Awarua (New Zealand electorate)

Awarua was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate from 1881 to 1996.

Population centres

The previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1875 for the 1875–1876 election. In the six years since, New Zealand's European population had increased by 65%. In the 1881 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of European representatives to 91 (up from 84 since the 1875–76 election). The number of Māori electorates was held at four. The House further decided that electorates should not have more than one representative, which led to 22 new electorates being formed, including Awarua, and two electorates that had previously been abolished to be recreated. This necessitated a major disruption to existing boundaries.[1]

This electorate was in the rural part of Southland. In its original form, it covered the area around the town of Invercargill, which had its own electorate. Bluff fell into Awarua, and all of Stewart Island / Rakiura.[2] On the mainland, Awarua had taken area from Riverton (which was abolished) and from Mataura (which moved to the east and north). Stewart Island had previously belonged to Wallace.[3]

History

The electorate was established in 1881. It was represented by the Prime Minister, Sir Joseph Ward from 1887 to 1919. Philip De La Perrelle announced his retirement due to ill health in August 1935.[4] He died within days of the 1935 election[5] and was succeeded by James Hargest.[6]

In the 1996 election, the first MMP election, the electorate was absorbed into the adjacent Invercargill electorate.

Members of Parliament

Key

 Independent    Liberal    Reform    United    National    Labour  

1James Hargest was originally an Independent supporter of the Reform Party. He joined the National Party in 1936.

Election results

1963 election

1963 general election: Awarua [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Gordon Grieve 7,869 55.2 -1.7
Labour Noel Valentine 4,496 31.6
Social Credit D McNaughton 1,194 8.4 +0.2
Liberal R J Egerton 691 4.8
Majority 3,373 23.6 +1.6
Turnout 16,301 87.9 +0.3

1944 by-election

1944 Awarua by-election [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National George Herron 4,659 62.40
Labour Leo Sylvester O'Sullivan 2,558 34.26
Real Democracy Robert Henderson 249 3.33
Majority 2,101 28.14
Turnout 7,466

1935 election

1935 general election: Awarua [9] [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent James Hargest[nb 1] 3,651 41.32
Labour Thomas Francis Doyle[11] 2,701 30.57
Democrat L. A. Neiderer[nb 2] 2,182 24.70
Independent Norman MacIntyre[13] 301 3.41
Majority 950 10.75
Informal votes 140 1.56
Turnout 8,975 94.14
Registered electors 9,534

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ James Hargest ran as an Independent, but was aligned to the Reform Party[6]
  2. ^ Neiderer was a former chairman of the Southland County Council[12]

1931 election

1931 general election: Awarua [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
United Philip De La Perrelle 4,645 65.04 +10.38
Independent Norman McIntyre[15] 2,497 34.96
Majority 2,148 30.08 +17.47
Informal votes 134 1.84 +0.95
Turnout 7,276 83.82 -9.98
Registered electors 8,681

1928 election

1928 general election: Awarua [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
United Philip De La Perrelle 4,358 54.66 +6.09
Reform John Hamilton 3,353 42.05 -9.37
Labour William Denham 262 3.29
Majority 1,005 12.61 +9.75
Informal votes 72 0.89 +0.49
Turnout 8,045 93.80 -0.25
Registered electors 8,577

1925 election

1925 general election: Awarua [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform John Hamilton 3,962 51.43 +2.81
Liberal Philip De La Perrelle 3,742 48.57 -0.76
Majority 220 2.86 +2.14
Informal votes 31 0.40
Turnout 7,704 94.04 +4.39
Registered electors 8,192

1922 election

1922 general election: Awarua [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Philip De La Perrelle 3,531 49.33
Reform John Hamilton 3,480 48.62
Independent Norman McIntyre[19] 147 2.05
Majority 51 0.71
Turnout 7,158 89.65
Registered electors 7,984

1919 election

1919 general election: Awarua [20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform John Hamilton 3,164 55.99 +18.16
Liberal Sir Joseph Ward 2,407 42.59 -19.57
Informal votes 80 1.41 +0.74
Majority 757 13.39
Turnout 5,651 81.46 +1.57
Registered electors 6,937

1914 election

1914 general election: Awarua [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Joseph Ward 3,132 62.16 +8.51
Reform John Hamilton 1,906 37.83 -4.18
Informal votes 34 0.67 +0.85
Majority 1,226 24.33 +12.69
Turnout 5,038 83.03 +3.68
Registered electors 6,067

1911 election

1911 general election: Awarua, First ballot [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Joseph Ward 2,893 53.65 -11.27
Reform John Hamilton 2,265 42.01
Independent William Morris 152 2.81 -15.93
Informal votes 82 1.52 -2.22
Majority 628 11.64 -34.18
Turnout 5,392 86.71 +5.06
Registered electors 6,218

1908 election

1908 general election: Awarua, First ballot [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Joseph Ward 3,069 64.92 -16.76
Independent William Morris 886 18.74
Conservative Alfred Snowball 595 12.58
Informal votes 177 3.74 +2.24
Majority 2,183 46.18 -18.69
Turnout 4,727 81.65 -1.74
Registered electors 5,789

1905 election

1905 general election: Awarua [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Joseph Ward 3,586 81.68 +6.31
Independent Henry Woodnorth 738 16.82
Informal votes 66 1.50
Majority 2,848 64.87 +14.12
Turnout 4,390 83.39 -6.70
Registered electors 5,264

1902 election

1902 general election: Awarua [25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Joseph Ward 2,795 75.37 -2.55
Independent David Whyte 913 24.63
Majority 1,882 50.75
Turnout 3,708 76.69 +0.32
Registered electors 4,835

1899 election

1899 general election: Awarua [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph Ward 2,417 77.92 +14.06
Conservative W. T. Murray[27] 685 22.08
Majority 1,732 55.83 +28.12
Turnout 3,102 76.37
Registered electors 4,062

1897 by-election

1897 Awarua by-election [28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph Ward 2,066 69.42 +5.82
Conservative Cuthbert Cowan 910 30.58 -5.82
Turnout 2,976
Majority 1,156 38.84 +11.65

1896 election

1896 general election: Awarua [29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph Ward 1,836 63.60
Conservative Cuthbert Cowan[30] 1,051 36.40
Turnout 2,887 72.68
Majority 785 27.19
Registered electors 3,887

1893 election

1893 general election: Awarua [31] [32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph Ward Unopposed
Registered electors 3,129

1890 election

1890 general election: Awarua [33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph Ward Unopposed
Registered electors 2,158

1887 election

1887 general election: Awarua [34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Joseph Ward 660 50.84
Independent George Froggatt 401 30.89
Independent James Walker Bain 237 18.25
Majority 259 19.95
Turnout 1,298 62.46
Registered electors 2,078

1884 election

1884 general election: Awarua [35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent James Joyce 398 43.54
Independent John Lyon McDonald 311 34.03
Independent Andrew Kinross[36][37] 74 8.10
Independent John Walker Mitchell 67 7.33
Independent Thomas Hodgkinson[38] 64 7.00
Majority 87 9.52
Turnout 914

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