Athletics at the 2008 Summer Olympics – Men's 100 metres

Men's 100 metres
at the Games of the XXIX Olympiad
Usain Bolt Olympics Celebration.jpg
Bolt after winning the 100m final
Venue Beijing National Stadium
Dates 15 August (heats and quarterfinals)
16 August (semifinals and final)
Competitors 80 from 64 nations
Winning time 9.69 WR
Medalists
1st place, gold medalist(s) Usain Bolt
 Jamaica
2nd place, silver medalist(s) Richard Thompson
 Trinidad and Tobago
3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Walter Dix
 United States
←  2004
2012 →

The men's 100 metres sprint event at the 2008 Olympic Games took place on 15 and 16 August at the Beijing National Stadium.[1] Eighty athletes from 64 nations competed.[2] Each nation was limited to 3 athletes per rules in force since the 1930 Olympic Congress. The final was won by Jamaican Usain Bolt in a world record time of 9.69 seconds. It was Jamaica's first title in the event, and first medal in the event since 1976. Jamaica became the first country to join the men's 100 metre winners since Trinidad and Tobago, also in 1976; Richard Thompson won that country's fourth overall medal in the event with his silver.

Holding a considerable lead 70 metres into the race, Bolt opened his arms in celebration before slapping his chest. British athlete and television presenter Kriss Akabusi criticized this gesture as showboating, noting that it cost Bolt an even faster record time.[3] IOC president Jacques Rogge also criticized Bolt's actions as disrespectful.[4][5] Bolt denied that this was the purpose of his mid-race celebration by saying "I wasn't bragging. When I saw I wasn't covered, I was just happy."[6]

Summary

Prior to the 2008 season, Usain Bolt was known as a 200-metre sprinter, having set the world youth best in the event four years earlier. He only dabbled in the 100 metres the year before with a one off race in Rethymno. While people were impressed with his 10.03,[7] it didn't strike fear in the 9.9 sprinters around the world. In early May, he talked his coach into letting him try the 100 again, his 9.76 was the second fastest in history, only .02 behind fellow Jamaican Asafa Powell's world record.[8] At the end of the month he entered another 100 metres at the Adidas Grand Prix in New York City. The result was a new world record 9.72.

While Bolt's slow starts were seen as a liability, once he got moving, nobody seemed able to match his top end speed. He easily had the fastest times in both the quarterfinal and semi-final rounds, while injured Gay and Obikwelu were eliminated. The center lanes of the final, reserved for the fastest qualifiers, included Bolt, Powell, Dix and another collegiate phenom from LSU, Richard Thompson.

In the final, the third Jamaican in the race, Michael Frater got the best start, along with Thompson and Darvis Patton. 30 metres into the race, Bolt was into his full running position and had pulled even with the leader, Thompson. By the next 20 metres, Bolt was simply pulling away, with Thompson breaking up a Jamaican sweep of Frater and Powell. 20 metres before the finish, already with a 3-metre lead, Bolt held out his arms in celebration. Behind him, Dix and Churandy Martina were making a late rush to pick off Frater and Powell. Turning to look back at his vanquished competition, Bolt crossed the finish line sideways, still with the "showboating" and lack of form, his time was a new world record, 9.69. Thompson later said "I could see him slowing down ahead as I was still pumping away."[9]

Background

This was the twenty-sixth time the event was held, having appeared at every Olympics since the first in 1896. Four finalists from 2004 returned: silver medalist Francis Obikwelu of Portugal, fifth-place finisher Asafa Powell of Jamaica, sixth-place finisher Kim Collins of Saint Kitts and Nevis, and Aziz Zakari of Ghana, who had been unable to finish the final. Collins and Zakari had also been to the final in 2000. Defending gold medalist Justin Gatlin was banned at the time for failing a second drugs test, testing positive for testosterone.[10]

In Gatlin's absence, the United States team was led by Tyson Gay, the reigning world champion, but who had suffered a hamstring injury at the U.S. trials. An ascendant Jamaican team included Powell, who had held the world record from 2005 to 2008, and Usain Bolt, who had taken the world record in May of 2008.[2]

The Czech Republic, the Marshall Islands, and Tuvalu appeared in the event for the first time. The United States made its 25rd appearance in the event, most of any country, having missed only the boycotted 1980 Games.

