Avon (New Zealand electorate)

Avon is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was created for the 1861 general election and existed until 1996. It was represented by 13 Members of Parliament and was held by Independents, Liberal Party or Labour Party representatives.

Population centres

The electorate was in Christchurch, New Zealand, named after the Avon River. For the 1887 by-election, polling booths were in Riccarton and Papanui.[1] For the 1887 general election, polling booths were in Papanui, Bright's Road, Spreydon and New Brighton.[2] For the 1890 election, polling booths were in Papanui, Richmond, Belfast, Ohoka and Clarkville.[3]

History

The electorate was created in 1861, and existed continuously until 1996, when with MMP it was absorbed into the new Christchurch East electorate.

Alfred Richard Creyke stood in the 1861 general election (held on 1 February) in the Avon electorate for Parliament, whilst William Thomson stood in the same electorate for the Canterbury Provincial Council. Thomson proposed Creyke and vice versa; both were elected unopposed.[4] Creyke thus became the first representative.[5] Creyke resigned from Parliament on 21 April 1862.[6]

Creyke was succeeded by William Thomson, who was elected in the 11 June 1862 by-election and took his oath on 30 July 1862.[7] He retired on 27 January 1866.[8] Thomson was succeeded by Crosbie Ward, who won the 1866 election. Ward resigned in the following year.[9]

William Reeves won the resulting 1867 by-election by-election. He resigned in the following year.[10] William Rolleston represented the electorate from the resulting 1868 by-election (elected unopposed) to 1884.[11] In the 1879 general election, he was returned unopposed.[12] Rolleston did not stand in the Avon electorate in the 1884 election, but (successfully) contested Geraldine instead.[11]

Rolleston was succeeded by Leonard Harper in the Avon electorate.[13] Harper resigned on 3 May 1887,[13][14] and the resulting by-election was contested by Edwin Blake and William Dunlop, who received 255 and 252 votes, respectively.[1] The 1887 general election was contested by Edwin Blake and E. G. Wright.[15] Blake won the election by a good margin.[2] In the 1890 election, Edwin Blake and George Gatonby Stead received 774 and 587 votes, respectively.[3] At the end of the parliamentary term in 1893, Blake retired from politics.

William Tanner won the 1893 election. In the previous Parliament, he had represented the Heathcote electorate.[16] Tanner was initially an independent, but joined the Liberal Party for the 1905 election. In the 1908 election, he was beaten by George Warren Russell in the second ballot (the voting system in place from 1908 until 1913).[17] In the 1911 election, four candidates contested the electorate, with Russell representing the liberal Ward Government, James McCombs standing as an Independent Liberal, J. O. Jamieson as an opposition candidate and W. R. Smith representing labour interests. Russell and McCombs polled 3,040 and 2,817 votes, respectively, and proceeded to the second ballot.[18] Russell won the second ballot with 3,854 to 3,583 votes.[19] Russell was defeated in the 1919 election by Labour's Dan Sullivan.[20] Sullivan was successful at the next eight subsequent elections. In the 1943 election, he was opposed by James Neil Clarke of the National Party, who a few years later became Deputy-Mayor of Christchurch.[21] Sullivan died in office on 8 April 1947.[20]

Sullivan's death caused the 1947 by-election by-election, which was won by John Mathison of the Labour Party.[22] He was a cabinet minister from 1957 to 1960 in the Second Labour Government and retired from Parliament in 1972.[23]

Mathison was succeeded by Mary Batchelor, who represented the electorate for five parliamentary terms.[24] Batchelor in turn was succeeded by Larry Sutherland, who won the 1987 election. He served the electorate until its abolition in 1996. He successfully contested the replacement electorate of Christchurch East in the 1996 election.[25]

