Ahmad Shah of Pahang

Ahmad Shah
أحمد شاه المستعين بالله
Yang di-Pertuan Agong VII
Sultan of Pahang
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Reign 26 April 1979 – 25 April 1984
Installation 10 July 1980
Predecessor Sultan Yahya Petra
Successor Sultan Iskandar
Sultan of Pahang
Reign 8 May 1974 – 15 January 2019
Installation 6 May 1975
Predecessor Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu'adzam Shah
Successor Al-Sultan Abdullah Ri'ayatuddin Al-Mustafa Billah Shah
Born (1930-10-24) 24 October 1930 (age 88)
Istana Manggal Tunggal, Pekan, Pahang, Federated Malay States, British Malaya
Spouse
Tengku Ampuan Afzan
( m. 1954; died 1988)

Sultanah Kalsom ( m. 1991)
Issue Tengku Meriam
Tengku Muhaini
Tengku Aishah Marcella
Tengku Abdullah
Tengku Abdul Rahman
Tengku Nong Fatimah
Tengku Shahariah
Tengku Abdul Fahd Mu’adzam Shah
Full name
Tengku Ahmad ibni Tengku Abu Bakar
Regnal name
Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta'in Billah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Ri'ayatuddin Al-Mu'adzam Shah
House Bendahara
Father Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Mu'adzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdullah Al-Mu’tassim Billah Shah
Mother Tengku Ampuan Raja Fatimah binti Almarhum Sultan Iskandar Shah Kaddasullah
Religion Sunni Islam

Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta’in Billah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu'adzam Shah[1] (Jawi:zسلطان حاج احمد شاه المستعين بالله ابن المرحوم سلطان ابو بكر رعاية الدين المعظم شاه;zBorn 24 October 1930) is the fifth and former modern Sultan of Pahang, and also served as the seventh Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia from 26 April 1979 to 25 April 1984. His abdication as Sultan was decided by the Royal Council at an extraordinary meeting on 11 January 2019. A special amendment was passed on the state constitution that gave the body more power for this decision, citing the Sultan's incapability to rule due to his failing health.[2] The abdication came into effect on the midnight of 15 January, paving the way to his son, Abdullah to succeed him as Sultan the following day, and subsequently be elected as the next Yang di-Pertuan Agong later the same month.[3]

Biography

Born on at 12:00 am. Friday 24 October 1930 at Istana Mangga Tunggal, Pekan, Pahang. he was the only son of Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu'adzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdullah Al-Mu’tassim Billah Shah (reigned 1932–1974) by his official and royal consort, Tengku Ampuan Besar Raja Fatimah binti Almarhum Sultan Iskandar Shah Kaddasullah, a princess of Perak royal family.

A student of the Malay College Kuala Kangsar, he received diplomas in public administration from Worcester College, Oxford and the University of Exeter. He succeeded his father as sultan in 1974.

His election as the 7th Yang di-Pertuan Agong in 1979 was marked with controversy as he was said to be at odds with the incoming prime minister Dr. Mahathir Mohamad. However, the rumours proved to be untrue and he proved to be a keen admirer of the prime minister. Twenty-two years earlier, his father Abu Bakar had failed five times to be elected as the first Agong.

A controversial, headstrong personality, he has often forced his chief ministers in Pahang to resign over minor differences.

His favourite hobby was playing football, golf, polo, and equestrian.

Sultan Ahmad Shah is a keen sportsman and was the President of the Malaysian Football Association (FAM) from 1984 until 2014,[4] the President of Asian Football Confederation (AFC) until 2002 and Asean Football Federation (AFF) 2011.

His official and royal consort, Tengku Ampuan Afzan binti Tengku Panglima Perang Muhammad, a member of the Terengganu royal family, served as his Raja Permaisuri Agong but died of cancer on her return to Pahang on 29 June 1988. Sultan Ahmad Shah's second wife Kalsom binti Abdullah (nee Anita), was designated as the Sultanah of Pahang in 1991.

Issue

Name Birth Birth Place Death Death Place Marriage
Date
Spouse Their Children
Tengku Meriam (1955-04-01) 1 April 1955 (age 64) Istana Abu Bakar, Pekan, Pahang 24 April 1976 Tengku Dato’ Sri Kamil Ismail bin Tengku Idris Shah Y.M. Tengku Aidy Ahmad Shah
Y.M. Tengku Nur ul-Kamalia
Y.M. Tengku Nur ul-Karmila
Tengku Muhaini (1956-10-31) 31 October 1956 (age 62) Istana Manggal Tunggal, Pekan, Pahang 22 January 1981 Tengku Dato’ Ibrahim Petra bin Tengku Indra Petra
Tengku Aishah Marcella (1957-11-13) 13 November 1957 (age 61) Istana Manggal Tunggal, Pekan, Pahang 23 October 1980 Tunku Kamil Ikram bin Tunku Abdullah Y.M. Tunku Shazwan Kaiyisha
Tengku Abdullah (1959-07-30) 30 July 1959 (age 59) Istana Manggal Tunggal, Pekan, Pahang 6 March 1986 Tunku Azizah Aminah Maimunah Iskandariah binti Almarhum Baginda Al-Mutawakkil Alallah Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj Tengku Amir Nasser Ibrahim Shah (adopted)
Tengku Iskandar Shah (died 1990)
Tengku Hassanal Ibrahim Alam Shah
Tengku Muhammad Iskandar Ri'ayatuddin Shah
Tengku Ahmad Ismail Shah
Tengku Puteri Afzan Aminah Hafizatullah
Tengku Puteri Jihan Azizah Athiyatullah
Tengku Puteri Iman Afzan
Tengku Puteri Ilisha Ameera
Tengku Ilyana
Tengku Abdul Rahman (1960-08-23) 23 August 1960 (age 58) Istana Manggal Tunggal, Pekan, Pahang 27 July 2002 Cik Julita Aisha binti Abdul Latif Tengku Eddie Akasya
Tengku Ahmad Firman Shah
Tengku Ameera Asya
Tengku Nong Fatimah (1962-09-04) 4 September 1962 (age 56) 24 October 1988 Dato’ Haji Muhammad Moiz
Tengku Shahariah (1964-09-12) 12 September 1964 (age 54) 24 October 2000 Baharim
Tengku Abdul Fahd Mu’adzam Shah (1994-02-10) 10 February 1994 (age 25)

Titles and styles

  • 24 October 1930 – 23 June 1932: His Highness (Yang Amat Mulia) Tengku Ahmad ibni Tengku Abu Bakar
  • 23 June 1932 – 25 May 1944: His Highness (Yang Amat Mulia) Tengku Ahmad ibni Sultan Abu Bakar Ri'ayatuddin Al-Mu'azzam Shah
  • 25 May 1944 - 8 May 1974: His Highness (Kebawah Duli Yang Teramat Mulia) Tengku Mahkota Ahmad ibni Sultan Abu Bakar Ri'ayatuddin Al-Mu'azzam Shah, The Tengku Mahkota of Pahang
  • 8 May 1974 – 26 April 1979: His Royal Highness (Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia) Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta’in Billah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu’azzam Shah, The Sultan of Pahang
  • 26 April 1979 – 25 April 1984: His Majesty (Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Seri Paduka Baginda) Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta’in Billah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu’azzam Shah, The Yang di-Pertuan Agong VII
  • 25 April 1984 – 15 January 2019: His Royal Highness (Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia) Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta’in Billah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu’azzam Shah, The Sultan of Pahang
  • 15 January 2019 – Present: His Royal Highness (Duli Yang Maha Mulia) Paduka Ayahanda Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta’in Billah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu’azzam Shah, The Paduka Ayahanda Sultan of Pahang

Awards and recognitions

Honours

Building of the Sultan Ahmad Shah Mosque in Kuantan, Pahang

As the Yang di-Pertuan Agong from 1979 to 1984, Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah was automatically designated under constitutional provisions as the Supreme Commander of the Malaysian Armed Forces, holding the rank of the Field Marshal of the Royal Malaysian Air Force, Admiral of the Royal Malaysian Navy and Field Marshal of the Army.[5]

He is today the RMAF's Colonel in Chief and appears in RMAF ceremonies.

He has been awarded :[6]

Honours of Pahang

  •  Pahang :
    • MY-PAH Royal Family Order of Pahang - DKP.svg Founding Grand Master and Member (DKP) of the Royal Family Order of Pahang (since 24 October 1977)
    • MY-PAH Family Order of the Crown of Indra of Pahang - DK I.svg Grand Master and Member 1st class (DK I) of the Family Order of the Crown of Indra of Pahang (since 1974)
    • MY-PAH Grand Royal Order of Sultan Ahmad Shah of Pahang - SDSA.svg Founding Grand Master of the Grand Royal Order of Sultan Ahmad Shah of Pahang (SDSA, since 23 October 2010)
    • MY-PAH Order of Sultan Ahmad Shah of Pahang - Grand Knight - SSAP.svg Founding Grand Master and Grand Knight of the Order of Sultan Ahmad Shah of Pahang (SSAP, since 24 October 1977)
    • MY-PAH Order of the Crown of Pahang - Grand Knight - SIMP.svg Knight Companion (DIMP), Grand Knight (SIMP) and Grand Master of the Order of the Crown of Pahang (since 1974)
    • Silver Jubilee Medal (Pahang).gif Sultan Abu Bakar Silver Jubilee Medal (24 June 1957)

National

Foreign

Places named after him

Several places were named after him, including:

Ancestry

Copyright