American Legion (Great Britain)

American Legion
Benedict Arnold at Colonial Williamsburg - Stierch.jpg
American Legion reenactors at Colonial Williamsburg
Active 1780–1783
Disbanded August 1783
Country  Great Britain
Branch British Army
Type Cavalry and infantry
Size Corps (brigade)
Facings Green
Engagements American Revolutionary War
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Benedict Arnold

The American Legion was a cavalry and infantry corps (brigade) of the British Army in the American Revolutionary War commanded by Benedict Arnold.

Organisation

The American Legion was organised in October 1780 at Long Island, New York. In the first half of 1781, it was sent with Benedict Arnold on raids in Virginia. The Legion's uniform consisted of a red coat with green facings. The coats had short tails as opposed to those worn by British Regulars who wore long tails.

History

The Legion was with Arnold in the September 1781 raid on New London, Connecticut, but was not involved in the attack on Fort Griswold. It was, however, involved in the British occupation and burning of New London. The Legion was disbanded in August 1783.[1][2]

References

  1. ^ Allen, Thomas B. (2010-11-09). Tories: Fighting for the King in America's First Civil War (p. 321). Harper Collins, Inc. Kindle Edition.
  2. ^ "Benedict Arnold : The Colonial Williamsburg Official History & Citizenship Site". history.org.

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