Members of Parliament

Key

ā€ƒ Independent   ā€ƒ Liberalā€“Labour   ā€ƒ Liberal   ā€ƒ Labour  

Election results

1993 election

1993 general election: Avon [26]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour Larry Sutherland 9,835 50.68 +0.03
Alliance Marie Venning 4,192 21.60
National David Kearns 3,799 19.57
NZ First Celeste Ryall 906 4.66
Christian Heritage Bill Smith 396 2.04
Independent Dave Penney 110 0.56 -0.03
McGillicuddy Serious Kate Middleton 97 0.49
Natural Law David Lees 69 0.35
Majority 5,643 29.08 +6.05
Turnout 19,404 82.52 +1.67
Registered electors 23,514

1990 election

1990 general election: Avon [27]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour Larry Sutherland 9,345 50.65 -13.29
National Wendy Rush 5,095 27.61 -17.81
NewLabour Val Quinn 2,170 11.76
Green Dan-mark Gibson 1,238 6.71
Democrats Sue Stevens 275 1.49 -7.70
Social Credit Kevin Lawrence Earle 110 0.59
Independent Dave Penney 109 0.59
Independent Colin Thomas Mehlhopt 63 0.34
Independent Roger Keys 28 0.15
Communist League Eugen Filo LePou 16 0.08
Majority 4,250 23.03 -11.86
Turnout 18,449 80.85 -1.62
Registered electors 22,818

1987 election

1987 general election: Avon [28]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour Larry Sutherland 11,585 63.94
National Wendy Rush 5,263
Democrats Sue Stevens 1,065 9.19
Wizard Party I D Costello 205 1.76
Majority 6,322 34.89
Turnout 18,118 82.47 -9.72
Registered electors 21,968

1984 election

1984 general election: Avon [28]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour Mary Batchelor 11,838 60.00 -0.42
National Andrew Cowie 4,067 20.61
NZ Party Robin Groufsky 2,701 13.69
Social Credit W F Morgan 941 4.77
Values D W Anker 180 0.91
Majority 7,771 39.39 -0.64
Turnout 19,727 92.19 +5.14
Registered electors 21,397

1981 election

1981 general election: Avon [28]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour Mary Batchelor 11,500 60.42 +4.35
National Colin McNicholl 3,880 20.38
Social Credit Peter Barrow 3,557 18.68 +6.05
Wizard Party I D Costello 95 0.49
Majority 7,620 40.03 -4.41
Turnout 19,032 87.05 +18.15
Registered electors 21,861

1978 election

1978 general election: Avon [28]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour Mary Batchelor 11,972 64.77 +5.35
National Tom George 3,757 20.32 -7.64
Social Credit Peter Barrow 2,335 12.63 +6.54
Values Robert Clarkson 399 2.15 -4.36
Socialist Action L A McGregor 20 0.10
Majority 8,215 44.44 +12.99
Turnout 18,483 68.90 -10.78
Registered electors 26,824

1975 election

1975 general election: Avon [28]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour Mary Batchelor 10,395 59.42 -6.14
National Tom George 4,892 27.96
Values Robert Clarkson 1,140 6.51
Social Credit Peter Barrow 1,067 6.09 -1.76
Majority 5,503 31.45 -8.19
Turnout 17,494 79.68 -6.45
Registered electors 21,954

1972 election

1972 general election: Avon [28]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour Mary Batchelor 10,013 65.56
National Gordon Thomas 3,958 25.91
Social Credit Peter Barrow 1,200 7.85 -0.79
New Democratic R H Thelning 101 0.66
Majority 6,055 39.64
Turnout 15,272 86.13 -0.13
Registered electors 17,730

1969 election

1969 general election: Avon [29]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour John Mathison 9,389 64.63 +5.83
National Alistair Ansell 3,789 26.08
Social Credit Peter Barrow 1,256 8.64 -7.66
Communist Jack Locke 92 0.63
Majority 5,600 38.55 +4.63
Turnout 14,526 86.26 +4.07
Registered electors 16,839

