The image is from Wikipedia Commons
Bruce (New Zealand electorate)
Bruce was a rural parliamentary electorate in the Otago region of New Zealand, from 1861 to 1922. For part of the 1860s with the influx to Otago of gold-miners it was a multi-member constituency with two members.
The Bruce electorate was formed in the 1860 electoral redistribution. It covered the rural area surrounding Dunedin that had previously been part of the Dunedin Country electorate. The Bruce electorate was a two-member constituency.
Thomas Gillies resigned in 1865 and the subsequent by-election was contested by William John Dyer and Arthur John Burns. On 8 April 1865, Burns and Dyer received 102 and 78 votes. Burns was thus declared elected.
Later in 1865, Edward Cargill resigned. The resulting by-election, held on 26 July, was contested by James Macandrew and John Cargill. Macandrew and J. Cargill received 207 and 34 votes, and Macandrew was declared elected.
From the 1866 general election, Bruce was a single-member electorate. John Cargill was its first representative, and he resigned in 1870. James Clark Brown won the 1870 by-election on 21 March. Brown stood for Tuapeka in the 1871 general election. William Murray won the 1871 election for Bruce, was confirmed in 1876 and 1879, but defeated in 1881 by James Rutherford, who died in 1883. James McDonald won the 1883 by-election, but was defeated at the 1884 general election.
Robert Gillies won the 1884 general election, but resigned on 30 June 1885. Donald Reid won the resulting 1885 by-election, but was defeated at the 1887 general election by Crawford Anderson. He retired at the end of the term, and the 1890 general election was won by James William Thomson, who resigned again in 1892.
The later Defence Minister James Allen won the 1892 by-election and held the seat until 1920, when he resigned. John Edie was successful in the 1920 by-election, and when the electorate was abolished in 1922, he successfully stood for Clutha.
Members of Parliament
1861 to 1866
Bruce was a two-member electorate from 1861 to 1866.
|1861 election||Charles Kettle||Thomas Gillies|
|1862 by-election||Edward Cargill|
|April 1865 by-election||Arthur John Burns|
|July 1865 by-election||James Macandrew|
1866 to 1922
From 1866 to 1922, Bruce was a single-member electorate.
|Liberal||Alfred Lee Smith||538||33.14|
|Conservative||James William Thomson||872||69.76|
|Independent||J. C. Anderson||303||28.50|
|Independent||William A. Mosley||89||8.79|
|Independent||William John Dyer||90||27.78|
July 1865 by-election
April 1865 by-election
|Independent||Arthur John Burns||102||56.67|
|Independent||William John Dyer||78||43.33|
- This page is based on the Wikipedia article Bruce (New Zealand electorate); it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA.