Cabinet of Sudan

The Cabinet of Sudan usually refers to the chief executive body of the Republic of the Sudan. The Cabinet was dissolved following the 11 April 2019 Sudanese coup d'état.[1] Chapter 5 of the August 2019 Draft Constitutional Declaration defines the procedures which led to the nomination of Abdalla Hamdok as Prime Minister,[2] and up to 20 Ministers in the Cabinet, during late August 2019, for the 39-month democratic transition.[3][4] The Sudanese Women's Union protested against this.[5] Under Article 19 of the Draft Constitutional Declaration, the ministers of the Transitional Cabinet are ineligible to run in the election scheduled to follow the transition period.[4][3]

2019–2022 Transitional Cabinet

Background

The 2018–19 Sudanese protests led to the 11 April 2019 Sudanese coup d'état which overthrew President Omar al-Bashir and dissolved his Cabinet. The Defense Minister who led the coup was removed on 14 April 2019.[6]

Draft Constitutional Declaration

The sustained civil disobedience by Sudanese citizens that preceded the April coup d'état continued, in opposition to the Transitional Military Council (TMC). Negotiations between the TMC and the Forces of Freedom and Change alliance (FFC) led to the July Political Agreement and the August Draft Constitutional Declaration, which gave the FFC the choice of the ministers of the transitional government,[7] with the sovereignty council holding the right to veto nominations,[8] apart from the defence and interior ministers, who are to be selected by military members of the Sovereignty Council and appointed by the prime minister.[9] Chapter 5 (Article 14) of the Draft Constitutional Declaration defines the Transitional Cabinet in similar terms, but gives the Prime Minister the right to choose the other members of the cabinet from a list provided to him or her by the FFC. The cabinet members are "confirmed by the Sovereignty Council".[3][4]

Article 16.(a) of the Draft Constitutional Declaration requires the Prime Minister and members of Cabinet to be "Sudanese by birth", at least 25 years old, a clean police record for "crimes of honour".

Article 16.(b) excludes dual nationals from being a Minister of Defence, Interior, Foreign Affairs or Justice unless an exemption is agreed by the Sovereignty Council and the FFC for the position of Prime Minister, or by the Sovereignty Council and the Prime Minister for ministerial positions.[3]

The transitional period ministers are forbidden under Article 19 of the Draft Constitutional Declaration from running in the planned 2022 Sudanese general election.[3]

Prime minister

Abdalla Hamdok, a Sudanese public administrator who served in numerous international administrative positions during the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries,[10] was nominated by the FFC as Prime Minister[2] and formally sworn in on 21 August 2019.

Women's participation

On 18 August 2019, the Sudanese Women's Union stated that women had not been consulted in the preparation of a list of candidates for ministerial posts for the 2019–2022 Transitional Cabinet, and that few women were among the candidates.[5] Women in senior positions in the transitional period institutions include Aisha Musa el-Said and Raja Nicola in the Sovereignty Council of Sudan.

The Sudanese Women's Union argued that women had played as significant a role as men in the political changes of 2019 and that Sudanese women "claim an equal share of 50-50 with men at all levels, measured by qualifications and capabilities".[5]

Women Ministers in the Hamdok Cabinet include Asma Mohamed Abdalla as Foreign Minister,[11] Lena el-Sheikh Mahjoub as Minister of Social Development and Labour,[12][13] Wala'a Essam al-Boushi as Minister for Youth and Sports, Intisar el-Zein Soughayroun as Minister of Higher Education.[14]

Budget

The al-Bashir annual national budgets mostly funded Sudanese security and other armed forces (70 percent in 2016), with the 2018 budget allocating 3 percent to education.[15] In November 2019, a plan to raise the fraction of the budget allocated to education to 20 percent was announced.[16]

Ministers of the Hamdok Cabinet

In September 2019, 20 ministries were planned.[17]

