Côtes-d'Armor

Côtes-d'Armor
Aodoù-an-Arvor  (Breton)
The departmental council and prefectural building in Saint-Brieuc
The departmental council and prefectural building in Saint-Brieuc
Flag of Côtes-d'Armor
Coat of arms of Côtes-d'Armor
Location of Côtes-d'Armor in France
Location of Côtes-d'Armor in France
Coordinates: 48°20′N 02°50′W / 48.333°N 2.833°W / 48.333; -2.833Coordinates: 48°20′N 02°50′W / 48.333°N 2.833°W / 48.333; -2.833
Country France
Region Brittany
Prefecture Saint-Brieuc
Subprefectures Dinan
Guingamp
Lannion
Government
 • President of the departmental council Alain Cadec
(LR)
Area
1
 • Total 6,878 km2 (2,656 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total 598,953
 • Rank 43rd
 • Density 87/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 22
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 27
Communes 348
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

The Côtes-d'Armor (/kt dɑːrmər/, /-dɑːrmɔːr/; French pronunciation: [kot daʁmɔʁ] (About this soundlisten); Breton: Aodoù-an-Arvor, [ˈoːdu ãn ˈarvor]), formerly known as Côtes-du-Nord (Breton: Aodoù-an-Hanternoz, [ˈoːdu ãn ˌhãntɛrˈnoːs]), are a department in the north of Brittany, in northwestern France.

History

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1801 504,303 —    
1821 552,424 +0.46%
1831 598,872 +0.81%
1841 607,572 +0.14%
1851 632,613 +0.40%
1861 628,676 −0.06%
1876 630,957 +0.02%
1881 627,585 −0.11%
1891 618,652 −0.14%
1901 609,349 −0.15%
1921 557,824 −0.44%
1936 532,000 −0.32%
1946 526,955 −0.10%
1954 503,178 −0.58%
1962 501,923 −0.03%
1968 506,000 +0.13%
1975 525,556 +0.54%
1982 538,860 +0.36%
1990 538,443 −0.01%
1999 542,398 +0.08%
2006 569,498 +0.70%
2016 598,953 +0.51%
source:[1]

Côtes-du-Nord was one of the original 83 departments created on 4 March 1790 following the French Revolution. It was made up from the near entirety of the ancient Pays de Saint-Brieuc, most of historical Trégor, the eastern half of Cornouaille, and the north-western part of the former diocese of Saint-Malo.

In 1990 the name was changed to Côtes-d'Armor: the French word côtes means "coasts" and ar mor is "the sea" in Breton. The name also recalls that of the Roman province of Armorica ("the coastal region").

Geography

Côtes-d'Armor is part of the current administrative region of Brittany and is bounded by the departments of Ille-et-Vilaine to the east, Morbihan to the south, and Finistère to the west, and by the English Channel to the north.

Demonym

The inhabitants of the department are known in French as Costarmoricains.

Politics

Côtes-d'Armor's long tradition of anti-clericalism, especially in the interior around Guingamp (a former Communist stronghold), has often led to the department's being seen as an area of left-wing exceptionalism in an otherwise strongly clerical and right-wing Brittany. The current president of the departmental council, Alain Cadec, is nevertheless a member of the centre-right party, Les Républicains.

Party groupings seats
Centre et droite républicaine 32
Socialiste et républicain 15
Communiste et républicain 5
non-party 2

Current National Assembly Representatives

Culture

The western part of the département is part of the traditionally Breton-speaking "Lower Brittany" (Breizh-Izel in Breton). The boundary runs from Plouha to Mûr-de-Bretagne. The Breton language has become an intense issue in many parts of Brittany, and many Breton-speakers advocate for bilingual schools. Gallo is also spoken in the east and is offered as a language in the schools and on the baccalaureat exams.

Gallery

Notable people

See also

References

External links

Copyright