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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York
Archdiocese of New York
|Territory||New York City (Bronx, Manhattan, Staten Island), Counties of Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Rockland, Sullivan, Ulster, and Westchester, New York|
|Ecclesiastical province||New York|
|Metropolitan||New York City, New York|
|Area||12,212 km2 (4,715 sq mi)|
|(as of 2016)
|Established||8 April 1808
(As Diocese of New York)
19 July 1850
(As Archdiocese of New York)
|Cathedral||St. Patrick's Cathedral|
|Patron saint||St. Patrick|
|Archbishop||Timothy Michael Cardinal Dolan|
|Vicar General||Joseph LaMorte|
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York is a Latin Catholic archdiocese in New York State. It encompasses the boroughs of Manhattan, the Bronx and Staten Island in New York City and the counties of Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Rockland, Sullivan, Ulster, and Westchester in New York. The Archdiocese of New York is the second-largest diocese in the United States, encompassing 296 parishes that serve around 2.8 million Catholics in addition to hundreds of Catholic schools, hospitals and charities. The Archdiocese also operates the well-known St. Joseph's Seminary, commonly referred to as Dunwoodie. The Archdiocese of New York is the metropolitan see of the ecclesiastical province of New York which includes the suffragan dioceses of Albany, Brooklyn, Buffalo, Ogdensburg, Rochester, Rockville Centre and Syracuse.
It publishes a bi-weekly newspaper, Catholic New York, the largest of its kind in the United States.
The ordinary of the Archdiocese of New York is an archbishop whose cathedra is The Cathedral of St. Patrick (commonly St. Patrick's Cathedral) in Manhattan, New York. The Archbishop of New York is also the metropolitan of the larger Ecclesiastical Province of New York, which consists of the eight dioceses that comprise the State of New York with the exception of a small portion (Fishers Island) that belongs to the Province of Hartford. As such, the metropolitan archbishop possesses certain limited authority over the suffragan sees of the province (see ecclesiastical province).
Initially, the territory that now makes up the Archdiocese of New York was part of the Prefecture Apostolic of United States of America which was established on November 26, 1784. On November 6, 1789, the Prefecture was elevated to a diocese and the present territory of the Archdiocese of New York fell under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Baltimore, headed by the first American bishop, John Carroll.
At the time, there was a dearth of priests to minister to the large territory. The first Roman Catholic Church in New York City was St. Peter's on Barclay Street. The land was purchased from Trinity Church with community donations and a gift of 1,000 pieces of silver from King Charles III of Spain. The church was built in the federal style. Among its regular worshippers were Saint Elizabeth Seton and Venerable Pierre Toussaint.
On April 8, 1808, the Holy See raised Baltimore to the status of an Archdiocese. At the same time, the dioceses of Philadelphia, Boston, Bardstown (now Louisville, KY) and New York were created as suffragan dioceses of Baltimore. At the time of its establishment, the Diocese of New York covered all of the State of New York, as well as the northeastern New Jersey counties of Sussex, Bergen, Morris, Essex, Somerset, Middlesex, and Monmouth.
Since the first appointed bishop could not set sail from Italy due to the Napoleonic blockade, a Jesuit priest, Anthony Kohlmann, was appointed administrator. He was instrumental in organizing the diocese and preparing for the Cathedral of St. Patrick to be built on Mulberry Street. Among the difficulties faced by Catholics at the time was anti-Catholic bigotry in general and in the New York school system. A strong Nativist movement sought to keep Catholics out of the country and to prevent those already present from advancing.
On April 23, 1847 territory was taken from the diocese to form the dioceses of Albany and Buffalo. The diocese was elevated to an archdiocese on July 19, 1850. On July 29, 1853 territory was again taken from the diocese, this time to form the Diocese of Newark and the Diocese of Brooklyn. The Bahamas were made a part of the Archdiocese of New York, establishing the first permanent Catholic presence, on July 25, 1885 due to their proximity to New York's busy port. Churches and schools were constructed and administered until The Bahamas' eventual dissociation to form the Prefecture Apostolic of Bahama (now the Archdiocese of Nassau) on March 21, 1929. By 1932, The Bahamas were no longer under the spiritual jurisdiction of New York.
As of 2014 the Catholic population of the Archdiocese is 2,634,624. These Catholics were served by 932 archdiocesan priests and 913 priests of religious orders. Also laboring in the diocese were 359 permanent deacons, 1,493 religious brothers, and 3,153 nuns.
