Attiqur Rahman

Mohammed Attiqur Rahman

MC
7th Governor of Punjab
In office
1 July 1970 – 23 December 1971
President
Preceded by Mushtaq Ahmed Gurmani
Succeeded by Ghulam Mustafa Khar
Personal details
Born
Mohammad Attiqur Rahman

(1918-06-24)24 June 1918
Rawalpindi District, British Raj
Died 1 June 1996(1996-06-01) (aged 77)
Lahore, Punjab
Alma mater
Awards
  • Hilal-i-Quaid-i-Azam (HQA)
  • Sitara-i-Pakistan (SPk)
  • Military Cross (MC)
Military service
Allegiance
Branch/service
Years of service 1940–1971
Rank US-O9 insignia.svg Lieutenant General
Unit Infantry (4/12 FF Regiment)
Commands
Battles/wars
Post-Retirement Work Civil servant and former Governor of the Punjab

Mohammed Attique Rahman (Urdu: محمد عتیق الرحمن‎), MC (24 June 1918 – 1 June 1996) was a three-star lieutenant general officer in the Pakistan Army, a noted military historian, and a senior government official. He was the martial law administrator (MLA) of West Pakistan in General Yahya Khan's military regime[1] He was the last Governor of West Pakistan and implemented the dissolution of the One Unit scheme, after which he became the first Governor of Punjab province.

Early life

Born on 24 June 1918, Rahman was the son of Lt Colonel Abdur Rahman RIAMC[expand acronym] and had two brothers. The first, Kaiser, died shortly after birth in 1915; the second was Mohammed Attaur Rahman.

Rahman was schooled at St Paul's in London, UK, and then joined the Prince of Wales Royal Indian Military Academy, Dehradun, British India, where he was awarded the Sword of Honor and the silver spurs as the best all-round Gentleman Cadet. He received a major scholarship at Cambridge.

Military service

Commissioned on 1 February 1940, Rahman joined the 4/12th Frontier Force Regiment (a.k.a. "Charwanja") and was posted to Thall, Kurram Agency, (Ahmedzai Operations) then to Datta Khel (Lower Tochi Operations). In November 1941, his battalion went to join General Slim's Fourteenth Army to fight in Burma. His best friend in the battalion was Major Sam Manekshaw, later a field marshall, with whom he had a lifelong friendship.

In 1966, promoted to lieutenant general, he commanded his first corps, IV Corps, then headquartered at Multan (later it was moved to Lahore). When General Yahya Khan's martial law was instituted on 25 March 1969, Rahman was appointed Martial Law Administrator (MLA), Zone A (West Pakistan), due to his position as Commander IV  Corps. In August 1969, Rahman was relieved by Tikka Khan and moved to I Corps at Mangla. Rahman stayed there until February 1970. He was then replaced by Lt Gen Irshad Ahmed Khan. Rahman was appointed as the Governor of West Pakistan in February 1970, replacing Air Marshal Nur Khan. He stayed as governor until the breakup of One Unit in 1971, and then became Governor of Punjab. He retired from the army and from the governorship in December 1971.

Military analyst

After retirement in December 1971, he wrote extensively on military issues. In 1977, General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq appointed him as Chairman of the Federal Public Services Commission, holding this position until 1985.

Works

  • Rahman, Mohammed Attiqur (1973). Leadership: Junior Commanders.
  • Rahman, Mohammed Attiqur (1973). Leadership: Senior Commanders.
  • Rahman, Mohammed Attiqur (1976). Our Defence Cause: An analysis of Pakistan's past and future military role.
  • Rahman, Mohammed Attiqur (1978). Reflections on Infantry.
  • Rahman, Mohammed Attiqur (1980). Wardens of the Marches: a history of the Piffers, 1947-1971.
  • Rahman, Mohammed Attiqur (1981). Reflections on the principles of surprise and deception.
  • Rahman, Mohammed Attiqur (2005). Back to the pavilion. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-597861-7.

Decorations

Rahman received Ambassador of the Republic of India, and Star of Hungary for his role in the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 – this was awarded in 1992.

References

  1. ^ Pakistan : Martial Law "Who's Who" Archived 23 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine The American Papers - Secret and Confidential India.Pakistan.Bangladesh Documents 1965-1973, 26 March 1969

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Office established
Martial Law Administrator, Zone A (West Pakistan)
1969
Succeeded by
Tikka Khan
Preceded by
Yusuf Haroon
Governor of West Pakistan
1969
Succeeded by
Tikka Khan
Preceded by
Nur Khan
Governor of West Pakistan
1970
Succeeded by
Office dissolved
Preceded by
Part of West Pakistan
Governor of Punjab
1970 – 1971
Succeeded by
Ghulam Mustafa Khar

Other Languages

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