Adrienne Corri

Adrienne Corri
Adrienne-corri-trailer.jpg
Corri in Vampire Circus (1972)
Born
Adrienne Riccoboni

(1931-11-13)13 November 1931[1][2][3][4][5]
Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Died 13 March 2016 (aged 84)
London, England
Nationality British
Occupation Actress
Years active 1949–1992
Spouse(s)
(m. 1961; div. 1967)

Adrienne Corri (born Adrienne Riccoboni, 13 November 1931 – 13 March 2016)[6] was a Scottish actress.[7]

Early life

She was born Adrienne Riccoboni in Glasgow in November 1931, the daughter of an English mother (Olive Smethurst) and an Italian father (Luigi Riccoboni; sometimes spelt Reccobini). In the 1930s her father Luigi (known as Louis) ran the Crown Hotel in Callander, Perthshire. She had one brother.[citation needed]

Career

Corri may be best known for one of her smaller parts, that of Mary Alexander, wife of the writer Frank Alexander (played by Patrick Magee), in Stanley Kubrick's dystopian A Clockwork Orange (1971). Corri, not originally cast in the film, was offered the role after two actresses had already withdrawn from the production, one of them, according to Malcolm McDowell (who played Alex DeLarge), because she found it "too humiliating – because it involved having to be perched, naked, on Warren Clarke's (playing "Dim the Droog") shoulders for weeks on end while Stanley decided which shot he liked the best." Corri had no such qualms about appearing naked, joking to McDowell: "Well, Malcolm, you're about to find out that I'm a real redhead."[7][8] Corri earned Kubrick's respect by her willingness to undergo the gruelling process of shooting endless takes. She recalled: "For four days I was bashed about by Malcolm (Alex) and he really hit me. One scene was shot 39 times until Malcolm said 'I can't hit her anymore!'"[7]

Corri's film debut was in The Romantic Age (1949), which was followed by Jean Renoir's version of The River (1951).[7] Her other film roles included Lara's mother in David Lean's Dr. Zhivago and Dorothy in Otto Preminger's thriller Bunny Lake Is Missing (both 1965). She also appeared in a number of horror and suspense films until the 1970s including Devil Girl from Mars (1954), The Tell-Tale Heart (1960), A Study in Terror (1965) and Vampire Circus (1972). She also appeared as Therese Duval in Revenge of the Pink Panther (1978).[citation needed]

She appeared in such diverse productions as the science fiction movie Moon Zero Two (1969) where she played opposite the character actor Sam Kydd (Len the barman), and again in a television version of Twelfth Night (1970), directed by John Sichel, as the Countess Olivia, where she played opposite Alec Guinness as Malvolio.[citation needed]

Her other television credits include Angelica in Sword of Freedom (1958), Yolanda in The Invisible Man episode "Crisis in the Desert" (1958), regular roles in A Family at War and You're Only Young Twice (both 1971 – the latter a television series created by Jack Trevor Story), Mena in the Doctor Who story The Leisure Hive (1980), and Veronica in Love in a Cold Climate (1980). She guest-starred as the mariticidal Liz Newton in the UFO episode "The Square Triangle" (1970) and was in two episodes of Danger Man (US: Secret Agent, both 1965). She was equally at home in the classics of British theatre, giving an outstanding performance as Lady Fidget in a BBC Play of the Month, William Wycherley's Restoration comedy The Country Wife (1977), with Helen Mirren.

Corri had a major stage career, appearing regularly both in London and in the provincial theatres. She appeared in one of the first English performances in 1968 of Come and Go, Samuel Beckett's one-act "dramaticule", in Beckett's coinage, performed at the Royal Festival Hall as part of "a gala entertainment concerning depravity and corruption" (the words coming from the nineteenth-century definition of obscenity), sponsored by the National Council for Civil Liberties and the Defence of Literature and the Arts Society, which raised funds to support publishers being prosecuted for obscenity. It was directed by Deryk Mendel, with Corri appearing alongside Marie Kean and Billie Whitelaw in the roles of Flo, Vi, and Ru.[9] The evening included both classical and rock music, and a mixed programme compèred by George Melly. In his entry for Clifford Anthony Smythe in the online Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, John Calder records that "The profit was much less than expected for a sold-out house, as the person who had volunteered to organise the souvenir programme spent too little time finding advertisers as against providing editorial content."[10]