For comparison, in 1929, the Catholic population of the Archdiocese was 1,273,291 persons. There were 1,314 clergy ministering in the archdiocese and 444 churches. There were also 170,348 children in Catholic educational and welfare institutions.
In 1959, there were 7,913 nuns and sisters ministering in the Archdiocese, representing 103 different religious orders.
Anniversaries of significance to the archdiocese
- January 4 - Memorial of Elizabeth Ann Seton, native of New York
- January 5 - Memorial of John Neumann, ordained a priest of New York
- February 18 - Anniversary of Archbishop Dolan's elevation to Cardinal by Pope Benedict XVI (2012)
- February 23 -Anniversary of Archbishop Dolan's appointment to the Archdiocese by Pope Benedict XVI (2009)
- March 17 - Solemnity of Saint Patrick, Patronal Feast of both the Archdiocese and the Cathedral
- April 8 - Anniversary of the establishment of the Diocese of New York (1808)
- April 15 - Anniversary of Archbishop Dolan's Installation (2009)
- May 5 - Memorial of Blessed Edmund Rice, founder of the Irish Christian Brothers
- July 14 - Memorial of Saint Kateri Tekakwitha, born near Albany in territory which was once part of the Diocese of New York
- September 5 - Memorial of Saint Teresa of Calcutta, who did missionary work in the Bronx
- October 5 - Anniversary of Dedication of the Cathedral of Saint Patrick
- November 13 - Memorial of Frances Xavier Cabrini, missionary in New York
Bishops and Prelates
The following is a list of the Roman Catholic bishops and archbishops of New York who have served as the diocesan bishop of New York (and their tenures of service):
- R. Luke Concanen, O.P. (1808–1810)
- John Connolly, O.P. (1814–1825)
- John Dubois, S.S. (1826–1842)
- John Hughes (1842–1850)
- John Hughes (1850–1864)
- Cardinal John McCloskey (1864–1885)
- Michael Corrigan (1885–1902)
- Cardinal John Murphy Farley (1902–1918)
- Cardinal Patrick Joseph Hayes (1919–1938)
- Cardinal Francis Spellman (1939–1967)
- Cardinal Terence Cooke (1968–1983)
- Cardinal John O'Connor (1984–2000)
- Cardinal Edward Egan (2000–2009)
- Cardinal Timothy M. Dolan (2009–present)
Auxiliary Bishops of New York
- Thomas Cusack (1904-1915), appointed Bishop of Albany
- John Joseph Dunn (1921-1933)
- Stephen Joseph Donahue (1934-1972)
- James Francis McIntyre (1941-1946), appointed Coadjutor Archbishop of New York and later Archbishop of Los Angeles (elevated to Cardinal in 1953)
- Joseph Patrick Donahue (1945-1959)
- Thomas John McDonnell (1947-1951), appointed Coadjutor Bishop of Wheeling
- Joseph Francis Flannelly (1948-1969)
- James Henry Ambrose Griffiths (1950-1964)
- Venerable Fulton J. Sheen (1951-1966), appointed Bishop of Rochester
- Walter P. Kellenberg (1953-1954), appointed Bishop of Ogdensburg and later Bishop of Rockville Centre
- Edward Vincent Dargin (1953-1973)
- Joseph Maria Pernicone (1954-1978)
- John Michael Fearns (1957-1972)
- John Joseph Maguire (1959-1965), appointed Coadjutor Archbishop of New York
- George Henry Guilfoyle (1964-1968), appointed Bishop of Camden
- Edwin Broderick (1967-1969), appointed Bishop of Albany
- Edward Dennis Head (1970-1973), appointed Bishop of Buffalo
- Patrick Vincent Ahern (1970-1994)
- James Patrick Mahoney (1972-1997)
- Anthony Francis Mestice (1973-2001)
- Theodore Edgar McCarrick (1977-1981), appointed Bishop of Metuchen and later Archbishop of Newark and Archbishop of Washington
- Austin Bernard Vaughan (1977-2000)
- Francisco Garmendia (1977-2001)
- Joseph Thomas O'Keefe (1982-1987), appointed Bishop of Syracuse
- Emerson John Moore (1982-1995)
- Edward Egan (1985-1988), appointed Bishop of Bridgeport and later Archbishop of New York (elevated to Cardinal in 2001)
- William Jerome McCormack (1987-2001)
- Patrick Sheridan (1990-2011)
- Henry J. Mansell (1993-1995), appointed Bishop of Buffalo and later Archbishop of Hartford
