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|Oblast of Russian Empire|
|61,092 km2 (23,588 sq mi)|
• Treaty of San Stefano
|20 September 1878|
|12 June 1883|
|17 March 1903|
• Proclamation of PNGSC
|Today part of|| Georgia
The Batum Oblast was an oblast (province) of the Caucasus Viceroyalty of the Russian Empire, with the maritime city of Batum as its center. It roughly corresponded to most of present-day southwestern Georgia. It was created out of the territories of the former Ottoman Sanjak of Batum (ruled by the Ottomans since the late 16th century).
As of 1897, the total population of the Batum and Artvin Okrugs, which would later form the Batum Oblast, was 144,584. Kartvelians, including primarily the Adjarians, Muslim Georgian-speakers, constituted 43.5% of the population. Turks constituted the second largest group at 30.8% and were mostly concentrated in the Artvin area (today the Artvin Province of Turkey due to the Treaty of Kars). Significant minorities included Armenians, Russians, and Caucasus Greeks.
Ethnic groups in 1897
- Includes population figures for the Batum and Artvin Okrugs, which would form the Batum Oblast by 1917. "Демоскоп Weekly - Приложение. Справочник статистических показателей". Demoscope.ru. Retrieved 2017-04-18. and "Демоскоп Weekly - Приложение. Справочник статистических показателей". Demoscope.ru. Retrieved 2017-04-18.
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