Qualification

Each National Olympic Committee (NOC) was able to enter up to three entrants providing they had met the A qualifying standard (10.21) in the qualifying period (1 January 2007 to 23 July 2008). NOCs were also permitted to enter one athlete providing he had met the B standard (10.28) in the same qualifying period.[11]

Competition format

The event retained the same basic four round format introduced in 1920: heats, quarterfinals, semifinals, and a final. The "fastest loser" system, introduced in 1968, was used again to ensure that the quarterfinals and subsequent rounds had exactly 8 runners per heat; this time, the system was used in both the heats and quarterfinals.

The first round consisted of 10 heats, each with 8 or 9 athletes. The top three runners in each heat advanced, along with the next ten fastest runners overall. This made 40 quarterfinalists, who were divided into 5 heats of 8 runners. The top three runners in each quarterfinal advanced, with one "fastest loser" place. The 16 semifinalists competed in two heats of 8, with the top four in each semifinal advancing to the eight-man final.[2]

Records

Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were as follows:

World record  Usain Bolt (JAM) 9.72 s New York City, United States 31 May 2008
Olympic record  Donovan Bailey (CAN) 9.84 s Atlanta, United States 27 July 1996

The following new world and Olympic records were set during this competition.

Date Event Athlete Time OR WR
16 August Final  Usain Bolt (JAM) 9.69 s OR WR

Schedule

All times are China Standard Time (UTC+8)

Date Time Round
Friday, 15 August 2008 09:45
19:45
Heats
Quarterfinals
Saturday, 16 August 2008 20:00
22:30
Semifinals
Final

Disqualification

Eight years after the event, the IOC reanalyzed doping samples and disqualified Samuel Francis for having stanozolol in his sample.[12]

Results

Heats

The first round was held on 15 August. The first three runners of each heat plus the next ten overall fastest runners qualified for the second round.