Personality and friendships

Corri was known for her feisty character. Various stories are recounted of her, such as that when the audience booed on the first night of John Osborne's The World of Paul Slickey, she responded with her own abuse: she raised two fingers to the audience and shouted "Go fuck yourselves".[11] During the making of Moon Zero Two, she poured a glass of iced water inside James Olson's rubber space suit,[why?] by which Olson was left in an uncomfortable state: in the end he was obliged to wear the suit for the remainder of the day's shooting.[12]

Corri was acquainted with many of the leading figures in the British theatre, including Joe Orton, who recounts in his diaries how he asked her advice on how best to end his relationship with his lover, Kenneth Halliwell.[13] She enjoyed a good relationship with Stanley Kubrick, who joked with her that in the home invasion sequence in A Clockwork Orange that she was cast in "the Debbie Reynolds part", a reference to Reynolds's role in the film Singin' in the Rain (1952).[12] After completing A Clockwork Orange, Corri kept in touch with Kubrick, who complained to her about the problem he had of losing socks whenever he did the washing, so for Christmas she gave him a pair of bright red socks, a humorous reference to her scene in Orange, in which after Alex had finished snipping off her red pyjama suit, she was naked except for a pair of red socks.[14]

In the louche atmosphere of the 1960s, when peers, film stars and gangsters rubbed shoulders, Corri became acquainted with some of the figures in London's demi-monde, including the much-married bon viveur John Wodehouse, 4th Earl of Kimberley,[15] as well as socialising with other actors and the Kray twins at their El Morocco club,[16] one of the haunts of Conservative politician Robert Boothby, an acquaintance of the Krays who used the twin brothers to supply him with rent boys.[17]

She had two children, Patrick and Sarah Filmer-Sankey, from a previous relationship with the film producer Patrick Filmer-Sankey in the 1950s.[7]

Corri died at her home in London on 13 March 2016 from coronary artery disease at the age of 84.[1]

Gainsborough studies

She was the author of The Search for Gainsborough, a book written in diary form, detailing her efforts to establish the provenance of a painting of David Garrick which she believed to be by a young Thomas Gainsborough. She also wrote a scholarly article in The Burlington Magazine about the portrait and its connection to Gainsborough's very early work Self Portrait as a Boy, c. 1739 (the latter can be seen online at the Historical Portraits Image Library).[18][19][20]

Corri's research and her article are discussed in "Tom will be a genius – new landscapes by the young Thomas Gainsborough", the catalogue of an exhibition at Philip Mould Ltd, 4–28 July 2009, with text by Lindsay Stainton and Bendor Grosvenor.[21] Corri's claim that the painting was by the young Gainsborough was based on her detailed research into the archives of the Bank of England, which indicated that significant financial payments were made to Gainsborough while he was still a boy. Following a claim by Corri for the expense incurred restoring and authenticating the picture, the painting was given to her in May 1990, in an out-of-court settlement with the Alexandra Theatre in Birmingham, which disputed her valuation and the attribution to Gainsborough.[22]

Marriage

Corri was married to actor Daniel Massey from 1961 until they divorced in 1967. The marriage to Massey proved to be somewhat tempestuous, with Massey describing the relationship in the following terms, "We were agonizingly incompatible but we had an extraordinary physical attraction."[23] Massey envisaged a domestic life for Corri but she realised that she was not suited to being a full-time housewife, and after a six-year hiatus she resumed her career as an actress.[7]

