East Pakistan in 1965.[1]

He was arrested during the Six-Point Movement. In the 1970 general election of Pakistan he was elected to the Pakistan National Assembly from Noakhali. After the start of Bangladesh liberation war he joined the Relief and Rehabilitation Committee in the Mujibnagar government. He went to Nepal as a part of a parliamentary delegation sent to generate support for Bangladesh's cause.[1]

He was a member of the committee which drafted the Constitution of Bangladesh. In 1972 he was in charge of the Ministry of Health and Family Planning in the Sheikh Mujib cabinet. In 1973 he was again elected to the Jatiya Sangsad. He went on to become the Minister in charge of Home Affairs in the cabinet after the election. In 1975 he was elected Speaker of the Jatiya Sangsad. He was next elected to the Jatiya 1986 and became the deputy leader of the opposition.[1]

Personal life

He was married to Sabura Khatun. They have two sons Gulam Mohiuddin Latu and Baharuddin Khelon and Five daughters Fatema Begum (Ruby), Amena Begum (Baby), Nurun Nahar (Lily), Nurunnesa (Maya) and Lima Malek.[1]


On 17 October 1987, he died in Dhaka Shaheed Suhrawardy Hospital at the age of 73.


After the assassination of Bangabandhu on 15 August 1975, Abdul Malek Ukil, then speaker of parliament dominated by the AL, said in London in September 1975, "The Pharaoh has fallen. The country has been freed from the autocrat."[2]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Rahman, Siddiqur (2012). "Ukil, Abdul Malek". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  2. ^ "Who Said What After August 15". The Daily Star. 17 August 2014. Retrieved 17 August 2014.