- Edwin Frederick O'Brien (1996-1997), appointed Archbishop for the Military Services, USA and later Archbishop of Baltimore and Grand Master of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre (elevated to Cardinal in 2012)
- Robert Anthony Brucato (1997-2006)
- James Francis McCarthy (1999-2002)
- Timothy A. McDonnell (2001-2004), appointed Bishop of Springfield in Massachusetts
- Josu Iriondo (2001-2014)
- Dominick John Lagonegro (2001-2018)
- Dennis Joseph Sullivan (2004-2013), appointed Bishop of Camden
- Gerald Thomas Walsh (2004-2017)
- Peter John Byrne (2014-present)
- John Joseph Jenik (2014-present)
- John Joseph O’Hara (2014-present)
Other bishops who once were priests in the Archdiocese of New York
- William Quarter, appointed Bishop of Chicago (1843)
- Saint John Neumann, appointed Bishop of Philadelphia (1852)
- James Roosevelt Bayley, appointed Bishop of Newark (1853) and later Archbishop of Baltimore
- David William Bacon, appointed Bishop of Portland, Maine (1855)
- Francis Patrick McFarland (priest here, 1845-1847), appointed Bishop of Hartford (1857)
- John J. Conroy, appointed Bishop of Albany (1865)
- Bernard John Joseph McQuaid, appointed Bishop of Rochester (1868)
- Francis McNeirny, appointed Coadjutor Bishop of Albany (1871) and later Bishop of Albany
- Charles Edward McDonnell, appointed Bishop of Brooklyn (1892)
- Charles H. Colton, appointed Bishop of Buffalo (1903)
- John Joseph Mitty, appointed Bishop of Salt Lake City (1926) and later Coadjutor Archbishop of San Francisco and Archbishop of San Francisco
- Joseph Francis Rummel, appointed Bishop of Omaha (1928) and later Archbishop of New Orleans
- William Scully, appointed Coadjutor Bishop of Albany (1945) and later Bishop of Albany
- Patrick Aloysius O'Boyle, appointed Archbishop of Washington (1947) (elevated to Cardinal in 1967)
- Philip Joseph Furlong, appointed Auxiliary Bishop for the Military Services, USA (1956)
- Francis Frederick Reh, appointed Bishop of Charleston (1962) and later Rector of the Pontifical North American College and Bishop of Saginaw
- Thomas Andrew Donnellan, appointed Bishop of Ogdensburg (1964)
- Charles Borromeo McLaughlin, appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Raleigh (1964) and later Bishop of St. Petersburg
- Joseph Thomas Dimino, appointed Auxiliary Bishop for the Military Services, USA (1983) and later Archbishop for the Military Services, USA
- Rrok Kola Mirdita, appointed Archbishop of Tiranë-Durrës (1993)
- Charles Daniel Balvo, appointed an Apostolic Nuncio and Titular Archbishop (2005)
- Charles John Brown, appointed an Apostolic Nuncio and Titular Archbishop (2012)
- William James Muhm, appointed Auxiliary Bishop for the Military Services, USA (2019)
The following cemeteries are under the auspices of Calvary & Allied Cemeteries, Inc.:
- Calvary Cemetery - Established in 1847; located in Queens. The cemetery, while located in the Diocese of Brooklyn, is property of the Archdiocese of New York as it was established before the Diocese of Brooklyn was canonically erected.
- Cemetery of the Ascension - Located in Airmont in Rockland County.
- Cemetery of the Resurrection - Located in Staten Island.
- Gate of Heaven Cemetery - Located in Valhalla in Westchester County.
Many parishes have their own cemeteries, or their own sections in private cemeteries. An incomplete list of those cemeteries follows:
- All Souls Cemetery (Pleasantville) - Belongs to Holy Innocents Church in Pleasantville.
- Assumption Cemetery (Cortlandt Manor) - Belongs to Assumption Church in Peekskill.
- Calvary Cemetery (Newburgh) - Belongs to St. Patrick Church in Newburgh.
- Calvary Cemetery (Poughkeepsie) - Belongs to St. Martin de Porres Church in Poughkeepsie.
- Holy Mount Cemetery (Eastchester) - Belongs to Immaculate Conception Church in Tuckahoe.
- Holy Sepulchre Cemetery (New Rochelle) - Belongs to Blessed Sacrament Church in New Rochelle.
