Battle of Changsha (1942)


The third Battle of Changsha (24 December 1941 – 15 January 1942) was the first major offensive in China by Imperial Japanese forces following the Japanese attack on the Western Allies.

The offensive was originally intended to prevent Chinese forces from reinforcing the British Commonwealth forces engaged in Hong Kong.[1][2] With the capture of Hong Kong on 25 December, however, it was decided to continue the offensive against Changsha in order to maximize the blow against the Chinese government.[3]

The offensive resulted in failure for the Japanese, as Chinese forces were able to lure them into a trap and encircle them. After suffering heavy casualties, Japanese forces were forced to carry out a general retreat.[3]

Battle of Changsha (1942)
Part of the Second Sino-Japanese War of World War II
Battle of Changsha.jpg
A Chinese soldier mounts his ZB vz. 26 light machine gun at Changsha, January 1942.
Date 24 December 1941–15 January 1942
Location
Changsha, Luo River (Hunan)
Result Chinese victory
Belligerents

 Republic of China

 Empire of Japan

Commanders and leaders
Republic of China (1912–1949) Xue Yue Empire of Japan Korechika Anami

Battle

References

  1. ^ 戦史叢書 『香港・長沙作戦』、546-547頁。
  2. ^ 佐々木、189頁。
  3. ^ a b Hsiung, James Chieh; Levine, Steven I. China's Bitter Victory: The War with Japan, 1937–1945, p. 158

Coordinates: 28°12′00″N 112°58′01″E / 28.2000°N 112.9670°E / 28.2000; 112.9670

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