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Reaction Time Notes
1 3 Usain Bolt  Jamaica 0.186 10.20 Q
2 9 Daniel Bailey  Antigua and Barbuda 0.198 10.24 Q
3 6 Vicente de Lima  Brazil 0.168 10.26 Q, SB
4 2 Henry Vizcaíno  Cuba 0.157 10.28 q
5 4 Fabio Cerutti  Italy 0.136 10.49
6 5 Jurgen Themen  Suriname 0.179 10.61 PB
7 8 Moses Kamut  Vanuatu 0.181 10.81
8 7 Francis Manioru  Solomon Islands 0.197 11.09
Wind: -0.2 m/s
Rank Lane Athlete Nation Reaction Time Notes
1 5 Asafa Powell  Jamaica 0.142 10.16 Q
2 3 Kim Collins  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.162 10.17 Q
3 7 Craig Pickering  Great Britain 0.174 10.21 Q
4 2 Daniel Grueso  Colombia 0.178 10.35 q
5 9 Dariusz Kuć  Poland 0.144 10.44 q
6 8 Béranger Bosse  Central African Republic 0.144 10.51 SB
7 6 Aisea Tohi  Tonga 0.159 11.17
8 4 Roman William Cress  Marshall Islands 0.190 11.18
Wind: 0.0 m/s
Rank Lane Athlete Nation Reaction Time Notes
1 8 Richard Thompson  Trinidad and Tobago 0.188 10.24 Q
2 5 Martial Mbandjock  France 0.162 10.26 Q
3 4 Simone Collio  Italy 0.140 10.32 Q
4 2 Aziz Zakari  Ghana 0.177 10.34 q
5 6 Andrew Hinds  Barbados 0.140 10.35 q
6 3 Suryo Agung Wibowo  Indonesia 0.175 10.46
7 7 Jared Lewis  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.123 11.00
8 9 Rabangaki Nawai  Kiribati 0.152 11.29 SB
Wind: 0.0 m/s
Rank Lane Athlete Nation Reaction Time Notes
1 3 Michael Frater  Jamaica 0.156 10.15 Q
2 4 Pierre Browne  Canada 0.141 10.22 Q
3 6 Darrel Brown  Trinidad and Tobago 0.139 10.22 Q
4 7 Nobuharu Asahara  Japan 0.160 10.25 q
5 9 Holder da Silva  Guinea-Bissau 0.184 10.58
6 2 Idrissa Sanou  Burkina Faso 0.171 10.63
7 8 Ghyd-Kermeliss-Holly Olonghot  Republic of the Congo 0.172 11.01
8 5 Massoud Azizi  Afghanistan 0.160 11.45
Wind: 0.2 m/s
Rank Lane Athlete Nation Reaction Time Notes
1 2 Tyson Gay  United States 0.148 10.22 Q
2 5 Olusoji A. Fasuba  Nigeria 0.156 10.29 Q
3 4 José Carlos Moreira  Brazil 0.192 10.29 Q
4 7 Ángel David Rodríguez  Spain 0.145 10.34 q
5 9 Lukas Milo  Czech Republic 0.145 10.52
6 8 Mhadjou Youssouf  Comoros 0.170 10.62 PB
7 3 Danny D'Souza  Seychelles 0.180 11.00
8 6 Shanahan Sanitoa  American Samoa 0.158 12.60
Wind: 0.7 m/s
Rank Lane Athlete Nation Reaction Time Notes
1 5 Tyrone Edgar  Great Britain 0.138 10.13 Q
2 6 Darvis Patton  United States 0.149 10.25 Q
3 7 Ronald Pognon  France 0.167 10.26 Q
4 2 Hu Kai  China 0.152 10.39 q
5 4 Abdullah Al-Sooli  Oman 0.153 10.53 PB
6 8 Desislav Gunev  Bulgaria 0.152 10.66
7 3 Ali Shareef  Maldives 0.171 11.11 NR
8 9 Souksavanh Tonsacktheva  Laos 0.183 11.51
Wind: 0.9 m/s
Rank Lane Athlete Nation Reaction Time Notes
1 4 Francis Obikwelu  Portugal 0.190 10.25 Q
2 2 Obinna Metu  Nigeria 0.176 10.34 Q
3 5 Walter Dix  United States 0.167 10.35 Q
4 6 Anson Henry  Canada 0.138 10.37 q
5 8 Dmytro Hlushchenko  Ukraine 0.200 10.57
6 3 Calvin Kang Li Loong  Singapore 0.140 10.73
7 9 Jesse Tamangrow  Palau 0.146 11.38 PB
8 7 Reginaldo Micha Ndong  Equatorial Guinea 0.242 11.61
Wind: -1.4 m/s
Rank Lane Athlete Nation Reaction Time Notes
1 3 Derrick Atkins  Bahamas 0.162 10.28 Q
2 4 Andrey Yepishin  Russia 0.172 10.34 Q
3 9 Jaysuma Saidy Ndure  Norway 0.164 10.37 Q
4 6 Uchenna Emedolu  Nigeria 0.192 10.46
5 2 Suwaibou Sanneh  The Gambia 0.157 10.52
6 5 Sandro Viana  Brazil 0.160 10.60
7 7 Lai Chun Ho  Hong Kong 0.199 10.63
8 8 Mohamed Abu Abdullah  Bangladesh 0.174 11.07
Wind: -0.1 m/s
Rank Lane Athlete Nation Reaction Time Notes
1 6 Samuel Francis  Qatar 0.153 10.40 DSQ Q
2 5 Marc Burns  Trinidad and Tobago 0.160 10.46 Q
3 9 Matic Osovnikar  Slovenia 0.187 10.46 Q
4 7 Rolando Palacios  Honduras 0.189 10.49
5 2 Ruslan Abbasov  Azerbaijan 0.154 10.58
6 4 Sébastien Gattuso  Monaco 0.164 10.70
7 8 Jack Howard  Federated States of Micronesia 0.204 11.03
8 3 Gordon Heather  Cook Islands 0.214 11.41 PB
Wind: -1.7 m/s
Rank Lane Athlete Nation Reaction Time Notes
1 4 Churandy Martina  Netherlands Antilles 0.164 10.35 Q
2 5 Naoki Tsukahara  Japan 0.169 10.39 Q
3 6 Simeon Williamson  Great Britain 0.183 10.42 Q
4 9 Tobias Unger  Germany 0.161 10.46 q
5 8 Franklin Nazareno  Ecuador 0.178 10.60
6 7 Wilfried Bingangoye  Gabon 0.171 10.87
7 2 Moumi Sebergue  Chad 0.210 11.14
8 3 Okilani Tinilau  Tuvalu 0.174 11.48 NR
Wind: -1.3 m/s