- Mount Calvary Cemetery (White Plains) - Belongs to St. John the Evangelist Church in White Plains.
- Sacred Heart Cemetery (Barrytown) - Belongs to St. Christopher Church in Red Hook. The parish has a mission chapel in Barrytown.
- St. Anastasia Cemetery (Harriman) - Belongs to St. Anastasia Church in Harriman.
- St. Denis Cemetery (Hopewell Junction) - Belongs to St. Denis Church in Hopewell Junction.
- St. Francis of Assisi Cemetery (Mount Kisco) - Belongs to St. Francis of Assisi Church in Mount Kisco.
- St. Joachim Cemetery (Beacon) - Belongs to St. Joachim-St. John the Evangelist Church in Beacon. The cemetery consists of an old section and a new section.
- St. John Cemetery (Goshen) - Belongs to St. John the Evangelist Church in Goshen.
- St. John Cemetery (Pawling) - Belongs to St. John the Evangelist Church in Pawling.
- St. Joseph Cemetery (Florida) - Belongs to St. Joseph Church in Florida.
- St. Joseph Cemetery (Middletown) - Belongs to St. Joseph Church in Middletown.
- St. Joseph Cemetery (Millbrook) - Belongs to St. Joseph Church in Millbrook.
- St. Joseph Cemetery ( [Wurtsboro, NY/ Mamakating]) - Belongs to St. joseph Church in Wurtsboro. pastor
- St. Joseph Cemetery (Yonkers) - Belongs to St. Joseph Church in Yonkers.
- St. Lucy Cemetery (Cochecton) - Belongs to St. Francis Xavier Church in Narrowsburg. There was formerly a mission church in Cochecton.
- St. Mary Cemetery (Bangall) - Belongs to Immaculate Conception Church in Bangall.
- St. Mary Cemetery (Port Jervis) - Belongs to St. Mary Church in Port Jervis.
- St. Mary Cemetery (Wappingers Falls) - Belongs to St. Mary Church in Wappingers Falls.
- St. Mary Cemetery (Washingtonville) - Belongs to St. Mary Church in Washingtonville.
- St. Mary Cemetery (Yonkers) - Belongs to St. Mary Church in Yonkers.
- St. Patrick Cemetery (Millerton) - Belongs to Immaculate Conception Church in Amenia. The parish has a mission chapel in Millerton.
- St. Patrick Cemetery (Newburgh) - Belongs to St. Patrick Church in Newburgh.
- St. Peter Cemetery (Kingston) - Belongs to St. Peter Church in Kingston.
- St. Peter Cemetery (Poughkeepsie) - Belongs to St. Peter Church in Hyde Park. The church was formerly located in Poughkeepsie.
- St. Raymond Cemetery (The Bronx) - Belongs to St. Raymond Church in the Bronx. The cemetery consists of an old section and a new section.
- St. Stephen Cemetery (Warwick) - Belongs to St. Stephen-St. Edward Church in Warwick.
- St. Sylvia Cemetery (Tivoli) - Belongs to St. Sylvia Church in Tivoli.
- St. Thomas Cemetery (Cornwall-on-Hudson) - Belongs to St. Thomas of Canterbury Church in Cornwall-on-Hudson.
Catholic charitable organizations
Saints, blesseds, and venerables of New York
- St. Elizabeth Ann Seton – Also known as Mother Seton; founded the Sisters of Charity; first canonized saint of New York; first U.S. native-born citizen canonized a saint; aunt of Bishop James Roosevelt Bayley (first Bishop of Newark, New Jersey, and eighth Archbishop of Baltimore).
- St. Frances Xavier Cabrini – Also known as Mother Cabrini; founded the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart; first U.S. citizen canonized a saint. Her shrine is located in Washington Heights.
- St. Isaac Jogues – Jesuit missionary, active in northern New York State, but before the establishment of the Diocese of New York.
- St. John Nepomucene Neumann – Ordained as a priest of New York; later became a Redemptorist; became the fourth Bishop of Philadelphia (1852–60) and the first U.S. bishop to be canonized; as bishop of Philadelphia, he founded the first Catholic diocesan school system in the U.S.
- St. Kateri Tekakwitha
- Venerable Fulton Sheen
- Venerable Pierre Toussaint
- Isaac Thomas Hecker - Servant of God; founder of the Paulist Fathers.
- Vincent Robert Capodanno – Servant of God; Navy chaplain in Vietnam War; awarded Medal of Honor.