1966 election

1966 general election: Avon [29]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour John Mathison 9,069 58.80 -2.81
National Dick Dawson 3,837 24.88
Social Credit Peter Barrow 2,515 16.30
Majority 5,232 33.92 -0.74
Turnout 15,421 82.19 -3.42
Registered electors 18,761

1963 election

1963 general election: Avon [29]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour John Mathison 9,095 61.61 +4.67
National Stanley Lester Dodwell 3,978 26.94
Social Credit Henry Parker 1,544 10.45
Communist Ralph Blackcock 145 0.98
Majority 5,117 34.66 -7.02
Turnout 14,762 85.61 -1.97
Registered electors 17,242

1960 election

1960 general election: Avon [29]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour John Mathison 8,683 56.94 -10.55
National Lorrie Pickering 4,467 29.29
Social Credit G M Edmonds 1,973 12.93
Communist Frank McNulty 126 0.82
Majority 4,216 27.64 -14.61
Turnout 15,249 87.58 -4.08
Registered electors 17,411

1957 election

1957 general election: Avon [29]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour John Mathison 9,743 67.49 +9.17
National William Ernest Olds 3,643 25.23
Social Credit Charles E. Cullen 1,049 7.26
Majority 6,100 42.25 +5.76
Turnout 14,435 91.66 +1.61
Registered electors 15,748

1954 election

1954 general election: Avon [29]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour John Mathison 7,919 58.32 -5.02
National A N Stone 2,964 21.83
Social Credit F W Stevens 2,694 19.84
Majority 4,955 36.49 +9.82
Turnout 13,577 90.05 -1.87
Registered electors 15,076

1951 election

1951 general election: Avon [29]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour John Mathison 10,001 63.34 -1.80
National D W Russell 5,789 36.66
Majority 4,212 26.67 -3.62
Turnout 15,790 88.18 -3.44
Registered electors 17,906

1949 election

1949 general election: Avon [30]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour John Mathison 9,877 65.14 -0.17
National G W Kinzett 5,284 34.85
Majority 4,593 30.29 -1.09
Turnout 15,161 91.62 +7.19
Registered electors 16,547

1947 by-election

1947 Avon by-election [29]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour John Mathison 8,513 65.31
National Robert Alexander McDowell 4,422 33.92 +2.56
Independent John Ramby Robertson 100 0.77
Majority 4,091 31.38 āˆ’5.89
Turnout 13,035 84.43 āˆ’9.31
Labour hold Swing āˆ’3.33

1946 election

1946 general election: Avon [29]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour Dan Sullivan 9,539 68.64
National Robert Alexander McDowell 4,359 31.36
Majority 5,180 37.27
Turnout 13,898 92.74

1943 election

There were three candidates in 1943, with the election won by Dan Sullivan over James Neil Clarke.[31]

1935 election

1935 general election: Avon [32]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour Dan Sullivan 8,955 71.11 +7.65
Independent Lancelot Charles Walker 3,545 28.15
Informal votes 93 0.73 +0.46
Majority 5,410 57.76
Turnout 12,593

1931 election

1931 general election: Avon [33]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour Dan Sullivan 7,166 63.46 +7.00
United Harben Robert Young 4,127 36.54
Majority 3,039 26.91 -7.13
Informal votes 31 0.27 -0.92
Turnout 11,324 84.82 -3.42
Registered electors 13,350

1928 election

1928 general election: Avon [34]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour Dan Sullivan 6,376 56.45 -1.70
United George Thomas Baker[35] 2,531 22.41
Reform Frederick Boulton Hughes[36] 2,387 21.14
Majority 3,845 34.04 +17.73
Informal votes 136 1.19 +0.22
Turnout 11,430 88.24 -3.35
Registered electors 12,953

1925 election

1925 general election: Avon [37]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour Dan Sullivan 6,377 58.16 +13.65
Reform Walter Edmund Leadley[38] 4,588 41.84
Majority 1,789 16.32 -3.99
Informal votes 107 0.97 -0.24
Turnout 11,072 91.59 -0.17
Registered electors 12,088