Quarterfinals

The quarterfinals were held on 15 August. The first three runners of each heat plus the next overall fastest runner qualified for the semifinals.

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Reaction Time Notes
1 4 Churandy Martina  Netherlands Antilles 0.142 9.99 Q, NR
2 7 Michael Frater  Jamaica 0.154 10.09 Q
3 6 Naoki Tsukahara  Japan 0.156 10.23 Q, SB
4 9 Simeon Williamson  Great Britain 0.127 10.32
5 3 Henry Vizcaíno  Cuba 0.167 10.33
6 5 Pierre Browne  Canada 0.144 10.36
7 2 Dariusz Kuć  Poland 0.176 10.46
8 8 Darrel Brown  Trinidad and Tobago 0.119 10.93
Wind: -0.1 m/s
Rank Lane Athlete Nation Reaction Time Notes
1 6 Richard Thompson  Trinidad and Tobago 0.170 9.99 Q
2 4 Tyson Gay  United States 0.146 10.09 Q
3 7 Martial Mbandjock  France 0.160 10.16 Q
4 5 Olusoji A. Fasuba  Nigeria 0.147 10.21
5 2 Andrew Hinds  Barbados 0.148 10.25
6 8 José Carlos Moreira  Brazil 0.193 10.32
7 9 Simone Collio  Italy 0.138 10.33
8 3 Daniel Grueso  Colombia 0.193 10.37
Wind: 0.0 m/s
Rank Lane Athlete Nation Reaction Time Notes
1 6 Marc Burns  Trinidad and Tobago 0.174 10.05 Q
2 4 Kim Collins  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.150 10.07 Q, =SB
3 5 Tyrone Edgar  Great Britain 0.130 10.10 Q
4 7 Samuel Francis  Qatar 0.164 10.11 DSQ Q
5 9 Ronald Pognon  France 0.167 10.21
6 8 Matic Osovnikar  Slovenia 0.171 10.24
7 2 Tobias Unger  Germany 0.136 10.36
8 3 Nobuharu Asahara  Japan 0.145 10.37
Wind: -0.2 m/s
Rank Lane Athlete Nation Reaction Time Notes
1 7 Usain Bolt  Jamaica 0.165 9.92 Q
2 5 Darvis Patton  United States 0.159 10.04 Q
3 4 Francis Obikwelu  Portugal 0.168 10.09 Q
4 8 Jaysuma Saidy Ndure  Norway 0.133 10.14
5 9 Craig Pickering  Great Britain 0.144 10.18
6 6 Obinna Metu  Nigeria 0.174 10.27
7 3 Anson Henry  Canada 0.142 10.33
8 2 Ángel David Rodríguez  Spain 0.154 10.35
Wind: 0.1 m/s
Rank Lane Athlete Nation Reaction Time Notes
1 7 Asafa Powell  Jamaica 0.149 10.02 Q
2 9 Walter Dix  United States 0.163 10.08 Q
3 5 Derrick Atkins  Bahamas 0.179 10.14 Q
4 4 Daniel Bailey  Antigua and Barbuda 0.149 10.23
5 3 Aziz Zakari  Ghana 0.167 10.24
6 6 Andrey Yepishin  Russia 0.158 10.25
7 8 Vicente de Lima  Brazil 0.157 10.31
8 2 Hu Kai  China 0.165 10.40
Wind: -0.1 m/s

Semifinals

The semifinals were held on 16 August. The first four runners from each semifinal qualified for the final.

