Grand Duchy of Baden with the Margraviate (red) and gains after 1803
Hohenbaden Castle  [de] on the Battert above Baden-Baden

Baden (/ˈbɑːdən/; German: [ˈbaːdn̩]) is a historical German territory. Together with Württemberg and the former Prussian Province of Hohenzollern, two other historical territories, it forms the Federal State of Baden-Württemberg.

The margraves of Baden originated from the house of Zähringen.[1] Baden is named after the margraves’ residence, Hohenbaden Castle [de] in Baden-Baden. The capital of the Grand Duchy of Baden was Karlsruhe.


Following the dissolution of the old Duchy of Swabia, Baden underwent a history which can be summarized as follows:

After World War II, this territory was subdivided between Württemberg-Baden and South Baden. Finally, the state of Baden-Württemberg was formed in 1952.

See also


  1. ^ a b "Baden, historical state, Germany". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2018-05-09.