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Mutual Street Arena
|Former names||Arena Gardens (name at opening)|
|Location||68–88 Mutual Street,
|Owner||The Arena Gardens of Toronto, Limited|
standing: 7,500 (hockey)
|Surface||mechanically frozen ice|
|Architect||Ross and McFarlane of Montreal|
|General contractor||Peter Lyall & Sons Limited|
|Toronto Tecumsehs (NHA) (1912-1913)
Toronto Blueshirts (NHA) (1912-1917)
Toronto Ontarios (NHA) (1913-1914)
Toronto Shamrocks (NHA) (1914-1915)
Toronto Aura Lee, (OHA) (1916-1926)
Toronto 228th Battalion (NHA) (1916-1917)
Torontos/Toronto Arenas/St. Pats/Maple Leafs (NHL) (1917-1931)
Toronto Marlboros (1926-1931)
Toronto Falcons (IHL) (1929-1930)
Toronto Maple Leafs (ILL) (1931)
Mutual Street Arena, initially called Arena Gardens or just the Arena, was an ice hockey arena and sports and entertainment venue in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. From 1912 until 1931, with the opening of Maple Leaf Gardens, it was the premier site of ice hockey in Toronto, being home to teams from the National Hockey Association (NHA), the National Hockey League (NHL), the Ontario Hockey Association (OHA) and the International Hockey League (IHL). It was the first home of the Toronto Maple Leafs, who played at the arena under various names for their first 13½ seasons. The Arena Gardens was the third rink in Canada to feature a mechanically frozen or 'artificial' ice surface (Shea's Amphitheatre opened in 1909 and Patrick Arena opened in 1911), and for eleven years was the only such facility in eastern Canada. In 1923, it was the site of the first radio broadcast of an ice hockey game, the first radio broadcast of an NHL game, and the first broadcast of an ice hockey game by long-time broadcaster Foster Hewitt.
The Arena was also used for musical concerts, gatherings and other sporting events, including professional boxing, cycling, wrestling and tennis. In 1962, it was converted to a curling club and roller skating rink known as The Terrace. The building was demolished in 1989 and the Cathedral Square residential complex and Arena Gardens municipal park now occupy the site. It was located on Mutual Street, just south of Dundas Street East and two blocks east of Church Street in downtown Toronto.
It was constructed for a reported cost of CA$500,000 and opened in 1912. It was built on the site of the Mutual Street Rink, used primarily for curling and ice skating between Dundas Street East and Shuter Street. At the time, it was billed as the largest indoor arena in Canada and held about 7,500 for hockey. The rink was owned by the Toronto Arena Company, organized September 19, 1911, with Sir Henry Pellatt as president, Lol Solman as managing director, and directors Aemilius Jarvis, Joseph Kilgour, T.W. Horn, R.A. Smith, and Col. Carlson. There were two other directors from Montreal. W. J. Bellingham was the initial manager.
The Arena opened with a performance by Nathan Franko's Orchestra on October 7, 1912, supporting a recital by Alice Neville, soprano of the Metropolitan Opera, tenor Orville Harold and a company of opera singers from the Boston Opera Company organized by Neville. It was the first of a series called the Toronto Music Festival. Entrances to the various blue and red seating sections were indicated by corresponding blue and red lights on the outside of the building. It was followed the next day by a recital by Johanna Gadski with Franko's orchestra. The festival continued all week, concluding on October 12 with a variety show headlined by Canadian theatre and film actress Marie Dressler. Americans Yvonne de Tréville, Charlotte Maconda and Rosa Olitzka sang arias from several operas while Dressler performed a comedic reading of the poem "The Glove" by Edward Bulwer-Lytton, singing "burlesque opera solos" to the accompaniment of Nathan Franko's Orchestra.
