Almaty Region

Almaty region

Алматы облысы
Almaty oblysy
Region
Yurt in Tekeli.JPG
Coat of arms of Almaty region
Coat of arms
Map of Kazakhstan, location of Almaty Region highlighted
Map of Kazakhstan, location of Almaty Region highlighted
Coordinates: 45°0′N 78°0′E / 45.000°N 78.000°E / 45.000; 78.000Coordinates: 45°0′N 78°0′E / 45.000°N 78.000°E / 45.000; 78.000
Country Kazakhstan
Capital Taldykorgan
Government
 • Akim Amandyk Batalov
Area
[1]
 • Total 223,911 km2 (86,453 sq mi)
Population
[2]
2,059,200
 • Density 9.2/km2 (24/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+6 (East)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+6 (not observed)
Postal codes
040000
Area codes +7 (7272), +7 (7282)
ISO 3166 code KZ-ALM
Vehicle registration 05, B
Districts 17
Cities 3
Townships 15
Villages 769
Website zhetysu.gov.kz

Almaty Region (Kazakh: Алматы облысы, romanized: Almaty oblysy, الماتى وبلىسى) is a region of Kazakhstan. Its capital is Taldykorgan city, which has a population of 175,200. Population of the region: 2,059,200 peoples.

Geography

Almaty Region surrounds the city of Almaty. The region borders Kyrgyzstan and Xinjiang in the People's Republic of China. The region also touches three other regions of Kazakhstan: Jambyl Region to the west, Karaganda Region to the northwest, and East Kazakhstan Region to the north. Almaty Region has an area of 224,000 square kilometres.

Much of the northwestern border of the region runs along Lake Balkhash, whose main affluent, the Ili River, is the most significant river of the region. In the region's northeast, it shares the four lakes of the Alakol Depression (Lakes Alakol, Sasykkol, Koshkarkol, and Zhalanashkol) with East Kazakhstan Region. Other lakes within the region include Bartogay Lake and Kapshagay lakes, Lake Issyk, Kaindy and Kolsai lakes.

The Trans-Ili Alatau branch of the Tian Shan Mountains extends from China and Kyrgyzstan into Almaty Region, along its southern border with Kyrgyzstan. Farther to the northeast, the Dzungarian Alatau runs along the region's border with China. The Charyn Canyon is one of the region's famous scenic spots. https://zhetysu.gov.kz/ru/o-regione/

History

Alma-Ata Region, the predecessor of today's Almaty Region, was created from the historical region of Zhetysu on March 10, 1932. Its capital was Alma-Ata (Almaty). Several times during the Soviet period, the north-eastern part of the region, centered on Taldykorgan, was separated from Alma-Ata Region, forming a separate Taldy-Kurgan Region, only to be merged into Alma-Ata Region again several years later.

In April 2001 the administrative center of Almaty Region was moved from Almaty to Taldykorgan. Thus Taldykorgan has become a regional capital again - this time without splitting the region. Almaty region was formed on March 10, 1932 with a center in the city of Almaty. The region included 18 districts. At the end of 1939, part of the districts was transferred to the Dzhambul and Semipalatinsk regions, 23 districts remained in the Alma-Ata region, including the newly formed 7. In March 1944, Taldy-Kurgan Region was allocated from its structure, to which 11 districts were transferred.

Heads of the region

  1. Baiken Ashymov 1968—1970
  2. Bimende Sadvokasov 1970—1972
  3. Aripbay Alybaev 1972—1978
  4. Sakan Kussainov 1978—1982
  5. Abubakir Tynynybaev 1982—1986
  6. Vladislav Anufriev 1986—1988
  7. Anatoly Zhigulin 1988—1990
  8. Saginbek Tursunov 1990—1993
  9. Umirzak Uzbekov (1994-1996)
  10. Serik Ahimbekov 1996—1997
  11. Zamanbek Nurkadilov (December 1997 - May 2001)
  12. Shalbai Kulmakhanov (May 2001 - August 11, 2005)
  13. Serik Umbetov (2005-2011)
  14. Anzar Musakhanov (from April 13, 2011 to August 20, 2014)
  15. Amandyk Batalov (from August 20, 2014)

Awards

On October 28, 1966, Alma-Ata region was awarded by Order of Lenin for its success in increasing the production and procurement of grain, meat, milk and other agricultural products. On December 3, 1970, Alma-Ata region was awarded by the second Order of Lenin for the great successes achieved by the working people of the region in fulfilling the five-year plan for the development of industrial and agricultural production. https://zhetysu.gov.kz/ru/o-regione/

Administrative divisions

The region is administratively divided into seventeen districts and the cities of Kapchagay, Taldykorgan, and Tekeli.[3]

  1. Aksu District, administrative center is Zhansugirov;
  2. Alakol District the administrative center is [Usharal;
  3. Balkhash District, the administrative center is Bakanas;
  4. Enbekshikazakh District, the administrative center is Esik;
  5. Eskeldi District, the administrative center is Karabulak;
  6. Ile District, the administrative center is Otegen Batyr;
  7. Karasay District, the administrative center is Kaskelen;
  8. Karatal District, the administrative center is Ushtobe;
  9. Kerbulak District, the administrative center is Saryozek;
  10. Koksu District, the administrative center is Balpyk Bi;
  11. Kegen District, the administrative center is Kegen;
  12. Panfilov District, the administrative center is Zharkent;
  13. Raiymbek District, the administrative center is Narinkol;
  14. Sarkand District, the administrative center isSarkand;
  15. Talgar District, the administrative center is Talgar;
  16. Uygur District, the administrative center is Chundzha;
  17. Zhambyl District, the administrative center is Uzynagash
  18. Taldykorgan city
  19. Kapchagay city
  20. Tekeli city

Climate

The natural conditions of the Almaty region include 5 climatic zones - from deserts to eternal snows. The climate is sharply continental, the average January temperature in the lowlands is -15 C, in the foothills - 6-8 C; July - +16 C and + 24 + 25 C, respectively. The annual rainfall on the plains is up to 300 mm, in the foothills and mountains - from 500-700 to 1000 mm per year. https://zhetysu.gov.kz/ru/o-regione/

Ethnic composition

The share of Kazakhs, Russians, Uigurs by region census of 2009 year. Subsequently, the ethnic composition underwent strong changes with the advent and collapse of the Soviet Union. At present, it is still multi-ethnic, however, Kazakhs absolutely prevail (72.07%), the share of Russians has greatly reduced to 13.33% of the region’s inhabitants. The number of Uigurs is also significant (7.73%). The number of other Asian peoples - Turks, Kurds, Uzbeks, Kyrgyz, as well as Koreans does not exceed 4% in total. The numerous communities of Germans, Greeks, Poles, Ukrainians, and other European peoples, who were once living in Kazakhstan during the Soviet era, significantly decreased due to mass emigration to other countries after 1991. https://zhetysu.gov.kz/ru/o-regione/

Demographics

As of 2020, the Almaty Region has a population of 2,055,724.[4]

Ethnic groups (2020):[5]

Note: the population and ethnicity figures exclude the City of Almaty, which is administratively separate from the Almaty Region.

Historical Ethnic Composition

In the 1989 census (excepting Alma-Ata):

  • Kazakhs: 54.2%.
  • Russians: 28.6%.
  • Uigurs: 7.8%.
  • Others: 9.4%.

In the 1999 census (excepting Almaty):

  • Kazakhs: 66.4%.
  • Russians: 23.8%.
  • Uigurs: 7.0%.
  • Others: 4.6%.

In the 2009 census (excepting Almaty):

  • Kazakhs: 68.2%.
  • Russians: 22.8%.
  • Uigurs: 6.2%.
  • Other: 3.8%.

Sights

Culture

- Taldykorgan Drama Theatre named after B.Rimova Drama Theatre named after B.Rimova was opened on November 4, 1975. A group of young graduates of the Almaty State Conservatory named after Kurmangazy, who graduated from class of People’s Artist of Kazakhstan Sholpan Zhandarbekova, opened the curtain of the theatre with the performance of G. Musrepov “Kozy Kurpesh-Bayan Sulu”. On August 31, 2000, the theatre was named after People's Artist of Kazakhstan Biken Rimova, laureate of State Prize. On October 30, 2018, they moved to a new building.

