Municipality of Mapun
Map of Tawi-Tawi with Mapun highlighted
Map of Tawi-Tawi with Mapun highlighted
Mapun is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 7°00′N 118°30′E / 7°N 118.5°E / 7; 118.5Coordinates: 7°00′N 118°30′E / 7°N 118.5°E / 7; 118.5
Country  Philippines
Region Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM)
Province Tawi-Tawi
District Lone District
Barangays 15 (see Barangays)
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Suraida F. Muksin
 • Vice Mayor Hamirin U. Ilani
 • Congressman Rashidin H. Matba
 • Electorate 17,415 voters (2019)
 • Total 181.29 km2 (70.00 sq mi)
 (2015 census)  [3]
 • Total 26,597
 • Density 150/km2 (380/sq mi)
 • Households
 • Income class 4th municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence 27.63% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue ₱78,110,586.46 (2016)
Time zone UTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
157003000 [5]
IDD:area code +63 (0)68
Climate type tropical climate
Native languages Sama language
Sabah Malay

Mapun, officially the Municipality of Mapun, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Tawi-Tawi, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 26,597 people. [3]

It is formerly known as Cagayan de Sulu until 1984, then as Cagayan de Tawi-Tawi until 1988.[6]

Mapun is an island municipality in the Sulu Sea[7] on the south-western extreme of the Philippines, located very close to Sabah, Malaysia. The people inhabiting the island are known as Jama Mapun or "people of Mapun". Their dialect is Pullun Mapun, which means "Mapun language".

Due to an administrative error in the Treaty of Paris, while the remainder of the Philippines was ceded to the United States, Sibutu and Cagayan de Sulu were retained under Spanish Sovereignty until they were formally ceded to the United States upon the ratification of the Treaty of Washington on March 23, 1901.


Mapun Tawi-Tawi is surrounded by several islets such as:

  • Manda
  • Boan
  • Kinapusan
  • Pamilikan
  • Lapun-Lapun
  • Bintuut
  • Muligi

Most of these are located at Barangay Umus Mataha.


Mapun is politically subdivided into 15 barangays.

  • Boki
  • Duhul Batu
  • Guppah
  • Iruk-Iruk
  • Kompang
  • Liyubud (Poblacion)
  • Lubbak Parang
  • Lupa Pula
  • Mahalu
  • Pawan
  • Sapah
  • Sikub
  • Tabulian
  • Tanduan
  • Umus Mataha



Population census of Mapun
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 2,000 —    
1918 6,090 +7.71%
1939 6,851 +0.56%
1948 8,824 +2.85%
1960 10,789 +1.69%
1970 12,577 +1.54%
1975 15,892 +4.80%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1980 19,607 +4.29%
1990 19,372 −0.12%
1995 20,716 +1.26%
2000 22,011 +1.31%
2007 29,801 +4.27%
2010 24,168 −7.34%
2015 26,597 +1.84%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][9][10][11]


The Jama Mapun people's indigenous cosmology is extremely vast. Examples of figures in their cosmology are Niyu-niyu (coconut palm), Lumba-lumba (dolphin), and Anak Datu (two sons of a datu spearing another figure, Bunta - a blowfish). [12]
  • Lupa Pula Pilot School (formerly Lupa Pula Central School) - elementary pupils are primarily from Lupa Pula, Liyubud, and Mahalu.
  • Mahalu Elementary School
  • Duhul Batu Elementary School
  • Sikub Elementary School
  • Surong Baiddin Memorial Elementary School
  • Sapah Elementary School
  • Boki Elementary School
  • Kompang Elementary School
  • Tanduan Elementary School
  • Pawan Elementary School
  • Guppah Elementary School
  • Iruk-Iruk Elementary School
  • Umus Mataha Elementary School
  • Lubbak Parang Elementary School
  • Imam Saat Elementary School
  • Notre Dame of Cagayan (NDC) - a private school located in the border of Barangay Lupa Pula and Barangay Mahalu.
  • Mindanao State University (MSU) - a public school located in Mahalu
  • Tawi-Tawi Academy (TTA) - a private school located in Barangay Guppah
  • Mapun SHS

Mindanao State University Extension - a public school and the only college institution in Mapun. MSU-Extension offers two-year courses.

Majority of those who graduate from high school pursue their studies in other places, most notably Zamboanga City, Palawan, and Bongao. On the other hand most of the graduates from elementary and high school are forced to stop their studies due to poverty lack of scholarships from the government. Most of them have found a job in neighboring country like Malaysia. Tend to work as a construction workers and fisherman.

Mapun Day

Mapun Foundation Day is celebrated by the Jama Mapun every September 5. This week-long celebration starts on September 1, with a parade and then a short program held in Lupa Pula Central School. Various competitions are held during Mapun Day, which includes singing competitions (in English, Tausug, and Pullun Mapun), dance showdowns (modern dance, folk dance, pangalay, which is a native dance, and lunsay, which is a dance performed during weddings), Azaan competition, Tarasul iban Daman (Mapun's version of declamation and oration), and Leleng, to name a few. Each Barangay has their own representatives in the various events. However, the most popular is the "Budjang Mapun", which is a beauty contest. Each barangay has its own contestant in this event. The winner of the search for "Budjang Mapun" is usually sent to Bongao as Mapun's representative in Budjang Tawi-Tawi, a similar beauty search held in Bongao every Province Day. Every municipality in Tawi-Tawi has its own contestant.


Main source of income from this province are farming and fishing. In a bid to advance competitiveness of Tawi-Tawi in farming industry, this province supplies large companies when it comes on coconut plantation mainly "COPRA". 80% of the land consist of coconut trees, quarterly harvested and to be traded and refined in other places, like Palawan and Zamboanga City.

Rice fields are not known in this area due to lack of water irrigation projects, rice is imported locally from Palawan and Zamboanga City and mostly from Malaysia. Most of the locals use cassava as base on their daily meal.

See also


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Report No3  – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF), 2015 Census of Population, PSA, 2016, ISSN 0117-1453, archived (PDF) from the original on 25 October 2020CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "ARMM – Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  5. ^ Philippine Standard Geographic Code, PSA
  6. ^ Republic Act No. 6672, Supreme Court E-library
  7. ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2011. Sulu Sea. Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. P.Saundry & C.J.Cleveland. Washington DC
  8. ^ "Mapun, Tawi-Tawi : Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  9. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "ARMM – Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  10. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "ARMM – Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  11. ^ "Province of Tawi‑tawi". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  12. ^

External links