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Reaction Time Notes
1 7 Usain Bolt  Jamaica 0.161 9.85 Q
2 6 Walter Dix  United States 0.143 9.95 Q, SB
3 4 Marc Burns  Trinidad and Tobago 0.124 9.97 Q, =SB
4 9 Michael Frater  Jamaica 0.163 10.01 Q
5 5 Kim Collins  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.163 10.05 SB
6 2 Derrick Atkins  Bahamas 0.159 10.13
7 8 Tyrone Edgar  Great Britain 0.143 10.18
3 Samuel Francis  Qatar 0.146 10.20 DSQ
Wind: -0.1 m/s
Rank Lane Athlete Nation Reaction Time Notes
1 6 Asafa Powell  Jamaica 0.161 9.91 Q
2 7 Richard Thompson  Trinidad and Tobago 0.175 9.93 Q, =PB
3 5 Churandy Martina  Netherlands Antilles 0.138 9.94 Q, NR
4 4 Darvis Patton  United States 0.149 10.03 Q
5 9 Tyson Gay  United States 0.145 10.05
6 8 Francis Obikwelu  Portugal 0.157 10.10
7 3 Naoki Tsukahara  Japan 0.143 10.16 SB
8 2 Martial Mbandjock  France 0.148 10.18
Wind: 0.3 m/s

Final

The final was held on 16 August.

Rank Lane Athlete Nation Reaction Time Notes
1st place, gold medalist(s) 4 Usain Bolt  Jamaica 0.165 9.69 WR
2nd place, silver medalist(s) 5 Richard Thompson  Trinidad and Tobago 0.133 9.89 PB
3rd place, bronze medalist(s) 6 Walter Dix  United States 0.133 9.91 PB
4 9 Churandy Martina  Netherlands Antilles 0.169 9.93 NR
5 7 Asafa Powell  Jamaica 0.134 9.95
6 2 Michael Frater  Jamaica 0.147 9.97 PB
7 8 Marc Burns  Trinidad and Tobago 0.145 10.01
8 3 Darvis Patton  United States 0.142 10.03
Wind: 0.0 m/s
Bolt held a considerable lead over his rivals in the closing stages of the 100 m final

References

  1. ^ "Olympic Athletics Competition Schedule". IAAF. Archived from the original on 13 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-04.
  2. ^ a b c "100 metres, Men". Olympedia. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  3. ^ Akabusi, Kriss (2008-08-19). "Bolt's showboating is a slap for us idealists". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 20 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-19.
  4. ^ IOC Rips Bolt for Lack of 'Respect', Associated Press, 2008-08-21, archived from the original on 24 August 2008, retrieved 2008-08-21
  5. ^ Broadbent, Rick (2008-08-21). "Deluded Jacques Rogge fails to see the champion in Usain Bolt". The Times. London. Retrieved 2008-08-21.
  6. ^ Landells, Steve (2008-08-16). ""It was crazy, phenomenal" - Bolt's 9.69 100 metres stuns the Bird's Nest". IAAF. Archived from the original on 18 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
  7. ^ https://www.iaaf.org/news/report/impressive-1003-by-bolt-in-rethymno-vardino
  8. ^ https://www.iaaf.org/news/report/bolt-stuns-with-976-dash-in-kingston-jamaic
  9. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/sport/2008/aug/17/olympicsathletics.olympics2008
  10. ^ "Justin Gatlin: I should not be called two-times drugs cheat despite two bans". The Guardian. June 25, 2015. Retrieved July 28, 2018.
  11. ^ "Entry Standards - The XXIX Olympic Games - Beijing, China - 8/24 August 2008". IAAF. Archived from the original on 13 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-04.
  12. ^ "IOC sanctions two athletes for failing anti-doping tests at Beijing 2008". olympic.org. 24 January 2017. Retrieved 14 April 2018.

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