Ashland, Virginia

Ashland, Virginia
Ashland Town Hall
Ashland Town Hall
The Center of the Universe [1]
Location in Hanover County and the state of Virginia
Location in Hanover County and the state of Virginia
Coordinates: 37°45′34″N 77°28′38″W / 37.75944°N 77.47722°W / 37.75944; -77.47722Coordinates: 37°45′34″N 77°28′38″W / 37.75944°N 77.47722°W / 37.75944; -77.47722
Country United States
State Virginia
County Hanover
Founded 1858
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Mayor James R. Foley
 • Town Manager Joshua Farrar
 • Total 7.23 sq mi (18.72 km2)
 • Land 7.20 sq mi (18.64 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
213 ft (65 m)
 ( 2010)
 • Total 7,225
 • Estimate 
(2019) [3]
 • Density 1,094.05/sq mi (422.42/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 804
FIPS code 51-03368[4]
GNIS feature ID 1492492[5]

Ashland is a town in Hanover County, Virginia, United States, located 16 miles (26 km) north of Richmond along Interstate 95 and U.S. Route 1. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 7,225,[6] up from 6,619 at the 2000 census.

Ashland is named after the Lexington, Kentucky estate of Hanover County native and statesman Henry Clay. It is the only incorporated town in Hanover County. Although comprising only one square mile when originally incorporated in 1858, today Ashland has grown through several annexations to a size of 7.16 square miles (18.5 km2), one of Virginia's larger towns in terms of land area.[citation needed]


The Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad initially developed the town in the 1840s as a mineral springs resort with a racetrack. The town was named "Ashland" after native son Henry Clay's estate in Kentucky and was officially incorporated on February 19, 1858. The area had been known as "The Slashes", sometimes translated as "swamp", but which also reflected the small ravines that formed in the sandy clay soil after hard rains.

Confederate troops trained on the former racetrack early in the American Civil War, but the war and its aftermath devastated Ashland. Randolph–Macon College (founded 1830) moved to Ashland in 1868 and began using buildings of the bankrupt hotel as well as building additional structures.

The railroad lines rebuilt and the town continued to expand. Even before the war, the railroad began offering monthly passes to Richmond to people buying lots and building houses in Ashland. When tycoon Jay Gould established a streetcar line between Ashland and Richmond in 1908, the town became an early streetcar suburb of Richmond. Construction of U.S. Route 1 on the former Washington (or Richmond) Road, and later I-95, further shaped the town character and development.

One of Virginia's oldest churches is 5 miles (8 km) southeast of Ashland: Slash Church, built as the Upper Church of St. Paul's Parish in 1729 remains a house of worship, though now used by the Disciples of Christ.[7][8] Ashland itself originally had a Free Church, shared by various Protestant denominations. Several denominations built churches shortly after the Civil War, but many have been torn down. The town's current Episcopal church is St. James the Less, on the other side of the railway line from Slash Church and whose congregation received monthly clergy visitations in the 1850s, and which in 1958 sold its 1866-consecrated and once-moved building as well as the old rectory (which still remains today, in private ownership) in order to build a larger one on the town's outskirts. The Disciples of Christ also had a historic church on Center Street (built 1900) that was replaced in 1985. Historic churches still within the town's (and historic district's) boundaries include Ashland Baptist Church (1860, now the Hanover Arts and Activities Center); Shiloh Baptist Church (1866, originally Freedmens Baptist Church), Duncan Memorial Chapel (Methodist, 1879), St. Ann's Catholic Church (built 1892, remodeled 1925) and Ashland Presbyterian Church (1875-1881). Gwathmey Baptist Church (1892) is a mile nearer Richmond and (like the former St. James the Less Church), within 50 feet of the railroad tracks.[9] The town now also has an Eastern Orthodox congregation, St. Andrew's (2001), and a messianic Jewish congregation (Beth Shalom Ministries, 2004).