Office Incumbent (with alternative transliterations[18]) Website Since Left Office
Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok 21 August 2019[2][19]
Minister of Foreign Affairs Asma Mohamed Abdalla[11] 8 September 2019 9 July 2020
Omer Ismail[20] 9 July 2020 9 February 2021
Mariam al-Mahdi[21] 9 February 2021
Minister of Finance and Economy Ibrahim Elbadawi[11] (also: Ibrahim Ahmed El Badawi[17]) 8 September 2019 9 July 2020
Hiba Mohammed Ali[20] 9 July 2020 9 February 2021
Gibril Ibrahim[21] 9 February 2021
Minister of Health Akram Ali Altom[13] (also: el-Toam,[17] Eltom) 8 September 2019 9 July 2020
Sara Abdelazeem[20] 9 July 2020 9 February 2021
Omar El Najeeb[21] 9 February 2021
Minister of Education Mohammed el-Amin el-Tom[12] (also: el-Toam,[17] Altom)) 8 September 2019
Minister of Industry and Trade Madani Abbas Madani[13] 8 September 2019 9 February 2021
Ibrahim El Sheikh[21] 9 February 2021
Minister of Energy and Oil Adel Ibrahim[11] (also: Adil[17]) 8 September 2019 9 July 2020
Khairy Abdel Rahman[20] 9 July 2020 9 February 2021
Jaden Ali[21] 9 February 2021
Minister of Irrigation and Water Resources Yasser Abbas Mohamed Ali[13][17] 8 September 2019
Minister of Agriculture and Natural Resources Issa Osman Sharif[13] (also: Eissa[17]) 8 September 2019 9 July 2020
Abdelgadir Turkawi[20] 9 July 2020 9 February 2021
Taher Harbi[21] 9 February 2021
Minister of Livestock and Fisheries Alam al-Din Abdallah Abashar[22] (also: Alam-Aldin, Abasher) 15 October 2019 9 July 2020
Adil Idris[20] 9 July 2020 9 February 2021
Hafez Nabi[21] 9 February 2021
Minister of Infrastructure and Transport Hashim Tahir Sheikh Taha[22] (also: Hashem) 15 October 2019 9 July 2020
Hashim Ibn Auf[20] 9 July 2020 9 February 2021
Mirghani Mousa[21] 9 February 2021
Minister of Labour and Administrative Reform Lena el-Sheikh Mahjoub[12][13][17] 8 September 2019 9 February 2021
Taysir El Nourani[21] 9 February 2021
Minister of Justice Nasreldin Abdelbari[13] (also: Nasr-Eddin Abdul-Bari, Nasr al-Din Abdel Bari)[17] 9 September 2019
Minister of Youth and Sports Wala'a Essam al-Boushi[13] 8 September 2019 9 February 2021
Yousef El Dai[21] 9 February 2021
Minister of Cabinet Affairs Omar Munis[12] (also: Omer Manies[17]) 8 September 2019 9 February 2021
Khaled Omar[21] 9 February 2021
Minister of Federal Government Youssef Adam Aldai (or Yousef, el-Dhai)[17] 8 September 2019 9 February 2021
Butheina Dinar[21] 9 February 2021
Minister of Culture and Information[17] Faisal Mohamed Saleh[13] 8 September 2019 9 February 2021
Hamza Baloul[21] 9 February 2021
Minister of Higher Education Intisar el-Zein Soughayroun[13][14] 8 September 2019
Minister of Religious Affairs Nasr al-Din Mufreh[13] (also: Nasr-Eddin Mofarah[17]) 8 September 2019
Minister of Defence Jamal Aldin Omar[11] (also: Omer[13]) 8 September 2019 25 March 2020[23]
Yassin Ibrahim Yassin 2 June 2020[24]
Minister of Interior Idriss al-Traifi[13] (also: el-Teraifi Idris[13]) 8 September 2019 9 February 2021
Ezzeldin El Sheikh[21] 9 February 2021
General Intelligence Service Jamal Abdelmajeed[25][26] https://twitter.com/GisGovSd 16 January 2020
Minister of Communications and Digital Transformation Hashem Hasabelrasoul[21] 9 February 2021
Minister of Investment and International Cooperation Mohamed Ibrahim[21] 9 February 2021
Minister of Mining Mohamed Abunumou[21] 9 February 2021
Minister of Social Development Mutasim Ahmed Saleh[21] 9 February 2021
Minister of Trade Ali Jido[21] 9 February 2021