- Dorothy Day - Servant of God; sainthood cause being investigated currently in Rome.
- Terence Cooke - Servant of God
- Rose Hawthorne Lathrop - Sainthood cause in Rome; founder of the Dominican Sisters of Hawthorne.
Shrines of New York
- St. Frances Xavier Cabrini Shrine, next to Mother Cabrini High School, at 701 Fort Washington Avenue, in the Washington Heights section of Manhattan. The street to the west of the shrine was renamed Cabrini Boulevard in her honor.
- The Shrine of St. Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton is located in the Church of Our Lady of the Rosary, at 7 State Street, in the Financial District of Manhattan.
Reports of sex abuse
In August 2018, the archdiocese reported that between 2016 and 2018, its Independent Reconciliation and Compensation Program paid nearly $60 million to 278 victims of sex abuse by clergy. On September 26, 2018, it was reported that the Archdiocese of New York, and the three other dioceses where Theodore McCarrick served as a bishop, were facing an investigation by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops for McCarrick's alleged sex abuse. On January 28, 2018, the New York state Assembly and Senate passed a law allowing prosecutors to bring criminal charges until a victim turned 28, and permitting victims to sue until age 55. New York Governor Andrew Cuomo signed the bill into law on February 14, 2019.
List of Accused Clergy
On April 26, 2019, the Archdiocese released a list of 120 Catholic clergy accused of committing acts of sexual abuse. Some of those on the list, which includes both male and female church workers, have been convicted and many are deceased. The list was accompanied by a letter of apology from Archbishop Cardinal Timothy Dolan, who asked for forgiveness.
Province of New York
- John P. Chidwick – Ordained a priest of New York; chaplain on USS Maine
- Francis Patrick Duffy – Ordained a priest of New York in 1896; chaplain during World War I, for the 69th Infantry Regiment (a military unit from New York City and part of the New York Army National Guard) — known as "The Fighting 69th" — which had been federalized and redesignated the 165th U.S. Infantry Regiment.
- Sisters of Life – Founded in 1991 by John Joseph O'Connor, Cardinal Archbishop of New York.
- Newman, Andy. "New York Archdiocese Will Close 7 More Churches", The New York Times, May 8, 2015
- "New York's Catholic Church". New York State Catholic Conference.
- West, Melanie (May 8, 2015). "Archdiocese of New York Announces Parish Merger Decisions". Wall Street Journal.
- "Catholic New York". Archdiocese of New York.
- "Catholic Encyclopeida: Archdiocese of New York". New Advent.
- Pronechen, Joseph (September 2, 2011). "9/11's Church: St. Peter Catholic Church Has Witnessed Pivotal Points of U.S. History". newspaper. National Catholic Register.
- "History of the Archdiocese of New York". Archives of the Archdiocese of New York.
- "History". Roman Catholic Diocese of Albany.
- "Diocese of Albany". Catholic Hierarchy.
- "Buffalo". New Advent.
- "Diocese of Buffalo". Catholic Hierarchy.
- "Archdiocese of Newark". Catholic Hierarchy.
- "Archdiocesan History". Archdiocese of Newark.
- "Diocese of Brooklyn". Catholic Hierarchy.
- "Catholics in the Bahamas: A Brief History". Archives of the Archdiocese of New York.
- "New York (Archdiocese) [Catholic-Hierarchy]". www.catholic-hierarchy.org. Retrieved 2015-11-23.
- "TOPICS OF INTEREST TO THE CHURCHGOER; Cardinal Hayes to Sail for Rome Next Month for Ad Limina Visit to the Pope. MINISTERS END VACATIONS Dr. Straton to Resume Work Tomorrow--Bishop Manning DueHome About Sept. 17". The New York Times. 1929-09-07. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-11-23.
- "Pope Francis accepts resignation of Cardinal McCarrick". Dicasterium pro Communicatione. Vatican News. 28 July 2018. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
Pope Francis on Saturday accepted the resignation of Cardinal Theodore McCarrick, Archbishop emeritus of Washington (USA), from the cardinalate.
- "Hard Work Ahead to Address 'Spiritual Crisis'". Catholic New York. August 29, 2018.
- White, Christopher; San Martín, Inés (September 26, 2018). "Bishops to investigate 4 dioceses after Pope nixes Vatican McCarrick probe". Crux.
- Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York Official Site
- Catholic New York
- Catholic Encyclopedia article
- New York State Catholic Conference
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