Major Payne was filmed at the Ashland railroad station, which now acts as a tourist information office and no longer sells rail tickets. Bloomberg Business in 2009 named Ashland "Best Place to Raise your Kids" in Virginia. In 2014, named Ashland one of America's 10 best small towns.[citation needed]

On October 19, 2002, Ashland made national news as the site of one of the D.C. sniper attacks. 37-year-old Jeffrey Hopper was shot at 8:00 pm in the parking lot of a Ponderosa Steakhouse as he and his wife left the restaurant.[citation needed]


Ashland is located near the center of Hanover County at 37°45′34″N 77°28′38″W / 37.75944°N 77.47722°W / 37.75944; -77.47722 (37.759361, −77.477226).[10] U.S. Route 1 passes through the east side of the center of town, leading north 8 miles (13 km) to Doswell and south 16 miles (26 km) to Richmond. Interstate 95 passes through the town limits further to the east, with access from Exit 92. I-95 leads north 38 miles (61 km) to Fredericksburg and 90 miles (140 km) to Washington, D.C., while to the south it leads 16 miles to Richmond and 40 miles (64 km) to Petersburg. Virginia State Route 54 goes through the center of Ashland as England Street and Thompson Street, leading east 6 miles (10 km) to U.S. Route 301 at Hanover, the county seat, and northwest 13 miles (21 km) to Montpelier.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Ashland has a total area of 7.2 square miles (18.6 km2), of which 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2), or 0.43%, are water.[6] Ashland is drained to the north by tributaries of the South Anna River, part of the Pamunkey and York River watershed, and to the south by tributaries of the Chickahominy River, part of the James River watershed.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 148
1870 491 231.8%
1880 764 55.6%
1890 948 24.1%
1900 1,147 21.0%
1910 1,324 15.4%
1920 1,290 −2.6%
1930 1,297 0.5%
1940 1,718 32.5%
1950 2,610 51.9%
1960 2,773 6.2%
1970 2,934 5.8%
1980 4,640 58.1%
1990 5,864 26.4%
2000 6,619 12.9%
2010 7,225 9.2%
2019 (est.) 7,875 [3] 9.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 7225 people with 2,863 households in the town. The racial makeup of the town was 71.1% White, 22.2% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.68% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.7% of the population.

The median income for a household in the town was $46,474. The per capita income for the town was $23,569. About 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line.

Public services

Ashland is governed by a five-member town council, and day-to-day activities are run by a town manager. Hanover County handles stormwater pollutant removal and filtration.[12] The town's library is part of the multi-county Pamunkey Regional Library System, although additional libraries are at the courthouse and Randolph Macon College.[13]

The Ashland Volunteer Fire Company, formed in 1890, is located on 501 Archie Canon Drive.[14]

The Ashland Police Department has 25 sworn full-time officers and is Law Enforcement Accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies, Inc. (C.A.L.E.A.)

Pufferbelly Park, located behind the Ashland Police Department,[15] features playground facilities and the town's public skatepark, which opened in 2004.[16]

Local festivals

For nearly 35 years, Ashland's main festival has been the Strawberry Faire in June.[17] Vendors from around the state sell a variety of different items (with a strawberry theme). Festivities include a Strawberry Faire Pageant for Little Miss and Mister Strawberry, as well as live performances by local artists. Ten Hanover County Schools students each year receive Strawberry Faire scholarships.

The Ashland Musical Variety Show, is a biennial talent show held in odd years.[18] It features songs and skits performed by area residents and raises funds for the Hanover Arts & Activities Center in Ashland. It started in 1982.

Another festival is the family-friendly annual Ashland Train Day on the first Saturday in November. Vendors can be found from around the country up and down Railroad Avenue. With the Quiet Zone rules in suspension, visitors are treated to CSX and AMTRAK trains sounding off.[19]


The climate in this area is humid subtropical (Cfa) and is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cold winters. Average monthly temperatures range from 36.4 °F in January to 77.4 °F in July. [1] The hardiness zone is 7a.

See also


  1. ^ "History of Ashland". Town of Ashland. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Ashland town, Virginia". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  7. ^ Don W. and Sue Massey, Colonial Churches of Virginia (Charlottesville, Howell Press, 2003) at pp. 54-55
  8. ^ "Slash Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)". Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  9. ^
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "Filterra - Stormwater Biofiltration". Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  13. ^ "Pamunkey Regional Library". Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  14. ^ "History". Ashland Volunteer Fire Company. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
  15. ^ "Kiwanis Pufferbelly Park". Town of Ashland, Virginia.
  16. ^ "Ashland Skate Park @ Pufferbelly Park". Town of Ashland, Virginia.
  17. ^ "Ashland Strawberry Faire". Ashland Strawberry Faire. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  18. ^ "Ashland Musical Variety Show". Hanover Arts and Activity Center.
  19. ^ "Ashland Train Day".

External links