-«Museum of Applied Arts named after Master Darkembay» PUSE The total area is 3.0 hectares. Internal area of the museum - 375 square meters. The number of exhibits - 2437. The museum consists of 6 exhibition halls. The number of people for excursion is 25 per a group. Address: Almaty region, Enbekshikazakh district, Akshi village, Darkembai avenue, house 1.

- Museum «Batyr babalar» (Heroic ancestors) The museum was built in 2016. It was opened in 2017within the framework of the program of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev «Course towards the future: modernization of Kazakhstan’s identity».

- Ilyas Zhansugurov literary museum It was opened in 1984 on the occasion of the 90th anniversary of the poet I. Zhansugurov. The museum is dedicated to the life and work of the poet. The building of museum was constructed in 1905-1907. From 1918 to 1976 it was used as various institutions of the Soviet government: district branch of the regional union «Kosshy», the editorial office of the regional newspaper «October Flag», a laboratory for insemination of livestock, in 1976-1980 the regional museum of local lore. The total area of the museum is 271 square meters. The total number of exhibits is 6407. The building is under state protection as an example of architecture of the XIX century.

- Museum of victims of political repression The building of museum was constructed in 2018 in accordance with the decision of the akim of Almaty region A. Batalov in the framework of the program «Course towards the future: modernization of Kazakhstan’s identity» of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N. Nazarbayev. The total area of the building is 535 square meters. Museum departments: 1. The history of repression in Kazakhstan in 1916-1986; 2. In memory of victims of political repression; 3. Historical and educational society «Adilet» and its activities. Museum funds are being replenished with materials relating to citizens who were subjected to political repression during the period of the 20-50s of the XX century.

- Museum «Respect for Mother» The museum was built in 2014, opened in 2015. The building area is 4987 square meters. Departments of the museum: on 2 floors there are 2 thematic halls: 1. craft and jewelry 2. Mother heroines. Design capacity: 1 group of 30 people.

- «Abylkhan Kasteev Fine Art Gallery» The museum was created in 2004 for the100th anniversary of the national artist Abylkhan Kasteev. Total area - 427.0 square meters, Internal area of the gallery - 1200 square meters. The number of materials of museum significance is 166. The gallery consists of 9 rooms. The number of people on excursion is 10 per group. Address: Almaty region, Panfilovsky district, Zharkent, Yuldashev street, house number 9

- «Gallery of Fine Art» PUSE It was founded in 2003. The number of materials of museum significance is 404. The total area is 1011.9 square meters, of which 10 exhibition halls - 674.0 square meters. The number of people on excursion is 45 - 50 people per a group. The gallery works in five areas: • Research and assembly work. • Scientific and fund work. • Scientific and expositional work. • Cultural and educational work. Work with the media Address: Almaty region, Taldykorgan, st. Kabanbay batyr 27 A

- PUI «Historical and Cultural Center «Atameken» of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan-Elbasy» Put into operation on December 1, 2017. All the exhibits collected in the golden fund of the center tell about the life of President Nursultan Nazarbayev from his childhood to the present day, when he became the Leader of independent Kazakhstan. The total area is 3.5000 ha. The internal volume of the museum is 1249.5 square meters. The number of materials of museum significance is 649. The center consists of 4 exhibition halls, there is a conference room for 16 seats. Address: Almaty region, Karasai district, village Shamalgan, Zhibek Zholy street 158 / A.

http://kultura.zhetisu.gov.kz/

References

  1. ^ Official site - Basic Information
  2. ^ Agency of statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan: Численность населения Республики Казахстан по областям с начала 2013 года до 1 февраля 2013 года[permanent dead link] (russisch; Excel-Datei; 55 kB).
  3. ^ Регионы области (in Russian). The official portal of akimat of Almaty Region. Archived from the original on 23 September 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  4. ^ "Численность населения Республики Казахстан по отдельным этносам на начало 2020 года". Stat.kz. Retrieved 2020-08-03.
  5. ^ "Численность населения Республики Казахстан по отдельным этносам на начало 2020 года". Stat.kz. Retrieved 2020-08-03.

External links

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