1922 election

1922 general election: Avon [39] [40]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour Dan Sullivan 4,462 44.50 -13.52
Liberal George Warren Russell 2,426 24.20 -15.33
Reform Albert Edward Loach 1,731 17.27
Independent Ann Elizabeth Herbert 1,407 14.03
Majority 2,036 20.31 +1.80
Informal votes 122 1.20 -1.05
Turnout 10,148 91.76 +9.95
Registered electors 11,059

1919 election

1919 general election: Avon [41]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Labour Dan Sullivan 5,168 58.03 +27.70
Liberal George Warren Russell 3,520 39.52 -3.46
Reform John Louis "Jack" Carl[42][43] 218 2.45
Majority 1,648 18.50 +5.84
Informal votes 205 2.25 +1.64
Turnout 9,111 81.81 -6.31
Registered electors 11,137

1914 election

1914 general election: Avon [44]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Liberal George Warren Russell 3,642 42.99 -8.83
Social Democrat Dan Sullivan[45] 2,569 30.32
Reform Henry Dyke Acland 2,261 26.69
Majority 1,073 12.67 +9.02
Informal votes 52 0.61 +0.42
Turnout 8,524 88.12 +3.30
Registered electors 9,673

1911 election

Avon general election, 1911, first ballot [46] [47]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Liberal George Warren Russell 3,040 39.39 +6.12
Independent Labour James McCombs 2,817 36.50
Conservative John Owen Jameson[48][49] 1,062 13.76
Labour William Robert Smith[50] 798 10.34 +7.01
Majority 223 2.89 +2.54
Informal votes 66 0.85
Registered electors 8,784
Turnout 7,783 88.60 +9.07
Avon general election, 1911, second ballot [46]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Liberal George Warren Russell 3,854 51.82 -0.20
Labour James McCombs[51] 3,583 48.18
Majority 271 3.64 -4.59
Informal votes 14 0.19
Turnout 7,451 84.82 +8.63
Registered electors 8,784

1908 election

1908 general election: Avon, first ballot [52]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Liberal George Warren Russell 2,185 33.27
Liberalā€“Labour William Tanner 2,162 32.92
Conservative John Jamieson 1,322 20.13
Ind. Labour League Dan Sullivan 679 10.34
Liberal William Robert Smith 219 3.33
Majority 23 0.35
Turnout 6,567 79.53
Registered electors 8,257
1908 general election: Avon, second ballot [53]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Liberal George Warren Russell 3,416 52.02
Liberalā€“Labour William Tanner 2,875 43.78
Majority 541 8.24
Turnout 6,291 76.19
Registered electors 8,257

1899 election

1899 general election: Avon [54]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Liberalā€“Labour William Tanner 2,074 51.85 +0.76
Conservative Arthur Rhodes 1,926 48.15
Majority 148 3.70 -11.34
Turnout 4,000 81.75 +10.92
Registered electors 4,893

1896 election

1896 general election: Avon [55]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Liberalā€“Labour William Tanner 1,552 51.09 -2.80
Conservative George McIntyre 1,095 36.04 +2.63
Conservative George Swann 307 10.11
Independent Charles Burgess 84 2.76
Majority 457 15.04 -5.43
Turnout 3,038 70.83
Registered electors 4,289

1893 election

1893 general election: Avon [56] [57]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Liberalā€“Labour William Tanner 1,719 53.89
Independent George McIntyre 1,066 33.42
Conservative John Leaf Wilson 405 12.70
Majority 653 20.47 +6.81
Turnout 3,190 73.83 +19.13
Registered electors 4,321

1890 election

1890 general election: Avon [58]
Party Candidate Votes % Ā±%
Liberal Edwin Blake 774 59.44
Conservative George Stead 588 45.16
Majority 186 14.28
Turnout 1,302 54.70
Registered electors 2,380

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