Centrum, Paramaribo

Centrum
Waterkant in Centrum
Waterkant in Centrum
Resorts in Paramaribo, Suriname - 20061227.png
Map showing the resorts of Paramaribo District.
  Centrum
Coordinates: 5°49′30″N 55°09′35″W / 5.82499°N 55.15963°W / 5.82499; -55.15963Coordinates: 5°49′30″N 55°09′35″W / 5.82499°N 55.15963°W / 5.82499; -55.15963
Country  Suriname
District Paramaribo District
Area
 • Total 9 km2 (3 sq mi)
Elevation
1 m (3 ft)
Population
 (2012) [1]
 • Total 20,631
 • Density 2,300/km2 (5,900/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3 (AST)

Centrum is a resort in Suriname, located in the Paramaribo District. Its population at the 2012 census was 20,631.[1] The historical centre of Paramaribo is located within the resort. The city centre is mainly in original condition, contains 291 listed monuments, and has of 2002 been designated a Unesco World Heritage Site.[2]

History

Paramaribo was founded in 1613 by Stoffel Albertszoon near the indigenous village Parmurbo.[3] Around 1665, during the British occupation, the village was expanded and quickly outranked the earlier settlement of Torarica.[4]

The historical centre dates from the 17th and 18th century, and is mainly composed of wooden houses in a plain and symmetrical style, and the street are set in a grid structure.[2] The reason for using wood was that the absence of stone in the vicinity, and the clay was not suitable for bricks. Only important administrative buildings were built from stone shipped from the Netherlands.[5]

In January 1821, a fire consumed the area around Oranjeplein (current name: Onafhankelijkheidsplein[6]) and Waterkant, the oldest part of the city. More than 400 buildings were lost, and it is the reason why the oldest part of the city centre has many 19th century buildings.[7] In 1832, 46 houses burnt down.[7] The slaves Kodjo, Mentor, and Present were found guilty of arson, and burnt alive.[8]

Even though the centre has been constructed using a wide grid, the houses are spaced relatively close together. The reason is that the slaves, and freed slaves lived in little shacks behind the main façade.[9]

Frimangron

A muddy area to the south of the centre would later be named Frimangron meaning land of the free men. It was often not found on official maps, but was inhabited by free slaves. In 1772 the neighborhood was finally officially listed as neighbourhood F.[10]

Sights

The main sights in the centre are:

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b "2012 Census Resorts Suriname" (PDF). Spang Staging. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Historic Inner City Paramaribo". Unesco.org. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  3. ^ "Bijdragen en Mededeelingen van het Historisch Genootschap. Deel 35". Digital Library for Dutch Literature (in Dutch). 1914. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  4. ^ "Paramaribo Suriname 2". Suriname.nu (in Dutch). Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  5. ^ "Bezienswaardigheden in Suriname". SRC Reizen (in Dutch). Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  6. ^ "Suriname 1599-1975". University of Amsterdam (in Dutch). Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  7. ^ a b "Paramaribo Suriname". Suriname.nu (in Dutch). Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  8. ^ "Oog in oog met Paramaribo". De Lees Club van Alles (in Dutch). Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  9. ^ "Encyclopaedie van Nederlandsch West-Indië - Page 552 - Paramaribo" (PDF). Digital Library for Dutch Literature (in Dutch). 1916. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  10. ^ "Frimangron en de fundamenten van de vrije Surinaamse gemeenschap". Historiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  11. ^ "De Architectuur van Suriname". Suriname.nu. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  12. ^ "Grootste houten kathedraal ter wereld heropend in Paramaribo". NRC Handelsblad (in Dutch). Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  13. ^ a b "World Heritage area". City of Paramaribo. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  14. ^ "Attractions in Paramaribo". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  15. ^ "Keizerstraat". cityofparamaribo.nl. Retrieved 29 May 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  16. ^ "Negentig jaar Arya Dewaker Suriname". Hindorama. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  17. ^ "Kerkplein met Hervormde Kerk". Het Geheugen (in Dutch). Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  18. ^ "Court Charity". Suriname.nu (in Dutch). Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  19. ^ "Elisabeth Samson Huis: Restauratie en Conservatie". Suriname View (in Dutch). Retrieved 19 March 2021.

External links

Copyright