Arena Gardens was initially home to two new teams in the National Hockey Association (NHA): the Toronto Hockey Club and the Tecumseh Hockey Club. Delays in construction meant that the teams could not play in the 1911–12 season, as was originally scheduled. The 12 miles (19 km) of piping for the artificial ice was installed improperly and had to be reinstalled in December 1912. The first professional ice hockey game in the building was on December 21, 1912, an exhibition between the Montreal Canadiens and Montreal Wanderers. Sprague Cleghorn was suspended for four weeks and fined $65 by the NHA for assaulting the Canadiens' Newsy Lalonde in the game. The first official game was on December 25, 1912, a game between the Canadiens and the Torontos. Upon the suspension of the NHA in 1917, the professional franchise of the new National Hockey League (NHL) for Toronto was operated by the Toronto Arena itself. The franchise was operated by the Arena for two years before being sold to become the Toronto St. Patricks. The St. Pats became the Toronto Maple Leafs in 1927 and played at Arena Gardens until the completion of Maple Leaf Gardens in 1931. Until 1923, the Arena was the only facility east of Manitoba with artificial ice-making capability. With this in mind, the St. Pats often let other teams use the Arena as a neutral site during the early and late months of the season, when it was usually too warm for proper ice.
The year 1922 saw the first professional wrestling bout at the Arena, between former world champion Stanislaus Zbyszko and Canadian champion George Walker. Professional wrestling would continue at the Arena until 1938. Promoter Ivan Mickailof began promoting weekly shows in 1929. Some of the names that Mickailof presented at the Arena included Strangler Lewis and Toots Mondt, as well as reigning world champions Gus Sonnenberg, Ed Don George, Henri Deglane, Jim Londos, Ali Baba, Vic Christie, Everett Marshall and Billy Weidner, who all defended their titles at the Arena.
On February 8, 1923, the first radio broadcast of an ice hockey game was made from the Arena by the Toronto Daily Star's CFCA radio station. Norman Albert did the play-by-play of the third period of a game between North Toronto and Midland, won by North Toronto 16–4. Later that season, Foster Hewitt made his first radio broadcasts from the Arena, also on CFCA. A game on February 14, 1923, featured the Toronto St. Pats and the Ottawa Senators, and is the first NHL game to be broadcast on radio. The Stanley Cup Final was played at Arena Gardens four times: 1914, 1918, 1920 and 1922. Arena Gardens also hosted the Memorial Cup finals nine times from 1919 to 1931. The Gardens also hosted the Allan Cup final series. A 1931 game between the Montreal Canadiens and the Maple Leafs was filmed by the National Film Board of Canada.
The building was also used for mass assemblies. An assembly was held for Sir Wilfrid Laurier in 1913 by the Liberal Party of Canada. On June 10, 1925, this building was used as the venue for the inaugural service of the United Church of Canada, which united four existing denominations: the Presbyterians, the Methodist Church of Canada, the Congregational Union of Canada, and the Association of Local Union Churches. On December 3, 1933, 7,000 persons attended a memorial service for Sir Arthur Currie, commander of the Canadian Corps in World War I. On October 9, 1936, it was the site of a mass assembly by the Communist Party of Canada.
After the Maple Leafs left in 1931, the building no longer was a venue for professional ice hockey but remained open as a venue for sports and entertainment. Some of the other sports included bicycle racing, professional boxing and tennis. By 1934, revenues did not keep up with interest on bonds on the property, property taxes and the expenses of operating the arena. The bondholders made it known that the building was for sale. By 1937, with $200,000 of bonds in default, and the Arena in default of 1933 and 1934 taxes of nearly $16,000, and a similar amount estimated for 1936 and 1937, the Arena was listed for sale by the City of Toronto.
In 1938, the Arena was leased to Edward "Ted" Dickson who turned it into a recreation facility offering ice skating in winter and roller skating in summer. The name was changed that year to the Mutual Street Arena. The Glenn Miller big band played at the Arena in January 1942, Miller's only appearance in Toronto. Frank Sinatra made his first appearance in Toronto here in 1949. Roller hockey was introduced to the Arena in the late 1940s. Hank Williams Sr played a concert at the Arena in 1952. The city's first boat show was held in 1954. The Melody Fair theatre-in-the-round operated at the Arena in 1954.
Dickson bought the building in 1945 and it remained in the family for the next 43 years. The arena was renovated for $3 million in 1962, adding 18 curling sheets, year-round roller skating, a parking garage and a new facade. The Arena was renamed "The Terrace", a name it kept until it was sold in 1988. It closed its doors on April 30, 1989, and was demolished a few months later. The site was converted into a residential development with some of the site reserved for a city park. The Terrace name was retained for one of the residential buildings. In May 2011, the name of the city park on the site was changed from Cathedral Square Park to Arena Gardens.