References

  1. ^ Sarah El Sirgany, Nima Elbagir and Yasir Abdullah. "Sudan's President Bashir forced out in military coup". CNN.
  2. ^ a b c "Sudan opposition coalition appoints five civilian members of sovereign council". Thomson Reuters. 2019-08-18. Archived from the original on 2019-08-18. Retrieved 2019-08-18.
  3. ^ a b c d e FFC; TMC; IDEA; Reeves, Eric (2019-08-10). "Sudan: Draft Constitutional Charter for the 2019 Transitional Period". sudanreeves.org. Archived from the original on 2019-08-10. Retrieved 2019-08-10.
  4. ^ a b c FFC; TMC (2019-08-04). "(الدستوري Declaration (العربية))" [(Constitutional Declaration)] (PDF). raisethevoices.org (in Arabic). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-08-05. Retrieved 2019-08-05.
  5. ^ a b c "Sudanese Women's Union protests FFC nominees". Radio Dabanga. 2019-08-18. Archived from the original on 2019-08-19. Retrieved 2019-08-19.
  6. ^ "Sudan's military council removes defense minister, names new intelligence head". April 14, 2019 – via www.reuters.com.
  7. ^ "'Our revolution won': Sudan's opposition lauds deal with military". Al Jazeera English. 5 July 2019. Archived from the original on 2 April 2021. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  8. ^ "Sudan's military council to be dissolved in transition deal". WTOP-FM. AP. 2019-07-08. Archived from the original on 2019-07-08. Retrieved 2019-07-08.
  9. ^ FFC; TMC; Idris, Insaf (2019-07-17). "Political Agreement on establishing the structures and institutions of the transitional period between the Transitional Military Council and the Declaration of Freedom and Change Forces" (PDF). Radio Dabanga. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-07-18. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
  10. ^ "Abdalla Hamdok – Deputy Executive Secretary – United Nations Economic Commission for Africa". United Nations Industrial Development Organization. 2018. Archived from the original on 2019-08-13. Retrieved 2019-08-13.
  11. ^ a b c d e "Sudan's PM chooses 14 members of cabinet". Sudan Daily. 2019-09-03. Archived from the original on 2019-09-04. Retrieved 2019-09-04.
  12. ^ a b c d "Hamdouk approves several candidates for the transitional cabinet". Sudan Daily. 2019-09-04. Archived from the original on 2019-09-04. Retrieved 2019-09-04.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "FFC, Hamdok reach deal on Sudan's transitional cabinet". Sudan Tribune. 2019-09-04. Archived from the original on 2019-09-04. Retrieved 2019-09-05.
  14. ^ a b Hendawi, Hamza (2019-09-04). "Women take prominent place in Sudanese politics as Abdalla Hamdok names cabinet". The National (Abu Dhabi). Archived from the original on 2019-09-04. Retrieved 2019-09-05.
  15. ^ "Large spending on army: Economists criticise 2018 budget". Radio Dabanga. 2018-12-26. Archived from the original on 2019-11-27. Retrieved 2019-11-27.
  16. ^ "Sudan to significantly raise education budget". Radio Dabanga. 2019-11-11. Archived from the original on 2019-11-27. Retrieved 2019-11-26.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Prime Minister Hamdouk presents new Sudanese government". Radio Dabanga. 2019-09-06. Archived from the original on 2019-09-06. Retrieved 2019-09-06.
  18. ^ Alternative transliterations from Arabic: for a minister with an existing Wikipedia article, see the minister's article; in the absence of a Wikipedia article, the main alternative transliteraions are listed here in italics to aid identification.
  19. ^ "Sudan's Hamdok takes office as new prime minister, vows to tackle conflicts and economy". The East African. Thomson Reuters. 2019-08-22. Archived from the original on 2019-08-22. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g "Cabinet reshuffle: Six Sudanese ministers resign, one dismissed". Radio Dabanga.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "PM Hamdok announces Sudan's new govt". Radio Dabanga.
  22. ^ a b "Sudan transitional gov't appoints two new ministers". Sudan Tribune. 2019-10-16. Archived from the original on 2019-10-16. Retrieved 2019-10-16.
  23. ^ "Sudan's minister of defense dies of heart attack in south Sudan". Reuters. 25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  24. ^ "Sudan appoints new defence chief amid tensions with Ethiopia - CityNews Toronto". toronto.citynews.ca.
  25. ^ "Sudan's appoints new intelligence chief". Sudan Tribune. 2020-01-17. Archived from the original on 2020-01-17. Retrieved 2020-02-11.
  26. ^ "El Sheikh: Sudan's security apparatus behind attacks on protesters". Radio Dabanga. 2020-01-17. Archived from the original on 2020-01-17. Retrieved 2020-02-11.

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