Antsiranana

Antsiranana
Antsiranana
Antsiranana
Antsiranana is located in Madagascar
Antsiranana
Antsiranana
Location of Antsiranana in Madagascar
Coordinates: 12°18′S 49°17′E / 12.300°S 49.283°E / -12.300; 49.283
Country  Madagascar
Region Diana Region
Area
 • Total 42 km2 (16 sq mi)
Population
 (2013)
 • Total 115,015
 • Density 2,700/km2 (7,100/sq mi)
Climate Aw

Antsiranana (Malagasy: Antsiran̈ana Malagasy pronunciation: [antsʲˈraŋanə̥]), named Diego-Suarez prior to 1975, is a city in the far north of Madagascar. Antsiranana is the capital of Diana Region. It had an estimated population of 115,015 in 2013.[1]

History

The bay and city originally used the name Diego Suarez, named after Diogo Soares, a Portuguese navigator who visited the bay in 1543–44.[2]

In the 1880s, the bay was coveted by France, which desired it as a coaling station for steamships. After the first Franco-Hova War, Queen Ranavalona III signed a treaty on December 17, 1885 granting France a protectorate over the bay and surrounding territory, as well as the islands of Nosy-Be and Ste. Marie de Madagascar.

The colony's administration was subsumed into that of Madagascar in 1896. The Second Pacific Squadron of Imperial Russia anchored and was resupplied at Diego-Suarez on its way to the Battle of Tsushima in 1905.

Warships and British merchant ships in the Antsiranana harbour after the French had surrendered on 13 May 1942.

In 1942, Diego Suárez was the primary objective of Operation Ironclad, the starting point of the Allied invasion and capture of Madagascar. The Allies were concerned that Japan would pressure Vichy France into granting use of Madagascar, as they had with French Indo-China during the previous year, and determined that the island should not be made a base for the interception of Allied shipping. Diego Suarez, with its superb harbour and a concentration of government officials, was selected as the initial invasion point. The Japanese responded with an attack by midget submarines on the British naval forces in the harbour, damaging the battleship HMS Ramillies and sinking an oil tanker.

France continued to operate a military base in the city following Malagasy independence in 1960. Between 1973 and 1975, French forces were withdrawn.

Geography

Climate

Transport

Container ship in Antsiranana harbour

Antsiranana is situated on Antsiranana Bay, one of the largest deep-water harbours in the Indian Ocean, but the remote location, and, until recently, a bad road to the south, rendered it unimportant for freight traffic. Arrachart Airport provides communication primarily with other parts of Madagascar.

Postage stamps

Education

The University of Antsiranana was founded in 1976.

Lycée Français Diego Suarez, or Lycée Français Sadi-Carnot, is a French international school in Antsiranana. Historically it was the Collège français Sadi Carnot.[6][7]

Places of worship

Among the places of worship, they are predominantly Christian churches and temples : Church of Jesus Christ in Madagascar (World Communion of Reformed Churches), Malagasy Lutheran Church (Lutheran World Federation), Assemblies of God, Association of Bible Baptist Churches in Madagascar (Baptist World Alliance), Roman Catholic Diocese of Antsiranana (Catholic Church). [8] There are also Muslim mosques.

In popular culture

The climactic scenes of the alternative history novel The Madagaskar Plan are set in the city.

See also

References

  1. ^ Institut National de la Statistique, Antananarivo.
  2. ^ Pierre Van Den Boogaerde, Shipwrecks of Madagascar, p.40
  3. ^ "Diego–Suarez/Antsir (Antsiranana) Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  4. ^ "Klimatafel von Antsiranana (Diégo-Suarez) / Madagaskar" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
  5. ^ "Station Antsiranana" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
  6. ^ "Accueil." Lycée Français Diego Suarez. Retrieved on 7 May 2015.
  7. ^ "Lycée français Sadi-Carnot." AEFE. Retrieved on May 7, 2015.
  8. ^ J. Gordon Melton, Martin Baumann, ‘‘Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices’’, ABC-CLIO, USA, 2010, p. 1768

External links

Coordinates: 12°18′S 49°17′E / 12.300°S 49.283°E / -12.300; 49.283

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