Brnjak

Brnjak
Bërnjak
Village
Nicknames: 
Brnjaci, Brnjake
Brnjak is located in Kosovo
Brnjak
Brnjak
Coordinates: 42°56′03″N 20°34′16″E / 42.93417°N 20.57111°E / 42.93417; 20.57111Coordinates: 42°56′03″N 20°34′16″E / 42.93417°N 20.57111°E / 42.93417; 20.57111
Location  Kosovo
District Mitrovica
Municipality Zubin Potok
Area
 • Total 29.81 km2 (11.51 sq mi)
Elevation
1,220 m (4,000 ft)
Population
 (1991)
 • Total 207
 • Density 6.9/km2 (18/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)

Brnjak (nicknamed by local residents Brnjaci or Brnjake, Albanian: Bërnjak) is a village in northern Kosovo. The border crossing between Kosovo and Serbia is located in the village.

Geography

Settlement is located on the territory of the cadastral municipality of Brnjak with an area of 2,981 ha. Once one of the largest villages in Ibarski Kolašin, it is located in the Brnjačka river basin, which flows from the slopes of Mokra Gora.

History

Due to the road that led from Metohija to the valley of Raska and due to the immediate vicinity of Jelec grad (Jelenin Grad), Brnjak became one of the most important settlements in Kolasin. In Brnjaci, in a place known as Jerinjino Selo or Jelač Do was the castle of Queen Jelena of Anjou, the wife of King Uroš I and the mother of King Milutin and King Dragutin. Jelenin Brnjaci has been mentioned as a court since 1267/68. Within the castle was the famous the Queen's school for the upbringing of young girls. Remains of a church and a cemetery near it were discovered in Krnje. Other remains are related to Sastavce at the confluence of the Brnjačka and Oklačka rivers at the confluence with the in Ibar. Queen Jelena probably lived there, because the remains of buildings of very large dimensions were discovered. The Turkish census from 1455 says that Brnjak has 30 Serbian houses. According to records from later of the Turkish era, the relics of this hermit and saint were found near the monastery of St. Peter of Koriška and his hermitage. In the village was the church of St. Weeks of which only ruins remain today.

2008 North Kosovo incident

Brnjak was the location of one of the NATO-staffed border checkpoints between Serbia and Kosovo. In February 2008, the border was sealed by NATO troops after ethnic Serbs ransacked and set fire to the border checkpoints at Jarinje and Brnjak.

References

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