Barcelona Metro

Barcelona Metro
Barcelona Metro Logo.svg
Native name Metro de Barcelona
Owner TMB (Lines 1-5, 9-11), FGC (Lines 6-8, 12)
Area served Barcelona metropolitan area
Locale Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 12 lines (Total)
Number of stations 189 (Total)
Annual ridership 407,500,000 (2018)[1]
Began operation 1863 / 1924 / 1926
Operator(s) TMB (Lines 1-5, 9-11), FGC (Lines 6-8, 12)
System length 166 km (103.1 mi) (Total)
  • 123.2 km (76.6 mi) TMB
  • 21.1 km (13.1 mi) FGC
Track gauge 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) for L8 barcelona.svg
1,672 mm (5 ft 5  1316 in) for L1 barcelona.svg
1,435 mm (4 ft 8  12 in) for others
System map
Mapa metro Barcelona (actualitzat juliol 2019).svg
Can Peixauet.
Plaça de Catalunya station (L1)
Universitat station (L1)
Gavarra station (L5)
Ticket vending machines, Sants Estació station.

The Barcelona Metro (Catalan and Spanish: Metro de Barcelona)[a] is an extensive network of rapid transit electrified railway lines that run mostly underground in central Barcelona and into the city's suburbs. It is part of the larger public transport system of Barcelona, the capital of Catalonia, Spain with unified fares under the Autoritat del Transport Metropolità (ATM) scheme. As of 2014, the network is operated by two separate companies: Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) and Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya (FGC). It is made up of 12 lines, combining the lines owned by the two companies. Two lines, L9 and L10 are being built at present, with both lines having different sections of each opened between 2009 and 2016. They are due to be fully completed in 2026.[2] Three lines on the network have opened as automatic train operation/driverless vehicle systems since 2009: Line 11, Line 9 and Line 10, in chronological order. The network length is 166 kilometres, with 189 stations, as of June 2019.


The first rapid transit railway service in Barcelona was founded in 1863 by the private company Ferrocarril de Sarrià a Barcelona ("Railway from Sarrià to Barcelona", after 1916 Sarrià joined the municipality of Barcelona). Later this line evolved in what now is basically the current L6 metro service. This railway system, now part of the Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya company, was later inspired by the London Underground naming style having long names for the lines ("Sarrià line", "Balmes line"...).

Much later, in the 1920s, a second and a third rapid transit railway systems were founded with the construction of the Gran Metro between Lesseps and the Plaça de Catalunya (part of the modern L3) and, two years later, the Metro Transversal (now part of L1). This third one was built between the Plaça de Catalunya and la Bordeta to link the city centre with the Plaça d'Espanya and Montjuïc, the site of the 1929 Barcelona International Exposition. These two later rapid transit companies contrasted with the first one in being inspired by the Métropolitain de Paris (from where the word "metro" comes).

Today the network consists of 12 lines managed by 2 different operators: Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) and Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya (FGC, or Catalan Government Railways). Fares and nomenclature are controlled by the Autoritat del Transport Metropolità, a citywide system that also includes local and regional buses, tramways and some commuter and regional train services.


The total length of the network since 1/2/2020 is 166 km. and 189 stations, including TMB+FGC+Montjuic funicular.

The major network, operated by TMB, consists of eight lines, numbered L1 to L5 and L9 to L11 (which are distinguished on network maps by different colours), covering 102.6 kilometres (63.8 mi) of route and 141 stations.[3]

FGC lines are numbered L6, L7, L8 and L12. These lines, except all L12 and part of L7, share tracks with commuter rail lines.

The Barcelona Metro lines do not have a name of their own but are generally referred to by their colour or by the number and the names of their termini.


The lines run as follows:

Line Number Termini Operator Current length Approved length Current stations Approved stations Year of opening Gauge Electrification
Barcelona Metro line 1 L1 barcelona.svg
Hospital de BellvitgeFondo TMB 20.700 km 29.758 km 30 38 1926 1,672 mm (5 ft 5  1316 in) Rigid overhead wire
Barcelona Metro line 2 L2 barcelona.svg
Paral·lelBadalona Pompeu Fabra TMB 13.700 km 18.466 km 18 34 1995 1,435 mm (4 ft 8  12 in)
Barcelona Metro line 3 L3 barcelona.svg
Zona UniversitàriaTrinitat Nova TMB 18.400 km 20.024 km 26 36 1924 1,435 mm (4 ft 8  12 in) Rigid overhead wire
Barcelona Metro line 4 L4 barcelona.svg
Trinitat NovaLa Pau TMB 17.300 km 18.916 km 22 (1 shared with L11) 26 1973 (1926) 1,435 mm (4 ft 8  12 in) Rigid overhead wire
Barcelona Metro line 5 L5 barcelona.svg
Cornellà CentreVall d'Hebron TMB 19.168 km 19.168 km 26 27 1959 1,435 mm (4 ft 8  12 in) Rigid overhead wire
Barcelona Metro line 6 L6 barcelona.svg
Pl. CatalunyaSarrià FGC 4.884 km 8 (2[b] shared with L7) 1929 (1863) 1,435 mm (4 ft 8  12 in)
Barcelona Metro line 7 L7 barcelona.svg
Pl. CatalunyaAv. Tibidabo FGC 4.634 km 4.634 km 7 (2[c] shared with L6) 7 1953 (1863) 1,435 mm (4 ft 8  12 in)
Barcelona Metro line 8 L8 barcelona.svg
Pl. EspanyaMolí Nou-Ciutat Cooperativa FGC 11.266 km 11.266 km 11 21 2000 (1912) 1,000 mm (3 ft 3  38 in) Overhead wire, 1,500 V DC
Barcelona Metro line 9 L9 barcelona.svg
Aeroport T1Zona Universitària
19.600 km
47.800 km
1,435 mm ( 4 ft 8  12 in)
La SagreraCan Zam 7.867 km 9 (3 shared with L10)
Barcelona Metro line 10 L10 barcelona.svg
La SagreraGorg
5.570 km
47.800 km
6 (3 shared with L9)
1,435 mm (4 ft 8  12 in)
CollblancZona Franca 4.500 km 8 (3 shared with L9)
Barcelona Metro line 11 L11 barcelona.svg
Trinitat NovaCan Cuiàs TMB 2.109 km 5 (1 shared with L4) 2003 1,435 mm (4 ft 8  12 in)
Barcelona Metro line 12 L12 barcelona.svg
SarriàReina Elisenda FGC 0.600 km 3.200 km 2 5 2016 (1976) 1,435 mm (4 ft 8  12 in)

In addition to those, Renfe and FGC trains and the increasingly important Trambaix and Trambesòs routes and stations are displayed on most recent maps, including the info maps in the metro stations, all in a single variety of dark green.

L9 and L10

Details of the capacity of trains.

Construction work is taking place currently on L9/L10, which will run from Badalona and Santa Coloma de Gramenet to the Zona Franca district and El Prat International Airport. The lines, which share a central section between Bon Pastor and Torrassa (L1), will be the longest automated metro line in Europe, at 47.8 kilometres (29.7 mi), and will have 52 stations. The project was approved in 2000[4] but has been challenged by some technical difficulties and some of their sections are pending further geological analysis. The first section of Line 9 that runs between La Sagrera and Can Zam opened in 2009, and by June 2010 eleven new stations on the new Lines L9 and L10 had opened. As of February 2016, the 15-station, 19.6-kilometre (12.2 mi) south section of Line L9 between Zona Universitària and the airport opened.[5]

Rolling stock

Tickets and pricing

In addition to the one-way ticket there are a number of other tickets and cards. All of the Autoritat del Transport Metropolità (ATM) transport cards are valid and can be used in the Barcelona Metro. These are:

  • Airport Ticket, is a one-way ticket for the airport stations, only required if travelling with a special airport ticket
  • T casual, which includes ten rides at a discounted price
  • T usual, unlimited journeys made in 30 consecutive days from the first use

All of the metro stations are within fare zone 1.


TMB (top) and FGC (bottom) logos outside Plaça de Catalunya station.
Elevators in Llefià station.

At the end of 2018, there are currently 187 operational stations in the Barcelona Metro, served by the 12 lines in current use. Average distance between 2 stations is 807.50 metres.

An overwhelming majority of stations in the network lack related buildings or structures aboveground, mostly consisting of an access with stairs, escalators or elevators. The official TMB metro indicator, a red rhombus with a M inside, remains unused by FGC lines, which use their company logo and a different rhombus-shaped logo (actually rather similar to the one used inside the Madrid Metro) inside stations. Below ground their decoration is remarkably sober, with the exception of all the new stations.

Disused stations

A number of stations in the network have been closed, were never inaugurated, or have been moved to a nearby location. See the main article for more details.


Accessibility for wheelchairs and for passengers with pushchairs is being improved but the metro system is not yet fully accessible. A project of improvements is gradually adding more lifts from street level to ticket office level and then from ticket office level to the platforms, though some stations remain without access. 17 of 180 are not fully accessible as of 2016. See Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona for more information on which stations are currently accessible. As of 2018, only 9 stations are not accessible for wheelchair users. These are: Espanya, Plaça de Sants, Urquinaona, Clot, Vallcarca, Maragall, Verdaguer, Ciutadella|Vila Olímpica, Virrei Amat. Around June 2018, accessibility works at Jaume I started. On December 28, construction finished lowering the number of inaccessible stations to 9.

Transportation in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona

The Barcelona Metro is part of a larger transportation network, regulated and fare-integrated by Autoritat del Transport Metropolità.

Among these services, there are two large systems which operate both inside and outside the city limits of Barcelona: the commuter train lines operated by Renfe, amalgamated in the Rodalies Barcelona, or Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya lines which start in the metro lines the company operates (L6, L7 and L8) and which become a fully-fledged railway system which serves most of the metropolitan area: list of FGC lines. FGC is developing Sabadell Metro and Terrassa Metro as extensions of its network in the large cities of Sabadell and Terrassa respectively.

Network map

See also

Barcelona Metro topics

Rapid transit in Barcelona

Other metro systems in Spain