Balta, Odessa Oblast

Balta

Балта
City
The city view
The city view
Flag of Balta
Flag
Coat of arms of Balta
Coat of arms
Balta is located in Ukraine
Balta
Balta
Location of Balta in Odessa Oblast
Show map of Ukraine
Balta is located in Odessa Oblast
Balta
Balta
Balta (Odessa Oblast)
Show map of Odessa Oblast
Coordinates: 47°56′24″N 29°37′19″E / 47.94000°N 29.62194°E / 47.94000; 29.62194Coordinates: 47°56′24″N 29°37′19″E / 47.94000°N 29.62194°E / 47.94000; 29.62194
Country  Ukraine
Oblast  Odessa Oblast
Raion Podilsk Raion
Founded 1797
Government
 • Mayor Serhiy Mazur[1]
Area
 • Total 22.97 km2 (8.87 sq mi)
Elevation
[2]
23 m (75 ft)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total Decrease 18,242
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
66100—66105
Area code +380 4866
Website [1]

Balta (Ukrainian: Балта; Romanian: Balta) is a city in Podilsk Raion, Odessa Oblast in south-western Ukraine. Population: 18,242 (2020 est.)[3] The city's population was 19,772 as of the 2001 Ukrainian Census.[4]

History

Beauplan's 1648 map showing the Balta area.

Balta is located near the Dniester River border with Moldova.

Balta was first founded in 1797 out of a combination of three nearby towns; Yuzefhrad (Юзефград, Polish: Józefgród; until 1793 part of Poland), Yelensk (Еленськ), and Balta (Балта; until 1792 part of the Ottoman Empire).[5] It is located in the historic Podolia region of Ukraine.[6] According to the Russian census of 1897, with a population of 23,363 it was the fourth largest city of Podolia after Kamianets-Podilskyi, Uman and Vinnytsia. In 1900, the city's Jewish population numbered 13,235.[6]

Pogroms occurred in Balta in 1882 and 1905.[7]

From 1924–1929, the city was the capital of the Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.[5] With the annexation of Bessarabia in 1940, Balta became a part of the Odessa Oblast of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.[5] It was occupied by German and Romanian troops on 5 August 1941 and became part of Transnistria Governorate in Kingdom of Romania until its liberation on 29 March 1944 by Red Army.

Until 2016, Balta was part of Balta Raion. On 4 February 2016, it was designated the city of oblast significance but remained the administrative center of the raion.[8]

People from Balta

References

  1. ^ "Biographical reference". Balta City Council (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 2013-04-19. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Balta (Odessa Oblast, Balta Raion)". weather.in.ua. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  3. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  4. ^ "Balta, Odessa Oblast, Balta Raion". Regions of Ukraine and their Structure (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 7 March 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  5. ^ a b c "Historical reference". Balta City Council (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 2013-04-19. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  6. ^ a b "Balta, Ukraine". JewishGen Locality Page. JewishGen. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  7. ^ Encyclopedia Judaica, "Balta, Ukraine." Retrieved 10/1/2018.
  8. ^ "Законодатели согласились на все предложения". Thesis (in Russian). 4 February 2016.

External links

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