Cape Clear Island

Cape Clear Island
Native name:
Cléire
Clear Island.jpg
Cape Clear Island is located in island of Ireland
Cape Clear Island
Cape Clear Island
Cape Clear Island (Ireland)
Geography
Location Carbery's Hundred Isles
Coordinates 51°26′N 9°30′W / 51.433°N 9.500°W / 51.433; -9.500Coordinates: 51°26′N 9°30′W / 51.433°N 9.500°W / 51.433; -9.500
Area 6.7 km2 (2.6 sq mi)
Length 5.2 km (3.23 mi)
Width 2.4 km (1.49 mi)
Highest elevation 160 m (520 ft)
Highest point Cnoicín an tSeabhaic
Administration
Ireland
Province Munster
County Cork
Barony Carbery West
Demographics
Population 124 (2011)
Pop. density 18.6/km2 (48.2/sq mi)
Additional information
The island is a Gaeltacht

Clear Island or Cape Clear Island (officially known by its Irish name: Cléire, and sometimes also called Oileán Chléire)[1][2] is an island off the south-west coast of County Cork in Ireland. It is the southern-most inhabited part of Ireland and has a population of over 100 people. It is an official Gaeltacht area (Irish-speaking area), and most inhabitants speak Irish and English. Its nearest neighboring island is Sherkin Island, which is 2 km (1 mi) east of the Cape Clear Island. The island is divided into east and west halves by an isthmus called the Waist, with the North Harbour to the landward side and the South Harbour on the seaward side.[3] Ferries sail regularly from the North Harbour to Schull and Baltimore on the mainland. The South Harbour is a popular berth for yachts and pleasure boats.

History

Archaeological sites on the island include a prehistoric cup-marked stone (currently in the island's museum), a fulacht fiadh at Gort na Lobhar, a neolithic passage tomb at Cill Leire Forabhain, several standing stones around the island, a promontory fort at Dún an Óir, and a signal tower dating from the Napoleonic Wars.[4][5][6] The island also has a number of early Christian sites, and is reputed to be the birthplace of Saint Ciarán of Saigir. The ruins of a 12th century church are close to the main pier in the North Harbour.[7]

The island had a population of over 1,052 before the 19th century famine, but the current population of Cape Clear is less than one-eighth of that figure. The island's primary school was built in 1897, and was visited by President of Ireland Mary McAleese in 1998.[citation needed]

Cape Clear was originally supplied with electricity produced by diesel generators on the island, but around 1995 these were replaced with a submarine power cable from the mainland.[8]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1841 1,052 —    
1851 819 −22.1%
1861 756 −7.7%
1871 572 −24.3%
1881 594 +3.8%
1891 584 −1.7%
1901 601 +2.9%
1911 565 −6.0%
Year Pop. ±%
1926 453 −19.8%
1936 354 −21.9%
1946 281 −20.6%
1951 257 −8.5%
1956 245 −4.7%
1961 235 −4.1%
1966 217 −7.7%
1971 192 −11.5%
Year Pop. ±%
1979 155 −19.3%
1981 164 +5.8%
1986 145 −11.6%
1991 132 −9.0%
1996 145 +9.8%
2002 129 −11.0%
2006 125 −3.1%
Source: Central Statistics Office. "CNA17: Population by Off Shore Island, Sex and Year". CSO.ie. Retrieved October 12, 2016.

Culture and language

The island is officially identified as a Gaeltacht (Irish-speaking) area. According to a 2007, report there were 127 people over the age of 3 living on the island, of whom 62 (48.8%) spoke Irish daily outside the education system.[9]

The population of the island increases in the summer months as students visit the local Irish Colleges, Coláiste Phobal Chléire and Coláiste Chiaráin[10]. Students stay in local houses or dorms and improve their spoken Irish as part of the immersion courses within the Gaeltacht.

Every first weekend of September, the island hosts the Cape Clear Island International Storytelling Festival. The festival has been running annually since 1994.[11]

Wildlife

Seals, basking sharks and dolphins are often found in the surrounding waters, while sea pinks and honeysuckle are common plants on the land.[12] Cape Clear is home to a lighthouse and a bird observatory. Cape Clear is popular with bird watchers and at certain times of the year is home to many species of migratory birds as its climate is milder than the mainland and thus more attractive.[13] Bird life includes black and common guillemots, cormorants and storm petrels.

References

  1. ^ "Cléire / Clear Island (island or archipelago, civil parish)". logainm.ie. Irish Placenames Commission. Retrieved 16 October 2019.
  2. ^ "Cléire / Cape Clear (electoral district)". logainm.ie. Irish Placenames Commission. Retrieved 16 October 2019.
  3. ^ David Walsh, Oileáin: A Guide to the Irish Islands (Pesda Press, 2004; ISBN 0953195694), p. 64.
  4. ^ "Cape Clear Heritage Centre". Cape Clear Cooperative. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  5. ^ "Cape Clear Island - Oileán Chléire". Fáilte Ireland. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  6. ^ Archaeological Inventory of County Cork, Vol 1 (West Cork). Office of Public Works. 1992. ISBN 9780707601755.
  7. ^ "Cape Clear Museum and Archive". Capeclearmuseum.ie. Archived from the original on 4 November 2017. Electricity and house water was a 'luxury' that only arrived on the island in the 1970s and a submarine cable bringing electricity from the mainland 8 miles away arrived only about 1995.
  8. ^ Comprehensive Linguistic Study of the Use of Irish in the Gaeltacht, Principal Findings (PDF). COGG.ie (An Chomhairle um Oideachas Gaeltachta & Gaelscolaíochta) (Report). Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs. 2007. p. 19. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 May 2015.
  9. ^ "Irish Colleges". capeclearisland.ie. Retrieved 2020-08-25.
  10. ^ "Cape Clear Storytelling". capeclearstorytelling.com. Retrieved 16 October 2019.
  11. ^ John Akeroyd, ed. (1996). The Wild Plants of Sherkin, Cape Clear and adjacent Islands of West Cork. Sherkin Island Marine Station. ISBN 9781870492584.
  12. ^ "Birdwatching Cape Clear". BirdWatch Ireland. Archived from the original on 15 March 2015. Retrieved 5 April 2015.

Further reading

  • Cape Clear Island, Éamon Lankford, 1999
  • Ghostwritten, David Mitchell, 1999
  • Staideár Cuimsitheach Teangeolaíoch ar Úsáid na Gaeilge sa Ghaeltacht, Committee of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs, 2007
  • The Night Swimmer, Matt Bondurant, 2012

External links

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