Filmography

Year Title Role Notes
1949 The Romantic Age Norah
1951 The River Valerie
Quo Vadis Young Christian Girl uncredited
1953 The Kidnappers Kirsty US: The Little Kidnappers
1954 Devil Girl from Mars Doris
Meet Mr. Callaghan Mayola Verville
Lease of Life Susan Thorne
Make Me an Offer Nicky
1956 The Anatomist Mary Paterson British TV movie, released theatrically in U.S. in 1961
The Feminine Touch Maureen
Behind the Headlines Pam Barnes
The Shield of Faith
Three Men in a Boat Clara Willis
1957 Second Fiddle Deborah
The Big Chance Diana Maxwell
The Surgeon's Knife Laura Shelton
1958 Corridors of Blood Rachel
1959 The Rough and the Smooth Jane Buller
1960 The Tell-Tale Heart Betty Clare
The Hellfire Club Lady Isobel
1961 Dynamite Jack Pegeen O'Brien
1963 Lancelot and Guinevere Lady Vivian
1965 Bunny Lake Is Missing Dorothy
A Study in Terror Angela
Doctor Zhivago Amelia
1967 The Viking Queen Beatrice
Africa: Texas Style Fay Carter
Woman Times Seven Mme. Lisiere Segment: At the Opera
1968 Journey into Darkness Terry Lawrence Segment: The New People
1969 The File of the Golden Goose Angela Richmond
Moon Zero Two Liz
Cry Wolf Mrs. Quinn – woman in tobacconist's shop
1970 Twelfth Night Olivia
1971 A Clockwork Orange Mrs. Alexander
1972 Vampire Circus Gypsy Woman
1974 Madhouse Faye Carstairs Flay
The Three Musketeers Milady Voice
1975 Rosebud Lady Carter
1978 Revenge of the Pink Panther Therese Douvier
1979 The Human Factor Sylvia

References

  1. ^ a b Slotnik, Daniel E. (30 March 2016). "Adrienne Corri, Actress Known for 'A Clockwork Orange,' Dies at 84". The New York Times.
  2. ^ Fellner, Chris (31 July 2019). The Encyclopedia of Hammer Films. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9781538126592 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ "Corri, Adrienne [real name Adrienne Riccoboni] (1931–2016), actress". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/odnb/9780198614128.013.111193.
  4. ^ "Adrienne Corri 1931 - 2016 - Obituary".
  5. ^ "Adrienne Corri (1931 - 2016) - Legacy.com".
  6. ^ Bergan, Ronald (28 March 2016). "Actor who played Shakespearean roles and in Hammer horror movies, as well as such well-known films as Dr Zhivago". The Guardian.
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Adrienne Corri". The Times. London. 25 March 2016. Retrieved 26 March 2016. (subscription required)
  8. ^ "The chief Droog talks A Clockwork Orange, Caligula and Rob Zombie". Bizarre. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  9. ^ Ackerley, C.J.; S.E. Gontarski (2004). The Grove Companion to Samuel Beckett: A Reader's Guide to His Works, Life, and Thought. Grove Press. p. 608. ISBN 0-8021-4049-1.
  10. ^ Calder, John. "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Smythe, Clifford Anthony". Oxford University Press. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  11. ^ Billington, Michael (19 August 2008). "Sounding Off". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
  12. ^ a b Hallenbeck, Bruce. "Adrienne Corri Interview". Archived from the original on 27 May 2009. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
  13. ^ Lahr, John (2002). Prick Up Your Ears: The Biography of Joe Orton. Bloomsbury Publishing PLC. p. 320. ISBN 0-7475-6014-5.
  14. ^ Baxter, John (1998). Stanley Kubrick: A Biography. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-638445-5.
  15. ^ "Kimberley, Corri And Sassoon Pictures | Getty Images". gettyimages.com. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  16. ^ Baker, Rob (30 April 2016). "An Evening at El Morocco with the Kray Twins and Barbara Windsor |". Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  17. ^ Morgan, Tom (23 October 2015). "The Spy Files: Lord Boothby's sordid sex parties with Ronnie Kray revealed in MI5 files". The Telegraph. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  18. ^ Mould, Philip. "Historical Portraits Image Library". Self Portrait as a Boy c.1739. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  19. ^ Corri, Adrienne (April 1983). "Gainsborough's Early Career: New Documents and Two Portraits". The Burlington Magazine (125): 210–216.
  20. ^ Corri, Adrienne (1986). The Search for Gainsborough. Vanguard Press. p. 281. ISBN 0-8149-0906-X.
  21. ^ Stainton, Lindsay; Grosvenor, Bendor (2009). Tom will be a genius. Philip Mould Ltd. p. 50.
  22. ^ "Actress settles theatre art row". heraldscotland.com. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  23. ^ Vallance, Tom (28 March 1998). "Obituary: Daniel Massey". The Independent. London. Retrieved 13 March 2013.

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