This list is incomplete.
- October 7, 1912 - Grand opening
- March 14–19, 1914 - Toronto Blueshirts – Victoria Aristocrats Stanley Cup series
- March 20–30, 1918 - Torontos - Vancouver Millionaires Stanley Cup series
- March 30–April 1, 1920 - Two games of Ottawa Senators - Seattle Metropolitans Stanley Cup series
- March 17–28, 1922 - Toronto St. Patricks - Vancouver Millionaires Stanley Cup series
- February 8, 1923 - First radio broadcast of an ice hockey game
- February 14, 1923 - First radio broadcast of an NHL game
- June 10, 1925 - Inaugural service of United Church of Canada
- December 3, 1933 - Memorial service for Sir Arthur Currie
- January 23, 1942 - Only Toronto appearance by Glenn Miller and big band
- May 6, 1952 - concert by Hank Williams Sr and the Grand Ole Opry Show.
- Hewitt, Foster (1967). Foster Hewitt: His Own Story. Toronto, Ontario: Ryerson Press.
- Filey, Mike (1989). Like no other in the world: the story of the Toronto' Skydome. Toronto, Ontario: Sun Controlled Ventures. ISBN 0-919233-31-7.
- Hunter, Douglas (1997). Champions: The Illustrated History of Hockey's Greatest Dynasties. Chicago: Triumph Books. ISBN 1-57243-213-6.
- Kitchen, Paul (2008). Win, Lose or Wrangle: The Inside Story of the Old Ottawa Senators - 1883-1935. Manotick, Ontario: Penumbra Press.
- Filey 1989, p. 22. sfn error: no target: CITEREFFiley1989 (help)
- "Arena in Full Swing; Perfect Sheet of Ice". Toronto World. December 10, 1912. p. 4.
- "No Confusion Over Arena Tickets". Toronto World. October 7, 1912. p. 8. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
- "Seven Thousand People Heard Gadski at Arena". Toronto World. October 9, 1912. p. 1. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
- "Marie Dressler Will Appear Tonight". Toronto World. October 12, 1912. p. 8. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
- "Grand Finale of Opera Week". Toronto World. October 14, 1912. p. 8.
- "Rowing Club are to join junior hockey ranks". Toronto World. December 3, 1912. p. 5.
- "Arena to be ready Monday". Toronto World. December 8, 1912. p. Sports p. 1.
- "Arena Opens Today". Toronto World. December 9, 1912. p. 4.
- "Montreal Pros Show Class". Toronto World. December 23, 1912. p. 4.
- "Cleghorn Fined And Suspended For Assault On Newsy Lalonde". Toronto World. December 23, 1912. p. 4.
- Filey 1989, p. 23. sfn error: no target: CITEREFFiley1989 (help)
- Hunter 1997.
- "Arena Gardens: Toronto's original wrestling palace (1922-1938)". garywill.com. Archived from the original on February 4, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
- Albert, Norman (February 9, 1923). "Conacher Scored Six for North Toronto". Toronto Star. p. 12.
- Kitchen 2008, p. 246. sfn error: no target: CITEREFKitchen2008 (help)
- "M.A.A.A Confident on Eve of Second Allan Cup Match". Montreal Gazette. March 29, 1930. p. 20. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
- Amodeo, Jim. "Game Film : Circa 1931". Retrieved August 11, 2011.
- "Thousands mourn loss of Canadian Corps commander". Toronto Star. December 4, 1933. p. 3.
- "Summon Meeting of Arena Creditors". Financial Post of Canada. July 28, 1934. p. 16. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
- "Will Consider Sale of Toronto Arena". Financial Post of Canada. September 1, 1934. p. 8. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
- "Tax Sale Threatens Toronto Arena Gardens". Financial Post of Canada. p. 5. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
- Young, Peter (2002). Let's dance: a celebration of Ontario's dance halls and summer dance pavilions. p. 23. ISBN 1-896219-02-0.
- "Toronto's Hell on Wheels Paying Off at Box Office". The Billboard: 80. March 6, 1948.
- Brenda Patterson, General Manager, Parks, Forestry and Recreation (May 4, 2011). "Proposed renaming of Cathedral Square Park to "Arena Gardens"" (PDF). Staff Report. City of Toronto. Retrieved August 10, 2011.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
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